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Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15328
Dates
1950
1960
circa 1950-1960
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Home Health Care
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Cardiology
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Home Health Care
Pharmacy, Other
Treatment, General
Accession Number
006033042 a-h
Description
Small paper box (a) with hinged lid, covered in white and blue paper with blue print; the title and the product and manufacturing information are printed on top of the lid; inside the box are seven paper capsules (b-h) with white paper and blue print; inside the capsules is white cotton, which prot…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033042 a-h
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Home Health Care
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Cardiology
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Home Health Care
Pharmacy, Other
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Fainting -- drug therapy
Respiration
Heart Rate
Blood Pressure
Pharmacy
Description
Small paper box (a) with hinged lid, covered in white and blue paper with blue print; the title and the product and manufacturing information are printed on top of the lid; inside the box are seven paper capsules (b-h) with white paper and blue print; inside the capsules is white cotton, which protects the glass ampoule inside.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - box - Length: 5.9 cm X Width: 5.8 cm X Height: 2.0 cm
b-h - ampoule packages - Length: 5.4 cm X Diameter: 0.9 cm
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell, Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1960
circa 1950-1960
Date Remarks
Presence of Winnipeg on label, first location in Winnipeg opened in 1927; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least up to 1968)
Material
paper: tan
ink: white, blue
cotton: white
glass: [not visible]
Inscriptions
Printed on top of the box (a): "12 Crushable Glass Ampoules 12 // AROMATIC // SPIRIT of AMMONIA // B.P. '48 // Each capsule contains 5 minims. // Directions: Bend tube to snap the glass // ampoule contained therein and inhale // the vapour. // INGRAM & BELL, LIMITED // Toronto 950709 // Montreal - Winnipeg - Calgary - Vancouver"; printed on ampoule cases (b-h): "AROMATIC SPIRIT OF AMMONIA // CRUSH CAPSULE AND INHALE // INGRAM & BELL LIMITED, // TORONTO. // MONTREAL · WINNIPEG · CALGARY · VANCOUVER // IB [in logo]".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-4 Row F
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Box torn at corners, fixed with hinging tissue.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Catalogue, websites
Reference Comments
"The British Pharmacopoeia" 1914, London, pg. 355, from the Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.221394/page/n389
“Aromatic Ammonia – Inhalation.” MedicineNet, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Research Facts
In the Ingram and Bell Limited catalogue for 1964, Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia is listed as "a restorative in cases of fainting and collapse, which stimulates respiration, accelerates the heart and raises the blood pressure."
In the British Pharmacopoeia for 1914, the ingredients listed for Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia are: Ammonium Carbonate, Strong Solution of Ammonia, Oil of Nutmeg, Oil of Lemon, Alcohol (90 per cent.), and Distilled Water.
Aromatic ammonia is used to prevent and treat fainting and aid in overcoming the effects of anesthesia by encouraging the body to breathe; ammonia can be taken orally in solution with water or placed on a fabric rag and inhaled; large doses or prolonged exposure to ammonia is harmful.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
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Camabridge Operating Room Cardioscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1881
Dates
1955
1965
circa 1955-1965
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
Accession Number
997008009 a-c
Description
(a) Operating room cardioscope, which is a heavy cylindrical instrument on a cylindrical pole set into a rubber-covered square fiberglass base with four wheels, at each underside corner; the base has two foot-pedals for raising and lowering the cardioscope; the front of the machine has a glass scre…
  3 images  
Accession Number
997008009 a-c
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
MeSH Heading
Heart Rate
Monitoring, Physiologic
Description
(a) Operating room cardioscope, which is a heavy cylindrical instrument on a cylindrical pole set into a rubber-covered square fiberglass base with four wheels, at each underside corner; the base has two foot-pedals for raising and lowering the cardioscope; the front of the machine has a glass screen with two dials inside which read beats per minute and seconds; to the right f the screen is a leads dial in minivolts, which led to a recorder; to the left of the screen is another dial which controls leads to the patient; the top of the machine has a panel with 7 knobs; these knobs control sensitivity, meter zero, intensity, vertical sweep, focus and alarm; there is an electric cord coming off the machine on the right side which would have led to the recorder; there are two electric cords coming off the left side; one would have been plugged into an electrical outlet and the other would have been attached to (b) leads to the patient; these leads consist of a black electric cord, one end of which attaches to the cord on the machine and the other which separates off into 5 leads: red (RA), black (LA), green (RL), white (LL), and brown (P); all of the leads except (P) have ends which would have been put into the patient (via needles) for monitoring purposes; instrument also comes with (c) a plastic cord with a metal coupling at the end.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - operating room cardioscope - Size: Length 121.1 cm. x Width 47.8 cm. x Depth 72.3 cm.
b - patient leads - Size: Length 379.6 cm. x Width 3.5 cm. x Depth 1.2 cm.
c - cord - Size: Length 8.2 m x Diam. 4.0 cm
Provenance
Purchased by and used at the Hotel Dieu Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Maker
Cambridge Instrument Co., Inc.
