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6 - 12 insect repellent

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15221
Dates
1985
1991
circa 1985-1991
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Home Health
Accession Number
015011009
Description
Clear glass bottle with paper label on one side and full of clear liquid contents; has white plastic screw cap and no neck to the bottle except what the cap covers; the paper label is yellow on the outside with illustrations of insects (a mosquito and a fly) in each of the upper corners, a blue cir…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011009
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Insect Repellents
Insects
Home Health
Description
Clear glass bottle with paper label on one side and full of clear liquid contents; has white plastic screw cap and no neck to the bottle except what the cap covers; the paper label is yellow on the outside with illustrations of insects (a mosquito and a fly) in each of the upper corners, a blue cirlce inside of which the product name is printed in white ink, below which is a white cloud illustration in which the product's purpose is printed in red and the insects it protects against are listed in blue; the amount is also printed on this side of the label; the backside of the label, which can be read through the clear glass and clear contents of the bottle, contains directions printed in English and French as well as the manufacturing information; the bottle cap has a sticker on top which reads "Eaton's" in dark blue ink; the bottom of the bottle contains raised numbers.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Union Carbide Canada Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1985
1991
circa 1985-1991
Date Remarks
Based on Canada's Pest Control Products Act and the end of Union Carbide in Canada.
Material
glass: clear
liquid: clear
paper: tan
plastic: white
ink: yellow, blue, white, brown, red
Inscriptions
Printed on sticker on cap: "EATON'S"; printed on front of label: "6 · 12 // TRADE MARKS // SIX · TWELVE // INSECT // REPELLENT // Personal // Protection // Against: MOSQUITOES · BLACK FLIES // GNATS · CHIGGERS · SAND FLIES · STABLE FLIES // SEE OTHER SIDE // 2 FL. OZ. // Printed in Canada"; printed on back of label: "DIRECTIONS // Shake liberally into hands – rub hands // together – rub over ALL exposed skin and // stockings. Keep out of eyes to avoid smarting. // Reapply as needed. // Will NOT dissolve nylons, rayon, clothing, nail // polish, watch straps or crystals. May damage // some painted or varnished surfaces. // MODE D'EMPLOI // Pour usage externe seulement. En secouant, // faites tomber dans les mains, que vous frottez // ensemble. Appliquez, en frottant, sur TOUT // l'épiderme exposé et sur les bas. Tenez loin // des yeux pour éviter une douleur cuisante. // Répétez au besoin. // Ne dissoudre pas le nylon, la rayonne, les // vêtements, le poli à ongles, les bracelets de // montre ou le cristal. Peut toutefois endom- // mager certaines surfaces peinturées ou // vernies. // DO NOT TAKE INTERNALLY // Guarantee: Effective for the purposes claimed // Ethylhexanediol 97% // Registration No. 1755 // P.C.P. Act // UNION CARBIDE CANADA LIMITED // TORONTO // Distributed by LAURENTIAN AGENCIES LTD. // MONTREAL, CANADA"; raised on bottom of bottle: "6-12 // 4"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 5 Row B
Length
5.7 cm
Width
2.5 cm
Height
10.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Label beginning to peel off; leaking slightly.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
"UNION CARBIDE SUPPORTS EPA ACTION ON REPELLENT LINKED TO BIRTH DEFECTS" by Journal of Commerce Staff
Aug 28, 1991 8:00PM EDT: https://www.joc.com/union-carbide-supports-epa-action-repellent-linked-birth-defects_19910828.html
"INSECT REPELLENT LINKED TO BIRTH DEFECTS IN TESTS" by The Washington Post:
"Federal Corporation Information - 264849-1", Government of Canada: https://www.ic.gc.ca/app/scr/cc/CorporationsCanada/fdrlCrpDtls.html?corpId=2648491
"Pest Control Products Act R.S.C., 1985, c. P-9", Justice Laws Website, Government of Canada: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/P-9/page-1.html
Research Facts
Ethylhexanediol was shown by Union Carbide to potentially produce birth defects in animals, including their lungs failing to inflate when they are born. Because of this discovery, products like 6-12 Insect Repellent were taken off the shelves in the 1990s and pregnant and child-bearing age women were urged not to use it.
