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A. B. S. & C. (Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara) Rx 1 Tablets

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15171
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023005
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylind…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023005
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Strychnine
Cascara
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; yellow and burgundy paper label with product information wrapped around entire bottle; cap has curved top, rolled bottom edge and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: brown
paper: yellow
ink: burgundy
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front of label: “[Illeg.] Jamieson // Clinic // [Illeg.] 00 100 // [Illeg.] . B. S. & C. Rx 1 // TABLETS // Dose: 1 to 2 tablets // [Illeg.] . E. JAMIESON & CO. LIMITED, // MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS // WINDSOR, ONTARIO”; printed on back of label: “Each Tablet Contains: // Ext. Belladonna // Lv. 1/8 gr. // Strychnine 1/120 gr. // Contains per maximum // Dose: // ¼ Gr. Belladonna Lvs. // 1/60 Grain Strychnine. // No. 16578 The Pro- // prietary or Patent // Medicine Act. // To comply with the // Pharmacy Act of On- // tario, this bottle is // Labelled Poison.”; embossed on bottom: “D 4103 A”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row A
Length
6.8 cm
Width
3.0 cm
Depth
2.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion to cap, especially along top and bottom edges; large area of loss to top and bottom corner of front of label; small areas of loss on side of label; minor soiling to label, especially on proper left-side and back
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Pilulae Aloini, Strychninae, et Belladonna (N. F.)—Pills of Aloin, Strychnine, and Belladonna.” King's American Dispensatory, 1898. Henriette’s Herbal Homepage, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
“Federal Corporation Information - 047072-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
A. B. S. & C. stands for Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara; despite poisonous ingredients and the designation of poison on the label, these pills were often used to treat habitual constipation.
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited was the name of the company from 1944 until it became Jamieson Laboratories Ltd. in 1998.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1820
1865
circa 1820 - 1865
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016028001
Description
Empty hand-blown opaque thick black glass alcohol bottle with circular base; hand-blown with circular pontil mark on conical push-up base; cylindrical body with round shoulders; long cylindrical neck, angled neck ring, and cylindrical unthreaded finish; symmetrical, but lacking mold seams possibly …
  5 images  
Accession Number
016028001
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Empty hand-blown opaque thick black glass alcohol bottle with circular base; hand-blown with circular pontil mark on conical push-up base; cylindrical body with round shoulders; long cylindrical neck, angled neck ring, and cylindrical unthreaded finish; symmetrical, but lacking mold seams possibly dip-moulded; without cork stopper.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Found in Collection.
Dates
1820
1865
circa 1820 - 1865
Date Remarks
Antique bottle website 'Our Pastimes'
Material
glass: black
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-2 Row B
Length
25.2 cm
Diameter
6.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
White discolouration covers half of exterior surface; minor scratches throughout exterior surface; possilby dug up from ground
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Mouth-blown bottles portion of the Dating Key.” Society of Historical Archaeology. 2019. Accessed 21 May 2019.
https://ourpastimes.com/date-antique-glass-bottles-5760378.html
Research Facts
Similar hand blown bottles were most common 1820-1910. Developments in glass production during the nineteenth and early twentieth century led to the increased use of multiple piece molds and machine processes.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1820
1860
circa 1820 - 1860
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016028002
Description
Empty hand blown semi transparent watery green tinted glass pharmacy bottle with shield shape and rectangle base; body has flat arch-shaped front and back walls; right and left side walls angle outward from base and curve into round shoulders; short, cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and unthreade…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016028002
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Alcoholic Beverages
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Empty hand blown semi transparent watery green tinted glass pharmacy bottle with shield shape and rectangle base; body has flat arch-shaped front and back walls; right and left side walls angle outward from base and curve into round shoulders; short, cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and unthreaded cylindrical finish; lines from a two-piece mold on sides from base to neck ring; no cork stopper; seams disappear in the neck and pontil mark, the bottle was probably "blown-in-mold"
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Found in Collection.
