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A. B. S. & C. (Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara) Rx 1 Tablets

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15171
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023005
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylind…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023005
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Strychnine
Cascara
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; yellow and burgundy paper label with product information wrapped around entire bottle; cap has curved top, rolled bottom edge and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: brown
paper: yellow
ink: burgundy
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front of label: “[Illeg.] Jamieson // Clinic // [Illeg.] 00 100 // [Illeg.] . B. S. & C. Rx 1 // TABLETS // Dose: 1 to 2 tablets // [Illeg.] . E. JAMIESON & CO. LIMITED, // MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS // WINDSOR, ONTARIO”; printed on back of label: “Each Tablet Contains: // Ext. Belladonna // Lv. 1/8 gr. // Strychnine 1/120 gr. // Contains per maximum // Dose: // ¼ Gr. Belladonna Lvs. // 1/60 Grain Strychnine. // No. 16578 The Pro- // prietary or Patent // Medicine Act. // To comply with the // Pharmacy Act of On- // tario, this bottle is // Labelled Poison.”; embossed on bottom: “D 4103 A”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row A
Length
6.8 cm
Width
3.0 cm
Depth
2.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion to cap, especially along top and bottom edges; large area of loss to top and bottom corner of front of label; small areas of loss on side of label; minor soiling to label, especially on proper left-side and back
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Pilulae Aloini, Strychninae, et Belladonna (N. F.)—Pills of Aloin, Strychnine, and Belladonna.” King's American Dispensatory, 1898. Henriette’s Herbal Homepage, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
“Federal Corporation Information - 047072-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
A. B. S. & C. stands for Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara; despite poisonous ingredients and the designation of poison on the label, these pills were often used to treat habitual constipation.
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited was the name of the company from 1944 until it became Jamieson Laboratories Ltd. in 1998.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
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Ascorbic Acid Tablets U. S. P.

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15299
Dates
1967
1968
circa 1967 – 1968
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
006033016 a-b
Description
Full rounded rectangular based semi-transparent brown glass Ascorbic Acid Tablets U. S. P. bottle with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap (a) and rectangular cream plastic cap guard (b); full with cylindrical white tablets and wad of fabric; bottle base has slight push up, stippled out…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033016 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Vitamin C
Vitamins
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Full rounded rectangular based semi-transparent brown glass Ascorbic Acid Tablets U. S. P. bottle with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap (a) and rectangular cream plastic cap guard (b); full with cylindrical white tablets and wad of fabric; bottle base has slight push up, stippled outer border, and manufacturer information embossed; flat rectangular side walls with rounded corners and cream and navy paper label with printed product information and dosage in English and French attached to front and proper right and left sides; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has flat top, vertical indents on sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread; cap guard is thin piece of rectangular plastic molded to match shape of area where cap meets bottle and extends nearly the entire circumference.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 9.9 cm Width 4.3 cm Depth 3.0 cm
b – cap guard – Length 1.7 cm Diameter 3.5 cm
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1967
1968
circa 1967 – 1968
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, line month code, and “7” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least 1968); expiry date stamped on bottle and shelf life of ascorbic acid.
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: navy, black
plastic: cream
metal: white
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // 100 // ASCORBIC ACID // TABLETS U. S. P. // 50 mg. // NOTE: For therapeutic // use only. // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER // CANADA // DOSE: // Protective: 25 mg. to 300 mg. per day // Therapeutic: 100 mg. to 300 mg. per // day or as directed by physician.”; stamped on label: “EXPIRY DATE DEC 1969 // (L) 814059”; embossed on bottom: “14 // D // 7 // 3074”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 5 Row A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor fading at top of label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Ascorbic Acid.” WebMD, WebMD LLC., 2019. Accessed 10 August 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Ascorbic acid is commonly known as Vitamin C; it is often taken as supplement to a normal diet; Vitamin C is important to the overall health of the body due to its role in maintaining skin, teeth, cells, bones, and blood vessels; lack of Vitamin C can cause Scurvy, a condition that causes weakness, pain, and tooth loss; ascorbic acid tablets tend to lose potency after 3 years.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at the factory in Point St. Charles, Quebec; the progressive line system month code and “7” year code, along with Ingram & Bell logo on product label, signify it was produced in 1967.
