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Esmarch's ether drop bottle stopper

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13796
Dates
1890
1900
circa 1890-1900
Collection
Dr. D. W. Cockburn Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
Accession Number
998015001
Description
Silver metal Esmarch's ether drop bottle stopper consists of a single shaft ending with two curved tube spouts facing opposite directions, an 'S' shaped bend at the bottom and a piece of brown tapered cork located where the shaft would fit snugly into the ether bottle.
Accession Number
998015001
Collection
Dr. D. W. Cockburn Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
MeSH Heading
Anesthesiology, instrumentation
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- bottle and dropper
Description
Silver metal Esmarch's ether drop bottle stopper consists of a single shaft ending with two curved tube spouts facing opposite directions, an 'S' shaped bend at the bottom and a piece of brown tapered cork located where the shaft would fit snugly into the ether bottle.
Number Of Parts
1
Dates
1890
1900
circa 1890-1900
Date Remarks
Date based on supplier's catalogue
Material
metal: silver
cork: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F2-2
Temporary Location
On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Dimension Notes
Length 11.1 cm x Width 4.0 cm x Depth 2.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Rubber with minor lifting at the bottom; spouts show evidence of minor red corrosion
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Book
Reference Comments
"Wikipedia" website; "Aloe's Catalogue of Superior Surgical Instruments, 6th Ed."St. Louis, Missouri. 1895; p. 21 (similar to model # 3003)
Research Facts
Ether was created and used during the 1840's to eliminate pain during surgery. American physician Crawford W. Long noticed that his friends felt no pain when they injured themselves while staggering around his office while under the influence of ether and then thought about its potential during surgery.
Less detail
Dates
1966
circa 1966
Collection
Dr. Publow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
Accession Number
994011032
Description
The ether hook consists of a hollow metal tube; a small, cup-shaped metal cylinder with a round hole at the end tapers into a round metal tube; the tube flares near the hook end, and then narrows to form a flat tube; this flat portion curves to form a hook; the hook ends with an oblong hole, with a…
  1 image  
Accession Number
994011032
Collection
Dr. Publow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
MeSH Heading
Anesthesiology, instrumentation
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- accessories -- tube
Description
The ether hook consists of a hollow metal tube; a small, cup-shaped metal cylinder with a round hole at the end tapers into a round metal tube; the tube flares near the hook end, and then narrows to form a flat tube; this flat portion curves to form a hook; the hook ends with an oblong hole, with a curved, square piece of metal extending slightly past the hole on the inner side of the curve.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Originally owned by Dr. Publow, who practised in Prince Edward County between 1850 and 1900. Given to Dr. M. Williams, head of Otolaryngology at Queen's University.
Dates
1966
circa 1966
Date Remarks
Similar item identified in 1966 catalogue
Material
metal: silver
Inscriptions
None
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F2-2
Dimension Notes
Length 8.8 x Width 2.0 cm x Depth 1.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Item shows signs of wear; plating is worn along the edges of the hook; there are small scratches and dents along the tube; two patches of plate wear appear on the cup; no large dents or signs of corrosion; plate wear also appears in the form of black lines in the crease between the cup and the rod; #2: tarnished.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
Dr. M. Williams; "Surgical Instrument Catalogue," by the Storz Instrument Co., 1966, p. 284 (similar to item #N-7611) (see attached photocopy); CD #1
Research Facts
Dr. Williams identified this item as an "ether hook."
Exhibit History
On display at Hotel Dieu Hospital circa 1983-1993; the item was mounted on an acidic board with copper-covered wires to secure it.
Images
Less detail

folding anaesthesia mask

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact4649
Dates
1915
circa 1915
Collection
Dr. Publow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
Accession Number
994011031 a-b
Description
Anaesthesia mask (a) and attachment (b); both components are largely comprised of solid, smooth, metal wires; the mask (a) is a circular frame with a looped arm at one end; four thinner wires are attached to each side of the frame, so that they intersect at a midpoint; several fabric threades tie t…
  1 image  
Accession Number
994011031 a-b
Collection
Dr. Publow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
MeSH Heading
Anesthesiology, instrumentation
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- inhaler/mask -- folding
Description
Anaesthesia mask (a) and attachment (b); both components are largely comprised of solid, smooth, metal wires; the mask (a) is a circular frame with a looped arm at one end; four thinner wires are attached to each side of the frame, so that they intersect at a midpoint; several fabric threades tie the wires together at the midpoint; the frame tapers at one end to form the looped arm; a thin band of metal holds the wires together, and they separate at the other end of this band and form a loop; a small, round, solid metal rod extends from the outer surface of this band, and is capped by a metal button; attachment (b) joins the mask by this button; (b) is composed of one thin round wire; it is roughly the same size and shape as the frame of (a); the metal arm extending from (b) is much shorter than the arm of (a); it extends only as far as the button on the mask, and there is no flat band of metal joining its wires.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - mask - Size: Length 16.0 cm x Width 9.0 cm x Depth 5.5 cm
b - attachment - Size: Length 13.0 cm x Width 9.0 cm x Depth 0.2 cm
Provenance
Originally owned by Dr. Publow, who practised in Prince Edward County between 1850 and 1900. Given to Dr. M. Williams, head of Otolaryngology at Queen's University.
Dates
1915
circa 1915
Date Remarks
Identified similar item in 1915 catalogue
Material
metal: silver
fabric: light brown
Inscriptions
None
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F3-12
Temporary Location
On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Condition Remarks
The wires holding the objects to the mount board caused small patches of corrosion to transfer; some small scratches, slight signs of wear and marks from securing wires exist along rims of both metal frames; no dents; slight wearing of plating where mask wires are attached to frame (a); #2: metal is tarnished.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
Dr. M. Williams; "Illustrations of Surgical Instruments of Superior Quality," The Kny-Scheerer Co., ca. 1915, p. 2002 (similar to item #B/-53) (see attached photocopy); CD #1
Research Facts
Dr. Williams identified the item as an "ether mask"; similar to item shown in catalogue, but artifact has one additional mask wire, and no clip at the top; the artifact also has a securing button on the lower arm to attach (b)
Exhibit History
On display at Hotel Dieu Hospital circa 1983-1993; the item was mounted on an acidic board with copper-covered wires to secure it.
Images
Less detail

