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A. B. S. & C. (Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara) Rx 1 Tablets

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15171
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023005
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylind…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023005
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Strychnine
Cascara
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; yellow and burgundy paper label with product information wrapped around entire bottle; cap has curved top, rolled bottom edge and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: brown
paper: yellow
ink: burgundy
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front of label: “[Illeg.] Jamieson // Clinic // [Illeg.] 00 100 // [Illeg.] . B. S. & C. Rx 1 // TABLETS // Dose: 1 to 2 tablets // [Illeg.] . E. JAMIESON & CO. LIMITED, // MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS // WINDSOR, ONTARIO”; printed on back of label: “Each Tablet Contains: // Ext. Belladonna // Lv. 1/8 gr. // Strychnine 1/120 gr. // Contains per maximum // Dose: // ¼ Gr. Belladonna Lvs. // 1/60 Grain Strychnine. // No. 16578 The Pro- // prietary or Patent // Medicine Act. // To comply with the // Pharmacy Act of On- // tario, this bottle is // Labelled Poison.”; embossed on bottom: “D 4103 A”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Length
6.8 cm
Width
3.0 cm
Depth
2.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion to cap, especially along top and bottom edges; large area of loss to top and bottom corner of front of label; small areas of loss on side of label; minor soiling to label, especially on proper left-side and back
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Pilulae Aloini, Strychninae, et Belladonna (N. F.)—Pills of Aloin, Strychnine, and Belladonna.” King's American Dispensatory, 1898. Henriette’s Herbal Homepage, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
“Federal Corporation Information - 047072-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
A. B. S. & C. stands for Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara; despite poisonous ingredients and the designation of poison on the label, these pills were often used to treat habitual constipation.
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited was the name of the company from 1944 until it became Jamieson Laboratories Ltd. in 1998.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
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Acetanilide and Lysol

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14492
Dates
1886
1900
circa 1886-1900
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1969.24.8
Description
Brown cyclindrical glass bottle with rectangular paper label with handwritten product and cork stuck in opening; half full of liquid; no manufacturing mark; red wax remains on top of cork with M R Hood embossed in wax.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1969.24.8
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging-- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
Description
Brown cyclindrical glass bottle with rectangular paper label with handwritten product and cork stuck in opening; half full of liquid; no manufacturing mark; red wax remains on top of cork with M R Hood embossed in wax.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Dates
1886
1900
circa 1886-1900
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: black
cork: brown
wax: red
Inscriptions
On label: "Acetanilide // and // Lysol"; embossed in wax: "M R Hood"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A7-11
Length
4.2 cm
Width
4.2 cm
Height
10.3 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Paper with minor stains from product and age, surface marks and minor missing pieces along edge
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
“Acetanilide: Drug” Encyclopedia Britannica https://www.britannica.com/science/acetanilide
Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lysol
Research Facts
This bottle contains a mixture of Acetanilide and Lysol. Acetanilide is a compound drug used for fever-reducing since 1886 as an alternative to aspirin for treating headaches, cramps, and rheumatism. It does have toxic side effects from prolonged use such as complicating the function of hemoglobin. Lysol was first used in Germany in 1889 to end a cholera epidemic. It is a mixture of soap with cresols as an antiseptic. Before its use as a cleaner, it has been used as a poison, to treat the Spanish flu of 1918, and as a method of birth control in women in the 1920s. This bottle is half-filled with the liquid.