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Ayer's Cherry Pectoral

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15183
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Expectorants
Bronchitis -- drug therapy
Bronchodilator Agents -- therapeutic use
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Cough -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory -- bottle
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; cream and black rectangular paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label in French on back; embossed manufacturer information on textured bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; cap has rolled bottom edge, vertical ridges in sides, and round top; box has product information in English on exterior front, proper right side, and top flap and in French on exterior back, proper left side, and bottom.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 17.7 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 3.1 cm
b – box – Length 18.2 cm Width 7.0 cm Depth 4.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Products, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Date Remarks
Owens-Illinois Glass Company “diamond O and I logo” on bottom of bottle used 1929 – 1954; date mark “6” is last number of year manufactured
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, cream
ink: yellow, red, black
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “CONTAINS 5 FLUID OZS. // AYER’S // Cherry Pectoral // TRADE MARK REG. IN CANADA // Contains No Opiates // SHAKE WELL // TAKE WITHOUT WATER // SWALLOW SLOWLY // ADULTS: For Bronchial irritations // and coughs due to colds – tea - // spoonful every half hour for three // hours, then every hour as need - // ed. In severe cases two tea - // spoonfuls. // Children: 10 to 15 years, one – half // adult dose; 5 to 10 years, one - // fourth to one – third adult dose; // 2 to 5 years, 8 to 15 drops. // Small doses taken frequently are // more effective // than large doses // taken less often. // Sterling Products, Ltd. // Windsor, Ontario // Successor to // THE AYER CO. INC. // No. 11824 Proprietary or // Patent Medicine Act”; stamped on front bottle label: “41907”; printed on front of box: “AYER’S // for Colds // CHERRY // PECTORAL // TRADE MARK REG IN CANADA // for Coughs // STERLING DRUG MFG LTD. // WINDSOR – ONTARIO”; printed on proper left side of box: “75 c // Equally Safe and Effective for Adults and Children. // Contains No Opiates. Valuable for preventing coughs // and colds from going down into the bronchial tubes. // Quick and lasting relief for coughs. Loosens phlegm. // Stimulates necessary expectoration. Sooths dry irri- // tated throats. For deep-seated coughs and bronchitis. // ESTABLISHED 1841 BY J. C. AYER, M. D. // CONTENTS 5 FL. OZ.”; stamped on bottom left side of box in black ink: “41907”; printed on top flap of box: “AN EFFECTIVE COUGH // MEDICINE // GOOD FOR ALL THE FAMILY”; hand written on top flap of box: “75”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration all over front and back bottle labels; top box flaps torn, distorted, and unstable; major staining on top of box, especially on proper left side and back of box; minor soiling all over box, especially on top flap; minor tears and abrasion to edges of box
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document (online)
Document
Reference Comments
“Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Bottle.” Odyssey’s Virtual Museum, Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc., 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Griffenhagen, George and Mary Bogard. "History of Drug Containers and Their Labels." American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1999. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill and Russ Hoenig. “The Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
James Cook Ayer was a medical doctor who created a popular line of proprietary medicines; Ayer’s first product, his Cherry Pectoral, was first marketed in 1841 as a cure for various conditions, including coughs, influenza, and consumption; it originally contained opiates, but these were eventually removed from the formula; the packaging of this bottle focuses on the application of the remedy for bronchial conditions and coughs.
The Ayer Company was acquired by Sterling Products in 1938.
Owens-Illinois Glass Company merged in 1929 and used the famous “diamond, O and I" logo until around 1954.
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Bilvac Gall Bladder Stimulant For Cholecystography

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15199
Dates
1974
1987
circa 1974 - 1987
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Diagnostic Radiology
Accession Number
019002005 a-ab
Description
Square cardboard box with removable lid containing 25 sealed semi-transparent brown glass Bilevac Gall Bladder Stimulant for Cholecystography bottles (d-ab); removable green cardboard lid (b), removable two piece brown cardboard grid divider (c), cardboard base houses the cardboard divider and 25 b…
  5 images  
Accession Number
019002005 a-ab
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Diagnostic Radiology
MeSH Heading
Cholagogues and Choleretics
Radiography
Radiology
X-Rays
Gallbladder
Drug Storage
Drugs -- stimulant -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- stimulant -- container
MM= Drugs -- Stimulants
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Square cardboard box with removable lid containing 25 sealed semi-transparent brown glass Bilevac Gall Bladder Stimulant for Cholecystography bottles (d-ab); removable green cardboard lid (b), removable two piece brown cardboard grid divider (c), cardboard base houses the cardboard divider and 25 bottles; exterior of base has layer of smooth coated white paper; lid is removable, and exterior has layer of textured green paper; lid has rectangular green and cream paper label with product information on front; divider consists of strips of brown cardboard arranged to form a 5x5 grid in base of box; bottles are full with liquid, have circular base, cylindrical side walls, round shoulders, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; bottles have non-removable white metal screw cap with flat top, vertical indents in sides, rounded bottom edge, and internal thread; caps are covered with plastic wrapper only on sides; bottles have mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck and base; bottles have rectangular green and white paper labels with product information and directions wrapped around sides; manufacturing information embossed on bottom of bottles.
