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academic achievement medal

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact668
Dates
1929
circa 1929
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Awards
Nursing
Classification
Achievement awards
Nursing
Accession Number
995002048
Description
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing gold academic achievement medal, which consists of a decorative crest on a gold bar with a pin at the back; the crest is made of gold and enamel and has a central crest with a snake and rod at the left, a cross in the centre and an arrow at the right; the…
  1 image  
Accession Number
995002048
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Awards
Nursing
Classification
Achievement awards
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Numismatics
Nursing
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
MM= Commemorative and Association Items
Description
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing gold academic achievement medal, which consists of a decorative crest on a gold bar with a pin at the back; the crest is made of gold and enamel and has a central crest with a snake and rod at the left, a cross in the centre and an arrow at the right; the top section has what appears to be two tents and a canoe; there are banners with lettering on them around the crest; the outside edges of the crest have decorative points and the top of the crest has a crown and anchor; this crest is attached to a thin flat gold bar that has a pin and clasp on the back.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Mrs. Aletha (Hatton) Clendenning; Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1929.
Maker
Smith Bros. Jewelers Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Kingston
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1929
circa 1929
Date Remarks
Original owner was in the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1929.
Material
metal: yellow
enamel: white; blue; red
Inscriptions
Engraved on front: "KINGSTON // HOSPITAL // FOR GOD AND HUMANITY" Engraved: "A. V. Hatton"; stamped: "S. Bs 14k"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-1
Length
4.0 cm
Width
2.8 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length: 4.0 cm. x Width: 2.8 cm.
Condition Remarks
Pin shows slight tarnishing
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
Kingston Health Sciences Centre website (https://kingstonhsc.ca/kgh-school-nursing)
Research Facts
The first graduating class of the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing was in 1888; the school was created in order to educate nurses as the demand for them increased, as well as providing a labour force to the hospital. When the first nurses graduated, they were given a certificate of completion, twenty five dollars, and a nursing medal.
Exhibit History
"For Service to Humanity", Nursing Gallery: Showcase West, Museum of Health Care, 13 Nov. 2008.
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academic achievement medal

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact724
Dates
1931
circa 1931
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Nursing
Awards
Classification
Achievement awards
Nursing
Accession Number
995002104
Description
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing gold academic achievement medal, which consists of a decorative crest on a gold bar with a pin at the back; the crest is made of gold and enamel and has a central crest with a snake and rod at the left, a cross in the centre and an arrow at the right; the…
  3 images  
Accession Number
995002104
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Nursing
Awards
Classification
Achievement awards
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Clothing
Nursing
Numismatics
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing gold academic achievement medal, which consists of a decorative crest on a gold bar with a pin at the back; the crest is made of gold and enamel and has a central crest with a snake and rod at the left, a cross in the centre and an arrow at the right; the top section has what appears to be two tents and a canoe; there are banners with lettering on them around the crest; the outside edges of the crest have decorative points and the top of the crest has a crown and anchor; this crest is attached to a thin flat gold bar that has a pin and clasp on the back.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Ellen Priscilla Dodd, Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1931.
Maker
Smith Bros. Jewelers Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Kingston
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1931
circa 1931
Date Remarks
Owner was of the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1931
Material
metal: yellow
enamel: red; blue; white
Inscriptions
The front of the crest reads, "KINGSTON HOSPITAL // FOR GOD AND HUMANITY"; the back of the pin has the name, "E.P. Dodd" engraved on the bar and "S. B. LTD // 14 k" stamped at the bottom of the crest.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-1
Length
4.4 cm
Width
2.6 cm
Depth
0.8 cm
Dimension Notes
Length: 4.4 cm. x Width: 2.6 cm. x Depth: 0.8 cm.
Condition Remarks
The pin shows only very minor wear and tarnish; the enamel is complete and undamaged
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
Kingston Health Sciences Centre website (https://kingstonhsc.ca/kgh-school-nursing)
Research Facts
The first graduating class of the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing was in 1888; the school was created in order to educate nurses as the demand for them increased, as well as providing a labour force to the hospital. When the first nurses graduated, they were given a certificate of completion, twenty five dollars, and a nursing medal.
