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cupping glass set

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6580
Dates
1920
circa 1920
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1973.4.1
Description
Twenty-seven basically similar thick glass bulbs, marked from different types of moulds.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1973.4.1
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
Description
Twenty-seven basically similar thick glass bulbs, marked from different types of moulds.
Number Of Parts
27
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. Morris Miller of Toronto.
Dates
1920
circa 1920
Material
glass: clear
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-6
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Research Facts
These were given to Dr. Miller by a patient who emigrated to Canada from Central Europe about thirty years ago (from 1973); the patient is now deceased; the cups were estimated to be about fifty years old at the time of presentation (1973).
Images
Less detail
Dates
1900
1910
circa 1900-1910
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
997002444 a-h
Description
Cupping set consisting of a rectangular brown velvet-lined wooden case (a) with eight compartments, metal handle on top and locking clasp closure lid; six glass bottles of various sizes (b, c, d, e, f, g); metal key (h)
  3 images  
Accession Number
997002444 a-h
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
Description
Cupping set consisting of a rectangular brown velvet-lined wooden case (a) with eight compartments, metal handle on top and locking clasp closure lid; six glass bottles of various sizes (b, c, d, e, f, g); metal key (h)
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - case - Size: Length 26.9 cm x Width 17.0 cm x Depth 9.9 cm
b - cup - Size: Length 7.4 cm x Diam. 6.0 cm
c - cup - Size: Length 7.4 cm x Diam. 6.0 cm
d - cup - Size: Length 6.8 cm x Diam. 5.4 cm
e - cup - Size: Length 6.6 cm x Diam. 6.0 cm
f - cup - Size: Length 6.3 cm x Diam. 5.3 cm
g - cup - Size: Length 5.8 cm x Diam. 4.3 cm
h - key - Size: Length 3.5 cm x Width 1.9 cm x Depth 0.3 cm
Provenance
Donated by Dean Barry Smith, Faculty of Medicine, Queen's University
Dates
1900
1910
circa 1900-1910
Date Remarks
Based on supplier's catalogue
Material
wood: brown
glass: clear
fabric: brown, red
metal: yellow
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Condition Remarks
Wood unfinished and cracked in three pieces on bottom of case; case handle loose; metal slightly tarnished; fabric is coming apart from case and is very faded; wood is stained on lid; key very tarnished; mouth of glass bottle (f) warped from heat
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
JPG
Reference Comments
"Antique Medical Instruments", Elisabeth Bennion, 1979, p. 44, 338; "Catalogue of Surgical Instruments & Appliances", Down Bros. Ltd, 1906, p. 1011 (similar to model #4443); CD #8.
Research Facts
Dry cupping was popular in the 19th century; warmed cups would be applied to bring blood up to the surface; lamps, syringes and/or stop-cocks were often included in cupping sets to help create a vacuum
Exhibit History
On exhibit in the Friend-Vandewater Gallery in Botterell Hall, Queen's University; removed January 27, 2010
Images
Less detail
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1922.2.1 a-f
Description
Cupping set in case (lid missing) consisting of three glass cups with chamois covers, one stoppered glass bottle, and a silver cap for the bottle.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1922.2.1 a-f
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
Description
Cupping set in case (lid missing) consisting of three glass cups with chamois covers, one stoppered glass bottle, and a silver cap for the bottle.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
case - Size: Length 26.6 cm x Width 9.8 cm x Depth 7.0 cm
glass cup
stoppered bottle
silver cap
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Mrs. A.J. Johnson, wife of Dr. Arthur Jukes Johnson (1849-1921); originally owned by Dr. C. Philbrick, who gave it to Dr. Johnson.
Material
glass: clear
wood: brown
metal: silver
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Condition Remarks
Top missing from case; set incomplete.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Research Facts
On January 1, 1876, Dr. Philbrick took Dr. Johnson into partnership.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1880
circa 1880
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1930.5.2 a-i
Description
Cupping set in a velvet-lined mahogany case (i); contents: (a) brass syringe with a ring pull; (b-d) horn cups of various sizes; (e) scarificator, key-wound; (f-h) three identical valves to fit between syringe and cups.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1930.5.2 a-i
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
Description
Cupping set in a velvet-lined mahogany case (i); contents: (a) brass syringe with a ring pull; (b-d) horn cups of various sizes; (e) scarificator, key-wound; (f-h) three identical valves to fit between syringe and cups.