Number Of Parts
28
Part Names
a – box base – Length 20.0 cm Width 20.0 cm Depth 6.7 cm
b – box lid – Length 20.5 cm Width 20.5 cm Depth 6.8 cm
c – divider – Length 19.6 cm Width 19.6 cm Depth 5.0 cm
d-ab – bottle – Length 6.6 cm Diameter 3.6 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor; in use at Kingston Penitentiary, Kingston, Ontario Canada.
Maker
Picker X-Ray Engineering LTD.
Site Made (City)
St. Laurent
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1974
1987
circa 1974 - 1987
Date Remarks
“REV 3/74” printed on label indicates that the label information was last revised by FDA or other regulatory body in March of 1974 and staed expirey date on lable; Piker X-Ray Engineering LTD changed its name to Piker Canada LTD in 1976.
Material
paper: brown, white, cream
ink: green, black
glass: brown
metal: white, brass
plastic: white
Inscriptions
Printed on box label: “AVOID EXCESSIVE HEAT DIN 159719 // bilevac // Gall Bladder Stimulant For Cholecystography // Piker // x-ray // 33% EGG YOLK, 63% GLYCERIN AND FLAVORING // 25 – 30cc BOTTLES // REV. 3/74 // Distributed by // PIKER X-RAY ENGINEERING LTD. // [Illeg.] St. Laurent, Quebec, CANADA // LAFAYETTE PHARMACAL INC. // Lafayette, Indiana, U. S. A.”; stamped on box label: “LOT 40[Illeg.] // EXP 2, ..87”; printed on front of bottle labels: “DIN 159719 // bilevac // GALL BLADDER STIMULANT // FOR CHOLECYSTOGRAPHY // Piker // x-ray // 33% Egg Yolk, 63% Glycerin // and Flavoring // NET CONTENT 30 cc // Distributed by // PIKER X-RAY ENGINEERING LTD. // St. Laurent, Quebec, CANADA // PHARMACAL INC. // Lafayette, Indiana, U. S. A.”; printed on back of bottle label: “Mix contents with equal // amount // of water or fruit // juice. Drink at time fat // meal would be given. // 1. Avoid excessive heat. // 2. Shake before using. // REV. 3/74”; stamped on back of bottle label: “LOT 40170 // EXP. 2, ..87”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Base of box has small amount of adhesive tape and residue stuck to sides and bottom; base has large brown tide marks on sides and bottom; box lid has minor distortion, fading all over, minor abrasion to all sides and edges, adhesive tape and residue on sides, and small tears in front, but is stable; grid insert has large areas of dye transfer on surfaces from contact with bottle labels, also leaving white areas on bottle labels; several plastic wrappers on bottle caps have minor cracks, areas of loss, and distortions but are stable
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Cholagogue.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
“Oral Cholecystogram.” Healthline, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “Manufacturer’s Marks and Other Logos on Glass Containers.” Bottle Research Group, 2015.
“Federal Corporation Information - 056550-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
Research Facts
Bilvac is a cholagogue, which is used to stimulate gallbladder to release or increase flow of bile; it was commonly used before a cholecystography procedure, which is an x-ray examination of the gallbladder using a contrast agent to aid in imaging; the gall bladder is a small organ that stores and release bile produced by the liver to aid digestion.
Oral cholecystography is a radiological procedure used to visualize the gallbladder and biliary channels, developed in 1924 by American surgeons Evarts Ambrose Graham and Warren Henry Cole.
The “W” in a circle logo on the bottom of each bottle indicates the bottles were manufactured by T. C. Wheaton Co., who used the logo from 1946 – 2005.
Kingston Penitentiary is a former maximum security prison located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, between King Street West and Lake Ontario. Opened : June 1, 1835; Closed: 2013 Security class : Maximum security Capacity : 564; a national historic site.
