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Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wa…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; bottle is almost full of solid mass creating a heavy bottle; bottle has gold white, and black rectangular label with product information and dosages on front; box has product information on front, testimonials on right and left sides, and information for other products on back; promotional leaflet is one sheet folded into six sections with information for other products on both sides in black ink.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.6 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.3 cm
b – box – Length 20.3 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 15.1 cm Width 10.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Date Remarks
Box and leaflet have appearance though graphics and text styles to be circa 1890s, use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s and the lable text style and lack of graphics appear from 1950s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, light green
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA // “Bynin” Amara // COMPOSITION: // Quinine Phosphate 1 ½ gr. // Iron Phosphate 2 gr. // Nux Vomica Alkaloids equal to // Strychnine Phosphate 1 – 16 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of Easton’s Syrup (one fourth the strength) in // which the sugar in the ordinary preparation is replaced by the // flesh – forming nutritive and digestive constituents of BYNIN. // “BYNIN” Amara is a palatable and reliable tonic. It promotes // digestion, increases the appetite, braces up the nervous system, // strengthens the heart beat and circulation, combats anemia and // cachexia. (It is very serviceable in neuralgia and similar nerve // troubles.) // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three times a day, with or immediately before food. // This preparation contains a small quantity of Nux Vomica and // must therefore, in conformity with the Pharmacy Act, be labeled // (Poison.) // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on top of bottle label in blue ink: “Net Contents 10 FL Ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // A Powerful Tonic // and Digestive // “Bynin” // TRADE MARK // Amara // MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA. // ‘Bynin’ Amara is a combina- // tion of the Phosphates of Iron, Quinine and Strychnine, with the Active Malt Extract, ‘Bynin // It is an excellent // General Tonic // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ liquid malt. // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Chrismol // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Byno Cascada’ // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, CANADA // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box; “THE MEDICAL MAGAZINE writes : - “ ‘Bynin’ Amara is an excellent tonic and its power is // much increased by the nutritive and digestive qualities of that reliable form of Malt which this firm issue // under the name ‘Bynin.’ If ‘Bynin’ Amara proves as useful and as popular as ‘BYNO’ HYPOPHOS- // PHITES, Messrs. Allen and Hanburys must be congratulated on having added two most valuable // preparations to our Therapeutics.” “; printed on right side of box: “The LANCET writes: - “This excellent preparation is a distinct advance on Easton’s Syrup. // Not only does it contain the phosphates and iron, quinine and strychnine unimpaired, but the vehicle for // their palatable administration is, as our experiments have shown, a powerful digestive of farinaceous food. // This vehicle is ‘Bynin’, or Liquid Malt, which exhibits a powerful liquefying and converting action upon // starch. This formula is such as is admirably adapted for the administration of one of the best tonic // combinations known.”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet pages include: “ “Trade ‘BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt”; “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”; “CHRISMOL // An Intestinal Lubricant”; “ ‘Allenbury’ // RUSKS (Malted)”; “The “Allenburys” // Diet // A Light Food // for General Use”; “Byno Chrismol // The “Allenbury’s Malt and Chrismol”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
0010-A (a-b)
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration along mouth of bottle; front label separating from bottle; minor discolouration and scratches to top of cork; top of box missing; large tear top corner on front of box; minor staining on proper left side of box; small white encrustations on front and proper right side of box; minor abrasion, tears, and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in edges of booklet; large tide marks and white encrustations on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions.