Number Of Parts
9
Part Names
a - syringe - Length 13.5 cm x Diam. 2.5 cm
b - cup - Length 9.5 cm x Diam. 5.5 cm
c - cup - Length 5.5 cm x Diam. 4.5 cm
d - cup - Length 4.5 cm x Diam. 4.0 cm
e - scarificator - Depth 5.0 cm x Diam. 4.5 cm
f - valve - Length 4.0 cm
g - valve - Length 4.0 cm
h - valve - Length 4.0 cm
i - case - Length 16.0 cm x Width 11.0 cm x Depth 7.0 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Col. McAlpine; owned and used by Dr. John McAlpine, who practised at Lindsay 1880-1925.
Dates
1880
circa 1880
Date Remarks
Date is in question
Material
metal: yellow
horn: brown
wood: brown
fabric: brown
Inscriptions
"S DC" written in ink on inner box ledge.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Condition Remarks
Two of the three horn cups are cracked; #2: some agent had attacked the velvet in the scarificator compartment.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
Scarificator similar to one in Kny-Scheerer catalogue, 1915, p. 1141 item #A-7085
Exhibit History
To display in Museum: Potions, Pills and Prescriptions; April 2006 - 28 Jan 2017.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1837
circa 1837
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1969.70.1 a-o
Description
Cupping set in a case (o), consisting of (a) a pump syringe; (b) 12-blade scraificator; (c,d) large cups with chamois covers; (e,f) small cups with chamois covers; (g-i) stopcocks; (j-l) blades; (m) key; (n) blade holder; note: case seems to be meant for different instruments. Note: scarificator (b…
  1 image  
Accession Number
1969.70.1 a-o
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
Description
Cupping set in a case (o), consisting of (a) a pump syringe; (b) 12-blade scraificator; (c,d) large cups with chamois covers; (e,f) small cups with chamois covers; (g-i) stopcocks; (j-l) blades; (m) key; (n) blade holder; note: case seems to be meant for different instruments. Note: scarificator (b) confirmed missing while on exhibit, 25 Oct. 2011.
Number Of Parts
15
Part Names
a - pump syringe - Size: Length 16.5 cm x Diam. 2.5 cm
b - scarificator - Size: Length 6.5 cm
c - large cup - Size: Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 6.0 cm
d - large cup - Size: Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 6.0 cm
e - small cup - Size: Length 5.0 cm x Diam. 4.0 cm
f - small cup - Size: Length 5.0 cm x Diam. 4.0 cm
g - stopcock - Size: Length 4.0 cm
h - stopcock - Size: Length 4.0 cm
i - stopcock - Size: Length 4.0 cm
j - blade
k - blade
l - blade
m - key
n - blade holder
o - case - Size: Length 21.0 cm x Width 11.0 cm x Depth 8.0 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source unknown; was the property of Dr. G.R. Grasett.
Maker
Weiss
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1837
circa 1837
Material
wood: brown
metal: yellow
chamois
fabric
Inscriptions
On (b): "WEISS IMPROV'D SCARIFICATOR"; and "62 Strand LONDON"; on (a): "Weiss Patent" above a crest of Great Britain, and "62 Strand London" below; plate with instructions on bottom.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Temporary Location
On display, Queen's University Department of Medicine third floor, August 20, 2013.