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Antiseptic Tablets

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14493
Dates
1906
1920
circa 1906-1920
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1969.24.9 a-b
Description
Full cobalt blue cyclindrical glass bottle (a) with silver metal screw cap (b) and red with blue border paper label; inside opening is cork stuck with red paper circle attached; cork circle inside cap; embossed on bottom with manufacturer's initials; filled with round tablets.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1969.24.9 a-b
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging-- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
Description
Full cobalt blue cyclindrical glass bottle (a) with silver metal screw cap (b) and red with blue border paper label; inside opening is cork stuck with red paper circle attached; cork circle inside cap; embossed on bottom with manufacturer's initials; filled with round tablets.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle
b - cap
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Maker
Johnson + Johnson
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A
Dates
1906
1920
circa 1906-1920
Material
glass: blue
paper: white
ink: red, blue, black
metal: gray
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "BLUE // Antiseptic Tablets // POISON // CORROSIVE SUBLIMATE Gr. 7-3 // AMMONIUM CHLOR Gr. 7-7 // ONE TABLET TO ONE PINT OF WATER // MAKES SOLUTION 1-1000 // Manufactured For Johnson + Johnson // NEW BRUNSWICK, N. J. U.S.A // No.117 GUARANTEED UNDER // THE FOOD AND DRUGS ACT JUNE 30, 1906 // BLUE"; embossed on base: "J & J"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A7-11
Length
3.0 cm
Width
3.0 cm
Height
7.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Paper fading, surface scratches and cap is aged
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Mercury (II) Chloride Wikipedia
Research Facts
This bottle contains tablets of corrosive sublimate ammonium chloride antiseptic. It was the common name for mercuric chloride or mercury (II) chloride that has been used in nineteenth-century photography and biological / anthropological preservation processes. As a medicinal product, it was used to treat syphilis and yaws but was extremely toxic. This bottle is filled with the round tablets.
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Ayer's Cherry Pectoral

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15183
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Expectorants
Bronchitis -- drug therapy
Bronchodilator Agents -- therapeutic use
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Cough -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory -- bottle
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; cream and black rectangular paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label in French on back; embossed manufacturer information on textured bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; cap has rolled bottom edge, vertical ridges in sides, and round top; box has product information in English on exterior front, proper right side, and top flap and in French on exterior back, proper left side, and bottom.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 17.7 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 3.1 cm
b – box – Length 18.2 cm Width 7.0 cm Depth 4.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Products, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Date Remarks
Owens-Illinois Glass Company “diamond O and I logo” on bottom of bottle used 1929 – 1954; date mark “6” is last number of year manufactured
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, cream
ink: yellow, red, black
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “CONTAINS 5 FLUID OZS. // AYER’S // Cherry Pectoral // TRADE MARK REG. IN CANADA // Contains No Opiates // SHAKE WELL // TAKE WITHOUT WATER // SWALLOW SLOWLY // ADULTS: For Bronchial irritations // and coughs due to colds – tea - // spoonful every half hour for three // hours, then every hour as need - // ed. In severe cases two tea - // spoonfuls. // Children: 10 to 15 years, one – half // adult dose; 5 to 10 years, one - // fourth to one – third adult dose; // 2 to 5 years, 8 to 15 drops. // Small doses taken frequently are // more effective // than large doses // taken less often. // Sterling Products, Ltd. // Windsor, Ontario // Successor to // THE AYER CO. INC. // No. 11824 Proprietary or // Patent Medicine Act”; stamped on front bottle label: “41907”; printed on front of box: “AYER’S // for Colds // CHERRY // PECTORAL // TRADE MARK REG IN CANADA // for Coughs // STERLING DRUG MFG LTD. // WINDSOR – ONTARIO”; printed on proper left side of box: “75 c // Equally Safe and Effective for Adults and Children. // Contains No Opiates. Valuable for preventing coughs // and colds from going down into the bronchial tubes. // Quick and lasting relief for coughs. Loosens phlegm. // Stimulates necessary expectoration. Sooths dry irri- // tated throats. For deep-seated coughs and bronchitis. // ESTABLISHED 1841 BY J. C. AYER, M. D. // CONTENTS 5 FL. OZ.”; stamped on bottom left side of box in black ink: “41907”; printed on top flap of box: “AN EFFECTIVE COUGH // MEDICINE // GOOD FOR ALL THE FAMILY”; hand written on top flap of box: “75”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration all over front and back bottle labels; top box flaps torn, distorted, and unstable; major staining on top of box, especially on proper left side and back of box; minor soiling all over box, especially on top flap; minor tears and abrasion to edges of box
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document (online)
Document
Reference Comments
“Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Bottle.” Odyssey’s Virtual Museum, Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc., 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Griffenhagen, George and Mary Bogard. "History of Drug Containers and Their Labels." American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1999. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill and Russ Hoenig. “The Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
James Cook Ayer was a medical doctor who created a popular line of proprietary medicines; Ayer’s first product, his Cherry Pectoral, was first marketed in 1841 as a cure for various conditions, including coughs, influenza, and consumption; it originally contained opiates, but these were eventually removed from the formula; the packaging of this bottle focuses on the application of the remedy for bronchial conditions and coughs.