Site Made (City)
Ossining
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1955
1965
circa 1955-1965
Material
plastic: black
paint: cream
metal: silver; grey
rubber: black
glass: clear
fiberglass: beige
Inscriptions
(a) The top instrument panel has each knob labelled and also reads, "CAMBRIDGE // OPERATING ROOM // CARDIOSCOPE // INSTR. No. 0-215347 // MADE FOR // CAMBRIDGE INSTRUMENT CO., INC. // OSSINING, N.Y."; the metal area around the glass screen reads, "IN HAZARDOUS ATMOSPHERES THIS COVER // MUST BE KEPT TIGHT WHILE CIRCUITS ARE ALIVE // CROUSE-HINDS"; pressure-sensitive tape removed from the left dial had the letters "E.C.G." written on it; (b) leads labelled "RA // LA // RL // LL // P"
Permanent Location
Storage Room W1
W1-6-1
Condition Remarks
The cardioscope arrived very dirty and dusty; the cream paint has several chips; none of the exposed metal shows any corrosion; the rubber matting on the base has small missing sections at the corners; the electric cord is uncracked; the dials at the right and left both had pressure-sensitive tape residue, as does the leads attachment at the machine cord; the end of lead (P) is missing
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Reference Comments
Dr. Ray Matthews
Research Facts
This 1950's electrocardiograph is a very rare and early model and one of the first to be used in the operating room; prior to mechanized means of monitoring the patient, the pulse was taken manually; this machine was used to monitor the patient's heart rate and rhythm; it had no paper trace or direct readout; this machine featured a screen in case of sparks, as the gases employed (ether and cyclopropane) were flammable and explosive; the leads dial on the right would have led to a record calibrator
Exhibit History
On exhibit in Museum gallery, anaesthesia exhibit - Oct. 2 1997-Sep. 23, 1999
Images
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patient monitor

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2007
Dates
1982
circa 1982
Collection
Kingston General Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
Accession Number
997023005
Description
Tektronix patient monitor which consists of heart rate, temperature and blood pressure monitors enclosed in a 6-sided metal box; the front top of the machine has digital readouts for heart rate, temperature and pressure; the centre left has a screen which shows heart rate; there are 5 knobs and 31 …
  3 images  
Accession Number
997023005
Collection
Kingston General Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
MeSH Heading
Blood Pressure Monitors
Body Temperature
Heart Rate
Electrocardiography, instrumentation
MM= Blood Pressure Determination -- sphygmomanometer
Description
Tektronix patient monitor which consists of heart rate, temperature and blood pressure monitors enclosed in a 6-sided metal box; the front top of the machine has digital readouts for heart rate, temperature and pressure; the centre left has a screen which shows heart rate; there are 5 knobs and 31 buttons on front of the machine which adjust various functions; the lower left front also has a small printer which gives a paper readout; the right side of the machine has a carrying handle in the centre and an ECG lead check -- three metal knobs at the upper right; the back of the machine has 9 input plugs, a fuse, three buttons, a knob and an electrical cord with a hospital grade plug; there is a piece of grey plastic sticking out from the lower left corner, around which the electrical cord can be wrapped; the back has 10 paper labels stuck to it which list manufacturing and maintenance information.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by and used at the Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Maker
Tektronix
Site Made (City)
Beaverton
Site Made (State)
Oregon
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1982
circa 1982
Date Remarks
Manufacturer's label lists date of 3/21/82
Material
metal: blue; silver; yellow
plastic: blue; beige; grey; black; white; yellow
paper: white; blue; silver; orange
Inscriptions
