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Ayer's Cherry Pectoral

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15183
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Expectorants
Bronchitis -- drug therapy
Bronchodilator Agents -- therapeutic use
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Cough -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory -- bottle
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; cream and black rectangular paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label in French on back; embossed manufacturer information on textured bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; cap has rolled bottom edge, vertical ridges in sides, and round top; box has product information in English on exterior front, proper right side, and top flap and in French on exterior back, proper left side, and bottom.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 17.7 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 3.1 cm
b – box – Length 18.2 cm Width 7.0 cm Depth 4.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Products, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Date Remarks
Owens-Illinois Glass Company “diamond O and I logo” on bottom of bottle used 1929 – 1954; date mark “6” is last number of year manufactured
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, cream
ink: yellow, red, black
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “CONTAINS 5 FLUID OZS. // AYER’S // Cherry Pectoral // TRADE MARK REG. IN CANADA // Contains No Opiates // SHAKE WELL // TAKE WITHOUT WATER // SWALLOW SLOWLY // ADULTS: For Bronchial irritations // and coughs due to colds – tea - // spoonful every half hour for three // hours, then every hour as need - // ed. In severe cases two tea - // spoonfuls. // Children: 10 to 15 years, one – half // adult dose; 5 to 10 years, one - // fourth to one – third adult dose; // 2 to 5 years, 8 to 15 drops. // Small doses taken frequently are // more effective // than large doses // taken less often. // Sterling Products, Ltd. // Windsor, Ontario // Successor to // THE AYER CO. INC. // No. 11824 Proprietary or // Patent Medicine Act”; stamped on front bottle label: “41907”; printed on front of box: “AYER’S // for Colds // CHERRY // PECTORAL // TRADE MARK REG IN CANADA // for Coughs // STERLING DRUG MFG LTD. // WINDSOR – ONTARIO”; printed on proper left side of box: “75 c // Equally Safe and Effective for Adults and Children. // Contains No Opiates. Valuable for preventing coughs // and colds from going down into the bronchial tubes. // Quick and lasting relief for coughs. Loosens phlegm. // Stimulates necessary expectoration. Sooths dry irri- // tated throats. For deep-seated coughs and bronchitis. // ESTABLISHED 1841 BY J. C. AYER, M. D. // CONTENTS 5 FL. OZ.”; stamped on bottom left side of box in black ink: “41907”; printed on top flap of box: “AN EFFECTIVE COUGH // MEDICINE // GOOD FOR ALL THE FAMILY”; hand written on top flap of box: “75”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration all over front and back bottle labels; top box flaps torn, distorted, and unstable; major staining on top of box, especially on proper left side and back of box; minor soiling all over box, especially on top flap; minor tears and abrasion to edges of box
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document (online)
Document
Reference Comments
“Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Bottle.” Odyssey’s Virtual Museum, Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc., 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Griffenhagen, George and Mary Bogard. "History of Drug Containers and Their Labels." American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1999. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill and Russ Hoenig. “The Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
James Cook Ayer was a medical doctor who created a popular line of proprietary medicines; Ayer’s first product, his Cherry Pectoral, was first marketed in 1841 as a cure for various conditions, including coughs, influenza, and consumption; it originally contained opiates, but these were eventually removed from the formula; the packaging of this bottle focuses on the application of the remedy for bronchial conditions and coughs.
The Ayer Company was acquired by Sterling Products in 1938.
Owens-Illinois Glass Company merged in 1929 and used the famous “diamond, O and I" logo until around 1954.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wa…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; bottle is almost full of solid mass creating a heavy bottle; bottle has gold white, and black rectangular label with product information and dosages on front; box has product information on front, testimonials on right and left sides, and information for other products on back; promotional leaflet is one sheet folded into six sections with information for other products on both sides in black ink.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.6 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.3 cm
b – box – Length 20.3 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 15.1 cm Width 10.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Date Remarks
Box and leaflet have appearance though graphics and text styles to be circa 1890s, use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s and the lable text style and lack of graphics appear from 1950s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, light green
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA // “Bynin” Amara // COMPOSITION: // Quinine Phosphate 1 ½ gr. // Iron Phosphate 2 gr. // Nux Vomica Alkaloids equal to // Strychnine Phosphate 1 – 16 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of Easton’s Syrup (one fourth the strength) in // which the sugar in the ordinary preparation is replaced by the // flesh – forming nutritive and digestive constituents of BYNIN. // “BYNIN” Amara is a palatable and reliable tonic. It promotes // digestion, increases the appetite, braces up the nervous system, // strengthens the heart beat and circulation, combats anemia and // cachexia. (It is very serviceable in neuralgia and similar nerve // troubles.) // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three times a day, with or immediately before food. // This preparation contains a small quantity of Nux Vomica and // must therefore, in conformity with the Pharmacy Act, be labeled // (Poison.) // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on top of bottle label in blue ink: “Net Contents 10 FL Ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // A Powerful Tonic // and Digestive // “Bynin” // TRADE MARK // Amara // MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA. // ‘Bynin’ Amara is a combina- // tion of the Phosphates of Iron, Quinine and Strychnine, with the Active Malt Extract, ‘Bynin // It is an excellent // General Tonic // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ liquid malt. // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Chrismol // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Byno Cascada’ // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, CANADA // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box; “THE MEDICAL MAGAZINE writes : - “ ‘Bynin’ Amara is an excellent tonic and its power is // much increased by the nutritive and digestive qualities of that reliable form of Malt which this firm issue // under the name ‘Bynin.’ If ‘Bynin’ Amara proves as useful and as popular as ‘BYNO’ HYPOPHOS- // PHITES, Messrs. Allen and Hanburys must be congratulated on having added two most valuable // preparations to our Therapeutics.” “; printed on right side of box: “The LANCET writes: - “This excellent preparation is a distinct advance on Easton’s Syrup. // Not only does it contain the phosphates and iron, quinine and strychnine unimpaired, but the vehicle for // their palatable administration is, as our experiments have shown, a powerful digestive of farinaceous food. // This vehicle is ‘Bynin’, or Liquid Malt, which exhibits a powerful liquefying and converting action upon // starch. This formula is such as is admirably adapted for the administration of one of the best tonic // combinations known.”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet pages include: “ “Trade ‘BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt”; “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”; “CHRISMOL // An Intestinal Lubricant”; “ ‘Allenbury’ // RUSKS (Malted)”; “The “Allenburys” // Diet // A Light Food // for General Use”; “Byno Chrismol // The “Allenbury’s Malt and Chrismol”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
(a-b) 0010-A3-9 Row C
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration along mouth of bottle; front label separating from bottle; minor discolouration and scratches to top of cork; top of box missing; large tear top corner on front of box; minor staining on proper left side of box; small white encrustations on front and proper right side of box; minor abrasion, tears, and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in edges of booklet; large tide marks and white encrustations on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions.