“Bynin” Amara was marketed as an effective tonic capable of treating many different ailments; the label claims that it strengthens heart rate and circulation, relieves anemia and cachexia, imporves appetite, and treats nervous troubles; the formula contains strychnine and the required designation of “Poison” is printed on the label.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; ba…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Food, Formulated
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; yellow, black and white rectangular label with product information and dosage on front; box has product information on front and left side, testimonial on right side, and information for other products on back; small white paper tag with number and price affixed to top of left side; corrugated interior; paper promotional leaflet has 4 pages with illustrations and information for different products.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.5 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.4 cm
b – box – Length 20.4 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 19.2 cm Width 11.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Date Remarks
Mold marks from machine go from bottom to top; use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, green, red, blue
cork: tan, dark brown
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD // TRADE “Byno” MARK // Phosphates // TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // COMPOSITION : // Ferri Phosph 1 gr. // Calcii Phosph 1 ½ gr. // Potassii Phosph 1/8 gr. // Sodii Phosph 1/8 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of the well-known Parrish’s // Chemical Food the sugar of the ordinary prepar- // ation, being replaced by the digestive constituents of // “Bynin” Liquid Malt. // It is especially serviceable as a tonic for growing // children and is a valuable restorative in cases of de- // bility, promoting also the digestion of other foods. // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three time a day, with or immediately after food. // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on bottle label: “4390 // Net Contents 10 FL ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // One of the best forms of // administering Iron to // pale and delicate Children // TRADE // MARK // “Byno = // Phosphates” // A MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD. // A modification of the well known - // Parrish’s Chemical Food in which // the Active Malt Extract, Bynin, // replaces the Inert sugar of the // ordinary preparations. It contains // in solution the phosphates of Iron, Lime, Potash and Soda. // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ Liquid Malt // ‘Bynin’ Emulsion // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Glycerophosphates // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, Can. NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box: “ “BYNO” PHOSPHATES is especially serviceable as a general tonic for weekly a[Illeg.] // growing children, and as a restorative in cases of debility, promoting also the digesti[Illeg.] // of all foods.”; hand written of tag on left side; “64056 // $15.00”; printed on right side of box: “The BRITTISH COLONIAL DRUGGIST writes: - “ ‘Byno’ Phosphates is the well- // known Chemical Food with the sugar replaced by the nutrient and digestive constituents // of Liquid Malt. This cannot but be considered a great advance on the ordinary form, as // it presents the additional advantage of digestive aid.” ”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet page include: “ “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”, “ “Byno”- Hypophosphites”, “Trade ‘ BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt” “The ‘Allenburys’ DIET // A complete food rich in brain, nerve // and body building element.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
0010-A (a-b)
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major area of loss on top of cork; minor fading all over bottle label; dark discolouration on top of bottle label; top of box missing; minor tears all over edges of box; major dark staining to top half of box; minor abrasion and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in top and bottom edge of leaflet; minor dark stain of top edge of leaflet; large stain in centre of leaflet on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
“Byno” Phosphates were marketed as a chemical food with added digestive benefits; the proposed benefits were numerous and the product was also specifically marketed as a remedy for children.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1885
1915
circa 1885-1915
Collection
Parks Canada Agency Pharmacy Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Dermatology
Accession Number
014002091
Description
Transparent rectangular glass bottle of carbolic oil with sloped shoulders tapered at neck with red-wax sealed cork stuck in neck; full of transparent pale yellow liquid; cream paper label has the product's name, directions for use, and the manufacturer's name and address.
  5 images  
Accession Number
014002091
Collection
Parks Canada Agency Pharmacy Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Dermatology
MeSH Heading
Wounds and Injuries
Disinfection
Antisepsis
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Phenol
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- topical balms, lotions
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Transparent rectangular glass bottle of carbolic oil with sloped shoulders tapered at neck with red-wax sealed cork stuck in neck; full of transparent pale yellow liquid; cream paper label has the product's name, directions for use, and the manufacturer's name and address.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transferred from the Parks Canada Agency, via Gail Cariou of the Curatorial and Collections Branch.
