Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a ca…
Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a cardboard divider (c) folded equally five times accordion style; inside a fold of the divider is a vaginal suppository (d) sealed in grey metal foil; the suppository is shaped like a semi-flattened cone; in the bottom of the box below the divider is a flat sheet of card with "NORFORMS" printed in brown in the centre of one side.
Number Of Parts
a - cover: Length 8.1 cm X Width 3.4 cm X Height 4.3 cm
b - box: Length 8.0 cm X Width 3.2 cm X Height 4.1 cm
c - divider: Length 7.8 cm X Width 4.2 cm X Height 3.0 cm
d - suppository: Length 3.4 cm X Width 3.8 cm X Height 0.8 cm
Based on the registration of the trademark "Norforms" in Canada and the Smithsonian's record of a package of Norforms.
ink: red, gold, brown
Printed on top of cover (a): "Norforms®"; printed on front of cover: "ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // Each Norforms is hermetically sealed to avoid leakage. // Norforms are of proper consistency for use at average // temperatures. In very hot weather keep in a cool place, or // hold, before unwrapping, under cold water for a few // minutes. // 50 // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL"; printed on bottom of cover (some words obscured by water damage): "NORFORMS // ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // EACH NORFORM [...] // Phenylmercuric Acetate [...] thonium // Chloride 0.2%, Methylparab [...] dispers- // ible base. // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL // NORWICH PHARMACAL COMPANY, LTD., PARIS, CANADA // 13-03-60 // LOT NO. 1020"; printed on side of box (some words obscured by water damage, but the French side of the box reveals what they are): "6 // NEW, IMPROVED // NORFORMS® // Norwich ® // FOR MEDICINAL // PURPOSES ONLY // INSTRUCTIONS INSIDE"; printed on suppository package (d): "NORFORMS"; printed on card (e):" NORFORMS".
Storage Room 0010
Unit Of Measure
Some water damage on outer box; printing in these spots has been washed away and is no longer readable, especially on the bottom of the box.
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company.html
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company_20.html
Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Norforms Antiseptic Deodorant Suppositories, catalogue number 1986.0198.037: https://www.si.edu/object/nmah_738638
Government of Canada, Canadian Trademarks Database, NORFORMS — 0200962: http://www.ic.gc.ca/app/opic-cipo/trdmrks/srch/viewTrademark.html?id=200962&lang=eng
Wikipedia, Phenymercury acetate, last edited 23 December, 2018: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenylmercury_acetate
Norforms were intended to protect the vaginal tract from germs. They were used by manner of inserting the suppository into the vagina, where it would melt at body temperature. Advertisements claimed that the suppositories would not harm delicate tissues and that they were tested and proved in hospital clinics. They were also intended to eliminate odours. Today, the ingredients may be considered dangerous because of the presence of phenylmercuric acetate, which contains mercury.
The Norwich Pharmacal Company was founded in Norwich, N.Y. by Rev. Mr. Lafayette Moore in 1885, and began from a small basket of pills and the equipment to make them. This company was the first to use the word "pharmacal", not technically an English word at the time, but one which grew popular because of their use of it.
Small hard cover book with black vinyl covers and a sewn binding; tan pages with black print; title "The Rhythm" is printed in the top centre of the front cover in gold in capital letters with three straight horizontal lines under it and a pointed line going up, then down through the straight lines…
Small hard cover book with black vinyl covers and a sewn binding; tan pages with black print; title "The Rhythm" is printed in the top centre of the front cover in gold in capital letters with three straight horizontal lines under it and a pointed line going up, then down through the straight lines; on the first page there is a blue stamp for the library from which the book came; the book is divided into three parts (physiological, practical, and ethical aspects) and seventy five chapters, dealing with sex, sterility, fertility, marriage, pregnancy, female sexual organs, menstruation and the menstrual cycle, contraception, natural birth control, and contraception in relation to religion and God; the copyright page reads that the book was published with "Ecclesiastical Approbation"; on the last page, a portion of an envelope has been glued in and is open at the top; 128 pages.
Printed on front cover: "THE RHYTHM // LEO J. LATZ, M. D."; stamped on first page: "BIBLIOTHEQUE PROVINCIALE // 430 CHEMIN MONTREAL // OTTAWA 7, ONTARIO"; printed on title page: "THE RHYTHM // of // Sterility and Fertility // in Women // A Discussion of the Physiological, Practical, // and Ethical Aspects of the Discoveries // of Drs. K. Ogino (Japan) and H. // Knaus (Austria) Regarding // the Periods when Con- // ception Is Impos- // sible and when // Possible // by // Leo J. Latz, A.B., M.D., LL.D. // Member of the Staffs of Loyola // University Medical School, Alexian // Brothers' Hospital and St. Elizabeth Hospital. // Fourth Revised Edition // Sixtieth Thousand // Published by // LATZ FOUNDATION // (Corporation Not for Profit) // REPUBLIC BUILDING // CHICAGO, ILLINOIS".
Storage Room 2005
Unit Of Measure
Sticker residue near bottom of spine and covers, vinyl coming off in top right corner of front cover and bottom of back cover.
"Leo J. Latz and "The Rhythm"", DIttrick Museum, March 16, 2010: http://dittrick.blogspot.com/2010/03/leo-j-latz-and-rhythm.html
"Highlights of the Percy Skuy History of Contraception Gallery: Rhythm Method", Case Western Reserve University: https://case.edu/affil/skuyhistcontraception/online-2012/Rhythm-method.html
"Book, ‘The rhythm of sterility and fertility in women’ by Leo J. Latz.", Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences: https://collection.maas.museum/object/345735
"Dr. Leo Latz dies, was originator of 'rhythm method'", Chicago Tribune, The Baltimore Sun, May 4, 1994: https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/bs-xpm-1994-05-04-1994124154-story.html
Dr. Leo J. Latz was one of the pioneers of the "rhythm" method of birth control, now often called natural family planning. The Rhythm method asserts that women are only fertile for five or six days of their menstrual cycle, and so it is unlikely for a woman to get pregnant outside of those days, even without material methods of birth control. His book went through twenty-six editions.
The Rhythm Method is the only method of birth control which received the official approval of the Catholic Church, having been approved by Pope Pius XII in 1951. In 1955, a survey of Catholic women found that over 65% of the women surveyed said they used the Rhythm method.
In 1934, Latz, a devout Catholic, was fired from his position at Loyola University, most likely over his involvment with the cause of Rhythm.