Exhibit History
KGH Nursing Alumnae 2006 Special Exhibit @ Museum of Health Care: April 19, 2006-May 30, 2007
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academic achievement medal

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact12350
Dates
1949
circa 1949
Collection
Joyce Anita Hawkins Collection
Category
Awards
Nursing
Classification
Academic Awards
Nursing
Accession Number
008025001
Description
Sterling silver achievement medal consists of enameled design with crest made of silver and enamel and has a central crest with a snake and rod at the left, a cross in the centre and an arrow at the right; the top section has what appears to be two tents and a canoe; there are banners with letterin…
  2 images  
Accession Number
008025001
Collection
Joyce Anita Hawkins Collection
Category
Awards
Nursing
Classification
Academic Awards
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Nursing
Numismatics
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
MM= Commemorative and Association Items
Description
Sterling silver achievement medal consists of enameled design with crest made of silver and enamel and has a central crest with a snake and rod at the left, a cross in the centre and an arrow at the right; the top section has what appears to be two tents and a canoe; there are banners with lettering on them around the crest; the outside edges of the crest have decorative points and the top of the crest has a crown and anchorapplied to decorative silver cutout applied to silver bar with pin clasp closure; inscription on reverse.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Awarded to donor, Joyce Anita Hawkins.
Maker
Kinnear D'Esterre
Site Made (City)
Kingston
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1949
circa 1949
Date Remarks
Graduation date.
Material
metal: silver, blue, burgundy
Inscriptions
On front: "KINGSTON HOSPITAL // FOR GOD AND HUMANITY"; on reverse: "J. A. H. // 1949 //STERLING".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-1
Temporary Location
Exhibit: "For Service to Humanity: Nursing Education at Kingston General Hospital" Nov 13, 2008.
Length
4.6 cm
Width
2.7 cm
Depth
0.8 cm
Dimension Notes
Length 4.6 cm x Width 2.7 cm x Depth 0.8 cm
Condition Remarks
Like new.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Website
Reference Comments
Joyce A. Hawkins Whittingham
Kingston Health Sciences Centre website (https://kingstonhsc.ca/kgh-school-nursing)
Research Facts
This second place award was for the outstanding student at the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing. Annual awards started in 1910 and ended at the closing of the KGH School of Nursing in 1974.
The first graduating class of the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing was in 1888; the school was created in order to educate nurses as the demand for them increased, as well as providing a labour force to the hospital. When the first nurses graduated, they were given a certificate of completion, twenty five dollars, and a nursing medal
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Belleville General Hospital [years of service commemorative pin]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact943
Dates
1927
1942
circa 1927-1942
Collection
Queenie Cooke Collection
Category
Nursing
Commemorative and Communication Artifacts
Classification
Nursing
Commemorative
Accession Number
996023002
Description
Oval gold-coloured metal pin with a straight pin and clasp at the back to allow it to be attached to clothing; the front of the pin has dark blue enamel along the outside edges, with gold lettering on top; the centre of the pin has a crest with four symbols (flowers, hospital cross, a caduceus symb…
  1 image  
Accession Number
996023002
Collection
Queenie Cooke Collection
Category
Nursing
Commemorative and Communication Artifacts
Classification
Nursing
Commemorative
MeSH Heading
Clothing
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
Oval gold-coloured metal pin with a straight pin and clasp at the back to allow it to be attached to clothing; the front of the pin has dark blue enamel along the outside edges, with gold lettering on top; the centre of the pin has a crest with four symbols (flowers, hospital cross, a caduceus symbol and a lamp); received for fifteen years of employment.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Donated by Pat Daniels, the nephew of the original owner, Queenie Cooke, graduate of the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1927.
Maker
Birks
Dates
1927
1942
circa 1927-1942
Date Remarks
Miss Cooke began working at the Belleville General Hospital after she graduated
Material
metal: yellow
enamel: dark blue
Inscriptions
Front edges of pin read, "BELLEVILLE GENERAL HOSPITAL. // 15"; the back of the pin is stamped, "BIRKS // GF" in the centre.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-1
Length
1.1 cm
Width
1.6 cm
Depth
0.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length: 1.1 cm. x Width: 1.6 cm. x Depth: 0.4 cm.
Condition Remarks
The solder joining the clasp to the pin has darkened; there are no missing sections and no excessive wear on the pin; the back pin and clasp work
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
Quinte Health Care, "History". https://www.qhc.on.ca/history-p36.php#:~:text=In%201983%2C%20ownership%20of%20the,and%20Trenton%20in%20November%201998.
"BGH Museum of Health Care," Quinte Health Care. https://www.qhc.on.ca/bgh-museum.php
Research Facts
The Belleville General Hospital was built from the fundraising efforts of the Women's Christian Association in Belleville, and opened on July 20th, 1886. It had at that time three nurses and eight beds. The Belleville General Hospital School of Nursing had their first class graduates in 1895, of only five nurses. The classes grew over the years to as many as forty in a class. Their last nursing class graduated in 1970. Nursing education was a three year program.
