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Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wa…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; bottle is almost full of solid mass creating a heavy bottle; bottle has gold white, and black rectangular label with product information and dosages on front; box has product information on front, testimonials on right and left sides, and information for other products on back; promotional leaflet is one sheet folded into six sections with information for other products on both sides in black ink.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.6 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.3 cm
b – box – Length 20.3 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 15.1 cm Width 10.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Date Remarks
Box and leaflet have appearance though graphics and text styles to be circa 1890s, use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s and the lable text style and lack of graphics appear from 1950s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, light green
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA // “Bynin” Amara // COMPOSITION: // Quinine Phosphate 1 ½ gr. // Iron Phosphate 2 gr. // Nux Vomica Alkaloids equal to // Strychnine Phosphate 1 – 16 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of Easton’s Syrup (one fourth the strength) in // which the sugar in the ordinary preparation is replaced by the // flesh – forming nutritive and digestive constituents of BYNIN. // “BYNIN” Amara is a palatable and reliable tonic. It promotes // digestion, increases the appetite, braces up the nervous system, // strengthens the heart beat and circulation, combats anemia and // cachexia. (It is very serviceable in neuralgia and similar nerve // troubles.) // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three times a day, with or immediately before food. // This preparation contains a small quantity of Nux Vomica and // must therefore, in conformity with the Pharmacy Act, be labeled // (Poison.) // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on top of bottle label in blue ink: “Net Contents 10 FL Ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // A Powerful Tonic // and Digestive // “Bynin” // TRADE MARK // Amara // MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA. // ‘Bynin’ Amara is a combina- // tion of the Phosphates of Iron, Quinine and Strychnine, with the Active Malt Extract, ‘Bynin // It is an excellent // General Tonic // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ liquid malt. // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Chrismol // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Byno Cascada’ // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, CANADA // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box; “THE MEDICAL MAGAZINE writes : - “ ‘Bynin’ Amara is an excellent tonic and its power is // much increased by the nutritive and digestive qualities of that reliable form of Malt which this firm issue // under the name ‘Bynin.’ If ‘Bynin’ Amara proves as useful and as popular as ‘BYNO’ HYPOPHOS- // PHITES, Messrs. Allen and Hanburys must be congratulated on having added two most valuable // preparations to our Therapeutics.” “; printed on right side of box: “The LANCET writes: - “This excellent preparation is a distinct advance on Easton’s Syrup. // Not only does it contain the phosphates and iron, quinine and strychnine unimpaired, but the vehicle for // their palatable administration is, as our experiments have shown, a powerful digestive of farinaceous food. // This vehicle is ‘Bynin’, or Liquid Malt, which exhibits a powerful liquefying and converting action upon // starch. This formula is such as is admirably adapted for the administration of one of the best tonic // combinations known.”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet pages include: “ “Trade ‘BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt”; “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”; “CHRISMOL // An Intestinal Lubricant”; “ ‘Allenbury’ // RUSKS (Malted)”; “The “Allenburys” // Diet // A Light Food // for General Use”; “Byno Chrismol // The “Allenbury’s Malt and Chrismol”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
(a-b) 0010-A3-9 Row C
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration along mouth of bottle; front label separating from bottle; minor discolouration and scratches to top of cork; top of box missing; large tear top corner on front of box; minor staining on proper left side of box; small white encrustations on front and proper right side of box; minor abrasion, tears, and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in edges of booklet; large tide marks and white encrustations on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions.
“Bynin” Amara was marketed as an effective tonic capable of treating many different ailments; the label claims that it strengthens heart rate and circulation, relieves anemia and cachexia, imporves appetite, and treats nervous troubles; the formula contains strychnine and the required designation of “Poison” is printed on the label.