The front of the machine has printed information on it which reads, "READOUT // MODULE // ON // HEART RATE // TEMPERATURE // PRESSURE A/V // SYST DIAST // BOTH IN: // MEAN // TEKTRONIX ® // PRESSURE // A/V // DISPLAY // OFF // 250 // 150 // 25 // A // DISPLAY // OFF // 100 mm // CHECK // SIZE // 20 mm/mV // LEAD // FAULT // ECG // OFF // I // II // III // IN:V // OUT A // READOUT // AND // PULSE // ALARM // A/V // READOUT // PUSH // A // SYST // DIAST // mm Hg // MEAN // BPM // RATE // °C / °F // TEMP // REAR SWITCH // BATTERY // POWER // BEAT LOUDNESS // SWEEP SPEED mm/SEC // 25 // 50 // 100 // LOW RATE LIMIT // READOUT/PUSH // RATE // ALARM // OFF // 30 // 60 // 90 // 120 // 150 // ALARM // RESET // IN:ON // PULSE ALARM // HIGH RATE LIMIT // READOUT/PUSH // 90 // 120 // 150 // 180 // 210 // 240 // 414 DUAL PRESSURE OPTIONS // OPT 21 // TEKTRONIX // SOURCE // ECG // AV // A // POSITION // SPEED // mm/sec // 50 // OUT: // 25 // LOW PAPER // HOLD FOR // CONTINUOUS // SAMPLE [underlined] // MARK // 400 RECORDER OPTIONS // OPT 3"; the right side of the machine reads, "ECG PATIENT CONNECTION // ELECTRICALLY ISOLATED // DANGER // EXPLOSION HAZARD // IF USED IN THE PRESENCE OF // FLAMMABLE ANESTHETICS // CAUTION // ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD // DO NOT REMOVE COVERS // REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED // SERVICE PERSONNEL // ECG LEAD CHECK // LL // RED // LA // BLACK // RA // WHITE // LEAD I + 1.0 mV // LEAD II + 1.5 mV // LEAD III + 0.5 mV"; the back of the machine reads, "INSTRUMENT // 401 Op 2 // SERIAL NO. // B011772 // TEKTRONIX ® BEAVERTON, OREGON, U.S.A. //
STANDARD C 22.2 NO. 125 // SA ["SA" half enclosed in a large "C") RISK // CLASS 3 // LR 38740 //
TEKTRONIX INC. // ECG // INPUT // ARTERIAL TRANSDUCER // INPUT // ARTERIAL/VENOUS TRANSDUCER //
INPUT // TEMPERATURE // SENSOR INPUT // ALARM // LOUDNESS // °C // °F // CAUTION SEE INSTRUCTIONS MANUAL FOR ACCESSORY & CABLE INFORMATION // ECG // OUTPUT // TIP X1000 //
RING X 1 // ALARM // TIP RESET // RING OUTPUT // PRESSURE // OUTPUT // TIP A/V // RING A // 10 mV/
mm Hg // CAUTION --; FOR CONTINUED // FIRE PROTECTION // REPLACE WITH // SAME TYPE // 3 AG FUSE //
FUSE DATA // [listed] // RANGE LINE VOLTAGE // [listed] // REMOTE // SAMPLE/MARK // SHORT TIP TO //
BARREL TO // START // 15 MIN // AUTOMATIC // SAMPLE MODES // IN = ENABLED // TOP = TIME INTERVAL
// BOTTOM = UPON ALARM // STYLUS // HEAT"; there are two "TEKTRONIX ® // BEAVERTON, OREGON USA" labels; one for the 414 Dual Pressure machine is listed as "TYPE // 414 //
OPTIONS // Op 3/21/82 // SERIAL NUMBER // B041983" and the one for the 400 Recorder is listed as,
"TYPE // 400 // OPTIONS // Op 3 & 82 // SERIAL NUMBER // B010796"; there are four Clinical Engineering
labels from KGH; a "CONTROL NO. 1254"; one "REPAIRED // By AL Date 26 OCT, 92"; and two
"PM // By: AL Date 27 OCT 92"; the top of the machine had a piece of masking tape stuck on it which
had written on it, "PRINTER NOT WORKING -- NO BATTERY // PULSE ALARM DOESN'T SHUT OFF" (now removed)
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-J2-2
Dimension Notes
Length: 28.1 cm. x Width: 25.0 cm. x Depth: 29.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
The monitoring machine arrived dusty and dirty; there were several pieces of pressure-sensitive tape and a good deal of tape residue on the outside of the machine; the metal parts show minor wear and no corrosion; the plastic parts show some wear, but are complete; #2 no new damage; #3: rubber cord
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Reference Comments
Dr. Ray Matthews
Research Facts
E.C.G Cord (997023006) was plugged into the monitor's E.C.G. input plug and the machine was put with the Ohio Modulus Anaesthetic Gas Machine (on loan from OHMEDA - a division of BOC Canada Ltd.) by Dr. Matthews
Exhibit History
On exhibit in Museum gallery, Anaesthesia exhibit, Oct. 2 1997-Oct. 24, 2001
Images
Less detail

Scopette Lifeguard graphic recorder; heart rate monitor

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1885
Dates
1965
circa 1965
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
Accession Number
997008013
Description
Corbin-Farnsworth Scopette, Lifeguard Graphic Recorder, ECG heart rate monitor, which consists of a rectangular metal case, housing equipment designed to monitor a patient's heart rate during surgery; the front of the machine has a round screen on the left, which would have shown a visible represen…
  4 images  
Accession Number
997008013
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
MeSH Heading
Heart Rate
Electrocardiography, instrumentation
Description