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Dates
1956
1966
circa 1956 – 1966
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Accession Number
006033019
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Burn Dressing jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with p…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033019
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Drugs -- topical -- container
First Aid
Emergency Medicine
Burns
Burns -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- jar
MM= Drugs -- topical
MM= Drugs -- topical -- container
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Burn Dressing jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with printed product information and directions attached to front; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has flat top with ring indent near edges, vertical indents on sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1956
1966
circa 1956 – 1966
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, line month code, and “6” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least to 1968)
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: navy, black
ink: navy, black metal: white
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // BURN DRESSING // (INDUSTRIAL STANDARD FORMULA FOR // FIRST AID TREATMENT) // Formula: Sodium Bicarbonate 3% // Petrolatum Alba. q. s. // DIRECTIONS: Apply Freely To Burns. // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER // CANADA”; stamped on label in black ink: “4 FL. OZ. // (L) 821364”; embossed on bottom: “D 6 // 5 // 3136”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 5 Row B
Length
7.3 cm
Diameter
5.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor fading near top of label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Wound Dressings.” ScienceDirect, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
“Petrolatum.” Medical Dictionary; The Free Dictionary, Farlex, 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Dressings are used to promote healing of wounds and prevent infection; consists of a sterile padding or compress in direct contact with the wound accompanied by an antiseptic substance, such as petrolatum, a semisolid substance made from petroleum often used as a topical treatment for burns and abrasion. Ingram & Bell’s Burn Dressing was marketed as “Industrial Standard Formula for First Aid Treatment” and contained sodium bicarbonate in a white petrolatum base.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the jar itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at the factory in Point St. Charles, Quebec; the progressive line system month code and “6” year code, along with the Ingram & Bell logo, signify it was produced in either 1956 or 1966.
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Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wa…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; bottle is almost full of solid mass creating a heavy bottle; bottle has gold white, and black rectangular label with product information and dosages on front; box has product information on front, testimonials on right and left sides, and information for other products on back; promotional leaflet is one sheet folded into six sections with information for other products on both sides in black ink.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.6 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.3 cm
b – box – Length 20.3 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 15.1 cm Width 10.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Date Remarks
Box and leaflet have appearance though graphics and text styles to be circa 1890s, use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s and the lable text style and lack of graphics appear from 1950s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, light green
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA // “Bynin” Amara // COMPOSITION: // Quinine Phosphate 1 ½ gr. // Iron Phosphate 2 gr. // Nux Vomica Alkaloids equal to // Strychnine Phosphate 1 – 16 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of Easton’s Syrup (one fourth the strength) in // which the sugar in the ordinary preparation is replaced by the // flesh – forming nutritive and digestive constituents of BYNIN. // “BYNIN” Amara is a palatable and reliable tonic. It promotes // digestion, increases the appetite, braces up the nervous system, // strengthens the heart beat and circulation, combats anemia and // cachexia. (It is very serviceable in neuralgia and similar nerve // troubles.) // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three times a day, with or immediately before food. // This preparation contains a small quantity of Nux Vomica and // must therefore, in conformity with the Pharmacy Act, be labeled // (Poison.) // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on top of bottle label in blue ink: “Net Contents 10 FL Ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // A Powerful Tonic // and Digestive // “Bynin” // TRADE MARK // Amara // MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA. // ‘Bynin’ Amara is a combina- // tion of the Phosphates of Iron, Quinine and Strychnine, with the Active Malt Extract, ‘Bynin // It is an excellent // General Tonic // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ liquid malt. // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Chrismol // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Byno Cascada’ // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, CANADA // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box; “THE MEDICAL MAGAZINE writes : - “ ‘Bynin’ Amara is an excellent tonic and its power is // much increased by the nutritive and digestive qualities of that reliable form of Malt which this firm issue // under the name ‘Bynin.’ If ‘Bynin’ Amara proves as useful and as popular as ‘BYNO’ HYPOPHOS- // PHITES, Messrs. Allen and Hanburys must be congratulated on having added two most valuable // preparations to our Therapeutics.” “; printed on right side of box: “The LANCET writes: - “This excellent preparation is a distinct advance on Easton’s Syrup. // Not only does it contain the phosphates and iron, quinine and strychnine unimpaired, but the vehicle for // their palatable administration is, as our experiments have shown, a powerful digestive of farinaceous food. // This vehicle is ‘Bynin’, or Liquid Malt, which exhibits a powerful liquefying and converting action upon // starch. This formula is such as is admirably adapted for the administration of one of the best tonic // combinations known.”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet pages include: “ “Trade ‘BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt”; “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”; “CHRISMOL // An Intestinal Lubricant”; “ ‘Allenbury’ // RUSKS (Malted)”; “The “Allenburys” // Diet // A Light Food // for General Use”; “Byno Chrismol // The “Allenbury’s Malt and Chrismol”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
(a-b) 0010-A3-9 Row C
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration along mouth of bottle; front label separating from bottle; minor discolouration and scratches to top of cork; top of box missing; large tear top corner on front of box; minor staining on proper left side of box; small white encrustations on front and proper right side of box; minor abrasion, tears, and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in edges of booklet; large tide marks and white encrustations on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions.
