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Dates
1831
1905
1831-1905
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1976.60.15
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried flowers of Sambucus canadensis (American elder).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.60.15
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Medicine, Herbal
MM= Drugs -- diuretics
MM= Drugs -- ecbolic
MM= Drugs -- anti-inflammatory
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried flowers of Sambucus canadensis (American elder).
Number Of Parts
1
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1831
1905
1831-1905
Material
plastic: clear
plant matter: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-3 Row F
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Document
Reference Comments
Information sheet accompanying accession sheet
Research Facts
Was used in an exhibit for the International Congress of the History of Medicine in Montreal; used by the North American Indians; note: crude drugs were used in Canada quite extensively until around the 1920s; habitat: low, moist ground from Nova Scotia to Florida and West to Manitoba, Kansas, and Texas; uses: diuretic, diaphoretic; the Mohegans use it for relief of infantile colitis; the Menominees use it to reduce fever; the Houma use it for inflammation; the Meskwakis use it for headache and to encourage labour.
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goldthread herb

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6997
Dates
1820
1882
1820-1882
Accession Number
1976.60.7
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried pieces of plant matter, Coptis trifolia (gold-thread).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.60.7
MeSH Heading
Medicine, Herbal
Mouthwashes
Oral Ulcer -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- anti-inflammatory
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried pieces of plant matter, Coptis trifolia (gold-thread).
Number Of Parts
1
Dates
1820
1882
1820-1882
Material
plastic: clear
plant matter: golden brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-3 Row G
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Dates
1820
1916
1820-1916
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Accession Number
1976.60.2
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried berries, Phytolacia americana (pokeweed).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.60.2
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
MeSH Heading
Medicine, Herbal
Rheumatic Diseases -- drug therapy
MM= Drugs -- anti-inflammatory
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried berries, Phytolacia americana (pokeweed).
Number Of Parts
1
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1820
1916
1820-1916
Material
plastic: clear
plant matter: black
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-3 Row E
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Document
Reference Comments
Information sheet accompanying accession shee
Research Facts
Was used in an exhibit for the International Congress of the History of Medicine in Montreal; used by the North American Indians; note: crude drugs were used in Canada quite extensively until around the 1920s; habitat for Phytolacia americana: moist soils in Eastern and Central U.S.A.; parts used: berries, root; uses: Pamunkey tribe of Virginia used it for rheumatism; also for relief of pain and inflammation; current use is as molluscicadal agent; official preparation (root): U.S.P. 1820-1916.
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Dates
1800
1899
1800-1899
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Accession Number
1980.18.254
Description
A round metal tin containing ointment; wrapped in paper.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1980.18.254
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Analgesics
MM= Drugs -- topical balms, lotions
MM= Drugs -- anti-inflammatory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- tin
Description
A round metal tin containing ointment; wrapped in paper.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Mr. Dean Charters.
Maker
The Brandreth Co.
Site Made (City)
Ossining
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1800
1899
1800-1899
Date Remarks
Original record had "19c."
Material
metal: beige; black; red
paper: beige; black
Inscriptions
Printed inside circle on lid: "SALVA-CEA // (TRADE MARK) // ALLAYS IRRITATION // SUBDUES INFLAMMATION // RELIEVES PAIN // THE BRANDRETH CO. // 274 CANAL ST. // N.Y."; printed in a band around this circle: "A UNIVERSAL EXTERNAL REMEDY ABSOLUTELY SAFE MANF. OSSINING, N.Y."; printed in a band around this: "GUARANTEED BY THE BRANDRETH CO. UNDER THE FOOD & DRUGS ACT [illeg.]"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-8 Row D
Dimension Notes
Depth 2.0 cm x Diam. 5.4 cm
Copy Type
Original
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Sloan’s Liniment

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15173
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900 - 1920
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023007 a-c
Description
Transparent glass octagonal based Sloan’s Liniment bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, fabric tipped metal applicator (b), and tan cardboard packaging box (c); bottle full with yellow liquid; octagonal shaped body with product information and usage on tan paper label on…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023007 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
MM= Administration Drug, Topical -- applicator
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box and package
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anti-inflammatory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
Pharmacy
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Arthritis, Rheumatoid -- drug therapy
Rheumatic Diseases -- drug therapy
Description
Transparent glass octagonal based Sloan’s Liniment bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, fabric tipped metal applicator (b), and tan cardboard packaging box (c); bottle full with yellow liquid; octagonal shaped body with product information and usage on tan paper label on front /side and repeats in French on one side; embossed text on recessed back; round shoulders, short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; cap has flat top, vertical ridges on exterior sides, and internal continuous thread; applicator consists of thin metal rod bent into ring at one end and tipped with fabric at opposite end; box is rectangular with product information and usage top, front, back, and sides; line drawing of portrait and printed signature of Dr. Earl S Sloan on front of box and bottle label.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - bottle - Length 13.0 cm x Width 4.6 cm x Depth 2.9 cm
b - applicator - Length 12.9 cm x Width 1.8 cm x Depth 1.7 cm
c - box - Length 14.5 cm x Width 5.1 cm x Depth 3.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
Warner – Lambert Canada LTD.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900 - 1920
Date Remarks
The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act was in 1908 (Canada) and required all packaging to list ingredients.
