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Ayer's Cherry Pectoral

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15183
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Expectorants
Bronchitis -- drug therapy
Bronchodilator Agents -- therapeutic use
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Cough -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory -- bottle
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; cream and black rectangular paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label in French on back; embossed manufacturer information on textured bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; cap has rolled bottom edge, vertical ridges in sides, and round top; box has product information in English on exterior front, proper right side, and top flap and in French on exterior back, proper left side, and bottom.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 17.7 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 3.1 cm
b – box – Length 18.2 cm Width 7.0 cm Depth 4.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Products, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Date Remarks
Owens-Illinois Glass Company “diamond O and I logo” on bottom of bottle used 1929 – 1954; date mark “6” is last number of year manufactured
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, cream
ink: yellow, red, black
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “CONTAINS 5 FLUID OZS. // AYER’S // Cherry Pectoral // TRADE MARK REG. IN CANADA // Contains No Opiates // SHAKE WELL // TAKE WITHOUT WATER // SWALLOW SLOWLY // ADULTS: For Bronchial irritations // and coughs due to colds – tea - // spoonful every half hour for three // hours, then every hour as need - // ed. In severe cases two tea - // spoonfuls. // Children: 10 to 15 years, one – half // adult dose; 5 to 10 years, one - // fourth to one – third adult dose; // 2 to 5 years, 8 to 15 drops. // Small doses taken frequently are // more effective // than large doses // taken less often. // Sterling Products, Ltd. // Windsor, Ontario // Successor to // THE AYER CO. INC. // No. 11824 Proprietary or // Patent Medicine Act”; stamped on front bottle label: “41907”; printed on front of box: “AYER’S // for Colds // CHERRY // PECTORAL // TRADE MARK REG IN CANADA // for Coughs // STERLING DRUG MFG LTD. // WINDSOR – ONTARIO”; printed on proper left side of box: “75 c // Equally Safe and Effective for Adults and Children. // Contains No Opiates. Valuable for preventing coughs // and colds from going down into the bronchial tubes. // Quick and lasting relief for coughs. Loosens phlegm. // Stimulates necessary expectoration. Sooths dry irri- // tated throats. For deep-seated coughs and bronchitis. // ESTABLISHED 1841 BY J. C. AYER, M. D. // CONTENTS 5 FL. OZ.”; stamped on bottom left side of box in black ink: “41907”; printed on top flap of box: “AN EFFECTIVE COUGH // MEDICINE // GOOD FOR ALL THE FAMILY”; hand written on top flap of box: “75”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration all over front and back bottle labels; top box flaps torn, distorted, and unstable; major staining on top of box, especially on proper left side and back of box; minor soiling all over box, especially on top flap; minor tears and abrasion to edges of box
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document (online)
Document
Reference Comments
“Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Bottle.” Odyssey’s Virtual Museum, Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc., 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Griffenhagen, George and Mary Bogard. "History of Drug Containers and Their Labels." American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1999. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill and Russ Hoenig. “The Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
James Cook Ayer was a medical doctor who created a popular line of proprietary medicines; Ayer’s first product, his Cherry Pectoral, was first marketed in 1841 as a cure for various conditions, including coughs, influenza, and consumption; it originally contained opiates, but these were eventually removed from the formula; the packaging of this bottle focuses on the application of the remedy for bronchial conditions and coughs.
The Ayer Company was acquired by Sterling Products in 1938.
Owens-Illinois Glass Company merged in 1929 and used the famous “diamond, O and I" logo until around 1954.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1893-1905
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1989.10.21
Description
Empty blue tinted glass square bottle with clear glass stopper closure with orange paper label; stopper stuck in opening; hand blown glass with mould line slightly visible.
  4 images  
Accession Number
1989.10.21
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Therapy, Administration, Oral
Description
Empty blue tinted glass square bottle with clear glass stopper closure with orange paper label; stopper stuck in opening; hand blown glass with mould line slightly visible.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: owned and used by Dr. James (Jim) Robert Ronald McCrindle (1862-1952); he probably acquired it in the United Kingdom and brought it to Jamaica in 1904; donated by his granddaughter, Mrs. C. C. James of Kingston, Ontario.
Maker
Ferris & Co.