Condition Remarks
A section broken out of the lip on (e); #2: (a) outer surface of the pump is worn; a crack in the ivory handle at its base; green residue on the surface where the plunger enters; no active corrosion; (b) minor signs of wear on all surfaces; patches of trace corrosion on the scarificator lever, but blades move freely; (e) chip in the lip; (g-i): moderate wear, no active corrosion; leather washer missing from (h); the accession numbers were partially illegible; blades (j-l) and the key (m) all show minor signs of wear, but no active corrosion; (o) had some scratches, nicks, and cracks; the velvet lining has faded; the unnumbered felt pouch holding (d) was dirty, wity a large black deposit on its inner surface and three smaller ones on its outer surface; the felt pouch holding (f) also had black deposits on inner and outer surfaces; there was a hole in one seam and some small tears; the unnumbered felt pouch for cup (c) had a hole in the bottom and a green deposit in several places.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Research Facts
The cupping set was brought to Canada in 1837; part of accession 1921.2? or 1930.2?
Exhibit History
On loan to Historic Fort York, City of Toronto, Culture Division, Museums and Heritage Services, 24/10/2003-24/10/2005: L-2003.2; On exhibit: "Curious Cures--Doctors, Druggists, and Home Remedies" at the Dundas Museum & Archives, L-2011-3; 23 Sept. 2011–30 Sept. 2012.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1845
1865
circa 1845-1865
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
997002006 a-m
Description
Cupping set consisting of a red leather cylindrical case with clasp closure lid (a); twelve-blade metal octagonal scarificator (b); three glass cups (c, d, e); a white chamois cloth protects the glass (f); glass bottle (g) with glass stopper (h); two six-blade replacements (i, j) and one four-blade…
  3 images  
Accession Number
997002006 a-m
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
Description
Cupping set consisting of a red leather cylindrical case with clasp closure lid (a); twelve-blade metal octagonal scarificator (b); three glass cups (c, d, e); a white chamois cloth protects the glass (f); glass bottle (g) with glass stopper (h); two six-blade replacements (i, j) and one four-blade replacement (k); two mounts to hold blades (l, m)
Number Of Parts
13
Part Names
a - case - Size: Length 20.5 cm x Diam. 9.0 cm
b - scarificator - Size: Length 6.1 cm x Width 5.4 cm x Depth 5.0 cm
c - cup - Size: Length 8.0 cm x Diam. 7.0 cm
d - cup - Size: Length 7.0 cm x Diam. 6.0 cm
e - cup - Size: Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 5.5 cm
f - chamois - Size: Length 7.7 cm x Diam. 7.0 cm
g - glass bottle - Size: Length 5.7 cm x Width 2.7 cm x Depth 3.0 cm
h - glass stopper - Size: Length 2.0 cm x Width 0.8 cm x Depth 1.3 cm
i - blade - Size: Length 4.3 cm x Width 1.4 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
j - blade - Size: Length 4.3 cm x Width 1.4 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
k - blade - Size: Length 4.3 cm x Width 1.4 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
l - mount - Size: Length 2.7 cm x Depth 1.4 cm x Width 1.2 cm
m - mount - Size: Length 2.7 cm x Width 1.2 cm x Depth 1.4 cm
Provenance
Donated by Dean Barry Smith, Faculty of Medicine, Queen's University
Maker
John and William Wood
Site Made (City)
Manchester
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1845
1865
circa 1845-1865
Date Remarks
Based on company name
Material
metal: yellow, brown
leather: red, white
glass: clear
fabric: red, purple
Inscriptions
(b) Stamped on side: "John & Wm Wood // 74 King Street // Manchester"; stamped on upper right side: "B"; stamped on lower right side: "B"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Condition Remarks
Case lid is crooked; fabric in lid is stained and coming apart; leather is scuffed all over; fabric in bottom of case is discoloured; scarificator is slightly tarnished; blades are rusty and oxidized; mounts are oxidized; chamois is brown and matted
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
JPG
Reference Comments
"Antique Medical Instruments", Elisabeth Bennion, 1979, pp. 44, 338; CD #8
Research Facts
Wet-cupping was popular in the 19th century; a scarificator was used to cut the skin and then warmed cups would be applied to bring blood up to the surface; lamps were often included in cupping sets; after this period syringes could be found to help create the vacuum
Exhibit History
On exhibit in the Friend-Vandewater Gallery in Botterell Hall, Queen's University; removed January 27, 2010
Images
Less detail
Dates
1880
1910
1880-1910
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1979.1.9 a-e
Description
Three nested cupping glasses in chamois covers and a scarificator in a red, fabric-lined morocco cylindrical case; it appears as though one of the cups does not have a chamois cover and that there is an extra, smaller chamois cover (identified as "empty case" on accession sheet).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1979.1.9 a-e
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
Description
Three nested cupping glasses in chamois covers and a scarificator in a red, fabric-lined morocco cylindrical case; it appears as though one of the cups does not have a chamois cover and that there is an extra, smaller chamois cover (identified as "empty case" on accession sheet).
