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oral / rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15248
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider e…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider end, and with a tan sticker on one of its four sides showing normal body temperature in both Celsius and Fahrenheit; the case is closed with a clear plastic lid (c) which is round at the bottom and octagonal for most of the body; all of these parts are stored in cardboard packaging (a) with a clear plastic cover shaped like the thermometer case and lid; the cardboard packaging has a red background, and the product information, directions for use, certificate of examination, and manufacturing information are printed in white ink in French on the left and English on the right; there is a small clear sticker in the bottom left corner which contains words in white ink, and in the top right corner, there is a tan sticker containing words in red ink and numbers in black ink; there is a perforated circle in the cardoard near the top centre which has not been punched out.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - package: Length 17.8 cm X Width 11.8 cm X Height 1.5 cm
b - case: Length 8.5 cm X Width 1.2 cm X Height 1.2 cm
c - lid: Length 3.9 cm X Diameter 1.0 cm
d - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.4 cm X Height 0.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton, Dickinson & Co.
Site Made (City)
Mississauga
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada / USA
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Date Remarks
Date marked on package, certificate of examination
Material
paper: tan
plastic: grey, clear
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: red, white, black
Inscriptions
Printed on packaging (a): SECURITY® // CELSIUS // with C° to F° // CONVERSIO[N TABLE] // FOR THE B[ABY] // SECURITY® // oral / rectal // fever // thermometer // medically // accurate // easy // to read // Certificate of // Examination // This thermometer // conforms to the // Canadian Government // Specifications Board // CGSB 14-GP-1c // June 1971. // DIRECTIONS FOR // USE: // Shake down to below 35° C. // Use as specified. Keep in // place at least 4 minutes to // allow proper registering of // temperature. After using // cleanse in cold soapy // water. // CAUTION: Do not wash in // warm or hot water. Im- // merse in any approved an- // tiseptic solution before and // after use. // B-D // BECTON, DICKINSON & CO., // CANADA, LTD. // 2464 SOUTH SHERIDAN WAY, // MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO L5J 2M8"; printed on sticker in upper right corner: "21 // C // Medico-Dental // Pharmacy // 2 58;"; printed on sticker in bottom left corner: "MADE IN // FABRIQUE AU U.S.A."; printed on case: "F° // 105.8 // 104 // 102.2 // 100.4 // 98.6 // 96.8 // 95 // 93.2 // C° // 41 // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // 35 // 34 // NORMAL"; printed on thermometer: "33 // 34 // 35 // 36 // // 38 // 39 // 40 // 41 // I -PBW IIII // B-D U.S.A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Sticker on case slightly discoloured, some fraying and tearing of cardboard packaging, especially around edges; top of plastic packaging dented, and the red on the cardboard beneath torn up to reveal brown cardboard.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
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rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15237
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measu…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measuring hatch marks, and one with numbers; the end of the thermometer is metal with glass on the very end, and the other end is a flat rounded triangle painted red; also in the case are a folded paper instruction sheet in blue print (c), printed in English and French on opposite sides; tucked inside the folds of the instructions sheet are a small card with an illustration of a thermometer on it showing normal body temperature in black, blue, and red ink and in Fahrenheit and Celsius; also tucked into the instructions sheet are four thermometer sheaths (e-h) packaged in paper with red print with the title, instructions, and manufacturing information on it.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - case: Length 11.7 cm X Width 4.7 cm X Height 1.0 cm
b - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.6 cm X Height 0.6 cm
c - instructions: Length 34.8 cm X Width 21.6 cm
d - illustration: Length 10.8 cm x Width 2.6 cm
e-h - sheaths: Length 11.1 cm X Width 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton-Dickinson
Site Made (City)
Rutherford, Mississauga
Site Made (State)
New Jersey, Ontario
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A., Canada, Brazil
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Date Remarks
Based on patent of thermometer sheaths, and the changes in use of different types of thermometers in the 1990s.