Site Made (City)
Bristol
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1893-1905
Material
glass: green, transparent paper: yellow ink: black, red
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "BRANDY. // F. & CO. // B"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-8 Box 2 Row B
Length
14.2 cm
Width
5.2 cm
Depth
5.2 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Stopper stuck in opening, minor brown stains inside bottom
Copy Type
original
Research Facts
Ferris & Co. established 1770 Bristol England Wholesale and export Druggists manufacturing Chemists makers of surgical instruments and hospital appliances every requisite for the Surgery, Dispensary and Hospital. Merchants, Shippers, and Importers; from 1887 advertisement. This company used various trade names and the trade name of Ferris & Co. began in 1883. The first time Ferris is included in the name was 1820, as Fry Gibbs & Ferris on Union Street in Bristol.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wa…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; bottle is almost full of solid mass creating a heavy bottle; bottle has gold white, and black rectangular label with product information and dosages on front; box has product information on front, testimonials on right and left sides, and information for other products on back; promotional leaflet is one sheet folded into six sections with information for other products on both sides in black ink.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.6 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.3 cm
b – box – Length 20.3 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 15.1 cm Width 10.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Date Remarks
Box and leaflet have appearance though graphics and text styles to be circa 1890s, use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s and the lable text style and lack of graphics appear from 1950s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, light green
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA // “Bynin” Amara // COMPOSITION: // Quinine Phosphate 1 ½ gr. // Iron Phosphate 2 gr. // Nux Vomica Alkaloids equal to // Strychnine Phosphate 1 – 16 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of Easton’s Syrup (one fourth the strength) in // which the sugar in the ordinary preparation is replaced by the // flesh – forming nutritive and digestive constituents of BYNIN. // “BYNIN” Amara is a palatable and reliable tonic. It promotes // digestion, increases the appetite, braces up the nervous system, // strengthens the heart beat and circulation, combats anemia and // cachexia. (It is very serviceable in neuralgia and similar nerve // troubles.) // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three times a day, with or immediately before food. // This preparation contains a small quantity of Nux Vomica and // must therefore, in conformity with the Pharmacy Act, be labeled // (Poison.) // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on top of bottle label in blue ink: “Net Contents 10 FL Ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // A Powerful Tonic // and Digestive // “Bynin” // TRADE MARK // Amara // MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA. // ‘Bynin’ Amara is a combina- // tion of the Phosphates of Iron, Quinine and Strychnine, with the Active Malt Extract, ‘Bynin // It is an excellent // General Tonic // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ liquid malt. // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Chrismol // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Byno Cascada’ // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, CANADA // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box; “THE MEDICAL MAGAZINE writes : - “ ‘Bynin’ Amara is an excellent tonic and its power is // much increased by the nutritive and digestive qualities of that reliable form of Malt which this firm issue // under the name ‘Bynin.’ If ‘Bynin’ Amara proves as useful and as popular as ‘BYNO’ HYPOPHOS- // PHITES, Messrs. Allen and Hanburys must be congratulated on having added two most valuable // preparations to our Therapeutics.” “; printed on right side of box: “The LANCET writes: - “This excellent preparation is a distinct advance on Easton’s Syrup. // Not only does it contain the phosphates and iron, quinine and strychnine unimpaired, but the vehicle for // their palatable administration is, as our experiments have shown, a powerful digestive of farinaceous food. // This vehicle is ‘Bynin’, or Liquid Malt, which exhibits a powerful liquefying and converting action upon // starch. This formula is such as is admirably adapted for the administration of one of the best tonic // combinations known.”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet pages include: “ “Trade ‘BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt”; “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”; “CHRISMOL // An Intestinal Lubricant”; “ ‘Allenbury’ // RUSKS (Malted)”; “The “Allenburys” // Diet // A Light Food // for General Use”; “Byno Chrismol // The “Allenbury’s Malt and Chrismol”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
0010-A (a-b)
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration along mouth of bottle; front label separating from bottle; minor discolouration and scratches to top of cork; top of box missing; large tear top corner on front of box; minor staining on proper left side of box; small white encrustations on front and proper right side of box; minor abrasion, tears, and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in edges of booklet; large tide marks and white encrustations on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions.