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Lysol Brand Disinfectant

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15220
Dates
1967
1985
circa 1960-1985
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Home Health
Treatment, General
Accession Number
015011004 a-b
Description
Rectangular box (a) for Lysol Brand Disinfectant; the two largest sides of the box are printed to look like the brown bottle with a yellow cap and inverted triangle label which sits inside the box; the smaller sides of the box are yellow, and the directions for use are printed on them in French on …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011004 a-b
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Home Health
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Disinfectant
Disinfection
First Aid
Home Health
Hygiene
Description
Rectangular box (a) for Lysol Brand Disinfectant; the two largest sides of the box are printed to look like the brown bottle with a yellow cap and inverted triangle label which sits inside the box; the smaller sides of the box are yellow, and the directions for use are printed on them in French on one side and English on the other; the top and bottom of the box are red, and the top contains the product name printed in white, as well as residue from a sticker and the number 89; the bottle (b) is nearly full of a liquid and is brown glass with a yellow metal screw cap; the glass is almost flat on the two largest sides, and contains small decorative ridges in the glass; the smaller sides of the bottle are more rounded and the bottle tapers inward so that it is thinner in the middle than at the top and bottom; the bottom of the bottle contains three raised symbols; the bottle's label is an inverted triangle, printed in French on one side of the bottle and in English on the other; the label contains the product name, its purpose, usage directions, amount, warnings, and manufacturing information.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - box - Length 5.4 cm X Width 2.9 cm X Height 11.4 cm
b - bottle - Length 4.9 cm X Width 2.5 cm X Height 11.2 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Drug Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Aurora
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1967
1985
circa 1960-1985
Date Remarks
Date based on advertisement on December 17, 1975 in The Chilliwack Progress from Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, Page 32, and when Sterling Drugs acquired Lysol.
Material
paper: tan
glass: brown
ink: red, white, black, yellow
metal: yellow
Inscriptions
Printed on front of box (a): "Lysol* // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // KILLS GERMS // DEODORIZES // PREVENTS MOULD & MILDEW // DEEP CLEANS // Walls · Floors · Kitchens // · Sickrooms · Baby's room // · Porcelain · Linoleum // · Bathrooms · Woodwork // · Floor tiles · Refuse // pails · Diaper pails // 2 OUNCES // CONCENTRATED // MAKES // MORE THAN // 1 // GALLON // OF CLEANING // SOLUTION // *TRADE MARK REG."; printed on side of box: "Lysol // TRADE MARK REG. // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // DESTROYS DISEASE // GERMS AND ODOUR- // CAUSING BACTERIA // DIRECTIONS // HOME DISINFECTION — Toi- // lets, Floors, Walls, etc. Add // 3 tablespoonfuls to each // gallon of water. // DIAPERS — Soak diapers in // solution of 3 tablespoonfuls // to each gallon of water. // FIRST AID — Cuts, scratches // — Add 1 teaspoonful to 1 // cup of water and apply. // PHENOL COEFFICIENT 5 // CONTAINS PHENOL .015% // Distributed by // Sterling Products // Division of Sterling Drug Ltd., Aurora, Ont. // C82B"; printed on label of bottle: "L46B // Lysol* // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // KILLS GERMS // DEODORIZES // PREVENTS MOULD & MILDEW // *Trade Mark Reg. // DIRECTIONS // HOME DISINFECTION- Toilets, Floors, Walls, etc. // Add 3 tablespoonfuls to each gallon of water. // DIAPERS- Soak diapers in solution of 3 table- // spoonfuls to each gallon of water. // FIRST AID- Cuts, scratches- Add 1 teaspoonful // to 1 cup of water and apply. // PHENOL COEFFIECIENT 5 // CONTAINS PHENOL .015% // Distributed by // Sterling Products // Division of Sterling Drug Ltd. // Aurora, Ont. // 2 FLUID OUNCES // NEVER USE UNDILUTED // CONCENTRATED // MAKES MORE THAN // 1 GALLON // OF CLEANING // SOLUTION"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row D
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor sticker residue and scratching on top of box; minor scratching and liquid damage on bottom of box.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, newspapers
Reference Comments
Advertisement on December 17, 1975 in The Chilliwack Progress from Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, Page 32: https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/77091686/.
