Was used in an exhibit for the International Congress of the History of Medicine in Montreal; used by the North American Indians; note: crude drugs were used in Canada quite extensively until around the 1920s; habitat: low, moist ground from Nova Scotia to Florida and West to Manitoba, Kansas, and Texas; uses: diuretic, diaphoretic; the Mohegans use it for relief of infantile colitis; the Menominees use it to reduce fever; the Houma use it for inflammation; the Meskwakis use it for headache and to encourage labour.
Was used in an exhibit for the International Congress of the History of Medicine in Montreal; used by the North American Indians; note: crude drugs were used in Canada quite extensively until around the 1920s; habitat for Phytolacia americana: moist soils in Eastern and Central U.S.A.; parts used: berries, root; uses: Pamunkey tribe of Virginia used it for rheumatism; also for relief of pain and inflammation; current use is as molluscicadal agent; official preparation (root): U.S.P. 1820-1916.
Printed inside circle on lid: "SALVA-CEA // (TRADE MARK) // ALLAYS IRRITATION // SUBDUES INFLAMMATION // RELIEVES PAIN // THE BRANDRETH CO. // 274 CANAL ST. // N.Y."; printed in a band around this circle: "A UNIVERSAL EXTERNAL REMEDY ABSOLUTELY SAFE MANF. OSSINING, N.Y."; printed in a band around this: "GUARANTEED BY THE BRANDRETH CO. UNDER THE FOOD & DRUGS ACT [illeg.]"
Transparent glass octagonal based Sloan’s Liniment bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, fabric tipped metal applicator (b), and tan cardboard packaging box (c); bottle full with yellow liquid; octagonal shaped body with product information and usage on tan paper label on…
Transparent glass octagonal based Sloan’s Liniment bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, fabric tipped metal applicator (b), and tan cardboard packaging box (c); bottle full with yellow liquid; octagonal shaped body with product information and usage on tan paper label on front /side and repeats in French on one side; embossed text on recessed back; round shoulders, short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; cap has flat top, vertical ridges on exterior sides, and internal continuous thread; applicator consists of thin metal rod bent into ring at one end and tipped with fabric at opposite end; box is rectangular with product information and usage top, front, back, and sides; line drawing of portrait and printed signature of Dr. Earl S Sloan on front of box and bottle label.
Number Of Parts
a - bottle - Length 13.0 cm x Width 4.6 cm x Depth 2.9 cm
b - applicator - Length 12.9 cm x Width 1.8 cm x Depth 1.7 cm
c - box - Length 14.5 cm x Width 5.1 cm x Depth 3.5 cm
The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act was in 1908 (Canada) and required all packaging to list ingredients.
ink: black, red
metal: grey, black
Printed on front of bottle label: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // Dr. Earl S Sloan // TRADE-MARK REGISTERED // 2 ½ FL. OZS. // PREPARED BY // WARNER – LAMBERT CANADA LTD. // TORONTO CANADA // No. 24040. The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act.”; printed on side of bottle label: “FOR EXTERNAL USE: Aids in the relief of rheumatic and // arthritic pains, Lumbago, minor strains and sprains. Helps relieve // muscular aches due to exposure, overwork or fatigue. Apply one // or more times daily. // Keep from Fire or Flame. // AN EFFICIENT COUNTERIRRITANT 450H461”; embossed on back of bottle: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // MADE IN // CANADA”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D 0”; printed on front of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // NOW // INCLUDES // APPLICATOR // Dr. Earl S Sloan // TRADE-MARK REGISTERED // No. 24040. THE PROPRIETARY // OR // PATENT MEDICINE ACT // WARNER – LAMBERT CANADA LTD. // TORONTO, CANADA // 71 cc. (2 ½ Fl. Oz.) // HELPS RELIEVE // RHEUMATIC AND // ARTHRITIC PAINS”; printed on side of box: “FOR // EXTERNAL // USE ONLY // Aids in the // relief of // ARTHRITIC // PAIN, // LUMBAGO, // MINOR STRAINS // AND SPRAINS // HELPS RELIEVE // MUSCULAR // ACHES DUE TO // EXPOSURE, // OVERWORK // OR FATIGUE // [Illeg. number]”; printed on back of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // Sloan’s Liniment is an excellent counterirritant. It // stimulates circulation in the congested area and // thus helps to bring about the benefits which result // from an increased local supply of blood. // DIRECTIONS FOR USE // Apply Sloan’s Liniment freely – one or more times // daily – by patting on with applicator, fingers or // absorbent cotton. This will produce a feeling of // warmth – a signal that the local flow of blood has // been increased. Do not rub the area after the // Liniment has been applied. Do not bandage after // applying because this may cause blistering. Should // a feeling of increased warmth be desired rub the // skin before your next application of Sloan’s Lini- // ment. If warmth becomes too uncomfortable wash // off the Liniment with soap and cold water // NOTE: For children and those with sensitive skin : // use once or twice daily, mix with equal parts of // cooking or mineral oil before applying // CAUTION: COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURE // DO NOT USE NEAR FIRE OF FLAME”; printed on top of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT”
Storage Room 0010
Minor abrasion to front and sides of bottle label; separation of bottle label at top corner; minor scratches to front and back of cap; minor corrosion all over applicator; minor soiling on top, back, and bottom of box; tears to top of box; major areas of loss to outer layer of box, especially on the back and sides, obscuring text
Hodges, Jim. “Historical Society Curator Reveals Early 20th Century Success Story.” Sun Journal: New Bern, South Carolina, 2014. Accessed 31 May 2019.
“Warner Lambert.” Pfizer Inc, 2018. Accessed 31 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Sloan’s Liniment was originally sold by Dr. Earl S. Sloan as a treatment to relieve pain associated with rheumatism and arthritis; originally used on horses and was eventually marketed for human use; the active ingredient is capsicum, which has a warming effect when rubbed on the skin.
Warner-Lambert, which was founded in 1955, held the rights to sell the liniment with the Dr. Earl S Sloan trademark.
Canadian Parliament passed the Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act 1908, prohibiting the use of cocaine in medicines and requiring pharmaceutical companies to list on the label the ingredients of any medicine if heroin, morphine, or opium was part of the contents.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.