Maker
N. C. Polson & Company
Site Made (City)
Kingston
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1885
1915
circa 1885-1915
Date Remarks
Provided by donor
Material
glass: clear
paper: cream
ink: black
cork: tan
wax: red
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "Carbolic // Oil // HEALS: WOUNDS, // CUTS, ABRASIONS, // OLD SORES, INSECT // BITES ETC. // DRESS ONCE OR TWICE // DAILY, APPLYING TO // AFFECTED PARTS WITH // FEATHER OR BY SATUR- // ATING CLEAN, WELL // WORN COTTON // OR LINEN. // PREPARED BY // N. C. POLSON & CO. // ESTABLISHED 1877. // WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS. // KINGSTON, ONT."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Box 1
Dimension Notes
Length 13.5 cm x Width 4.8 cm x Depth 2.1 cm
Condition Remarks
Paper is yellowed, brittle, with a minor tear along the label's bottom edge; quarter of wax seal is missing
Copy Type
Original
Images
Less detail

Dodd's Kidney Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15188
Dates
1964
1977
circa 1964-1977
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
016002001 a-c
Description
Small rectangluar box (a) with glass bottle (b) of Dodd's Kidney Pills with folded paper advertising leaflet (c)e bottom half of box in red ink and top in white, and a dark blue circle on each of the biggest sides with the product name printed in it in white ink; the sides of the box contain a desc…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016002001 a-c
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Kidney Diseases -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Backache -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Pharmacy -- pamphlet
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
Description
Small rectangluar box (a) with glass bottle (b) of Dodd's Kidney Pills with folded paper advertising leaflet (c)e bottom half of box in red ink and top in white, and a dark blue circle on each of the biggest sides with the product name printed in it in white ink; the sides of the box contain a description and instructions for the product in English and French; inside the box is a bottle (b) with a white painted metal screw cap and a paper label with the title, manufacturer, lot number, and directions printed in blue and red ink; inside the bottle are four medium sized ovoid orange pills; also in the box is a small folded leaflet (c) on tan paper printed in blue ink which describes the product, includes detailed instructions for its use, and advertises other related products such as Scoot for Athlete's Foot and Hanson's Magic Corn Salve; one side of the pamphlet is printed in English and the other in French.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - box: Length 4.0 cm X Width 2.8 cm X Height 6.7 cm
b - bottle: Length 3.7 cm X Width 2.5 cm X Height 6.0 cm
c - pamphlet: Length 20.2 cm X Width 7.6 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Fulford Dodds Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1964
1977
circa 1964-1977
Date Remarks
Based on the year Fulford Dodds Limited took over Dodd's Kidney Pills, and the year pharmaceutical companies became required in Canada to list the ingredients of a medicine on the package.
Material
paper: tan
ink: blue, white, red
metal: yellow
glass: clear
pills: orange
Inscriptions
Printed on front of box (a): "Dodd's // KIDNEY // Pills // For BACKACHE and // TIRED FEELING // due to urinary irritation // and bladder discomfort"; printed on price sticker on front of box (a): "MFR. SUG. LIST // 5F // OUR PRICE // 97 cents "; printed on side of box (a): "A TREATMENT FOR // URINARY AND // BLADDER // DISCOMFORT // Dodd's Kidney Pills act as // a stimulant to the kidneys // to help relieve backache // and tired out feeling. // Used successfully for over // 70 years. // (L) 5074 // Directions: Take one // to three pills with a // glass of water, every // morning, noon, and // night. Full directions // enclosed. // CONTENTS 35 PILLS // No. 4087 The Proprietary // or Patent Medicine Act // FULFORD DODDS LIMITED // TORONTO, CANADA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor tearing of top flap of box where it tucks in
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Newspaper
Journal Article
Reference Comments
https://newspaperarchive.com/lethbridge-herald-jul-24-1976-p-48/
https://www-jstor-org.proxy.queensu.ca/stable/20292259?pq-origsite=summon&seq=2#metadata_info_tab_contents
http://www.doddspainrelief.com/history.php
Research Facts
Fulford Dodds Limited also produced the popular patent medicine, Dr. William's Pink Pills for Pale People.
By the 1970s, Dodd's Kidney Pills were made with ammonium chloride. Before this, they were made with potassium nitrate, sodium bicarbonate, soap, hard paraffin, wheat flour, powedered turmeric, jalap resin, and extract of cascarilla.
Dodds still existed as of 2008 as a patent medicine, though was no longer advertised as a kidney remedy, but relief of back pain and inflammation.