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
https://www.encyclopedia.com/books/politics-and-business-magazines/sterling-drug-inc
"Fight Spanish Influenza With Daily Disinfection" (advertisement). The New York Times. 30 October 1918, p. 9. (Accessed via ProQuest, New York Times (1857–Current file), Document ID 97039401)
Research Facts
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
Lysol was advertised in 1918 as a way to fight the Spanish Flu Pandemic; it was recommended that everything in contact with flu patients, including their rooms, be cleaned with Lysol to prevent the spread of the disease.
Lysol contains phenol, another term for carbolic acid, an early disinfectant employed by Joseph Lister.
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oral / rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15248
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider e…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider end, and with a tan sticker on one of its four sides showing normal body temperature in both Celsius and Fahrenheit; the case is closed with a clear plastic lid (c) which is round at the bottom and octagonal for most of the body; all of these parts are stored in cardboard packaging (a) with a clear plastic cover shaped like the thermometer case and lid; the cardboard packaging has a red background, and the product information, directions for use, certificate of examination, and manufacturing information are printed in white ink in French on the left and English on the right; there is a small clear sticker in the bottom left corner which contains words in white ink, and in the top right corner, there is a tan sticker containing words in red ink and numbers in black ink; there is a perforated circle in the cardoard near the top centre which has not been punched out.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - package: Length 17.8 cm X Width 11.8 cm X Height 1.5 cm
b - case: Length 8.5 cm X Width 1.2 cm X Height 1.2 cm
c - lid: Length 3.9 cm X Diameter 1.0 cm
d - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.4 cm X Height 0.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton, Dickinson & Co.
Site Made (City)
Mississauga
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada / USA
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Date Remarks
Date marked on package, certificate of examination
Material
paper: tan
plastic: grey, clear
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: red, white, black
Inscriptions
Printed on packaging (a): SECURITY® // CELSIUS // with C° to F° // CONVERSIO[N TABLE] // FOR THE B[ABY] // SECURITY® // oral / rectal // fever // thermometer // medically // accurate // easy // to read // Certificate of // Examination // This thermometer // conforms to the // Canadian Government // Specifications Board // CGSB 14-GP-1c // June 1971. // DIRECTIONS FOR // USE: // Shake down to below 35° C. // Use as specified. Keep in // place at least 4 minutes to // allow proper registering of // temperature. After using // cleanse in cold soapy // water. // CAUTION: Do not wash in // warm or hot water. Im- // merse in any approved an- // tiseptic solution before and // after use. // B-D // BECTON, DICKINSON & CO., // CANADA, LTD. // 2464 SOUTH SHERIDAN WAY, // MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO L5J 2M8"; printed on sticker in upper right corner: "21 // C // Medico-Dental // Pharmacy // 2 58;"; printed on sticker in bottom left corner: "MADE IN // FABRIQUE AU U.S.A."; printed on case: "F° // 105.8 // 104 // 102.2 // 100.4 // 98.6 // 96.8 // 95 // 93.2 // C° // 41 // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // 35 // 34 // NORMAL"; printed on thermometer: "33 // 34 // 35 // 36 // // 38 // 39 // 40 // 41 // I -PBW IIII // B-D U.S.A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Sticker on case slightly discoloured, some fraying and tearing of cardboard packaging, especially around edges; top of plastic packaging dented, and the red on the cardboard beneath torn up to reveal brown cardboard.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
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rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15237
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measu…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measuring hatch marks, and one with numbers; the end of the thermometer is metal with glass on the very end, and the other end is a flat rounded triangle painted red; also in the case are a folded paper instruction sheet in blue print (c), printed in English and French on opposite sides; tucked inside the folds of the instructions sheet are a small card with an illustration of a thermometer on it showing normal body temperature in black, blue, and red ink and in Fahrenheit and Celsius; also tucked into the instructions sheet are four thermometer sheaths (e-h) packaged in paper with red print with the title, instructions, and manufacturing information on it.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - case: Length 11.7 cm X Width 4.7 cm X Height 1.0 cm
b - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.6 cm X Height 0.6 cm
c - instructions: Length 34.8 cm X Width 21.6 cm
d - illustration: Length 10.8 cm x Width 2.6 cm
e-h - sheaths: Length 11.1 cm X Width 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton-Dickinson
Site Made (City)
Rutherford, Mississauga
Site Made (State)
New Jersey, Ontario
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A., Canada, Brazil
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Date Remarks
Based on patent of thermometer sheaths, and the changes in use of different types of thermometers in the 1990s.