Images
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Sloan’s Liniment

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15173
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900 - 1920
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023007 a-c
Description
Transparent glass octagonal based Sloan’s Liniment bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, fabric tipped metal applicator (b), and tan cardboard packaging box (c); bottle full with yellow liquid; octagonal shaped body with product information and usage on tan paper label on…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023007 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
MM= Administration Drug, Topical -- applicator
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box and package
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anti-inflammatory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
Pharmacy
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Arthritis, Rheumatoid -- drug therapy
Rheumatic Diseases -- drug therapy
Description
Transparent glass octagonal based Sloan’s Liniment bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, fabric tipped metal applicator (b), and tan cardboard packaging box (c); bottle full with yellow liquid; octagonal shaped body with product information and usage on tan paper label on front /side and repeats in French on one side; embossed text on recessed back; round shoulders, short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; cap has flat top, vertical ridges on exterior sides, and internal continuous thread; applicator consists of thin metal rod bent into ring at one end and tipped with fabric at opposite end; box is rectangular with product information and usage top, front, back, and sides; line drawing of portrait and printed signature of Dr. Earl S Sloan on front of box and bottle label.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - bottle - Length 13.0 cm x Width 4.6 cm x Depth 2.9 cm
b - applicator - Length 12.9 cm x Width 1.8 cm x Depth 1.7 cm
c - box - Length 14.5 cm x Width 5.1 cm x Depth 3.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
Warner – Lambert Canada LTD.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900 - 1920
Date Remarks
The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act was in 1908 (Canada) and required all packaging to list ingredients.
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan
ink: black, red
metal: grey, black
fabric: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on front of bottle label: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // Dr. Earl S Sloan // TRADE-MARK REGISTERED // 2 ½ FL. OZS. // PREPARED BY // WARNER – LAMBERT CANADA LTD. // TORONTO CANADA // No. 24040. The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act.”; printed on side of bottle label: “FOR EXTERNAL USE: Aids in the relief of rheumatic and // arthritic pains, Lumbago, minor strains and sprains. Helps relieve // muscular aches due to exposure, overwork or fatigue. Apply one // or more times daily. // Keep from Fire or Flame. // AN EFFICIENT COUNTERIRRITANT 450H461”; embossed on back of bottle: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // MADE IN // CANADA”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D 0”; printed on front of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // NOW // INCLUDES // APPLICATOR // Dr. Earl S Sloan // TRADE-MARK REGISTERED // No. 24040. THE PROPRIETARY // OR // PATENT MEDICINE ACT // WARNER – LAMBERT CANADA LTD. // TORONTO, CANADA // 71 cc. (2 ½ Fl. Oz.) // HELPS RELIEVE // RHEUMATIC AND // ARTHRITIC PAINS”; printed on side of box: “FOR // EXTERNAL // USE ONLY // Aids in the // relief of // ARTHRITIC // PAIN, // LUMBAGO, // MINOR STRAINS // AND SPRAINS // HELPS RELIEVE // MUSCULAR // ACHES DUE TO // EXPOSURE, // OVERWORK // OR FATIGUE // [Illeg. number]”; printed on back of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // Sloan’s Liniment is an excellent counterirritant. It // stimulates circulation in the congested area and // thus helps to bring about the benefits which result // from an increased local supply of blood. // DIRECTIONS FOR USE // Apply Sloan’s Liniment freely – one or more times // daily – by patting on with applicator, fingers or // absorbent cotton. This will produce a feeling of // warmth – a signal that the local flow of blood has // been increased. Do not rub the area after the // Liniment has been applied. Do not bandage after // applying because this may cause blistering. Should // a feeling of increased warmth be desired rub the // skin before your next application of Sloan’s Lini- // ment. If warmth becomes too uncomfortable wash // off the Liniment with soap and cold water // NOTE: For children and those with sensitive skin : // use once or twice daily, mix with equal parts of // cooking or mineral oil before applying // CAUTION: COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURE // DO NOT USE NEAR FIRE OF FLAME”; printed on top of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-2 Row A
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion to front and sides of bottle label; separation of bottle label at top corner; minor scratches to front and back of cap; minor corrosion all over applicator; minor soiling on top, back, and bottom of box; tears to top of box; major areas of loss to outer layer of box, especially on the back and sides, obscuring text
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Article (online)
Website
Document
Reference Comments
Hodges, Jim. “Historical Society Curator Reveals Early 20th Century Success Story.” Sun Journal: New Bern, South Carolina, 2014. Accessed 31 May 2019.
“Warner Lambert.” Pfizer Inc, 2018. Accessed 31 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
Sloan’s Liniment was originally sold by Dr. Earl S. Sloan as a treatment to relieve pain associated with rheumatism and arthritis; originally used on horses and was eventually marketed for human use; the active ingredient is capsicum, which has a warming effect when rubbed on the skin.
Warner-Lambert, which was founded in 1955, held the rights to sell the liniment with the Dr. Earl S Sloan trademark.
Canadian Parliament passed the Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act 1908, prohibiting the use of cocaine in medicines and requiring pharmaceutical companies to list on the label the ingredients of any medicine if heroin, morphine, or opium was part of the contents.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
Images
Less detail