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - cup - Length 7.5 cm x Diam. 6.7 cm
b - cup - Length 7.5 cm x Diam. 5.4 cm
c - scarificator - Length 4.8 cm x Width 4.4 cm
d - cup - Length 7.5 cm x Diam. 5.2 cm
e - case - Length 17.3 cm x Diam. 8.4 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. P. A. Ryan of Toronto.
Maker
Weiss
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1880
1910
1880-1910
Material
leather: red; beige
fabric: red
glass: clear
metal: grey
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Condition Remarks
#3: box is fragile; #4: the lid is detached from the case.
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Scarificator newly developed by Weiss.
Exhibit History
Off-site for conservation at Queen’s University Masters of Art Conservation School, Sept – Dec 2018.“
On loan L-2016-4” to the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario’s 150th Anniversary exhibit; 30 April-8 July, 2016
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cupping set with scarificator

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5308
Dates
1800
1899
circa 1800-1899
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1930.3.3 a-g
Description
Cupping set consisting of (a) 12-blade scarificator, (b-e) cupping cups, (f) a brass syringe, and (g) a brass valve that fits on the cupping cups.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1930.3.3 a-g
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
MM= Bloodletting -- scarificator
Description
Cupping set consisting of (a) 12-blade scarificator, (b-e) cupping cups, (f) a brass syringe, and (g) a brass valve that fits on the cupping cups.
Number Of Parts
7
Part Names
a - scarificator - Size: Length 5.3 cm x Width 4.8 cm x Depth 3.7 cm
b - cupping cup - Size: Diam. 5.0 cm
c - cupping cup - Size: Diam. 5.0 cm
d - cupping cup - Size: Diam. 3.8 cm
e - cupping cup - Size: Diam. 3.8 cm
f - syringe - Size: Length 15.8 cm x Diam. 2.5 cm
g - valve - Size: Length 3.2 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. Gilbert Parker.
Maker
Arnold & Sons
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1800
1899
circa 1800-1899
Date Remarks
Original record had "19c."
Material
metal: yellow
glass: clear
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Exhibit History
On exhibit, Billings Estate, 15 Jan 2009 - 31 Dec. 2009; On exhibit in "Friendly Fire 1812," Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 27 Feb. 2012 - 7 Sept. 2012: L-20120-2.
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dry cupping set

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5422
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1934.6.2 a-e
Description
Cupping set consisting of a syringe with a vulcanite body and brass plunger, and three moulded glass cups with vulcanite attachments to fit the syringe.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1934.6.2 a-e
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Suction -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
Description
Cupping set consisting of a syringe with a vulcanite body and brass plunger, and three moulded glass cups with vulcanite attachments to fit the syringe.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - syringe - Size: Length 20.0 cm x Diam. 4.0 cm
b - ?
c - cup - Size: Depth 8.0 cm x Diam. 4.0 cm
d - cup - Size: Depth 8.0 cm x Diam. 6.5 cm
e - cup - Size: Depth 8.0 cm x Diam. 6.5 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated in 1988 by Dr. J.R. Langstaff; owned and used by Dr. R.L. Langstaff, the donor's father, who loaned the artefact to the AM in 1934.