The Ayer Company was acquired by Sterling Products in 1938.
Owens-Illinois Glass Company merged in 1929 and used the famous “diamond, O and I" logo until around 1954.
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BDC Gin Pills for the Kidneys

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6690
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
1974.4.1 a-c
Description
A yellow pill tin with black markings and printing (a) with a lid (b) and a circular containing a complete discussion and directions for use in several languages.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1974.4.1 a-c
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Kidney Diseases -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Backache -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Pharmacy -- pamphlet
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures – container
Description
A yellow pill tin with black markings and printing (a) with a lid (b) and a circular containing a complete discussion and directions for use in several languages.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. Charles De. Gossage of Toronto.
Maker
National Drug and Chemical Co. of Canada Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Material
metal: yellow; black
paper: light green
Inscriptions
On tin lid: "BDC // GIN // PILLS // FOR THE // KIDNEYS // TRADE MARK REGISTERED"; around lower edge of tin: "40 PILLS // PROPRIETARY ARTICLES DEPARTMENT - NATIONAL DRUG AND CHEMICAL COMPANY OF CANADA LIMITED, MONTREAL, CANADA"; on bottom: "GIN PILLS FOR THE KIDNEYS // No. 5611 The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act. Take one or two pills four times a day, before or after meals, and at bedtime [followed by same information in French]"; circular contains a complete description and directions, in several languages.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Temporary Location
On display, Queen's University Department of Medicine third floor, August 20, 2013.
Dimension Notes
Depth 3.2 cm x Diam. 5.0 cm
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Modern container, but similar in design to earlier containers.
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Benylin Sore Throat Lozenges

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact4167
Collection
Parke-Davis Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Accession Number
000001360 a-d
Description
A plastic box (a) with lid hinged at back, containing 3 blister pack trays holding 8 lozenges each (b-d); box has a paper label on front and back
  1 image  
Accession Number
000001360 a-d
Collection
Parke-Davis Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
MeSH Heading
Cough -- drug therapy
Pharyngitis -- drug therapy
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Description
A plastic box (a) with lid hinged at back, containing 3 blister pack trays holding 8 lozenges each (b-d); box has a paper label on front and back
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - box - Size: Length 7.1 cm x Width 7.1 cm x Depth 2.8 cm
b - blister pack - Size: Length 6.7 cm x Width 6.7 cm x Depth 0.8 cm
c - blister pack - Size: Length 6.7 cm x Width 6.7 cm x Depth 0.8 cm
d - blister pack - Size: Length 6.7 cm x Width 6.7 cm x Depth 0.8 cm
Provenance
Collected by Parke-Davis
Maker
Parke-Davis Canada Inc.