Images
Less detail

Dodd's Kidney Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15191
Dates
1964
1977
circa 1964-1977
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Accession Number
016002003 a-c
Description
Small round cardboard container of Dodd's Kidney Pills (a) with removable lid (b) and small one promotional sheet printed both sides (c) was folded up tight and placed under the container lid containing a description of the product and its instructions, and advertisements for other products, such a…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016002003 a-c
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Kidney Diseases -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Backache -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Pharmacy -- pamphlet
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
Description
Small round cardboard container of Dodd's Kidney Pills (a) with removable lid (b) and small one promotional sheet printed both sides (c) was folded up tight and placed under the container lid containing a description of the product and its instructions, and advertisements for other products, such as Dodd's Antiseptic Healing Ointment, Scoot for Athlete's Foot, Hanson's Magic Corn Salve, Dodd's Dyspepsia Tablets, Diamond Dinner Pills, and Snug Denture Cushions; the container is covered with paper which has the product name and information printed on it in white and dark blue ink with a dark blue background at the top and the top of the sides, and a red background around the bottom of the sides; descriptive and instructive text is printed in English and in French both on the package and on the pamphlet; inside the container are approximately 35 red and pink pills, some of which are decomposing; the decomposing pills left pink residue on the pamphlet, mostly in the corners and on the horizontal centre line; there is a white rectangular sticker on the top of the container, obscuring the title, which reads "CURRY Drugs Brockville".
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a) box: Diameter 4.7 cm X Height 2.8 cm
b) lid: Diameter 4.7 cm X Height 1.5 cm
c) pamphlet: Length 15.3 cm X Width 15.2 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Dodds Medicine Co. Division - Fulford Dodds Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1964
1977
circa 1964-1977
Date Remarks
Based on the year Fulford Dodds Limited took over Dodd's Kidney Pills, and the year pharmaceutical companies became required in Canada to list the ingredients of a medicine on the package.
Material
paper: tan
ink: dark blue, white, red, purple
pills: red, pink
Inscriptions
Printed on container and lid from the top down (a,b) (together, the lid and container form one entity and the text runs over both in a non-separate manner): "Dodd's KIDNEY Pills" // 17 NHU // CURRY Drugs // Brockville // .75 Tx // TO OPEN - CUT HERE // LOT D 7153 // FOR OVER 70 YEARS A TREATMENT FOR URINARY AND BLADDER DISCOMFORT // FOR BACKACHE AND TIRED FEELING // DUE TO URINARY IRRITATION // AND BLADDER DISCOMFORT // NO. 4087 THE PROPRIETARY OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT // DODDS MEDICINE CO. DIVISION - FULFORD DODDS LIMITED, TORONTO, CANADA // Dodd's Kidney Pills // Directions: Take one to three // pills, with a glass of water every // morning, noon and night, before or after // meals. Full directions inside. // DODDS MEDICINE CO. DIVISION - // FULFORD DODDS LIMITED // TORONTO, CANADA // Contents 35 pills".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
a, b) 0010-A2-6 Row A
c) 2005-5-6 Assorted Binder C, 14a
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Seven brown discolouration spots on bottom of container, pills stuck to the inside and slightly deteriorating, pink residue from pills staining corners and horizontal centre line of pamphlet.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Newspaper
Journal Article
Reference Comments
https://newspaperarchive.com/lethbridge-herald-jul-24-1976-p-48/
https://www-jstor-org.proxy.queensu.ca/stable/20292259?pq-origsite=summon&seq=2#metadata_info_tab_contents
http://www.doddspainrelief.com/history.php
Research Facts
Fulford Dodds Limited also produced the popular patent medicine, Dr. William's Pink Pills for Pale People.
By the 1970s, Dodd's Kidney Pills were made with ammonium chloride. Before this, they were made with potassium nitrate, sodium bicarbonate, soap, hard paraffin, wheat flour, powedered turmeric, jalap resin, and extract of cascarilla.
Dodds still existed as of 2008 as a patent medicine, though was no longer advertised as a kidney remedy, but relief of back pain and inflammation.