Dates
1820
1860
circa 1820 - 1860
Date Remarks
Presence and length of mold lines
Material
glass: green
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row A
Length
19.4 cm
Width
9.9 cm
Depth
4.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Chemical residue covers majority of inside surfaces; minor chipping at base; glass is cloudy; minor scratches throughout exterior surface; various sizes of bubbles in glass
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Book
Internet
Reference Comments
Polak, Michael. Bottles: Identification and Price Guide, 1994.
https://ourpastimes.com/date-antique-glass-bottles-5760378.html
Research Facts
The bottle was likely produced between 1880 and 1860 due to the characteristic mold lines on the sides of the bottle.
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Ascorbic Acid Tablets U. S. P.

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15299
Dates
1967
1968
circa 1967 – 1968
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
006033016 a-b
Description
Full rounded rectangular based semi-transparent brown glass Ascorbic Acid Tablets U. S. P. bottle with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap (a) and rectangular cream plastic cap guard (b); full with cylindrical white tablets and wad of fabric; bottle base has slight push up, stippled out…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033016 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Vitamin C
Vitamins
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Full rounded rectangular based semi-transparent brown glass Ascorbic Acid Tablets U. S. P. bottle with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap (a) and rectangular cream plastic cap guard (b); full with cylindrical white tablets and wad of fabric; bottle base has slight push up, stippled outer border, and manufacturer information embossed; flat rectangular side walls with rounded corners and cream and navy paper label with printed product information and dosage in English and French attached to front and proper right and left sides; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has flat top, vertical indents on sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread; cap guard is thin piece of rectangular plastic molded to match shape of area where cap meets bottle and extends nearly the entire circumference.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 9.9 cm Width 4.3 cm Depth 3.0 cm
b – cap guard – Length 1.7 cm Diameter 3.5 cm
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1967
1968
circa 1967 – 1968
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, line month code, and “7” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least 1968); expiry date stamped on bottle and shelf life of ascorbic acid.
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: navy, black
plastic: cream
metal: white
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // 100 // ASCORBIC ACID // TABLETS U. S. P. // 50 mg. // NOTE: For therapeutic // use only. // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER // CANADA // DOSE: // Protective: 25 mg. to 300 mg. per day // Therapeutic: 100 mg. to 300 mg. per // day or as directed by physician.”; stamped on label: “EXPIRY DATE DEC 1969 // (L) 814059”; embossed on bottom: “14 // D // 7 // 3074”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 5 Row A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor fading at top of label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Ascorbic Acid.” WebMD, WebMD LLC., 2019. Accessed 10 August 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Ascorbic acid is commonly known as Vitamin C; it is often taken as supplement to a normal diet; Vitamin C is important to the overall health of the body due to its role in maintaining skin, teeth, cells, bones, and blood vessels; lack of Vitamin C can cause Scurvy, a condition that causes weakness, pain, and tooth loss; ascorbic acid tablets tend to lose potency after 3 years.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at the factory in Point St. Charles, Quebec; the progressive line system month code and “7” year code, along with Ingram & Bell logo on product label, signify it was produced in 1967.
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Ayer's Cherry Pectoral

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15183
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Expectorants
Bronchitis -- drug therapy
Bronchodilator Agents -- therapeutic use
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Cough -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory -- bottle
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; cream and black rectangular paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label in French on back; embossed manufacturer information on textured bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; cap has rolled bottom edge, vertical ridges in sides, and round top; box has product information in English on exterior front, proper right side, and top flap and in French on exterior back, proper left side, and bottom.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 17.7 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 3.1 cm
b – box – Length 18.2 cm Width 7.0 cm Depth 4.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Products, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Date Remarks