Material
paper: yellow; brown; white
metal: silver; brown
plastic: clear; yellow
Inscriptions
(a) Top: "NEW [underlined] // Nouveau // PARKE-DAVIS // PASTILLES CONTRE // LES MAUX DE GORGE // BENYLIN* // SORE THROAT // LOZENGES // CETYLPYRIDINIUM CHLORIDE LOZENGES U.S.P. // 24 LOZENGES . 25 PASTILLES // HONEY LEMON . MIEL-CITRON // DIN 558168 260H600 26065"; bottom: "Benylin* Sore Throat Lozenges provide soothing, effective relief of // minor sore throats. // Directions: Dissolve one lozenge slowly in mouth as required. // Warning: Sore throat accompanied by high fever, headache, nausea, // or vomiting may be serious and you should consult your physician. // Do not administer to children under 3 years of age unless directed by // physician. Keep all medications safely out of reach of children. // [above 7 lines repeated in French] // Each lozenge contains 1.5 mg Cetylpyridinium Chloride // Chaque pastille renferme 1.5 mg de chlorure de cétylpyridinium // *Reg. T.M./M. dép. Parke, Davis & Company // Parke-Davis Canada Inc. auth. user/usager aut. // Parke-Davis Canada Inc., Scarborough, Ontario // 260H570 [printed] [L] [squared brackets are marks] 4S12 [stamped]"; (b-d) back: "BENYLIN // SORE THROAT LOZENGES // PUSH LOZENGE // FROM OTHER SIDE // BENYLIN // PASTILLES CONTRE // LES MAUX DE GORGE // APPUYER DE L'AUTRE // CÔTE PUR // LIBÉRER LA PASTILLE [above text repeated six times] [printed]"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-4 Row B
Condition Remarks
Box dusty; labels starting to peel; no apparent problems with blister packs
Copy Type
Original
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Bilvac Gall Bladder Stimulant For Cholecystography

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15199
Dates
1974
1987
circa 1974 - 1987
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Diagnostic Radiology
Accession Number
019002005 a-ab
Description
Square cardboard box with removable lid containing 25 sealed semi-transparent brown glass Bilevac Gall Bladder Stimulant for Cholecystography bottles (d-ab); removable green cardboard lid (b), removable two piece brown cardboard grid divider (c), cardboard base houses the cardboard divider and 25 b…
  5 images  
Accession Number
019002005 a-ab
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Diagnostic Radiology
MeSH Heading
Cholagogues and Choleretics
Radiography
Radiology
X-Rays
Gallbladder
Drug Storage
Drugs -- stimulant -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- stimulant -- container
MM= Drugs -- Stimulants
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Square cardboard box with removable lid containing 25 sealed semi-transparent brown glass Bilevac Gall Bladder Stimulant for Cholecystography bottles (d-ab); removable green cardboard lid (b), removable two piece brown cardboard grid divider (c), cardboard base houses the cardboard divider and 25 bottles; exterior of base has layer of smooth coated white paper; lid is removable, and exterior has layer of textured green paper; lid has rectangular green and cream paper label with product information on front; divider consists of strips of brown cardboard arranged to form a 5x5 grid in base of box; bottles are full with liquid, have circular base, cylindrical side walls, round shoulders, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; bottles have non-removable white metal screw cap with flat top, vertical indents in sides, rounded bottom edge, and internal thread; caps are covered with plastic wrapper only on sides; bottles have mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck and base; bottles have rectangular green and white paper labels with product information and directions wrapped around sides; manufacturing information embossed on bottom of bottles.
Number Of Parts
28
Part Names
a – box base – Length 20.0 cm Width 20.0 cm Depth 6.7 cm
b – box lid – Length 20.5 cm Width 20.5 cm Depth 6.8 cm
c – divider – Length 19.6 cm Width 19.6 cm Depth 5.0 cm
d-ab – bottle – Length 6.6 cm Diameter 3.6 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor; in use at Kingston Penitentiary, Kingston, Ontario Canada.
Maker
Picker X-Ray Engineering LTD.
Site Made (City)
St. Laurent
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1974
1987
circa 1974 - 1987
Date Remarks
“REV 3/74” printed on label indicates that the label information was last revised by FDA or other regulatory body in March of 1974 and staed expirey date on lable; Piker X-Ray Engineering LTD changed its name to Piker Canada LTD in 1976.