Material
plastic: blue, clear
glass: clear
paper: cream
ink: yellow, burgundy, red, blue, black
Inscriptions
Raised in clear plastic case cover (a): "B-D"; printed on thermometer (b): "E CJK B-D BRAZIL // 35 36 38 39 40 41 42 // B-D"; printed on instruction sheet (c) - headings only: "rectal // FEVER THERMOMETER // Everything You Need // For Taking Temperatures Rectally // B-D* // To open case: // Slide top to left // TAKING YOUR TEMPERATURE // THE RECTAL METHOD // READING YOUR THERMOMETER // TO CLEAN AND CARE FOR YOUR B-D RECTAL THERMOMETER // IF YOUR THERMOMETER BREAKS // FEVER FACTS // DOES FEVER HELP FIGHT ILLNESS? // WHY BOTHER TO TAKE TEMPERATURES? // ARE YOU AVERAGE? // FINER THAN A HUMAN HAIR? // IS YOUR THERMOMETER COMPLETELY CLEAN? // A HAND TO THE FOREHEAD? // FEVER MEASUREMENT CHANGES WITH AGE. // NOTICE TO THE PURCHASER:"; printed on instruction sheet (c) near the bottom on the back: "SAVE 50 // B-D* Alcohol Swabs Regular // or Premium Butterfly // To the Dealer: Upon receipt of this coupon // toward the purchase of the specified product, // we will reimburse you 50 plus regular // handling. Application for redemption on any // other basis may constitute fraud and will, at // our option, void coupon presented. // Applications for reimbursement accepted // from principals only—mail to: Becton // Dickinson Canada Inc. Box 3000, // Saint John, N.B. E2L 4L3. // Offer limited to one coupon per purchase. // *B-D is a registered trademark of Becton-Dickinson and Company // reg. user Becton-Dickinson Canada Inc. // 2177211 [...]"; printed on front of illustration (d): "FAHRENHEIT // 108° // 106 // 104 // 102 // 100 // 98 // 96 // CELSIUS // 42° // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // NORMAL BODY TEMPERATURE // BECTON // DICKINSON"; printed on back of illustration: "PLUS®"; printed on front of sheaths (e-h): "B-D // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // Temp-Away // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // INSERT // TWIST // PULL APART // W10232 (S)"; printed on back of sheaths: "The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is designed for single-patient thermometer use with a TEMP-AWAY Kit.... or, in conjunction with a // thermometer assigned to a single patient. When thermometers are used to take temperatures from patient to patient, the thermo- // meter must be disinfected prior to each patient use. // The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is not designed for use as an electronic thermometer probe cover. // BECTON-DICKINSON, Division of Becton, Dickinson and Company. // Rutherford, New Jersey 07070 // U.S. Pat. 3,809,228 and others Pat.Pend. on reversible feature. // MADE in U.S.A. // 36W10898 (S)".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some sticker residue on end of case; mid-sized chip and crack at end in the clear plastic cover.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
https://patents.google.com/patent/US2047801
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
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The Rhythm of Sterility and Fertility in Women 4th Revised Edition [book]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15215
Dates
1934
circa 1934
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Archival Items
Education Artifacts
Classification
Archival, Publications
Education
Gynaecology
Literature
Accession Number
015011003
Description
Small hard cover book with black vinyl covers and a sewn binding; tan pages with black print; title "The Rhythm" is printed in the top centre of the front cover in gold in capital letters with three straight horizontal lines under it and a pointed line going up, then down through the straight lines…
Accession Number
015011003
Author
Leo J. Latz, A.B., M.D., LL.D.
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Archival Items
Education Artifacts
Classification
Archival, Publications
Education
Gynaecology
Literature
MeSH Heading
Archival
Education, Medical
Books
Menstrual Cycle
Menstruation
Sex Counseling
Contraception
Description
Small hard cover book with black vinyl covers and a sewn binding; tan pages with black print; title "The Rhythm" is printed in the top centre of the front cover in gold in capital letters with three straight horizontal lines under it and a pointed line going up, then down through the straight lines; on the first page there is a blue stamp for the library from which the book came; the book is divided into three parts (physiological, practical, and ethical aspects) and seventy five chapters, dealing with sex, sterility, fertility, marriage, pregnancy, female sexual organs, menstruation and the menstrual cycle, contraception, natural birth control, and contraception in relation to religion and God; the copyright page reads that the book was published with "Ecclesiastical Approbation"; on the last page, a portion of an envelope has been glued in and is open at the top; 128 pages.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Latz Foundation
Site Made (City)
Chicago
Site Made (State)
Illinois
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1934
circa 1934
Date Remarks
Copyright Date
Material
paper: tan
vinyl: black
ink: black, gold, blue
Inscriptions
Printed on front cover: "THE RHYTHM // LEO J. LATZ, M. D."; stamped on first page: "BIBLIOTHEQUE PROVINCIALE // 430 CHEMIN MONTREAL // OTTAWA 7, ONTARIO"; printed on title page: "THE RHYTHM // of // Sterility and Fertility // in Women // A Discussion of the Physiological, Practical, // and Ethical Aspects of the Discoveries // of Drs. K. Ogino (Japan) and H. // Knaus (Austria) Regarding // the Periods when Con- // ception Is Impos- // sible and when // Possible // by // Leo J. Latz, A.B., M.D., LL.D. // Member of the Staffs of Loyola // University Medical School, Alexian // Brothers' Hospital and St. Elizabeth Hospital. // Fourth Revised Edition // Sixtieth Thousand // Published by // LATZ FOUNDATION // (Corporation Not for Profit) // REPUBLIC BUILDING // CHICAGO, ILLINOIS".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-3
Length
10.7 cm
Width
1.5 cm
Height
15.6 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Sticker residue near bottom of spine and covers, vinyl coming off in top right corner of front cover and bottom of back cover.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
"Leo J. Latz and "The Rhythm"", DIttrick Museum, March 16, 2010: http://dittrick.blogspot.com/2010/03/leo-j-latz-and-rhythm.html
"Highlights of the Percy Skuy History of Contraception Gallery: Rhythm Method", Case Western Reserve University: https://case.edu/affil/skuyhistcontraception/online-2012/Rhythm-method.html
"Book, ‘The rhythm of sterility and fertility in women’ by Leo J. Latz.", Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences: https://collection.maas.museum/object/345735
"Dr. Leo Latz dies, was originator of 'rhythm method'", Chicago Tribune, The Baltimore Sun, May 4, 1994: https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/bs-xpm-1994-05-04-1994124154-story.html
Research Facts
Dr. Leo J. Latz was one of the pioneers of the "rhythm" method of birth control, now often called natural family planning. The Rhythm method asserts that women are only fertile for five or six days of their menstrual cycle, and so it is unlikely for a woman to get pregnant outside of those days, even without material methods of birth control. His book went through twenty-six editions.
The Rhythm Method is the only method of birth control which received the official approval of the Catholic Church, having been approved by Pope Pius XII in 1951. In 1955, a survey of Catholic women found that over 65% of the women surveyed said they used the Rhythm method.
In 1934, Latz, a devout Catholic, was fired from his position at Loyola University, most likely over his involvment with the cause of Rhythm.
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