Owens-Illinois Glass Company “diamond O and I logo” on bottom of bottle used 1929 – 1954; date mark “6” is last number of year manufactured
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, cream
ink: yellow, red, black
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “CONTAINS 5 FLUID OZS. // AYER’S // Cherry Pectoral // TRADE MARK REG. IN CANADA // Contains No Opiates // SHAKE WELL // TAKE WITHOUT WATER // SWALLOW SLOWLY // ADULTS: For Bronchial irritations // and coughs due to colds – tea - // spoonful every half hour for three // hours, then every hour as need - // ed. In severe cases two tea - // spoonfuls. // Children: 10 to 15 years, one – half // adult dose; 5 to 10 years, one - // fourth to one – third adult dose; // 2 to 5 years, 8 to 15 drops. // Small doses taken frequently are // more effective // than large doses // taken less often. // Sterling Products, Ltd. // Windsor, Ontario // Successor to // THE AYER CO. INC. // No. 11824 Proprietary or // Patent Medicine Act”; stamped on front bottle label: “41907”; printed on front of box: “AYER’S // for Colds // CHERRY // PECTORAL // TRADE MARK REG IN CANADA // for Coughs // STERLING DRUG MFG LTD. // WINDSOR – ONTARIO”; printed on proper left side of box: “75 c // Equally Safe and Effective for Adults and Children. // Contains No Opiates. Valuable for preventing coughs // and colds from going down into the bronchial tubes. // Quick and lasting relief for coughs. Loosens phlegm. // Stimulates necessary expectoration. Sooths dry irri- // tated throats. For deep-seated coughs and bronchitis. // ESTABLISHED 1841 BY J. C. AYER, M. D. // CONTENTS 5 FL. OZ.”; stamped on bottom left side of box in black ink: “41907”; printed on top flap of box: “AN EFFECTIVE COUGH // MEDICINE // GOOD FOR ALL THE FAMILY”; hand written on top flap of box: “75”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration all over front and back bottle labels; top box flaps torn, distorted, and unstable; major staining on top of box, especially on proper left side and back of box; minor soiling all over box, especially on top flap; minor tears and abrasion to edges of box
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document (online)
Document
Reference Comments
“Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Bottle.” Odyssey’s Virtual Museum, Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc., 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Griffenhagen, George and Mary Bogard. "History of Drug Containers and Their Labels." American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1999. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill and Russ Hoenig. “The Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
James Cook Ayer was a medical doctor who created a popular line of proprietary medicines; Ayer’s first product, his Cherry Pectoral, was first marketed in 1841 as a cure for various conditions, including coughs, influenza, and consumption; it originally contained opiates, but these were eventually removed from the formula; the packaging of this bottle focuses on the application of the remedy for bronchial conditions and coughs.
The Ayer Company was acquired by Sterling Products in 1938.
Owens-Illinois Glass Company merged in 1929 and used the famous “diamond, O and I" logo until around 1954.
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BDC Gin Pills for the Kidneys

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6690
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
1974.4.1 a-c
Description
A yellow pill tin with black markings and printing (a) with a lid (b) and a circular containing a complete discussion and directions for use in several languages.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1974.4.1 a-c
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Kidney Diseases -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Backache -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Pharmacy -- pamphlet
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures – container
Description
A yellow pill tin with black markings and printing (a) with a lid (b) and a circular containing a complete discussion and directions for use in several languages.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. Charles De. Gossage of Toronto.
Maker
National Drug and Chemical Co. of Canada Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Material
metal: yellow; black
paper: light green
Inscriptions
On tin lid: "BDC // GIN // PILLS // FOR THE // KIDNEYS // TRADE MARK REGISTERED"; around lower edge of tin: "40 PILLS // PROPRIETARY ARTICLES DEPARTMENT - NATIONAL DRUG AND CHEMICAL COMPANY OF CANADA LIMITED, MONTREAL, CANADA"; on bottom: "GIN PILLS FOR THE KIDNEYS // No. 5611 The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act. Take one or two pills four times a day, before or after meals, and at bedtime [followed by same information in French]"; circular contains a complete description and directions, in several languages.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Temporary Location
On display, Queen's University Department of Medicine third floor, August 20, 2013.
Dimension Notes
Depth 3.2 cm x Diam. 5.0 cm
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Modern container, but similar in design to earlier containers.