illuminated mouth gag

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact4631
Dates
1910
circa 1910
Collection
Dr. Publow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Otolaryngology
Accession Number
994011013 a-c
Description
This illuminated mouth gag consists of three main parts: (a) a mouth gag, (b) a cord and light socket; and (c) a small light bulb; the mouth gag consists of two joined piecess; one is a thin, solid, flat metal bar that is L-shaped; its top is slightly rounded, and the bend is curved; the bottom of …
  3 images  
Accession Number
994011013 a-c
Collection
Dr. Publow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Otolaryngology
MeSH Heading
Anesthesiology, instrumentation
MM= Dilatation -- dilator -- mouth gag
Description
This illuminated mouth gag consists of three main parts: (a) a mouth gag, (b) a cord and light socket; and (c) a small light bulb; the mouth gag consists of two joined piecess; one is a thin, solid, flat metal bar that is L-shaped; its top is slightly rounded, and the bend is curved; the bottom of the L extends at a slight upwards angle; at the end of this lower bar, the metal curves and leads to a bar that extends straight upwards slightly, then bends on a curve outwards to form a rounded hook; the second component is attached to the curved hook by two thin metal clasps on either side of the hook just below the bend; another thin, flat metal piece extends from between these clasps in a curve that mirrors the curvature of the hook; the flat metal curves downwards, then upwards again, to arrive on a plateau; the metal forms a flat, tongue-shaped component with rounded corners; the straight up and down component of part (a) is attached to the cord and light socket (b) by another metal clasp that slides on from above; two metal arms then partially encircle the long, flat bar of (a); the clasp arms of component (b) are part of a larger flat square metal piece that narrows slightly at its bottom, then forms another flat metal curving arm; the arm descends briefly, curves around at a 45° angle, and extends in a straight path at a slight incline; the metal bar narrows, then widens again as it curves upwards at another 45° angle to form a curved hook; the cord and light socket are attached to this curved, flat, wide metal hook with a closed metal clip; a round metal cap joins a black plastic wire cover to this clip; and a thin, round solid curving metal wire to the light socket; this socket is round and cylindrical; two square lips protrude from either side of the socket opening; metal threading and a socket connector are visible inside; the black plastic wire cover protects the end of two metal wires that are otherwise covered by a black rubber or plastic coating; these wires are curled into two loops, from years of storage; a light bulb (c) fits into component (b) in the light socket fixture; it is a small bulb, with a clear glass top and a ring of white glass along its rim where it is attached to a metal threaded cylinder; this cylinder is capped by a black conical power source connection point with a circular silver-coloured tip; two small wires can be seen in the bulb.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - mouth gag - Size: Length 10.0 cm x Width 7.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
b - cord and light socket - Size: Length 72.0 cm x Width 9.0 cm x Depth 7.0 cm
c - light bulb - Size: Length 1.7 cm x Width 1.1 cm x Depth 1.3 cm
Provenance
Originally owned by Dr. Publow, who practised in Prince Edward County between 1850 and 1900. Given to Dr. M. Williams, head of Otolaryngology at Queen's University.
Dates
1910
circa 1910
Date Remarks
Patent date April 12, 1910
Material
metal: silver
plastic: black
rubber: black
glass: clear
Inscriptions
Top of long bar of (a) has, "CAMERON'S", "PAT APR. 12, 1910" and "OTHER PATENTS PENDING" stamped into the metal; "EVEREADY" is stamped into the metal rim of the light bulb.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E3-2
Condition Remarks
Slight corrosion in the form of small spots on the metal components and between the threads of the light bulb; rubber/plastic is deteriorating and cracking, especially at the top and where the cord connects to the metal, and at the end of the cord; this had been forced into one of the small holes on the mount board and as a result it is cracked; cord is curled into two loops; when examiner attempted to straighten the cord, a cracking noise was heard, so this procedure was stopped; what appear to be fingerprints have stained the metal on the longer bar of (b); #2: metal is rusty; #3: rubber requires special treatment.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Photograph
JPG
Reference Comments
Dr. M. Williams; CD #4
Exhibit History
On display at Hotel Dieu Hospital circa 1983-1993; the item was mounted on an acidic board with copper-covered wires to secure it.
Images
Less detail