“Bynin” Amara was marketed as an effective tonic capable of treating many different ailments; the label claims that it strengthens heart rate and circulation, relieves anemia and cachexia, imporves appetite, and treats nervous troubles; the formula contains strychnine and the required designation of “Poison” is printed on the label.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; ba…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Food, Formulated
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; yellow, black and white rectangular label with product information and dosage on front; box has product information on front and left side, testimonial on right side, and information for other products on back; small white paper tag with number and price affixed to top of left side; corrugated interior; paper promotional leaflet has 4 pages with illustrations and information for different products.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.5 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.4 cm
b – box – Length 20.4 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 19.2 cm Width 11.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Date Remarks
Mold marks from machine go from bottom to top; use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, green, red, blue
cork: tan, dark brown
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD // TRADE “Byno” MARK // Phosphates // TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // COMPOSITION : // Ferri Phosph 1 gr. // Calcii Phosph 1 ½ gr. // Potassii Phosph 1/8 gr. // Sodii Phosph 1/8 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of the well-known Parrish’s // Chemical Food the sugar of the ordinary prepar- // ation, being replaced by the digestive constituents of // “Bynin” Liquid Malt. // It is especially serviceable as a tonic for growing // children and is a valuable restorative in cases of de- // bility, promoting also the digestion of other foods. // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three time a day, with or immediately after food. // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on bottle label: “4390 // Net Contents 10 FL ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // One of the best forms of // administering Iron to // pale and delicate Children // TRADE // MARK // “Byno = // Phosphates” // A MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD. // A modification of the well known - // Parrish’s Chemical Food in which // the Active Malt Extract, Bynin, // replaces the Inert sugar of the // ordinary preparations. It contains // in solution the phosphates of Iron, Lime, Potash and Soda. // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ Liquid Malt // ‘Bynin’ Emulsion // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Glycerophosphates // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, Can. NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box: “ “BYNO” PHOSPHATES is especially serviceable as a general tonic for weekly a[Illeg.] // growing children, and as a restorative in cases of debility, promoting also the digesti[Illeg.] // of all foods.”; hand written of tag on left side; “64056 // $15.00”; printed on right side of box: “The BRITTISH COLONIAL DRUGGIST writes: - “ ‘Byno’ Phosphates is the well- // known Chemical Food with the sugar replaced by the nutrient and digestive constituents // of Liquid Malt. This cannot but be considered a great advance on the ordinary form, as // it presents the additional advantage of digestive aid.” ”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet page include: “ “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”, “ “Byno”- Hypophosphites”, “Trade ‘ BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt” “The ‘Allenburys’ DIET // A complete food rich in brain, nerve // and body building element.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
0010-A (a-b)
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major area of loss on top of cork; minor fading all over bottle label; dark discolouration on top of bottle label; top of box missing; minor tears all over edges of box; major dark staining to top half of box; minor abrasion and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in top and bottom edge of leaflet; minor dark stain of top edge of leaflet; large stain in centre of leaflet on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
“Byno” Phosphates were marketed as a chemical food with added digestive benefits; the proposed benefits were numerous and the product was also specifically marketed as a remedy for children.
Images
Less detail

compressed tablets

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2160
Dates
1920
circa 1920
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
996001081
Description
Short round bottle with circular paper label on front of bottle; brown label with blue writing; screw on metal cap; contents still in bottle.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001081
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Heartburn -- drug therapy
Dyspepsia -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Short round bottle with circular paper label on front of bottle; brown label with blue writing; screw on metal cap; contents still in bottle.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection
Maker
Frank W. Horner Limited
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
circa 1920
Material
paper: cream
glass: clear
metal: silver
Inscriptions
Compressed tablets // Soda // Mint and pepsin // ... // Manufactured by // Frank W. Horner, Limited // Montreal
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Dimension Notes
Length: 5.7 cm. x Depth: 1.9 cm. x Diam. : 4.7 cm.
