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handmade upper denture, deer teeth

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13585
Dates
1968
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020441
Description
Upper denture with plastic wood palate and carved deer teeth attached with household cement; teeth are small and fairly uniform in size; red mark present on top of dentures; black marks present where the denture contacted the gums
  3 images  
Accession Number
010020441
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Deer
Description
Upper denture with plastic wood palate and carved deer teeth attached with household cement; teeth are small and fairly uniform in size; red mark present on top of dentures; black marks present where the denture contacted the gums
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund (DCF); previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Maker
Francis Wharton
Site Made (City)
Little Fort
Site Made (State)
British Columbia
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1968
Material
plastic wood: translucent yellow, black, red
teeth: yellow
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 6.9 cm x Width 5.4 cm x Depth 1.4 cm
Condition Remarks
Scuff marks from use and wear; dark discolouration where the denture contacted the gums
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #2
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; denture was hand made by Francis Wharton from the teeth from a deer he hunted in the Fall of 1967; he ground the teeth down until they were the right size and shape;.he then used plastic wood to create the plate by molding it around the roof of his mouth; the teeth are held into place with household cement; the teeth worked well and he ate the venison with the deer's own teeth
Exhibit History
On display: "Teeth in Time", Main level, Rm 1009, Museum of Health Care, April 12, 2011-November 2014
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
1870
circa 1850-1870
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020428
Description
Upper denture with a carved ivory base and human teeth; central incisors, lateral incisors, canines, and first premolar are human; the second premolar, the first and second molar are ivory; the human teeth are attached to the ivory with metal posts; beside the first premolars are metal clips for at…
  2 images  
Accession Number
010020428
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Upper denture with a carved ivory base and human teeth; central incisors, lateral incisors, canines, and first premolar are human; the second premolar, the first and second molar are ivory; the human teeth are attached to the ivory with metal posts; beside the first premolars are metal clips for attachment to gums
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund (DCF); previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1850
1870
circa 1850-1870
Date Remarks
Date based on research
Material
ivory: cream, brown
metal: black
teeth: white
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 6.3 cm x Width 4.3 cm x Depth 1.8 cm
Condition Remarks
The lateral incisor and canine on the left side are missing part of the teeth closer to the base of the denture; there is a tacky white residue on the back of the right side of the ivory base; the ivory is discolored on the part of the denture that was in contact with the gums
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
“Ivory dentures” British Dental Association. Accessed June 3, 2011 http://www.bda.org/museum/collections/teeth-and-dentures/ivory-dentures.aspx; “A French dentist showing his artificial teeth” British Dental Association. Accessed June 3, 2011 http://www.bda.org/museum/collections/dental-art/porcelain-teeth.aspx; CD #2
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008
Exhibit History
On display: "Teeth in Time", Main level, Rm 1009, Museum of Health Care, April 12, 2011-November 2014
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
1870
circa 1850-1870
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020431
Description
Upper denture with an ivory base; the molars are carved out of the ivory base; the central and lateral incisors, canines and premolars are human; human teeth are attached to the base with metal pins
  3 images  
Accession Number
010020431
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Upper denture with an ivory base; the molars are carved out of the ivory base; the central and lateral incisors, canines and premolars are human; human teeth are attached to the base with metal pins
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund (DCF); previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1850
1870
circa 1850-1870
Date Remarks
Date based on research
Material
ivory: cream; brown
teeth: cream;
metal: black, sliver
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 5.7cm x Width 4.9 cm x Depth 1.9 cm
Condition Remarks
Right canine is broken and there is a piece missing; there are cracks in the human teeth from the metal posts used to attach them to the base
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
“Ivory dentures” British Dental Association. Accessed June 3, 2011 http://www.bda.org/museum/collections/teeth-and-dentures/ivory-dentures.aspx; Tragula, Trin. “Waterloo Teeth: A History of Dentures” BBC – H2G2. Accessed July 7, 2011. http://www.bbc.uk/dna/h2g2/A5103271; CD #2
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; ivory was a common material used in the manufacture of dentures in the 18th century; a down side to ivory is that it degrades quickly in the mouth resulting in bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth; human teeth were preferred as they do not degrade like ivory or are too white like porcelain