Material
glass: clear
vulcanite: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Condition Remarks
Piston broken from syringe
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Images
Less detail

Fox's glass leech cupping set

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5498
Dates
1834
1878
circa 1827-1878
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Patient Care
Treatment
Accession Number
1950.4.1 a-h
Description
Rectangular mahogany case with blue velvet lining the interior (g) containing a 12-blade scarificator (c), clear glass bottle with stopper (f), cupping lamp (a,b), and two large cups (d, e). There is also a small round pad (h) with felt on one side and leather on the other with a small band of leat…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1950.4.1 a-h
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Patient Care
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- set
Description
Rectangular mahogany case with blue velvet lining the interior (g) containing a 12-blade scarificator (c), clear glass bottle with stopper (f), cupping lamp (a,b), and two large cups (d, e). There is also a small round pad (h) with felt on one side and leather on the other with a small band of leather, presumably to place one's finger into.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a) cupping lamp ring - Length 3.5 X Width 2.5
b) cupping lamp - Length 8.0 X Width 2.4
c) scarificator - Length 6.0 X Width 5.0 X Depth 6.5
d) glass cup - Length 14.0 X Width 7.5 X Depth 8.0
e) glass cup - Length 15.0 X Width 8.0 X Depth 7.5
f) glass bottle with stopper - Length 8.0 X Diameter 3.8
g) case - Length 26.5 cm x Width 15.0 cm x Depth 10.5 cm
h) leather and felt pad - Length 4.0 X Width 3.0 X Depth 1.5
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. R. Howey of Owen Sound, Ont.; used by Dr. Allan Cameron, who practised in Owen Sound, Ont. from 1857 to 1912.
Maker
W. B. Hilliard
Site Made (City)
Glasgow
Site Made (Country)
Scotland
Dates
1834
1878
circa 1827-1878
Date Remarks
Date based on the maker's mark -- W. B. Hilliard was established in 1834, and after 1878, W. B. Hilliard became W. B. Hilliard & Sons
Material
wood: brown
velvet: blue
glass: clear
metal: gold
fabric: beige
leather: brown
Inscriptions
On the scarificator (c): "W. B. Hilliard / Glasgow"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor scratches on case (g), velvet fading, lamp (a, b) slightly scratched, small crack in glass in (e), and the glass bottle (f) is a bit dirty
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Book
Journal
Website
Reference Comments
"Bloodletting Instruments," Davis & Appel, pp. 26-8; "Lancet," 1827 (12), pp. 238-9
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/33102/33102-h/33102-h.htm#Page_48
The Lancet, vol. 10, iss. 257, pg 559-560, Aug. 02, 1828.
http://www.glasgowwestaddress.co.uk/1888_Book/Hilliard_W_B_&_Sons.htm
Research Facts
Dr. Francis Fox was the house surgeon to the Derbyshire General Dispensary, and in 1827, announced his invention of "glass leeches", a new form of cupping cup with a wide, curved neck and oval belly that hung downwards. This shape imitated the natural shape and manner of hanging of a leech, and so Fox named his invention after them. Fox announced his invention in The Lancet, a prominent medical journal, and in the years after his announcement, continued to provide the journal with updates on how much better the glass leeches performed than regular cups. They made it less likely for the patient to be burned in the process of cupping as the flame was kept farther away from the skin, and the glass leech only needed to be applied twice after scarification instead of the common three times. Fox claimed that his glass leeches could be easily removed by an attendant so that the operator need not even be present. The glass leech could draw on average 7 and 3/4 ounces of blood in 16 minutes.
W. B. Hilliard was established in 1834, in Glasgow, Scotland; there were four different business addresses until about 1920. In 1878, it became W. B. Hilliard & Sons when Hilliard brought his two sons on as partners. Joseph B. Hilliard owned an instrument case which was carried by Dr. Livingstone, the explorer.
Cupping was popular in the 19th century; heated cups would be applied to bring blood up to the surface of the skin; lamps, syringes and / or stop-cocks were often included in cupping sets to help create a vacuum using heat. Often, a piece of lint and/or paper was lit on fire and placed in the cup. In dry cupping, the cup would be applied first and the blood drawn using the scarificator after the blood was brought to the surface. In wet cupping, blood was drawn first with the scarificator and then the cup was applied, so that the blood was drawn out by the vacuum and pooled in the cup.
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10 records – page 1 of 1.