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Eugenol U. S. P.

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15198
Dates
1955
1965
circa 1955-1965
Category
Dental
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Dental
Accession Number
019002004
Description
Small rectangular semi-transparent brown glass bottle of Eugenol U. S. P. with non-removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap; three quarters full with liquid; while sealed, there is a slight odor of the scent of cloves; flat side walls with top arch and beveled corners; round shoulders taper to…
  5 images  
Accession Number
019002004
Category
Dental
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Dental
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Dental Care
Analgesics
Anesthetics, Local
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics -- container
Toothache
Root Canal Therapy
Pain -- drug therapy
Description
Small rectangular semi-transparent brown glass bottle of Eugenol U. S. P. with non-removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap; three quarters full with liquid; while sealed, there is a slight odor of the scent of cloves; flat side walls with top arch and beveled corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck and base; circular mold mark and embossed manufacturers information on bottom; rectangular cream paper label with product information wrapped around all sides; cap has slightly rounded top, vertical ridges on exterior sides and internal thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor; in use at Kingston Penitentiary, Kingston, Ontario Canada.
Maker
Anachemia Chemicals LTD.
Dates
1955
1965
circa 1955-1965
Date Remarks
Anachemia Chemicals founded in 1955
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: black
plastic: black
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “8 ML. // 6505-21-114-6231 // EUGENOL U. S. P. // ANACHEMIA CHEMICALS LTD.”; hand written on label: “TOOTH // ACHE // g h s”; stamped on proper back of label in blue ink: “571124”; embossed on bottom: “D // 1829 // 13”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row B
Length
6.0 cm
Width
2.1 cm
Depth
2.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor yellowing all over label; minor soiling all over label; minor soiling on sides of cap
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Eugenol U.S.P.” Darby Dental Supply Company, 2019. Accessed 14 June 2019.
Miller, George L. and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Park Canada, 1984.
Kingston Penitentiary is a former maximum security prison located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, between King Street West and Lake Ontario. Opened : June 1, 1835; Closed: 2013 Security class : Maximum security Capacity : 564; a national historic site.
Research Facts
Eugenol is an anesthetic and analgesic used to treat tooth pain; commonly used for root canal therapy.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company.
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Hemmorocaine ointment

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15324
Dates
1927
1968
circa 1927 - 1968
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Proctology
Accession Number
006033051 a-b
Description
Rectangular cream cardboard box (a) containing full modified cylinder teal metal tube of Hemmorocaine ointment with non-removable black plastic screw cap (b); box is single folded sheet of cardboard that opens at top and held closed by flaps; rectangular navy and cream paper label with printed prod…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033051 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Proctology
MeSH Heading
Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids -- drug therapy
Pharmacy
Pain -- drug therapy
Anesthesia, Local
Drug Packaging
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs -- topical -- container
MM= Drug Packaging
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drugs -- topical
MM= Drugs -- topical -- container
Description
Rectangular cream cardboard box (a) containing full modified cylinder teal metal tube of Hemmorocaine ointment with non-removable black plastic screw cap (b); box is single folded sheet of cardboard that opens at top and held closed by flaps; rectangular navy and cream paper label with printed product information attached to front of box; metal tube cylindrical for most of body with flat section at bottom; rectangular navy and cream paper label with printed product information wrapped around body of tube, covering most of surface; top of tube has cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; cap is cylindrical with black ribbed domed plastic top, vertical indents in sides, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – box – Length 13.4 cm Width 3.4 cm Depth 2.7 cm
b – tube – Length 13.1 cm Width 4.0 cm Depth 2.8 cm
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1927
1968
circa 1927 - 1968
Date Remarks
Presence of Winnipeg on label, first location in Winnipeg opened in 1927; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least up to 1968)
Material
paper: cream
metal: teal, grey
ink: navy
plastic: black
Inscriptions
Printed on box and tube label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // OINTMENT // HEMMOROCAINE // (I & B) // Each ounce contains: Acid Boric 20 grs.; // Calomel 10 grs.; Starch Powder 65 grs.; // Zinc Oxide 65 grs.; Benzocaine 10 grs. // To relieve the itching of hemorrhoids ap- //ply locally or rectally with pile pipe. Net Content 1 ½ ozs. // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling all over box; minor tears to top of tube label; top centre of cap broken and detached
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Artifact
Document
Document (online)
Website
Reference Comments
Artifact label (006.033.051)
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Research Facts
Hemmorocaine was marketed by Ingram & Bell as a treatment for the symptom related to hemorrhoids; it was a topical cream with benzocaine, a local anesthetic.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
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Kwikstop for Tooth Ache