Exhibit History
On display: "Teeth in Time", Main level, Rm 1009, Museum of Health Care, April 12, 2011-November 2014
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
1870
circa 1850-1870
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020432
Description
Upper denture with a carved ivory base and human teeth; the central incisors, lateral incisors, and canines are human; the first premolar, second premolar, first and second molars are all carved out of ivory; the human teeth are attached to the ivory with metal posts
  3 images  
Accession Number
010020432
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Upper denture with a carved ivory base and human teeth; the central incisors, lateral incisors, and canines are human; the first premolar, second premolar, first and second molars are all carved out of ivory; the human teeth are attached to the ivory with metal posts
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund (DCF); previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1850
1870
circa 1850-1870
Date Remarks
Date based on research
Material
ivory: cream, brown
metal: brown
tooth enamel: grey
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 5.5 cm x Width 4.8 cm x Depth 2.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Ivory base has a crack running across the palate; on either side of the object there is a darkened angled groove; denture has discoloured on the top where it contacted the gums
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
“Ivory dentures” British Dental Association. Accessed June 3, 2011 http://www.bda.org/museum/collections/teeth-and-dentures/ivory-dentures.aspx; “A French dentist showing his artificial teeth” British Dental Association. Accessed June 3, 2011 http://www.bda.org/museum/collections/dental-art/porcelain-teeth.aspx; CD #2
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; ivory was a common material used in the manufacture of dentures in the 18th century; a down side to ivory is that it degrades quickly in the mouth resulting in bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth; human teeth were preferred as they do not degrade like ivory or are too white like porcelain
Exhibit History
On display: "Teeth in Time", Main level, Rm 1009, Museum of Health Care, April 12, 2011-November 2014
Images
Less detail
Dates
1825
1835
circa 1825-1835
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020455
Description
Hand carved out of ivory upper denture with porcelain teeth added; teeth present are two first and second molars, the central and lateral incisors, canines and premolars; there is one small hole drilled into the back of each end of the denture, one is empty and one has a metal post in it; there are…
  4 images  
Accession Number
010020455
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Hand carved out of ivory upper denture with porcelain teeth added; teeth present are two first and second molars, the central and lateral incisors, canines and premolars; there is one small hole drilled into the back of each end of the denture, one is empty and one has a metal post in it; there are metal posts inserted through the proper left premolar and the proper right second molar
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1825
1835
circa 1825-1835
Date Remarks
Date based on donor's remarks
Material
ivory: cream
metal: black
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 5.5 cm x Width 4.0 cm x Depth 1.3 cm
Condition Remarks
Some discolouration of the ivory; there is a line of discolouration across the front of the teeth; scratches present all over, exhibits signs of use
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
"British Dental Association Museum" website; CD #4
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; ivory was a common material used in the manufacture of dentures in the 18th century; a down side to ivory is that it degrades quickly in the mouth resulting in bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth; human teeth were preferred as they did not degrade like ivory or were too white like porcelain
Images
Less detail
Dates
1860
1870
circa 1860-1870
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020456
Description
Upper denture carved out of ivory with porcelain teeth; teeth present are two first, two second premolars and one first molar all carved out of ivory; the central and lateral incisors, canines and premolars are made of porcelain; the porcelain teeth are held in with metal posts; there is a hole dri…
  4 images  
Accession Number
010020456
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Upper denture carved out of ivory with porcelain teeth; teeth present are two first, two second premolars and one first molar all carved out of ivory; the central and lateral incisors, canines and premolars are made of porcelain; the porcelain teeth are held in with metal posts; there is a hole drilled through the centre of the palate; there is a hole drilled in the palate behind each ivory second premolar, and a hole in the palate behind the central incisors filled with a copper metal post
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1860
1870
circa 1860-1870
Date Remarks
Date based on donor's remarks
Material
ivory: cream
porcelain: grey
metal: black, brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 6.0 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 2.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Ivory displays some discolouration, as do the porcelain teeth; denture has cracked down the centre between the two central incisors and was previously glued back together; scratches present all over
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
"British Dental Association Museum" website; CD #4