Condition Remarks
Some marking and wear on metal cap; paper of label is quite dark and could be discoloured by age
Copy Type
Original
Images
Less detail

Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15184
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liq…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Jaundice
Headache -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls with product name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external lug type thread; rectangular push-up, circular mold mark, and manufacturer information embossed on bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; rectangular white and navy paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label with information and directions in French on back; cap has vertical indents on sides and flat top; box has product information and directions in English on front and proper left side and in French on back and proper right sides bordered in decorative geometric patterns; corrugated liner folded into rectangular box shape with open top and bottom ends.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 21.1 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 3.7 cm
b – box – Length 25.1 cm Width 8.0 cm Depth 4.5 cm
c – box liner – Length 16.5 cm Width 7.7 cm Depth 4.3 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Dreco Co. of Canada Limited
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Date Remarks
Dominion Glass Company trademarked D-in-diamond logo on the bottom of the bottle in 1928; no date marks present, were first introduced by Dominion in 1940
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, white
ink: navy
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “DRECO // AN EFFECTIVE TONIC // AND ALTERNATIVE // A splendid Remedy for disorders arising from slug- // gish action or functional in- // activity of the liver, kidneys // and bowels. // DIRECTIONS // Take one tablespoonful three time a // day, best taken before meals. If it // acts too freely on the bowels, lessen // the dose: if it does not act free enough, // increase the dose. For children about // 12 years old, a tablespoonful three times // a day. // No. 9280. PROPRIETARY AND PATENT MEDICINE ACT // Distributed by // The DRECO CO. of CANADA // LIMITED. // BALTIMORE, U. S. A. and // MONTREAL, Canada.”; embossed on right and left sides of bottle: “DRECO”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D”; printed on front of box: “DRECO // No. 9280 The Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act. // A // STOMACH TONIC // and ALTERNATIVE // A splendid remedy // for disorders arising // from sluggish action // or functional inac- // tivity of the liver, // kidneys and bowels. // PRICE $1.25 // DISTRIBUTED BY // Dreco Co. of Canada // LIMITED // MONTREAL, CANADA // also at // BALTIMORE U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “DRECO – For chronic constipation, biliousness, jaundice, sick headache lassitude and other disorders arising from chronic // inactivity of the stomach, liver and bowels. // In therapeutic activity it covers a wider range than that of simple cathartics since its tendency is to restore the organs con- // cerned in elimination of waste products to a state of normal healthy activity. // It is not intended as a purgative and for some persons it is not sufficiently laxative at the beginning. In such cases where // additional laxative action is necessary, we strongly recommend HI – SPEED LAXATIVE TABLETS to be taken in connection // with DRECO. The formula for these tablets was selected with great care in order that the best results possible would be // obtained from Dreco by their supplemental action.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor corrosion all over cap; minor tears in edges and areas of discolouration on bottom of back bottle label; minor discolouration all over front bottle label; front bottle label separated and creased at bottom; top of box missing; minor discolouration on front of box; major tears in top of box resulting in 6 separate pieces
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions; Dreco was marketed as a treatment for several ailments, including constipation, biliousness, jaundice, and headaches.
The D-in-diamond logo indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the logo was introduced in 1928 and markings for dates were introduce in 1940; the lack of date marks suggests the bottle was manufactured between 1928 and 1940.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1893-1905
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1989.10.28
Description
Empty blue tinted glass square bottle with clear glass stopper closure with orange paper label; stopper stuck in opening; hand blown glass with mould line slightly visible; inside of bottle is coated with brown layer; one corner is broken with missing part; tan linen thread wrapped under closure li…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1989.10.28
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Therapy, Administration, Oral
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- all-purpose cures -- container
Poisons
Description
Empty blue tinted glass square bottle with clear glass stopper closure with orange paper label; stopper stuck in opening; hand blown glass with mould line slightly visible; inside of bottle is coated with brown layer; one corner is broken with missing part; tan linen thread wrapped under closure lip.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: owned and used by Dr. James (Jim) Robert Ronald McCrindle (1862-1952); he probably acquired it in the United Kingdom and brought it to Jamaica in 1904; donated by his granddaughter, Mrs. C. C. James of Kingston, Ontario.
Maker
Ferris & Co.
Site Made (City)
Bristol
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1893-1905
Material
glass: transparent
paper: yellow
ink: black, red
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "LAUDANUM // (POISON). // Anodyne and Soporific // Diminishes Pain. Causes Sleep // Must be used with great care. // Dose - 5 to 40 drops. // F. & CO. // B"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Length
11.5 cm
Width
4.1 cm
Depth
4.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
One corner is broken with missing part; interior brown residue.