Corbin-Farnsworth Scopette, Lifeguard Graphic Recorder, ECG heart rate monitor, which consists of a rectangular metal case, housing equipment designed to monitor a patient's heart rate during surgery; the front of the machine has a round screen on the left, which would have shown a visible representation of the patient's heart rate; in the centre, there is a heart rate gauge; at the right side, there is a graphic recorder with a paper readout; other features include: monitor knob, up / down knob, trace1 knob, ECG plug-in, pulse plug-in, clicker volume power switch and light, mm/sec switch - 25 or 50, alarm switch and light, meter selector and light, graphic recorder power switch and light, mm/sec knob - 5, 25 or 50, size knob - 1/2, 1 or 2, input switch - trace 1 or trace 2, heat knob, right/left knob and mark button; the back of the machine has four electric cords, one of which would have plugged into an electrical outlet; the other cords lead from one part of the monitor to another; electric cords lead from the Scopette to the central station (LGC4) or Recorder (LGGR); 115 V AC 10 W max to 115 V AC 100 W max and pacemaker to synchronizer; other features of the back include: a test plug-in, a 115 V AC 100 W max plug-in, a trace 2 input, a 6/10 Amp fuse, a take-up reel plug-in, an alarm volume control, a link from the Scopette (S3EX) to the rate meter (MTSX), a focus adjust, a brightness adjust, a round plastic clip, a cylindrical metal piece sticking out at the upper left side, a pulse input, a lower trace to recorder (LGGR) plugin, and a 1/2 Amp SLO BLO fuse.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by and used at the Hotel Dieu Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Maker
Corbin-Farnsworth Division, Smith-Kline Instruments, Inc.
Site Made (City)
Palo Alto
Site Made (State)
California
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1965
circa 1965
Date Remarks
Machine dates to mid-to-late 1960's
Material
plastic: black; clear; green; red; orange
metal: silver; yellow
paint: yellow
paper: off-white; black
Inscriptions
The front of the machine reads, "CORBIN-FARNSWORTH // SCOPETTE // LIFEGUARD // GRAPHIC RECORDER"; the heart rate gauge reads, "DF // HEARTRATE // MFD. BY GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. // FS100UA // TYPE 195"; all knobs and lights are labelled; the left side of the machine has a small label which reads, "HOTEL DIEU HOSPITAL // ASSET NO. 04030"; the back of the machine has a manufacturer's label for the graphic recorder section which reads, "MODEL NO. // LGGR // SERIAL NO. // 2237 // VOLTS // 115AC // CYCLES // 50-60 // WATTS // 147 // CORBIN-FARNSWORTH DIVISION // SMITH KLINE INSTRUMENTS INC. // 3400 HILLVIEW AVE., PALO ALTO, CALIF. 94306 // MADE IN U.S.A."; there is also a manufacturer's label for the Lifeguard heartrate gauge, which reads, "MODEL // NO. // MTSX // SERIAL // NO. // 1125 // CORBIN-FARNSWORTH INC. // CF // 3400 HILLVIEW AVE. // PALO ALTO, CALIFORNIA // MADE IN U.S.A. // 94304"; the other manufacturer's label is for the Scopette screen and reads, "MODEL NO. // S5EP // SERIAL NO. // 102909 // VOLTS // 115AC // CYCLES // 50-60 // WATTS // 135 // CORBINFARNSWORTH DIVISION // SMITH KLINE INSTRUMENTS INC. // 3400 HILLVIEW AVE., PALO ALTO, CALIF. 94306 // MADE IN U.S.A."; other labels include two UL and a CSA ["SA" enclosed in a larger "C"] label and two caution labels for proper usage of the machine; one other label reads, "ACA SERVICE // 416/678-1500 // 4815"; individual plug-ins are labelled
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-J2-2
Dimension Notes
Length: 25.0 cm. x Width: 52.8 cm. x Depth: 33.6 cm.
Condition Remarks
The heart rate monitor arrived very dirty and dusty; the paint has minor chipping at the edges; none of the exposed metal shows any corrosion; none of the plastic parts show missing sections or chips; one of the electric cords shows cracks in the plastic covering
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Document
Reference Comments
Dr. Ray Matthews; see photocopied pages from Corbin-Farnsworth Catalogue
Research Facts
This machine was used as a main means to monitor a patient; it would monitor a patient's heart rate during surgery; big improvements on this model over earlier ones were a paper trace and direct readout; prior to the use of ECG machines, patients' heart rates were monitored with a finger on the pulse and a stethoscope
Exhibit History
On exhibit in Museum gallery, anaesthesia exhibit - Oct. 2 1997-Sep. 23, 1999
Images
Less detail