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Belleville General Hospital [years of service commemorative pin]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact945
Dates
1927
1947
circa 1927-1947
Collection
Queenie Cooke Collection
Category
Nursing
Commemorative and Communication Artifacts
Classification
Nursing
Commemorative
Accession Number
996023004
Description
Oval gold-coloured metal pin with a straight pin and clasp at the back to allow it to be attached to clothing; the front of the pin has dark blue enamel along the outside edges, with gold lettering on top; the centre of the pin has a crest with four symbols (flowers, a hospital cross, a caduceus an…
  1 image  
Accession Number
996023004
Collection
Queenie Cooke Collection
Category
Nursing
Commemorative and Communication Artifacts
Classification
Nursing
Commemorative
MeSH Heading
Clothing
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
Oval gold-coloured metal pin with a straight pin and clasp at the back to allow it to be attached to clothing; the front of the pin has dark blue enamel along the outside edges, with gold lettering on top; the centre of the pin has a crest with four symbols (flowers, a hospital cross, a caduceus and a lamp); received for 20 years of employment.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Donated by Pat Daniels, the nephew of the original owner, Queenie Cooke, graduate of the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1927.
Maker
Birks
Dates
1927
1947
circa 1927-1947
Date Remarks
Miss Cooke began working at the Belleville General Hospital after she graduated
Material
metal: yellow
plastic: dark blue
Inscriptions
The front edges of the pin read, "BELLEVILLE GENERAL HOSPITAL // 20"; the back of the pin isstamped, "BIRKS // GF"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-1
Length
1.1 cm
Width
1.6 cm
Depth
0.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length: 1.1 cm. x Width: 1.6 cm. x Depth: 0.5 cm.
Condition Remarks
There are no missing sections, corrosion or excessive wear visible on the pin; the back pin and clasp work
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
"BGH Museum of Health Care," Quinte Health Care. https://www.qhc.on.ca/bgh-museum.php
Quinte Health Care, "History". https://www.qhc.on.ca/history-p36.php#:~:text=In%201983%2C%20ownership%20of%20the,and%20Trenton%20in%20November%201998.
Research Facts
The Belleville General Hospital was built from the fundraising efforts of the Women's Christian Association in Belleville, and opened on July 20th, 1886. It had at that time three nurses and eight beds. The Belleville General Hospital School of Nursing had their first class graduates in 1895, of only five nurses. The classes grew over the years to as many as forty in a class. Their last nursing class graduated in 1970. Nursing education was a three year program.
Images
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Belleville General Hospital [years of service commemorative pin]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact946
Dates
1927
1937
circa 1927-1937
Collection
Queenie Cooke Collection
Category
Nursing
Commemorative and Communication Artifacts
Classification
Nursing
Commemorative
Accession Number
996023005
Description
Oval silver pin with a straight pin and clasp at the back to allow it to be attached to clothing; the front of the pin has silver edges with engraved letters and a central blue enamelled section with a silver crest in the centre; the crest has four symbols (flowers, a hospital cross, a caduceus and…
  1 image  
Accession Number
996023005
Collection
Queenie Cooke Collection
Category
Nursing
Commemorative and Communication Artifacts
Classification
Nursing
Commemorative
MeSH Heading
Clothing
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
Oval silver pin with a straight pin and clasp at the back to allow it to be attached to clothing; the front of the pin has silver edges with engraved letters and a central blue enamelled section with a silver crest in the centre; the crest has four symbols (flowers, a hospital cross, a caduceus and a lamp); received for 10 years of employment.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Donated by Pat Daniels, the nephew of the original owner, Queenie Cooke, graduate of the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1927.
Maker
Birks
Dates
1927
1937
circa 1927-1937
Date Remarks
Miss Cooke began working at the Belleville General Hospital after she graduated
Material
silver: silver
enamel: dark blue
Inscriptions
The front engraved edges read, "BELLEVILLE GENERAL HOSPITAL // 10"; the back of the pin is stamped, "BIRKS // STERLING"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-1
Length
1.1 cm
Width
1.6 cm
Depth
0.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length: 1.1 cm. x Width: 1.6 cm. x Depth: 0.5 cm.
Condition Remarks
The silver is tarnished; the pin has no missing sections or excessive wear; the back pin and clasp work; polishing is recommended prior to display
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
"BGH Museum of Health Care," Quinte Health Care. https://www.qhc.on.ca/bgh-museum.php
Quinte Health Care, "History". https://www.qhc.on.ca/history-p36.php#:~:text=In%201983%2C%20ownership%20of%20the,and%20Trenton%20in%20November%201998.