Material
plastic: blue, clear
glass: clear
paper: cream
ink: yellow, burgundy, red, blue, black
Inscriptions
Raised in clear plastic case cover (a): "B-D"; printed on thermometer (b): "E CJK B-D BRAZIL // 35 36 38 39 40 41 42 // B-D"; printed on instruction sheet (c) - headings only: "rectal // FEVER THERMOMETER // Everything You Need // For Taking Temperatures Rectally // B-D* // To open case: // Slide top to left // TAKING YOUR TEMPERATURE // THE RECTAL METHOD // READING YOUR THERMOMETER // TO CLEAN AND CARE FOR YOUR B-D RECTAL THERMOMETER // IF YOUR THERMOMETER BREAKS // FEVER FACTS // DOES FEVER HELP FIGHT ILLNESS? // WHY BOTHER TO TAKE TEMPERATURES? // ARE YOU AVERAGE? // FINER THAN A HUMAN HAIR? // IS YOUR THERMOMETER COMPLETELY CLEAN? // A HAND TO THE FOREHEAD? // FEVER MEASUREMENT CHANGES WITH AGE. // NOTICE TO THE PURCHASER:"; printed on instruction sheet (c) near the bottom on the back: "SAVE 50 // B-D* Alcohol Swabs Regular // or Premium Butterfly // To the Dealer: Upon receipt of this coupon // toward the purchase of the specified product, // we will reimburse you 50 plus regular // handling. Application for redemption on any // other basis may constitute fraud and will, at // our option, void coupon presented. // Applications for reimbursement accepted // from principals only—mail to: Becton // Dickinson Canada Inc. Box 3000, // Saint John, N.B. E2L 4L3. // Offer limited to one coupon per purchase. // *B-D is a registered trademark of Becton-Dickinson and Company // reg. user Becton-Dickinson Canada Inc. // 2177211 [...]"; printed on front of illustration (d): "FAHRENHEIT // 108° // 106 // 104 // 102 // 100 // 98 // 96 // CELSIUS // 42° // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // NORMAL BODY TEMPERATURE // BECTON // DICKINSON"; printed on back of illustration: "PLUS®"; printed on front of sheaths (e-h): "B-D // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // Temp-Away // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // INSERT // TWIST // PULL APART // W10232 (S)"; printed on back of sheaths: "The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is designed for single-patient thermometer use with a TEMP-AWAY Kit.... or, in conjunction with a // thermometer assigned to a single patient. When thermometers are used to take temperatures from patient to patient, the thermo- // meter must be disinfected prior to each patient use. // The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is not designed for use as an electronic thermometer probe cover. // BECTON-DICKINSON, Division of Becton, Dickinson and Company. // Rutherford, New Jersey 07070 // U.S. Pat. 3,809,228 and others Pat.Pend. on reversible feature. // MADE in U.S.A. // 36W10898 (S)".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some sticker residue on end of case; mid-sized chip and crack at end in the clear plastic cover.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
https://patents.google.com/patent/US2047801
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
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Rexall Hygienic Powder

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15224
Dates
1935
1955
circa 1935-1955
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Home Health
Pharmacy, General
Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011006 a-b
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (a) with light blue background and dark blue print, containing a sealed jar (b) of Rexall's Hygienic Powder; the box has a flap at the top with two smaller flaps underneath, and the name of the product is printed on the top flap; on the front of the box is the name of the …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011006 a-b
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Home Health
Pharmacy, General
Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Wound Healing
Gynecology
Hygiene
Powders
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmacy
Home Health