“Bynin” Amara was marketed as an effective tonic capable of treating many different ailments; the label claims that it strengthens heart rate and circulation, relieves anemia and cachexia, imporves appetite, and treats nervous troubles; the formula contains strychnine and the required designation of “Poison” is printed on the label.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; ba…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Food, Formulated
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; yellow, black and white rectangular label with product information and dosage on front; box has product information on front and left side, testimonial on right side, and information for other products on back; small white paper tag with number and price affixed to top of left side; corrugated interior; paper promotional leaflet has 4 pages with illustrations and information for different products.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.5 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.4 cm
b – box – Length 20.4 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 19.2 cm Width 11.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Date Remarks
Mold marks from machine go from bottom to top; use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, green, red, blue
cork: tan, dark brown
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD // TRADE “Byno” MARK // Phosphates // TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // COMPOSITION : // Ferri Phosph 1 gr. // Calcii Phosph 1 ½ gr. // Potassii Phosph 1/8 gr. // Sodii Phosph 1/8 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of the well-known Parrish’s // Chemical Food the sugar of the ordinary prepar- // ation, being replaced by the digestive constituents of // “Bynin” Liquid Malt. // It is especially serviceable as a tonic for growing // children and is a valuable restorative in cases of de- // bility, promoting also the digestion of other foods. // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three time a day, with or immediately after food. // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on bottle label: “4390 // Net Contents 10 FL ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // One of the best forms of // administering Iron to // pale and delicate Children // TRADE // MARK // “Byno = // Phosphates” // A MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD. // A modification of the well known - // Parrish’s Chemical Food in which // the Active Malt Extract, Bynin, // replaces the Inert sugar of the // ordinary preparations. It contains // in solution the phosphates of Iron, Lime, Potash and Soda. // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ Liquid Malt // ‘Bynin’ Emulsion // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Glycerophosphates // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, Can. NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box: “ “BYNO” PHOSPHATES is especially serviceable as a general tonic for weekly a[Illeg.] // growing children, and as a restorative in cases of debility, promoting also the digesti[Illeg.] // of all foods.”; hand written of tag on left side; “64056 // $15.00”; printed on right side of box: “The BRITTISH COLONIAL DRUGGIST writes: - “ ‘Byno’ Phosphates is the well- // known Chemical Food with the sugar replaced by the nutrient and digestive constituents // of Liquid Malt. This cannot but be considered a great advance on the ordinary form, as // it presents the additional advantage of digestive aid.” ”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet page include: “ “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”, “ “Byno”- Hypophosphites”, “Trade ‘ BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt” “The ‘Allenburys’ DIET // A complete food rich in brain, nerve // and body building element.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
(a-b) 0010-A3-9 Row C
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major area of loss on top of cork; minor fading all over bottle label; dark discolouration on top of bottle label; top of box missing; minor tears all over edges of box; major dark staining to top half of box; minor abrasion and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in top and bottom edge of leaflet; minor dark stain of top edge of leaflet; large stain in centre of leaflet on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
“Byno” Phosphates were marketed as a chemical food with added digestive benefits; the proposed benefits were numerous and the product was also specifically marketed as a remedy for children.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1957
1967
circa 1957 – 1967
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Pharmacy, Dermatology
Treatment
Accession Number
006033021
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Calocaine Cream (I & B) jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper la…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033021
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Pharmacy, Dermatology
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Drugs -- topical -- container
Dermatology
Insects
Sunburn -- drug therapy
Anesthesia, Local
Poison Ivy Dermatitis -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- jar
MM= Drugs -- topical
MM= Drugs -- topical -- container
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Calocaine Cream (I & B) jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with printed product information and directions attached to front; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has flat top with ring indent near edges, vertical indents on sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1957
1967
circa 1957 – 1967
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, line month code, and “7” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least to 1968)
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: navy, black
ink: navy, black metal: white
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // CALOCAINE CREAM // (I & B) // Calamine Prepared 16%, Benzocaine 3%, Camphor // ½%, Menthol ½% in a water-miscible base. // Apply directly to the skin to relieve various forms // of skin rashes, pruritus, insect bites and sunburn. // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER // CANADA”; stamped on label in black ink: “4 OZ. // (L.) 823111”; embossed on bottom: “D 7 // 3 // 3136”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Length