Material
paper: brown, white, cream
ink: green, black
glass: brown
metal: white, brass
plastic: white
Inscriptions
Printed on box label: “AVOID EXCESSIVE HEAT DIN 159719 // bilevac // Gall Bladder Stimulant For Cholecystography // Piker // x-ray // 33% EGG YOLK, 63% GLYCERIN AND FLAVORING // 25 – 30cc BOTTLES // REV. 3/74 // Distributed by // PIKER X-RAY ENGINEERING LTD. // [Illeg.] St. Laurent, Quebec, CANADA // LAFAYETTE PHARMACAL INC. // Lafayette, Indiana, U. S. A.”; stamped on box label: “LOT 40[Illeg.] // EXP 2, ..87”; printed on front of bottle labels: “DIN 159719 // bilevac // GALL BLADDER STIMULANT // FOR CHOLECYSTOGRAPHY // Piker // x-ray // 33% Egg Yolk, 63% Glycerin // and Flavoring // NET CONTENT 30 cc // Distributed by // PIKER X-RAY ENGINEERING LTD. // St. Laurent, Quebec, CANADA // PHARMACAL INC. // Lafayette, Indiana, U. S. A.”; printed on back of bottle label: “Mix contents with equal // amount // of water or fruit // juice. Drink at time fat // meal would be given. // 1. Avoid excessive heat. // 2. Shake before using. // REV. 3/74”; stamped on back of bottle label: “LOT 40170 // EXP. 2, ..87”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Base of box has small amount of adhesive tape and residue stuck to sides and bottom; base has large brown tide marks on sides and bottom; box lid has minor distortion, fading all over, minor abrasion to all sides and edges, adhesive tape and residue on sides, and small tears in front, but is stable; grid insert has large areas of dye transfer on surfaces from contact with bottle labels, also leaving white areas on bottle labels; several plastic wrappers on bottle caps have minor cracks, areas of loss, and distortions but are stable
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Cholagogue.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
“Oral Cholecystogram.” Healthline, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “Manufacturer’s Marks and Other Logos on Glass Containers.” Bottle Research Group, 2015.
“Federal Corporation Information - 056550-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
Research Facts
Bilvac is a cholagogue, which is used to stimulate gallbladder to release or increase flow of bile; it was commonly used before a cholecystography procedure, which is an x-ray examination of the gallbladder using a contrast agent to aid in imaging; the gall bladder is a small organ that stores and release bile produced by the liver to aid digestion.
Oral cholecystography is a radiological procedure used to visualize the gallbladder and biliary channels, developed in 1924 by American surgeons Evarts Ambrose Graham and Warren Henry Cole.
The “W” in a circle logo on the bottom of each bottle indicates the bottles were manufactured by T. C. Wheaton Co., who used the logo from 1946 – 2005.
Kingston Penitentiary is a former maximum security prison located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, between King Street West and Lake Ontario. Opened : June 1, 1835; Closed: 2013 Security class : Maximum security Capacity : 564; a national historic site.
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Booth's Kidney Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7091
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
1977.12.109
  1 image  

bottle of tinct. capsici

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact12343
Dates
1925
1935
circa 1925-1935
Collection
Dr. Sam Cronk Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Accession Number
999014006 a-b
Description
An empty rectangular amber coloured glass bottle (a) tapering to a moulded lip with moulded screw threadings around the bottle opening; the screw cap (b) is slightly rounded.
  1 image  
Accession Number
999014006 a-b
Collection
Dr. Sam Cronk Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
MeSH Heading
Analgesics
Pain -- drug therapy
Neuralgia -- drug therapy
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
An empty rectangular amber coloured glass bottle (a) tapering to a moulded lip with moulded screw threadings around the bottle opening; the screw cap (b) is slightly rounded.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle - Size: Length 19.0 cm x Diam. 24.0 cm
b - cap - Size: Length 1.0 cm x Diam 10.3 cm
Provenance
Owned by Dr. Sam Cronk of Belleville, Ontario.
Maker
E.B. Shuttleworth
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1925
1935
circa 1925-1935
Date Remarks
Donor's remarks.
Material
glass: amber
metal: brown, beige
paper: cream
ink: brown, yellow
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "Tinct. Capsici. // B.P. // DOSE: 5 to 15 minims. // The E.B. SHUTTLEWORTH // CHEMICAL COMPANY, LIMITED // MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS // TORONTO, CANADA"; embossed on back of bottle: "16 FL.OZ."; printed on cap: "E. B. S.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-1
Condition Remarks
Minor staining on label; back has residue from removal of paper label.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
Queens Senate Medical School Scholarships Web site; The Canadian Encyclopedia Web site; CD #1.