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8863
Dates
1910
1950
circa 1910-1950
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Home Health Care
Accession Number
1999.3.52 a-e
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (b) contains short square clear glass bottle (a) with cream metal screw cap closure and paper lable, two flat wood toothpicks (d-e) and a cream absorbent cotton ball; box with green panels and cream text.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1999.3.52 a-e
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anesthetics -- therapeutic use
Dental Care
Home Health
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription; Analgesics
Toothache
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- toothache remedies
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (b) contains short square clear glass bottle (a) with cream metal screw cap closure and paper lable, two flat wood toothpicks (d-e) and a cream absorbent cotton ball; box with green panels and cream text.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - bottle
b - box
c - cotton ball
d - toothpick
e - toothpick
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Maker
Northrop & Lyman Co.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1910
1950
circa 1910-1950
Material
paper: cream
glass: transparent
ink: green
wood: tan
fabric: cream
Inscriptions
On box: "Kwikstop // for // TOOTH ACHE // 13633 THE PROPRIETARY OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT // NORTHROP & LYMAN CO. // TORONTO LIMITED CANADA // DIRECTIONS // caution - Do not swallow. Where there is a cavity in the // tooth apply Kwikstop on a piece of absorbent cotton. If there // is no cavity moisten a piece of cotton with kwikstop and // swab the gum on both sides of the tooth. // Kwikstop // Has a local // Anaesthetic // Action'; repeated in French
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-4 Row A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
a - bottle - Height 6.0 cm x Width 2.1 cm x depth 2.1 cm
b - box - Length 7.8 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 2.5 cm
c - cotton ball
d - toothpick - Length 5.9 cm
e - toothpick - Length 5.9 cm
Condition Remarks
Never used
Copy Type
Original
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Kwikstop for Tooth Ache

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13000
Dates
1950
1970
circa 1950-1970
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Home Health Care
Accession Number
1999.3.98
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S. O. S. Tooth Ache Remedy

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15194
Dates
1940
1969
circa 1940 - 1969
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Accession Number
019003001 a-c
Description
Small empty rectangular transparent S. O. S. Tooth Ache Remedy bottle (a) with removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap (b) and rectangular tan, green, and black cardboard box (c); bottle has flat rectangular side walls with beveled corners and top arches; round shoulders, round neck ring and …
  5 images  
Accession Number
019003001 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
MeSH Heading
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anesthetics -- therapeutic use
Dental Care
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription; Analgesics
Toothache
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- toothache remedies
Description
Small empty rectangular transparent S. O. S. Tooth Ache Remedy bottle (a) with removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap (b) and rectangular tan, green, and black cardboard box (c); bottle has flat rectangular side walls with beveled corners and top arches; round shoulders, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; rectangular cream and green paper label with product information in English and French on front, right, and left sides; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; circular mold mark and embossed manufacturer information on bottom; cap has curved indents on sides, slightly rounded top, internal continuous thread, and circular grey metallic covered paper insert in interior top; box has product information and directions on front and proper left side and in French on back and proper right side.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 5.7 cm Width 2.0 cm Depth 2.0 cm
b – cap – Length 0.9 cm Diameter 1.7 cm
c – box – Length 7.7 cm Width 2.5 cm Depth 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Toronto Pharmacal Co., Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1940
1969
circa 1940 - 1969
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company factory mark, first introduced in 1940; presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, discontinued in 1970
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan, cream
ink: light green, dark green, black
plastic: black
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “- S O S - // S. O. S. relieves toothache. // Not to be swallowed. // S. O. S. soulange la mal de dents. // Ne doit pas être avalé. // Proprietary or Patent Medicine // Act No. 11476 // The Toronto Pharmacal Co., Limited // Toronto, Canada”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D” // 6”; printed on front of box: “S // O // S // Relieves // Tooth- // Ache // Quickly !”; printed on proper left side of box: “Effective whether // there is a dental // cavity or not. // Has local // anesthetic action // but no // narcotics. // DIRECTIONS: // Saturate a small // piece of cotton with // S. O. S. and fill // cavity; if no cavity, // rub on gums. // Repeat frequently // if necessary. // Proprietary or Patent // Medicine Act 11476. // THE // TORONTO // PHARMACAL // COMPANY // Established 1896 // TORONTO, ONT.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row A
Condition Remarks
Fading all over bottle label, especially along top; minor soiling on proper right side of bottle label; top missing from box; proper right top flap detached; major tear to proper left top flap; minor soiling all over exterior of box, especially on top front and top proper right side
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Anaesthetic.” English Oxford Living Dictionaries, Oxford University Press, 2019. Accessed 8 June 2019.
Miller, George L. and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Park Canada, 1984.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
S. O. S. was marketed as remedy for toothaches; the label claims that the formula contained no narcotics.
S. O. S. had anaesthetic action, which means it caused insensitivity to pain; this means it was a form of pain relief, not an actual treatment for a dental condition.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the Dominion Glass Company factory mark, first introduced in 1940, indicates this bottle was manufactured in Hamilton, Ontario; the Dominion Glass Company diamond logo was discontinued in 1970.
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xylocaine ampoules