7.3 cm
Diameter
5.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor tears and distortion to top edge of label; minor fading to bottom of label; minor area of loss to bottom proper left corner
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Benzocaine.” ScienceDirect, Elsevier B.V., 2019. Accessed 10 August 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Calocaine Cream is a calamine topical cream with benzocaine local anesthetic; it was marketed by Ingram & Bell as a treatment for a variety of skin irritations, including rashes from poison ivy and poison oak, insect bites, sunburn, heat rash, and pruritus ani.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the jar itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at the factory in Point St. Charles, Quebec; the progressive line system month code and “7” year code, along with the Ingram & Bell logo, signify it was produced in either 1957 or 1967.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1905
1927
circa 1905 – 1927
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Accession Number
006033022 a-b
Description
Empty rounded square based semi-transparent blue glass Calomel bottle (a) with removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap (b); base has circular push up; flat rectangular side walls with top arches and tan paper label with printed product information attached to front; round shoulders, short cylind…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033022 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Cathartics
MM= Drugs -- cathartics -- container
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Empty rounded square based semi-transparent blue glass Calomel bottle (a) with removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap (b); base has circular push up; flat rectangular side walls with top arches and tan paper label with printed product information attached to front; round shoulders, short cylindrical neck, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top; cap has flat top and internal continuous thread with threads embossed in sides.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 13.8 cm Width 5.0 cm Depth 5.0 cm
b – cap – Length 1.8 cm Diameter 3.5 cm
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1905
1927
circa 1905 – 1927
Date Remarks
Ingram & Bell Limited began in 1905; absence of Winnipeg branch on label, first established in 1927.
Material
glass: blue
paper: tan
ink: black, blue
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “Compressed Tablets // CALOMEL // 1/4 Grain // MANUFACTURED IN THE LABORATORY OF // INGRAM & BELL // TORONTO & CALGARY”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row E
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major area of loss to top half of label; large tears and separation to proper left side of label; previous attempts at repair with adhesive tape have caused distortion and creases to proper left side of label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Calomel.” Encycolpaedia Britannica, Encycolpaedia Britannica Inc., 2019. Accessed 10 August 10, 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Research Facts
Calomel, also called mercury chloride, was once a common drug taken as a cathartic or purgative to purge the bowls; also used as a fungicide; its use declined due to its potential to cause mercury poising and the development of safer cathartic drugs.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023004
Description
Transparent glass shield-shape based Castor Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; bottle half full of thick semi-transparent yellow oil; flat rectangular front and back walls, beveled back corners, and rounded side walls; round, ringed shoulders, short cylindrical neck, r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023004
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Castor Oil
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Inflammation
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
Description
Transparent glass shield-shape based Castor Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; bottle half full of thick semi-transparent yellow oil; flat rectangular front and back walls, beveled back corners, and rounded side walls; round, ringed shoulders, short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck; yellow and blue paper label with product information attached to front; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; cap has rolled bottom edge, flat top, and threaded sides with exterior vertical ridges.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
Rolls & Darlington Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: clear
paper: yellow
ink: blue
metal: black
graphite: dark grey
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “R & D // CASTOR // OIL // Dose – for adults 1 to 4 // tablespoonfuls. Dose for // infants ½ to 2 teaspoon- // fuls as may be required // Contents 2 fluid ounces // Rolls & Darlington // Limited // Toronto, Ontario”; hand written on label in graphite: “23”; embossed on bottom: “4 // B D 2 // 2 oz.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row D
Length
12.0 cm
Width
4.4 cm
Depth
2.9 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling and fading all over label; small area of loss to bottom of label; minor rusting of top and bottom edge of cap
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Document (online)
Website
Document
Reference Comments
Kandola, Aaron. “Benefits of Castor Oil for the Face and Skin.” Medical News Today, 2018. Accessed 28 May 2019.
“ROLLS & DARLINGTON LIMITED.” Canada Business Directory, 2019. Accessed 28 May 2019.
Miller, George L. and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Castor oil is mainly used as a laxative to treat constipation, but has also been used as a treatment for inflammation and to treat skin conditions.
Rolls & Darlington was incorporated in 1930 and operated out of Toronto, Ontario.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at their factory in Hamilton, Ontario.
Images
Less detail

36 records – page 1 of 4.