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan
ink: black, red
metal: grey, black
fabric: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on front of bottle label: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // Dr. Earl S Sloan // TRADE-MARK REGISTERED // 2 ½ FL. OZS. // PREPARED BY // WARNER – LAMBERT CANADA LTD. // TORONTO CANADA // No. 24040. The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act.”; printed on side of bottle label: “FOR EXTERNAL USE: Aids in the relief of rheumatic and // arthritic pains, Lumbago, minor strains and sprains. Helps relieve // muscular aches due to exposure, overwork or fatigue. Apply one // or more times daily. // Keep from Fire or Flame. // AN EFFICIENT COUNTERIRRITANT 450H461”; embossed on back of bottle: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // MADE IN // CANADA”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D 0”; printed on front of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // NOW // INCLUDES // APPLICATOR // Dr. Earl S Sloan // TRADE-MARK REGISTERED // No. 24040. THE PROPRIETARY // OR // PATENT MEDICINE ACT // WARNER – LAMBERT CANADA LTD. // TORONTO, CANADA // 71 cc. (2 ½ Fl. Oz.) // HELPS RELIEVE // RHEUMATIC AND // ARTHRITIC PAINS”; printed on side of box: “FOR // EXTERNAL // USE ONLY // Aids in the // relief of // ARTHRITIC // PAIN, // LUMBAGO, // MINOR STRAINS // AND SPRAINS // HELPS RELIEVE // MUSCULAR // ACHES DUE TO // EXPOSURE, // OVERWORK // OR FATIGUE // [Illeg. number]”; printed on back of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // Sloan’s Liniment is an excellent counterirritant. It // stimulates circulation in the congested area and // thus helps to bring about the benefits which result // from an increased local supply of blood. // DIRECTIONS FOR USE // Apply Sloan’s Liniment freely – one or more times // daily – by patting on with applicator, fingers or // absorbent cotton. This will produce a feeling of // warmth – a signal that the local flow of blood has // been increased. Do not rub the area after the // Liniment has been applied. Do not bandage after // applying because this may cause blistering. Should // a feeling of increased warmth be desired rub the // skin before your next application of Sloan’s Lini- // ment. If warmth becomes too uncomfortable wash // off the Liniment with soap and cold water // NOTE: For children and those with sensitive skin : // use once or twice daily, mix with equal parts of // cooking or mineral oil before applying // CAUTION: COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURE // DO NOT USE NEAR FIRE OF FLAME”; printed on top of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion to front and sides of bottle label; separation of bottle label at top corner; minor scratches to front and back of cap; minor corrosion all over applicator; minor soiling on top, back, and bottom of box; tears to top of box; major areas of loss to outer layer of box, especially on the back and sides, obscuring text
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Article (online)
Website
Document
Reference Comments
Hodges, Jim. “Historical Society Curator Reveals Early 20th Century Success Story.” Sun Journal: New Bern, South Carolina, 2014. Accessed 31 May 2019.
“Warner Lambert.” Pfizer Inc, 2018. Accessed 31 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
Sloan’s Liniment was originally sold by Dr. Earl S. Sloan as a treatment to relieve pain associated with rheumatism and arthritis; originally used on horses and was eventually marketed for human use; the active ingredient is capsicum, which has a warming effect when rubbed on the skin.
Warner-Lambert, which was founded in 1955, held the rights to sell the liniment with the Dr. Earl S Sloan trademark.
Canadian Parliament passed the Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act 1908, prohibiting the use of cocaine in medicines and requiring pharmaceutical companies to list on the label the ingredients of any medicine if heroin, morphine, or opium was part of the contents.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
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