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (a) with light blue background and dark blue print, containing a sealed jar (b) of Rexall's Hygienic Powder; the box has a flap at the top with two smaller flaps underneath, and the name of the product is printed on the top flap; on the front of the box is the name of the product inside a decorative printed dark blue border on a dark blue background; below this on a light blue background is a short description of the product's qualities and ingredients, and below this is the manufacturing information on a dark blue border; the side of the box contains directions on the use of the product and its quantity; the other two sides of the box contain the same information in French; the jar is of clear glass, nearly full of white powder; there is a cream coloured paper label which goes around the whole jar; the label's print is all in dark blue, and is of the same design and contains the same information in both English and French (except the front panel with the product name, which is only listed in English) as the box.; the jar has a metal screw cap painted white, and the bottom of the jar contains raised symbols in the glass.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a- box: Length 6.5 cm X Width 6.5 cm X Height 12.7 cm
b- jar: Height 11.6 cm X Diameter 5.2 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Rexall Drug Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1935
1955
circa 1935-1955
Date Remarks
Based on design and Rexall history
Material
paper: tan, cream
ink: light blue, dark blue, white
metal: yellow
glass: clear
powder: white
Inscriptions
Printed on top of box: "Rexall // Hygienic // Powder // D 432"; printed on front of box: "Rexall // Hygienic // Powder // Non-irritating // Cleansing // and // Soothing // Contains selected qualities of // Boric Acid, Borax, Bicarbon- // ate of Soda, Thymol, Menthol, // Methyl Salicylate and Eucal- // yptol in well balanced pro- // portions. // REXALL DRUG CO. // LIMITED. // TORONTO, // CANADA."; printed on side of box: "DIRECTIONS // As a Gargle, or as a // cleansing dressing for // minor skin injuries: // Dissolve one heaping tea- // spoonful in a glass of // water. // As a Spray for use in an // Atomizer: Dissolve one - // half teaspoonful in a glass // of water. // As a douche for fountain // syringe: Dissolve one // heaping tablepoonful in // two quarts of warm water. // Use at a comfortable tem - // perature. // Repeat as necessary. // 5 Ounces D 432".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row B
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
http://capnrexall.blogspot.com/2011/06/rexall-history-short-version.html
https://newscenter.dollargeneral.com/news/dollar-general-to-be-exclusive-retailer-of-rexall-brand-products.htm
LIFE magazine, 5 May, 1952, page 157: https://books.google.ca/books?id=HVYEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA157&lpg=PA157&dq=%22rexall+hygienic+powder%22&source=bl&ots=h5UvB6SRUY&sig=ACfU3U3x_jY6yeg-_uHeMScmzNGHUefZ7A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiCzZzg4ozjAhWXXc0KHVtICOEQ6AEwDXoECAUQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22rexall%20hygienic%20powder%22&f=false
Research Facts
In 1952, Rexall Hygienic Powder sold for 65 cents,
Rexall began in the United States in 1902 in Boston, and expanded throughout the country during the early 20th century. Rexall went under in 1986 in the United States, but remains a brand name there and a chain of Drug Stores in Canada.
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The Rhythm of Sterility and Fertility in Women 4th Revised Edition [book]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15215
Dates
1934
circa 1934
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Archival Items
Education Artifacts
Classification
Archival, Publications
Education
Gynaecology
Literature
Accession Number
015011003
Description
Small hard cover book with black vinyl covers and a sewn binding; tan pages with black print; title "The Rhythm" is printed in the top centre of the front cover in gold in capital letters with three straight horizontal lines under it and a pointed line going up, then down through the straight lines…
Accession Number
015011003
Author
Leo J. Latz, A.B., M.D., LL.D.