Images
Less detail

Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15184
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liq…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Jaundice
Headache -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls with product name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external lug type thread; rectangular push-up, circular mold mark, and manufacturer information embossed on bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; rectangular white and navy paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label with information and directions in French on back; cap has vertical indents on sides and flat top; box has product information and directions in English on front and proper left side and in French on back and proper right sides bordered in decorative geometric patterns; corrugated liner folded into rectangular box shape with open top and bottom ends.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 21.1 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 3.7 cm
b – box – Length 25.1 cm Width 8.0 cm Depth 4.5 cm
c – box liner – Length 16.5 cm Width 7.7 cm Depth 4.3 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Dreco Co. of Canada Limited
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Date Remarks
Dominion Glass Company trademarked D-in-diamond logo on the bottom of the bottle in 1928; no date marks present, were first introduced by Dominion in 1940
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, white
ink: navy
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “DRECO // AN EFFECTIVE TONIC // AND ALTERNATIVE // A splendid Remedy for disorders arising from slug- // gish action or functional in- // activity of the liver, kidneys // and bowels. // DIRECTIONS // Take one tablespoonful three time a // day, best taken before meals. If it // acts too freely on the bowels, lessen // the dose: if it does not act free enough, // increase the dose. For children about // 12 years old, a tablespoonful three times // a day. // No. 9280. PROPRIETARY AND PATENT MEDICINE ACT // Distributed by // The DRECO CO. of CANADA // LIMITED. // BALTIMORE, U. S. A. and // MONTREAL, Canada.”; embossed on right and left sides of bottle: “DRECO”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D”; printed on front of box: “DRECO // No. 9280 The Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act. // A // STOMACH TONIC // and ALTERNATIVE // A splendid remedy // for disorders arising // from sluggish action // or functional inac- // tivity of the liver, // kidneys and bowels. // PRICE $1.25 // DISTRIBUTED BY // Dreco Co. of Canada // LIMITED // MONTREAL, CANADA // also at // BALTIMORE U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “DRECO – For chronic constipation, biliousness, jaundice, sick headache lassitude and other disorders arising from chronic // inactivity of the stomach, liver and bowels. // In therapeutic activity it covers a wider range than that of simple cathartics since its tendency is to restore the organs con- // cerned in elimination of waste products to a state of normal healthy activity. // It is not intended as a purgative and for some persons it is not sufficiently laxative at the beginning. In such cases where // additional laxative action is necessary, we strongly recommend HI – SPEED LAXATIVE TABLETS to be taken in connection // with DRECO. The formula for these tablets was selected with great care in order that the best results possible would be // obtained from Dreco by their supplemental action.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor corrosion all over cap; minor tears in edges and areas of discolouration on bottom of back bottle label; minor discolouration all over front bottle label; front bottle label separated and creased at bottom; top of box missing; minor discolouration on front of box; major tears in top of box resulting in 6 separate pieces
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions; Dreco was marketed as a treatment for several ailments, including constipation, biliousness, jaundice, and headaches.
The D-in-diamond logo indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the logo was introduced in 1928 and markings for dates were introduce in 1940; the lack of date marks suggests the bottle was manufactured between 1928 and 1940.
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Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15168
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900 - 1920
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023002
Description
Transparent glass elliptical based Dr. Thomas’ Eclectric Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap; half full with brown liquid; long round front and back walls and short sides walls; round shoulders, short cylindrical neck, flat neck ring, and cylindrical finish with contin…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023002
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= patent, proprietary, over-the-counter all-purpose cures
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- all-purpose cures -- container
Description
Transparent glass elliptical based Dr. Thomas’ Eclectric Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap; half full with brown liquid; long round front and back walls and short sides walls; round shoulders, short cylindrical neck, flat neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; red and yellow paper label with product information attached to front; cap has flat top, vertical ridges on exterior sides, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
Northrop & Lyman Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900 - 1920
Material
glass: clear
paper: yellow, red
plastic: black
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “Dr. // THOMAS’ // ECLECTRIC // OIL // FOR // DIRECTIONS // SEE INSIDE // CIRCULAR // L6525 // No. 5520 The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act. // 2 FLUID OUNCES // NORTHRUP & LYMAN CO., Limited // TORONTO, CANADA”; embossed on bottom: “D 8”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Length
12.1 cm
Width
4.9 cm
Depth
2.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor staining from liquid on interior, especially at the middle of bottle; minor fading all over label; label separating from bottle; two long linear areas of dark discoloration on label; minor scratches on top and sides of cap
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Doctor Thomas' Eclectric Oil.” Toronto Vintage, 2018. Accessed 28 May 2019.