Copy Type
original
Research Facts
Ferris & Co. established 1770 Bristol England Wholesale and export Druggists manufacturing Chemists makers of surgical instruments and hospital appliances every requisite for the Surgery, Dispensary and Hospital. Merchants, Shippers, and Importers; from 1887 advertisement. This company used various trade names and the trade name of Ferris & Co. began in 1883. The first time Ferris is included in the name was 1820, as Fry Gibbs & Ferris on Union Street in Bristol.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1890-1905
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1989.10.19
Description
Empty blue tinted glass square bottle with clear glass stopper closure with orange paper label; stopper stuck in opening; hand blown glass with mould line slightly visible; manufacturing mark on glass bottom of bottle.
  5 images  
Accession Number
1989.10.19
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Therapy, Administration, Oral
Description
Empty blue tinted glass square bottle with clear glass stopper closure with orange paper label; stopper stuck in opening; hand blown glass with mould line slightly visible; manufacturing mark on glass bottom of bottle.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: owned and used by Dr. James (Jim) Robert Ronald McCrindle (1862-1952); he probably acquired it in the United Kingdom and brought it to Jamaica in 1904; donated by his granddaughter, Mrs. C. C. James of Kingston, Ontario.
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1890-1905
Material
glass: blue
paper: yellow
ink: black, red
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "OLIVE OIL."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-8 Box 2 Row B
Length
15.6 cm
Width
6.3 cm
Depth
6.3 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Oily residue from product inside and minor amount of liquid, stopper stuck in opening
Copy Type
original
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1890-1905
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1989.10.16
Description
Empty cylindrical greenish glass bottle with paper label without closure; separate paper label 'Poison' pasted over product name; mould lines faintly visible and seed bubbles in glass; manufacturing mark on glass bottom of bottle.
  2 images  
Accession Number
1989.10.16
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Therapy, Administration, Oral
Poisons
Description
Empty cylindrical greenish glass bottle with paper label without closure; separate paper label 'Poison' pasted over product name; mould lines faintly visible and seed bubbles in glass; manufacturing mark on glass bottom of bottle.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: owned and used by Dr. James (Jim) Robert Ronald McCrindle (1862-1952); he probably acquired it in the United Kingdom and brought it to Jamaica in 1904; donated by his granddaughter, Mrs. C. C. James of Kingston, Ontario.
Maker
May and Baker Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Battersea
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1890-1905
Material
glass: green
paper: tan, red
ink: brown, black
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "May and Baker Ltd // Manufacturing Chemists // Battersea London S. W. // PLANET // BRAND"; pasted on top: "POISON"; embossed in bottom: "A J 8 1'
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-8 Box 3 Row A
Length
22.3 cm
Diameter
7.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Paper browned from age and water damage, minor residue interior
Copy Type
original
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1890-1905
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1989.10.17
Description
Empty cylindrical blue glass bottle with three piece tan paper label without closure; mould lines faintly visible and seed bubbles in glass; paper label on back is almost completely gone; 10 ounce bottle; closure stuck in opening.
  2 images  
Accession Number
1989.10.17
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Therapy, Administration, Oral
Description
Empty cylindrical blue glass bottle with three piece tan paper label without closure; mould lines faintly visible and seed bubbles in glass; paper label on back is almost completely gone; 10 ounce bottle; closure stuck in opening.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: owned and used by Dr. James (Jim) Robert Ronald McCrindle (1862-1952); he probably acquired it in the United Kingdom and brought it to Jamaica in 1904; donated by his granddaughter, Mrs. C. C. James of Kingston, Ontario.
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1890
1905
circa 1890-1905
Material
glass: blue
paper: tan
ink: black, blue
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "this Bottle contains // 10 ozs. // NETT. // Export Druggist // 35 to 42 CHarlotte Street // "For Dispensing. To be sold only // as an ingredient in dispensing pres - // criptions. If sold in any other // manner than as a component part of a medicine prepared in accord - // ance with a prescription of a qualified // practioner, the seller will be liable to a penalty // 8d"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-8 Box 3 Row B
Length
20.3 cm
Diameter
5.6 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Paper label browned from age and water damage, label on one side nearly worn off
Copy Type
original
Images
Less detail

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