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Archival Items
Education Artifacts
Classification
Archival, Publications
Education
Gynaecology
Literature
MeSH Heading
Archival
Education, Medical
Books
Menstrual Cycle
Menstruation
Sex Counseling
Contraception
Description
Small hard cover book with black vinyl covers and a sewn binding; tan pages with black print; title "The Rhythm" is printed in the top centre of the front cover in gold in capital letters with three straight horizontal lines under it and a pointed line going up, then down through the straight lines; on the first page there is a blue stamp for the library from which the book came; the book is divided into three parts (physiological, practical, and ethical aspects) and seventy five chapters, dealing with sex, sterility, fertility, marriage, pregnancy, female sexual organs, menstruation and the menstrual cycle, contraception, natural birth control, and contraception in relation to religion and God; the copyright page reads that the book was published with "Ecclesiastical Approbation"; on the last page, a portion of an envelope has been glued in and is open at the top; 128 pages.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Latz Foundation
Site Made (City)
Chicago
Site Made (State)
Illinois
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1934
circa 1934
Date Remarks
Copyright Date
Material
paper: tan
vinyl: black
ink: black, gold, blue
Inscriptions
Printed on front cover: "THE RHYTHM // LEO J. LATZ, M. D."; stamped on first page: "BIBLIOTHEQUE PROVINCIALE // 430 CHEMIN MONTREAL // OTTAWA 7, ONTARIO"; printed on title page: "THE RHYTHM // of // Sterility and Fertility // in Women // A Discussion of the Physiological, Practical, // and Ethical Aspects of the Discoveries // of Drs. K. Ogino (Japan) and H. // Knaus (Austria) Regarding // the Periods when Con- // ception Is Impos- // sible and when // Possible // by // Leo J. Latz, A.B., M.D., LL.D. // Member of the Staffs of Loyola // University Medical School, Alexian // Brothers' Hospital and St. Elizabeth Hospital. // Fourth Revised Edition // Sixtieth Thousand // Published by // LATZ FOUNDATION // (Corporation Not for Profit) // REPUBLIC BUILDING // CHICAGO, ILLINOIS".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-3
Length
10.7 cm
Width
1.5 cm
Height
15.6 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Sticker residue near bottom of spine and covers, vinyl coming off in top right corner of front cover and bottom of back cover.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
"Leo J. Latz and "The Rhythm"", DIttrick Museum, March 16, 2010: http://dittrick.blogspot.com/2010/03/leo-j-latz-and-rhythm.html
"Highlights of the Percy Skuy History of Contraception Gallery: Rhythm Method", Case Western Reserve University: https://case.edu/affil/skuyhistcontraception/online-2012/Rhythm-method.html
"Book, ‘The rhythm of sterility and fertility in women’ by Leo J. Latz.", Museum of Applied Arts & Sciences: https://collection.maas.museum/object/345735
"Dr. Leo Latz dies, was originator of 'rhythm method'", Chicago Tribune, The Baltimore Sun, May 4, 1994: https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/bs-xpm-1994-05-04-1994124154-story.html
Research Facts
Dr. Leo J. Latz was one of the pioneers of the "rhythm" method of birth control, now often called natural family planning. The Rhythm method asserts that women are only fertile for five or six days of their menstrual cycle, and so it is unlikely for a woman to get pregnant outside of those days, even without material methods of birth control. His book went through twenty-six editions.
The Rhythm Method is the only method of birth control which received the official approval of the Catholic Church, having been approved by Pope Pius XII in 1951. In 1955, a survey of Catholic women found that over 65% of the women surveyed said they used the Rhythm method.
In 1934, Latz, a devout Catholic, was fired from his position at Loyola University, most likely over his involvment with the cause of Rhythm.