Sullivan, Catherine. “Research Bulletin: Dr. Thomas’ Eclectric Oil.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
Dr. Thomas’ Eclectric Oil is a cure-all patent medicine created by S. N. Thomas during the 1860s; sold in Canada by Northrop & Lyman Co. Limited beginning in 1871.
The name “Eclectric” was likely an attempt to take advantage of the fascination with electricity around the time of the remedy’s invention, although it had nothing to do with electricity; Dr. Thomas’ Eclectric Oil claimed to cure many common ailments, but was merely a combination of various oils.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
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William Radam's Microbe Killer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8639
Dates
1887
1913
circa 1887 - 1913
Accession Number
1991.17.71
Description
Rectangular brown glass bottle with smooth lip; weak embossing on side; mould lines visible.
  2 images  
Accession Number
1991.17.71
MeSH Heading
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
Disinfection, Disinfectants
Description
Rectangular brown glass bottle with smooth lip; weak embossing on side; mould lines visible.
Number Of Parts
1
Maker
W. M. Radam
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1887
1913
circa 1887 - 1913
Material
glass: brown
Inscriptions
Embossed on the side of the bottle: “GERM BACTERIA OR FUNGUS DESTROYER // WM RADAM’S // MICROBE KILLER // REGISTERED TRADE-MARK DEC 13 1887 // CURES ALL DISEASES”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-1 Row B
Length
25.7
Width
8.3
Depth
8.3
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor scratches over embossed side; minor chip on exterior lip
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
From Texas – Wm. Radam’s Microbe Killer, Peachridge Glass
WM. Radam's Microbe Killer ~ Dec. 13th, 1887, Ricks Bottle Room
Research Facts
The 1886 patent revealed that Radam manufactured Microbe Killer by mixing powdered sulphur, sodium nitrate, manganese oxide, sandalwood, and potassium chloride then burning the mixture in an oven. The vapours mixed with the vapour from the water located in a closed tank in which the oven sat. After the treated water was allowed to condense and then was filtered to remove any sediment, a tiny amount of wine was added to give the Microbe Killer a light pink tint.
The Microbe Killer was so successful because it made its debut just as the link between microbes and disease was first being documented. As science would eventually demonstrate, the Microbe Killer was absolutely useless.
Exhibit History
On exhibit “Quack: The Exhibit that cures all” at Museum of Health Care, 29 June 2017.
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William Radam's Microbe Killer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8640
Dates
1886
1890
circa 1886 - 1890
Accession Number
1991.17.72
Description
Cylindrical grey stoneware jug with handle and short neck; cork in neck; flat bottom.
  3 images  
Accession Number
1991.17.72
MeSH Heading
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
Disinfection, Disinfectants
Description
Cylindrical grey stoneware jug with handle and short neck; cork in neck; flat bottom.
Number Of Parts
1
Maker
W. M. Radam
Site Made (State)
Texas
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1886
1890
circa 1886 - 1890
Material
stoneware: grey
ink: black
Inscriptions
Glazed on the jug: “WM. RADAM’S MICROBE KILLER”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-1 Row A
Temporary Location
On exhibit “Quack: The Exhibit that cures all” at Museum of Health Care, 29 June 2017.
Length
28.0 cm
Diameter
16.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor crack on the surface of the neck; minor cracking of the glaze
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
From Texas – Wm. Radam’s Microbe Killer, Peachridge Glass
WM. Radam's Microbe Killer ~ Dec. 13th, 1887, Ricks Bottle Room
Research Facts
The 1886 patent revealed that Radam manufactured Microbe Killer by mixing powdered sulphur, sodium nitrate, manganese oxide, sandalwood, and potassium chloride then burning the mixture in an oven. The vapours mixed with the vapour from the water located in a closed tank in which the oven sat. After the treated water was allowed to condense and then was filtered to remove any sediment, a tiny amount of wine was added to give the Microbe Killer a light pink tint.
The Microbe Killer was so successful because it made its debut just as the link between microbes and disease was first being documented. As science would eventually demonstrate, the Microbe Killer was absolutely useless.
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