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Less detail

Bilvac Gall Bladder Stimulant For Cholecystography

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15199
Dates
1974
1987
circa 1974 - 1987
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Diagnostic Radiology
Accession Number
019002005 a-ab
Description
Square cardboard box with removable lid containing 25 sealed semi-transparent brown glass Bilevac Gall Bladder Stimulant for Cholecystography bottles (d-ab); removable green cardboard lid (b), removable two piece brown cardboard grid divider (c), cardboard base houses the cardboard divider and 25 b…
  5 images  
Accession Number
019002005 a-ab
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Diagnostic Radiology
MeSH Heading
Cholagogues and Choleretics
Radiography
Radiology
X-Rays
Gallbladder
Drug Storage
Drugs -- stimulant -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- stimulant -- container
MM= Drugs -- Stimulants
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Square cardboard box with removable lid containing 25 sealed semi-transparent brown glass Bilevac Gall Bladder Stimulant for Cholecystography bottles (d-ab); removable green cardboard lid (b), removable two piece brown cardboard grid divider (c), cardboard base houses the cardboard divider and 25 bottles; exterior of base has layer of smooth coated white paper; lid is removable, and exterior has layer of textured green paper; lid has rectangular green and cream paper label with product information on front; divider consists of strips of brown cardboard arranged to form a 5x5 grid in base of box; bottles are full with liquid, have circular base, cylindrical side walls, round shoulders, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; bottles have non-removable white metal screw cap with flat top, vertical indents in sides, rounded bottom edge, and internal thread; caps are covered with plastic wrapper only on sides; bottles have mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck and base; bottles have rectangular green and white paper labels with product information and directions wrapped around sides; manufacturing information embossed on bottom of bottles.
Number Of Parts
28
Part Names
a – box base – Length 20.0 cm Width 20.0 cm Depth 6.7 cm
b – box lid – Length 20.5 cm Width 20.5 cm Depth 6.8 cm
c – divider – Length 19.6 cm Width 19.6 cm Depth 5.0 cm
d-ab – bottle – Length 6.6 cm Diameter 3.6 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor; in use at Kingston Penitentiary, Kingston, Ontario Canada.
Maker
Picker X-Ray Engineering LTD.
Site Made (City)
St. Laurent
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1974
1987
circa 1974 - 1987
Date Remarks
“REV 3/74” printed on label indicates that the label information was last revised by FDA or other regulatory body in March of 1974 and staed expirey date on lable; Piker X-Ray Engineering LTD changed its name to Piker Canada LTD in 1976.
Material
paper: brown, white, cream
ink: green, black
glass: brown
metal: white, brass
plastic: white
Inscriptions
Printed on box label: “AVOID EXCESSIVE HEAT DIN 159719 // bilevac // Gall Bladder Stimulant For Cholecystography // Piker // x-ray // 33% EGG YOLK, 63% GLYCERIN AND FLAVORING // 25 – 30cc BOTTLES // REV. 3/74 // Distributed by // PIKER X-RAY ENGINEERING LTD. // [Illeg.] St. Laurent, Quebec, CANADA // LAFAYETTE PHARMACAL INC. // Lafayette, Indiana, U. S. A.”; stamped on box label: “LOT 40[Illeg.] // EXP 2, ..87”; printed on front of bottle labels: “DIN 159719 // bilevac // GALL BLADDER STIMULANT // FOR CHOLECYSTOGRAPHY // Piker // x-ray // 33% Egg Yolk, 63% Glycerin // and Flavoring // NET CONTENT 30 cc // Distributed by // PIKER X-RAY ENGINEERING LTD. // St. Laurent, Quebec, CANADA // PHARMACAL INC. // Lafayette, Indiana, U. S. A.”; printed on back of bottle label: “Mix contents with equal // amount // of water or fruit // juice. Drink at time fat // meal would be given. // 1. Avoid excessive heat. // 2. Shake before using. // REV. 3/74”; stamped on back of bottle label: “LOT 40170 // EXP. 2, ..87”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Base of box has small amount of adhesive tape and residue stuck to sides and bottom; base has large brown tide marks on sides and bottom; box lid has minor distortion, fading all over, minor abrasion to all sides and edges, adhesive tape and residue on sides, and small tears in front, but is stable; grid insert has large areas of dye transfer on surfaces from contact with bottle labels, also leaving white areas on bottle labels; several plastic wrappers on bottle caps have minor cracks, areas of loss, and distortions but are stable
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Cholagogue.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
“Oral Cholecystogram.” Healthline, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “Manufacturer’s Marks and Other Logos on Glass Containers.” Bottle Research Group, 2015.