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Vaseline Camphor Ice

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15246
Dates
1936
1955
circa 1936-1955
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Treatment
Dermatology
Home Health
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Dermatology
Accession Number
015011010 a-b
Description
Cylindrical metal container (a) of Vaseline Camphor Ice; the title is printed horizontally on the container in white on a blue oval background surrounded by a yellow band; outside of this background is a crosshatched pattern in blue and yellow; the manufacturing information and quantity are printed…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011010 a-b
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Treatment
Dermatology
Home Health
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Dermatology
MeSH Heading
Skin Care
Sunburn -- drug therapy
Lubrication
Dermatology
Pharmacy
Home Health
Description
Cylindrical metal container (a) of Vaseline Camphor Ice; the title is printed horizontally on the container in white on a blue oval background surrounded by a yellow band; outside of this background is a crosshatched pattern in blue and yellow; the manufacturing information and quantity are printed in blue on yellow rectangular backgrounds, and the uses of the product are listed in English and French in white print on a blue oval background with a yellow band around it; the cap (b) is rounded and has blue and white stripes around it, and on top the name of the product is printed in white on a blue background; the bottom of the cylinder is hollow for about two centimetres, the rest of the tube is blocked by a circle of white plastic with the remnants of blue lettering on one side; this is meant to be pushed up through the tube to allow the vaseline to come out on the other end; removable cap shows semi-opaque creamy solid product.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - base
b - cap
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Chesebrough Manufacturing Co. Consolidated
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1936
1955
circa 1936-1955
Date Remarks
Based on the date "Vaseline Camphor Ice" was trademarked in Canada and on the year that Chesebrough merged with Pond's Extract Company to form Chesebrough-Ponds Inc.
Material
metal: grey
ink: blue, white, yellow
plastic: white
Inscriptions
Printed on canister: "TRADE Vaseline MARK // CAMPHOR ICE // VASELINE IS THE TRADE MARK IDENTIFYING ALL PRODUCTS MADE BY // CHESEBROUGH MFG. CO., CONS'D AND IS REGISTERED IN CANADA, THE // UNITED STATES AND MOST OF THE PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD. // NET 1 1/8 OZ. // MADE IN CANADA // For // CHAPPED HANDS & LIPS, // SUN & WIND BURN, ROUGH SKIN. // POUR LES MAINS ET LÈVRES // GERCÉES, PEAU RUDE, ETC. // CHESEBROUGH MANUFACTURING CO. CONSOLIDATED // NEW YORK & MONTREAL"; printed on cap: "Vaseline // TRADE MARK // CAMPHOR // ICE".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row E
Length
9.1 cm
Diameter
2.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor dents near base and in the title word "Camphor"; minor scratching/paint chipping,
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, book, journal
Reference Comments
"Vaseline: from trade mark to noun", The Pharmaceutical Journal, 16 DEC 2008: https://www.pharmaceutical-journal.com/opinion/comment/vaseline-from-trade-mark-to-noun/10043789.article?firstPass=false
"Vaseline Camphor Ice" in The Era Formulary: 5000 Formulas for Druggists, compiled and edited by The Pharmaceutical Era, Detroit, Michigan, D. O. Haynes & Company, 1893, pg. 171: https://books.google.ca/books?id=FxxKAAAAMAAJ&source=gbs_navlinks_s
"VASELINE CAMPHOR ICE FOR CHAPPED HANDS & LIPS, SUN & WIND BURN, ROUGH SKIN TRADE MARK CHESEBROUGH-PONDS INC. - Trademark Details", Justia Trademarks: https://trademarks.justia.com/713/71/vaseline-camphor-ice-for-chapped-hands-lips-sun-wind-burn-rough-skin-trade-mark-chesebrough-ponds-inc-71371908.html
WebMD, "Camphor": https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-709/camphor
rubylane, Lake Girl Vintage, Item ID: lgv6368: https://www.rubylane.com/item/700271-lgv6368/Vaseline-Camphor-Ice-Tin-Vintage-Unused
Research Facts
In "The Era Formulary" of 1893, the recipe for Vaseline Camphor Ice was listed as follows: 5 ounces of white wax, 2 ounces of paraffin, 8 ounces of Vaseline, 2 ounces of Camphor, 2 ounces of Gylcerine. Melt the first three, add the camphor, and when dissolved, the glycerine. Mix thoroughly and pour into suitable molds.
The white plastic piece inside the tube once contained the words "PUSH HERE" in blue ink.
Originally, camphor was made from the distilled bark and wood of the camphor tree, but is today made chemically from turpentine oil. Camphor is often today used on the skin or inhaled, but doctors warn against injesting it, as it can cause serious side-effects or death. Camphorated oil has not been sold in the United States since the 1980s because of safety concerns, but it can still be purchased without a prescription in Canada.
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