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact9706
Dates
1943
1960
circa 1943-1960
Collection
Dr. Burns Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Accession Number
995005098 a-m
Description
(a) A rectangular cardboard box with a folding top; holds (b-m); printed label has a ten-pointed star on it; (b) rectangular sheet of paper with instructional information on xylocaine; folded in 8 sections; (c) rectangular cardboard holder made of two stacked rectangular boxes (three horizontal lay…
  2 images  
Accession Number
995005098 a-m
Collection
Dr. Burns Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
MeSH Heading
Anesthetics, Local
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- ampoule
Description
(a) A rectangular cardboard box with a folding top; holds (b-m); printed label has a ten-pointed star on it; (b) rectangular sheet of paper with instructional information on xylocaine; folded in 8 sections; (c) rectangular cardboard holder made of two stacked rectangular boxes (three horizontal layers) and pierced with ten circular holes that fit the xylocaine ampoules (d-m); a fold of cardboard secures the ampoules in place; (d-m) cylindrical glass ampoule, half-filled with clear liquid; bottom is flat, while the top tapers to a long neck and rounded tip.
Number Of Parts
13
Part Names
a - box - Size - Length 9.9 cm x Width 4.4 cm x Depth 7.1 cm
b - instruction sheet - Size - Length 21.1 cm x Width 17.3 cm
c - holder - Size - Length 9.2 cm x Width 4.1 cm x Depth 2.1 cm
d - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
e - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
f - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
g - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
h - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
i - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
j - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
k - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
l - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
m - ampoule - Size - Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
Provenance
Owned and used by Dr. Burns of Napanee, Ont., a 1947 graduate of the Queen's University Medical Program; some items belonged to Dr. Stratton, who held the Napanee practice prior to Dr. Burns.
Maker
Astra Pharmaceuticals (Canada) Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Cooksville
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1943
1960
circa 1943-1960
Date Remarks
Xylocaine discovered in 1943; widely accepted by the 1950s.
Material
cardboard: blue; off-white
paper: tan; blue
glass: clear
xylocaine: clear
Inscriptions
(a) Illegible handwriting on lid; printed on side: "10 Ampules 2 cc size // XYLOCAINE® // HCP 2% // (Lidocaine Hydrochloride // Injection, U.S.P.) // AN AQUEOUS SOLUTION // WITHOUT EPINEPHRINE // MADE IN [inside ten-pointed star: ASTRA] CANADA // ASTRA // PHARMACEUTICALS (CANADA) LTD // TORONTO 18 *CAN PATENT NO 503 645 ONTARIO"; printed on top, vertically, facing left: "CAUTION: To be used only by or // on prescription of physician or // dentist. // Consult accompanying circular for // dosage details and directions for // use. // LOT 303."; printed on top, vertically, facing right: "Each cc. contains: // Xylocaine Hydrochloride // (Lidocaine // Hydrochloride) [series of '–'] 0.02 Gm. // Sodium Chloride [series of '–'] 0.006 Gm. // Methylparaben [series of '–'] 0.001 Gm. // Water for injections [series of '–'] q.s. ad 1 cc"; (b) printed on sheet, front page: "XYLOCAINE® HYDROCHLORIDE // (brand of Lidocaine [filled-in five-pointed star] U.S.P.) // AN AQUEOUS SOLUTION FOR LOCAL ANESTHESIA // PACKING // [packaging information listed] // INDICATIONS // [instructions for use listed] // *Canadian Patent No. 503.645 MADE IN CANADA"; second page: "XYLOCAINE DOSAGES // [dosages listed]"; third page: "TOPICAL USE // [use listed] // MAXIMUM DOSE // [dosage information listed]"; back page: "TREATMENT OF OVERDOSAGE // [treatments listed] // NOTES [usage notes listed] // AUTOCLAVING // [procedures listed] // S 50M—1-65 // ASTRA // PHARMACEUTICALS (CANADA) LTD. // COOKSVILLE, ONTARIO"; (d-m): printed on ampoule: "2 cc // XYLOCAINE HCL 2% // (Lidocaine Brand) // PLAIN SOLUTION // ASTRA // TORONTO 18, CANADA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-5 Row A
Condition Remarks
(a) Liquid stain on top surface; corners worn; (b) instruction sheet heavily creased, slightly discoloured; (c) slightly stained; (d-m) in good condition.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Web site (online pharmaceutical database)
Research Facts
Used as a local anaesthetic; still in use today
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6 records – page 1 of 1.