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; ivory was a common material used in the manufacture of dentures in the 18th century; a down side to ivory is that it degrades quickly in the mouth resulting in bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth; human teeth were preferred as they did not degrade like ivory or were too white like porcelain
Images
Less detail
Dates
1910
1920
circa 1910-1920
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020458
Description
Upper denture with complete set of white porcelain teeth and pink vulcanite gums, attached to an aluminum base; one canine is gold, and there is a gold filling on the front of the proper left central incisor
  4 images  
Accession Number
010020458
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Upper denture with complete set of white porcelain teeth and pink vulcanite gums, attached to an aluminum base; one canine is gold, and there is a gold filling on the front of the proper left central incisor
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1910
1920
circa 1910-1920
Date Remarks
Date based on research and similar artefacts in the collection
Material
porcelain: white
metal: silver, yellow
rubber: pink
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 5.5 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 2.3 cm
Condition Remarks
Exhibits few signs of use; like new
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Other
JPG
Reference Comments
"British Dental Association Museum" website; similar to 010.020.487; CD #4
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; in 1864 the Goodyear Dental Vulcanite Co. was founded in the United States, producing dentures made with hardened rubber and helping them to become less expensive to make and thus more popular; porcelain was added to vulcanite bases to recreate the light pink colour of natural gums, since making the vulcanite the right colour weakened the denture
Images
Less detail
Dates
1780
1790
circa 1780-1790
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020459
Description
Upper denture made of a platinum base, with porcelain teeth and pink gums; complete set of teeth including a set of third molars; on each side there is a small rectangular piece of metal with a circular hole in it attached at the gum line
  4 images  
Accession Number
010020459
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Upper denture made of a platinum base, with porcelain teeth and pink gums; complete set of teeth including a set of third molars; on each side there is a small rectangular piece of metal with a circular hole in it attached at the gum line
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1780
1790
circa 1780-1790
Date Remarks
Date based on donor's remarks
Material
porcelain: yellow, pink
metal: silver
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 6.0 cm x Width 5.5 cm x Depth 1.7 cm
Condition Remarks
Teeth are discloured and show signs of staining, third molars appear to have dirt on them
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #4
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008
Images
Less detail
Dates
1909
1920
circa 1909-1920
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020460
Description
Upper palate denture with full set of porcelain teeth set in a gold palate; teeth are held in place by gold posts
  4 images  
Accession Number
010020460
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Upper palate denture with full set of porcelain teeth set in a gold palate; teeth are held in place by gold posts
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Site Made (Country)
France
Dates
1909
1920
circa 1909-1920
Date Remarks
Date based on donor's remarks
Material
porcelain: white
metal: yellow
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 5.5 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 1.8 cm
Condition Remarks
Teeth are discoloured; dirt is present between most of the teeth and in the grooves of the molars
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #4
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
1860
circa 1850-1860
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020465
Description
Upper denture with complete set of porcelain teeth set in pink vulcanite with a silver metal base; based is engraved with a decorative design on the top of the palate; denture does not have third molars; the front teeth posts are visible on the underside
  4 images  
Accession Number
010020465
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Upper denture with complete set of porcelain teeth set in pink vulcanite with a silver metal base; based is engraved with a decorative design on the top of the palate; denture does not have third molars; the front teeth posts are visible on the underside
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1850
1860
circa 1850-1860
Date Remarks
Date based on donor's remarks
Material
porcelain: cream
vulcanite: pink
metal: silver
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 4.2 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 1.5 cm
Condition Remarks
Porcelain teeth show some discolouration; metal base is tarnished; shows signs of use
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
"British Dental Association Museum" website; CD #4
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; in 1864 the Goodyear Dental Vulcanite Co. was founded in the United States, producing dentures made with hardened rubber and helping them to become less expensive to make and thus more popular; porcelain was added to vulcanite bases to recreate the light pink colour of natural gums, since making the vulcanite the right colour weakened the denture
Images
Less detail

23 records – page 1 of 3.