Research Facts
Dr. Sam Cronk graduated from Queens Medical School in 1915; his son, Dr. L. Bruce Cronk, who donated this bottle also graduated from Queens Medical School in 1946; The first pharmaceutical company in Canada was established in Toronto in 1879 by E.B. Shuttleworth.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wa…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; bottle is almost full of solid mass creating a heavy bottle; bottle has gold white, and black rectangular label with product information and dosages on front; box has product information on front, testimonials on right and left sides, and information for other products on back; promotional leaflet is one sheet folded into six sections with information for other products on both sides in black ink.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.6 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.3 cm
b – box – Length 20.3 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 15.1 cm Width 10.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Date Remarks
Box and leaflet have appearance though graphics and text styles to be circa 1890s, use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s and the lable text style and lack of graphics appear from 1950s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, light green
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA // “Bynin” Amara // COMPOSITION: // Quinine Phosphate 1 ½ gr. // Iron Phosphate 2 gr. // Nux Vomica Alkaloids equal to // Strychnine Phosphate 1 – 16 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of Easton’s Syrup (one fourth the strength) in // which the sugar in the ordinary preparation is replaced by the // flesh – forming nutritive and digestive constituents of BYNIN. // “BYNIN” Amara is a palatable and reliable tonic. It promotes // digestion, increases the appetite, braces up the nervous system, // strengthens the heart beat and circulation, combats anemia and // cachexia. (It is very serviceable in neuralgia and similar nerve // troubles.) // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three times a day, with or immediately before food. // This preparation contains a small quantity of Nux Vomica and // must therefore, in conformity with the Pharmacy Act, be labeled // (Poison.) // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on top of bottle label in blue ink: “Net Contents 10 FL Ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // A Powerful Tonic // and Digestive // “Bynin” // TRADE MARK // Amara // MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA. // ‘Bynin’ Amara is a combina- // tion of the Phosphates of Iron, Quinine and Strychnine, with the Active Malt Extract, ‘Bynin // It is an excellent // General Tonic // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ liquid malt. // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Chrismol // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Byno Cascada’ // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, CANADA // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box; “THE MEDICAL MAGAZINE writes : - “ ‘Bynin’ Amara is an excellent tonic and its power is // much increased by the nutritive and digestive qualities of that reliable form of Malt which this firm issue // under the name ‘Bynin.’ If ‘Bynin’ Amara proves as useful and as popular as ‘BYNO’ HYPOPHOS- // PHITES, Messrs. Allen and Hanburys must be congratulated on having added two most valuable // preparations to our Therapeutics.” “; printed on right side of box: “The LANCET writes: - “This excellent preparation is a distinct advance on Easton’s Syrup. // Not only does it contain the phosphates and iron, quinine and strychnine unimpaired, but the vehicle for // their palatable administration is, as our experiments have shown, a powerful digestive of farinaceous food. // This vehicle is ‘Bynin’, or Liquid Malt, which exhibits a powerful liquefying and converting action upon // starch. This formula is such as is admirably adapted for the administration of one of the best tonic // combinations known.”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet pages include: “ “Trade ‘BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt”; “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”; “CHRISMOL // An Intestinal Lubricant”; “ ‘Allenbury’ // RUSKS (Malted)”; “The “Allenburys” // Diet // A Light Food // for General Use”; “Byno Chrismol // The “Allenbury’s Malt and Chrismol”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
0010-A (a-b)
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration along mouth of bottle; front label separating from bottle; minor discolouration and scratches to top of cork; top of box missing; large tear top corner on front of box; minor staining on proper left side of box; small white encrustations on front and proper right side of box; minor abrasion, tears, and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in edges of booklet; large tide marks and white encrustations on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions.
“Bynin” Amara was marketed as an effective tonic capable of treating many different ailments; the label claims that it strengthens heart rate and circulation, relieves anemia and cachexia, imporves appetite, and treats nervous troubles; the formula contains strychnine and the required designation of “Poison” is printed on the label.
Images
Less detail

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