Research Facts
The Belleville General Hospital was built from the fundraising efforts of the Women's Christian Association in Belleville, and opened on July 20th, 1886. It had at that time three nurses and eight beds. The Belleville General Hospital School of Nursing had their first class graduates in 1895, of only five nurses. The classes grew over the years to as many as forty in a class. Their last nursing class graduated in 1970. Nursing education was a three year program.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1967
1992
circa 1967-1992
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Personal Care
Classification
Personal Care
Hair Care Objects
Accession Number
995002075 a-ad
Description
Cardboard card with thirty grey bobby pins attached; each bobby pin is made of a single strip of metal folded in half with a space at the fold; the bottom half is flat and the top half goes through to the front; 1 button is 1.9 cm in diameter with a plastic front; 1 button is slightly wavy; both e…
  1 image  
Accession Number
995002075 a-ad
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Personal Care
Classification
Personal Care
Hair Care Objects
MeSH Heading
Household Articles
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
Cardboard card with thirty grey bobby pins attached; each bobby pin is made of a single strip of metal folded in half with a space at the fold; the bottom half is flat and the top half goes through to the front; 1 button is 1.9 cm in diameter with a plastic front; 1 button is slightly wavy; both ends have been dipped in plastic to reduce sharpness; the top end is also bent up in a 45 deg angle
Number Of Parts
30
Part Names
a-ad - pins - Size: Length 5.3 cm. x Width 1.0 mm.
Maker
Tip-Top
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1967
1992
circa 1967-1992
Date Remarks
Based on the use of the Tip-Top logo, trademarked in 1967 and expired in 1992.
Material
metal: grey
paper: white
ink: orange, burgundy, black
Inscriptions
Card has a price sticker from Wight's Drugs for $ .53 (53 cents)
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-2
Condition Remarks
The pins are unused and uncorroded
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Websites
Reference Comments
Marilyn Boston
Justia Trademarks, "TIP-TOP TT - Trademark Details," https://trademarks.justia.com/722/81/tip-top-tt-72281646.html
"Carl Renstrom," Omaha Innovators, Diane Snider, Stories by DCHS Board Members, Volunteers and Staff © 2009 The Douglas County Historical Society. http://douglascohistory.net/Education_Innovators_Renstrom.htm
Research Facts
Bobby pins were used by nurses to secure their caps to their hair.
Carl W. Renstrom was an Omaha, Nebraska businessman; the creator of Tip-Top Products Company. He began selling hair products made of metal in 1936, and was a success. During the Second World War, he re-tooled his machines to create military wire reels, barbed wire throws, and land mine crates, After the war, he converted to plastics, selling the company to Rayette Co. (later Faberge) in 1964 for twenty-five million dollars.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1957
1969
circa 1957-1969
Collection
Nora Valleau Collection
Category
Personal Care
Classification
Personal Care
Hair Care Objects
Accession Number
996028015 a-f
Description
A white and blue rectangular paper package with five white bobby pins clipped vertically onto lower half; illustration of nurse in top left corner.
  1 image  
Accession Number
996028015 a-f
Collection
Nora Valleau Collection
Category
Personal Care
Classification
Personal Care
Hair Care Objects
MeSH Heading
Clothing
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
A white and blue rectangular paper package with five white bobby pins clipped vertically onto lower half; illustration of nurse in top left corner.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - package - Size: Length 13.0 cm. x Width 10.0 cm.
b-f - bobby pins (x5) - Size: Length 5.7 cm. x Width 3.0 mm. x Depth 5.0 mm.
Provenance
Owned and used by Nora Valleau, Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1928 Graduate.
Maker
Gaylord Products
Site Made (City)
St. Hyacinthe
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1957
1969
circa 1957-1969
Date Remarks
Date approximation based on appearance of nurse on package and copyright date of Gayla Bobby Barrettes.
Material
paper: blue; white; pink; brown; black
metal: white
Inscriptions
On package at centre top: "WHITE // BOBBY // BARRETTES // BLANCHES"; at top right, "No. 430 // 29¢ // by // Gayla ®"; along bottom: "Gaylord Products of Canada, Ltd. -- St. Hyacinthe, Que."; store sticker reads, "List Price .29 // TOP DISCOUNT // STORES // Your Cost .26"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-2
Condition Remarks
No signs of damage except some slight creasing of the bottom corners of the package
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Document
Book
Reference Comments
"Listing of the Nora Valleau Collection"
Library of Congress. Copyright Office, "Catalog of Copyright Entries: Third series," 1959, pg. 34. https://books.google.ca/books?id=qD0hAQAAIAAJ&dq=gayla+bobby+barrettes&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Research Facts
Barrettes also known as 'bobby pins'; used by Nora Valleau to secure her nurse's cap to her hair.
