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Petit's spiral tourniquet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13028
Dates
1850
1900
circa 1850-1900
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
997002445 a-c
Description
Tourniquet consisting of two brass plates connected by a large screw; red and white chevron patterned woven cotton band with brown, square piece of leather sewn onto end and with a two-pronged square metal end attached; white chamois pad attached to band by a thin brown leather strap.
  1 image  
Accession Number
997002445 a-c
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Tourniquets
Amputation -- instrumentation
First Aid
Description
Tourniquet consisting of two brass plates connected by a large screw; red and white chevron patterned woven cotton band with brown, square piece of leather sewn onto end and with a two-pronged square metal end attached; white chamois pad attached to band by a thin brown leather strap.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - screw - Size: Length 6.5 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 3.3 cm
b - belt - Size: Length 78.5 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 0.1 cm
c - pad - Size: Length 3.6 cm x Width 2.2 cm x Depth 1.6 cm
Provenance
Donated by Dean Barry Smith, Faculty of Medicine, Queen's University.
Maker
Evans and Wormull
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1850
1900
circa 1850-1900
Material
metal: yellow, silver
fabric: red, white
leather: white, brown
Inscriptions
(a) Stamped on top of screw: "EVANS & CO // 31 STAMFORD ST // LONDON"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-8
Temporary Location
On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Condition Remarks
Fabric of belt faded; metal slightly tarnished; leather hardened
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
"Antique Medical Instruments", Elisabeth Benion, 1979, p. 315; "Illustrated Catalogue of Surgical Instruments, Appliances, Apparatus, and Utensils, Veterinary Instruments, Cutlery etc.", Evans and Wormull, 1876, pl. 8 (similar to model #13 and #14); "The Tourniquet Manual: Principles and Practice", Leslie Klenerman, 2003, p. 4; "Illustrations of Surgical Instruments of Superior Quality, 21st ed", Kny-Scheerer Co, ca. 1915, p. 2014 (similar to model #B-/445)
Research Facts
Evans and Wormull, formerly Evans and Stevens, first appeared in 1874; they were recognized as suppliers of medical instruments to the British army and navy. Evans & Co. was a surgical instrument maker working in London between 1676-1874.
This style of screw tourniquet was invented by Parisian surgeon Jean Louis Petit in 1718, and his design was used until the early 20th century; he was the first person to use the term 'tourniquet'.
Exhibit History
On exhibit in the Friend-Vandewater Gallery in Botterell Hall, Queen's University; removed January 27, 2010
Images
Less detail