“Federal Corporation Information - 056550-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
Research Facts
Bilvac is a cholagogue, which is used to stimulate gallbladder to release or increase flow of bile; it was commonly used before a cholecystography procedure, which is an x-ray examination of the gallbladder using a contrast agent to aid in imaging; the gall bladder is a small organ that stores and release bile produced by the liver to aid digestion.
Oral cholecystography is a radiological procedure used to visualize the gallbladder and biliary channels, developed in 1924 by American surgeons Evarts Ambrose Graham and Warren Henry Cole.
The “W” in a circle logo on the bottom of each bottle indicates the bottles were manufactured by T. C. Wheaton Co., who used the logo from 1946 – 2005.
Kingston Penitentiary is a former maximum security prison located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, between King Street West and Lake Ontario. Opened : June 1, 1835; Closed: 2013 Security class : Maximum security Capacity : 564; a national historic site.
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Boericke & Tafel Homeopathic Tincture

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14629
Dates
1869
1920
circa 1869 - 1920
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Accession Number
016022037
Description
Rectangular clear glass bottle with flat corners, rounded shoulders that taper into a long wide neck ending in a collar with half of a cork stopper stuck in neck; tan partial paper label; embossed words on back; one third full of brown liquid.
  3 images  
Accession Number
016022037
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
MeSH Heading
Homeopathy
Drug Therapy, Homeopathy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Rectangular clear glass bottle with flat corners, rounded shoulders that taper into a long wide neck ending in a collar with half of a cork stopper stuck in neck; tan partial paper label; embossed words on back; one third full of brown liquid.
Number Of Parts
1
Maker
Boericke & Tafel
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1869
1920
circa 1869 - 1920
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan
ink: black
cork: brown
Inscriptions
Embossed on one side: “BOERICKE & TAFEL”; printed on label: "Boericke [Illeg.] // ST."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-10 Box 1 Row D
Width
4.2
Height
11.8
Depth
4.2
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Yellowing of label; minor staining; moderate areas of loss; only half of the cork remains; minor chip on top of the neck
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
P. H. Mallen & Company. Dr. Jack Fincham
Research Facts
This bottle is an example of a “French Square”. In the late 1860s, a pharmacist from Philadelphia, Thomas Wiegand recommended French Squares for the elegance of their shape, strength, and the “facility and economy of space with which they can be packed together.”
This type of bottle was manufactured until the 1920s. This bottle style was frequently made for homeopathic pharmacists.
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Booth's Kidney Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7091
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
1977.12.109
  1 image  
Dates
1956
1966
circa 1956 – 1966
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Accession Number
006033019
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Burn Dressing jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with p…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033019
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Drugs -- topical -- container
First Aid
Emergency Medicine
Burns
Burns -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- jar
MM= Drugs -- topical
MM= Drugs -- topical -- container
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Burn Dressing jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with printed product information and directions attached to front; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has flat top with ring indent near edges, vertical indents on sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1956
1966
circa 1956 – 1966
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, line month code, and “6” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least to 1968)
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: navy, black
ink: navy, black metal: white
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // BURN DRESSING // (INDUSTRIAL STANDARD FORMULA FOR // FIRST AID TREATMENT) // Formula: Sodium Bicarbonate 3% // Petrolatum Alba. q. s. // DIRECTIONS: Apply Freely To Burns. // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER // CANADA”; stamped on label in black ink: “4 FL. OZ. // (L) 821364”; embossed on bottom: “D 6 // 5 // 3136”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 5 Row B
Length
7.3 cm
Diameter
5.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor fading near top of label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Wound Dressings.” ScienceDirect, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
“Petrolatum.” Medical Dictionary; The Free Dictionary, Farlex, 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Dressings are used to promote healing of wounds and prevent infection; consists of a sterile padding or compress in direct contact with the wound accompanied by an antiseptic substance, such as petrolatum, a semisolid substance made from petroleum often used as a topical treatment for burns and abrasion. Ingram & Bell’s Burn Dressing was marketed as “Industrial Standard Formula for First Aid Treatment” and contained sodium bicarbonate in a white petrolatum base.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the jar itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at the factory in Point St. Charles, Quebec; the progressive line system month code and “6” year code, along with the Ingram & Bell logo, signify it was produced in either 1956 or 1966.
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