Exhibit History
On exhibit at the Museum of Health Care in the East Gallery, small cases #1 and #2 - May 30, 2007-June 9, 2008.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1957
1969
circa 1957-1969
Collection
Nora Valleau Collection
Category
Personal Care
Classification
Personal Care
Hair Care Objects
Accession Number
996028016 a-e
Description
A white and blue rectangular paper package with four white bobby pins clipped vertically onto lower half; illustration of nurse in top left corner; one pin is missing.
  1 image  
Accession Number
996028016 a-e
Collection
Nora Valleau Collection
Category
Personal Care
Classification
Personal Care
Hair Care Objects
MeSH Heading
Clothing
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
A white and blue rectangular paper package with four white bobby pins clipped vertically onto lower half; illustration of nurse in top left corner; one pin is missing.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - package - Size: Length 13.0 cm. x Width 10.0 cm.
b-e - bobby pins (x5) - Size: Length 5.7 cm. x Width 3.0 mm. x Depth 5.0 mm.
Provenance
Owned and used by Nora Valleau, graduate of Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1928.
Maker
Gaylord Products
Site Made (City)
St. Hyacinthe
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1957
1969
circa 1957-1969
Date Remarks
Date approximation based on appearance of nurse on package and copyright date of Gayla Bobby Barettes.
Material
paper: blue; white; pink; brown; black
metal: white
Inscriptions
On package at centre top: "WHITE // BOBBY // BARRETTES // BLANCHES"; at top right, "No. 430 // 29¢ // by // Gayla ®[crown symbol above "Gayla"]; along bottom: "Gaylord Products of Canada, Ltd. -- St. Hyacinthe, Que."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-2
Condition Remarks
Missing one pin; glue residue on package surface 2.4 cm from top and 2.7 cm from right side (left over from store sticker); slight creasing on bottom corners
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Reference Comments
"Listing of the Nora Valleau Collection"
Library of Congress. Copyright Office, "Catalog of Copyright Entries: Third series," 1959, pg. 34. https://books.google.ca/books?id=qD0hAQAAIAAJ&dq=gayla+bobby+barrettes&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Research Facts
Barrettes also known as 'bobby pins'; used by Nora Valleau to secure her nurse's cap to her hair.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1955
circa 1955
Collection
Pauline Swain Collection
Category
Commemorative and Communication Artifacts
Emergency Medicine
Classification
Commemorative
Communication
Emergency Medicine
Accession Number
005018005
Description
A gold first aid pin; the face is round with a red outer disc with writing on it and a white inner disc with a red cross in it.
  1 image  
Accession Number
005018005
Collection
Pauline Swain Collection
Category
Commemorative and Communication Artifacts
Emergency Medicine
Classification
Commemorative
Communication
Emergency Medicine
MeSH Heading
Clothing
First Aid
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
A gold first aid pin; the face is round with a red outer disc with writing on it and a white inner disc with a red cross in it.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor's mother-in-law, Pauline Swain (nee Kreiner) a 1955 graduate of the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing; she probably received it upon completion of a first aid course.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1955
circa 1955
Date Remarks
Donor's remarks.
Material
metal: yellow, red, white
Inscriptions
"STANDARD // FIRST AID" printed on the outer rim of the pin
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-1
Depth
0.3 cm
Diameter
1.3 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Depth 0.3 cm x Diameter 1.3 cm
Condition Remarks
Some residue on the back and face of the pin.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Article
Reference Comments
Barbara K. Hecht, PhD. and Dennis Lee, MD, "First Aid: From Witchdoctors & Religious Knights to Modern Doctors," MedicineNet, https://www.medicinenet.com/first_aid_witchdoctors_and_religious_knights/views.htm
Research Facts
Pauline Swain was born in October 1932 and died in December 2004.
First Aid is defined as the first medical assistance given to a person during a medical emergency or injury, which could range from performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to calling 911 to bandaging a wound. The history of first aid is complex and far-reaching, with some having traced it back to 1099 and the founding of The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem, commonly known as the Knights Hospitaller, who would treat battlefield injuries. In the mid to late 1800s, an army surgeon proposed the idea of training civilians in what was called "pre-medical treatment." The term "first aid" first appeared in 1878 as a combination of "first treatment" and "National Aid."
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197 records – page 1 of 20.