“Bynin” Amara was marketed as an effective tonic capable of treating many different ailments; the label claims that it strengthens heart rate and circulation, relieves anemia and cachexia, imporves appetite, and treats nervous troubles; the formula contains strychnine and the required designation of “Poison” is printed on the label.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023004
Description
Transparent glass shield-shape based Castor Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; bottle half full of thick semi-transparent yellow oil; flat rectangular front and back walls, beveled back corners, and rounded side walls; round, ringed shoulders, short cylindrical neck, r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023004
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Castor Oil
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Inflammation
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
Description
Transparent glass shield-shape based Castor Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; bottle half full of thick semi-transparent yellow oil; flat rectangular front and back walls, beveled back corners, and rounded side walls; round, ringed shoulders, short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck; yellow and blue paper label with product information attached to front; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; cap has rolled bottom edge, flat top, and threaded sides with exterior vertical ridges.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
Rolls & Darlington Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: clear
paper: yellow
ink: blue
metal: black
graphite: dark grey
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “R & D // CASTOR // OIL // Dose – for adults 1 to 4 // tablespoonfuls. Dose for // infants ½ to 2 teaspoon- // fuls as may be required // Contents 2 fluid ounces // Rolls & Darlington // Limited // Toronto, Ontario”; hand written on label in graphite: “23”; embossed on bottom: “4 // B D 2 // 2 oz.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row D
Length
12.0 cm
Width
4.4 cm
Depth
2.9 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling and fading all over label; small area of loss to bottom of label; minor rusting of top and bottom edge of cap
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Document (online)
Website
Document
Reference Comments
Kandola, Aaron. “Benefits of Castor Oil for the Face and Skin.” Medical News Today, 2018. Accessed 28 May 2019.
“ROLLS & DARLINGTON LIMITED.” Canada Business Directory, 2019. Accessed 28 May 2019.
Miller, George L. and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Castor oil is mainly used as a laxative to treat constipation, but has also been used as a treatment for inflammation and to treat skin conditions.
Rolls & Darlington was incorporated in 1930 and operated out of Toronto, Ontario.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at their factory in Hamilton, Ontario.
Images
Less detail

Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15184
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liq…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Jaundice
Headache -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls with product name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external lug type thread; rectangular push-up, circular mold mark, and manufacturer information embossed on bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; rectangular white and navy paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label with information and directions in French on back; cap has vertical indents on sides and flat top; box has product information and directions in English on front and proper left side and in French on back and proper right sides bordered in decorative geometric patterns; corrugated liner folded into rectangular box shape with open top and bottom ends.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 21.1 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 3.7 cm
b – box – Length 25.1 cm Width 8.0 cm Depth 4.5 cm
c – box liner – Length 16.5 cm Width 7.7 cm Depth 4.3 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Dreco Co. of Canada Limited
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Date Remarks
Dominion Glass Company trademarked D-in-diamond logo on the bottom of the bottle in 1928; no date marks present, were first introduced by Dominion in 1940
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, white
ink: navy
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “DRECO // AN EFFECTIVE TONIC // AND ALTERNATIVE // A splendid Remedy for disorders arising from slug- // gish action or functional in- // activity of the liver, kidneys // and bowels. // DIRECTIONS // Take one tablespoonful three time a // day, best taken before meals. If it // acts too freely on the bowels, lessen // the dose: if it does not act free enough, // increase the dose. For children about // 12 years old, a tablespoonful three times // a day. // No. 9280. PROPRIETARY AND PATENT MEDICINE ACT // Distributed by // The DRECO CO. of CANADA // LIMITED. // BALTIMORE, U. S. A. and // MONTREAL, Canada.”; embossed on right and left sides of bottle: “DRECO”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D”; printed on front of box: “DRECO // No. 9280 The Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act. // A // STOMACH TONIC // and ALTERNATIVE // A splendid remedy // for disorders arising // from sluggish action // or functional inac- // tivity of the liver, // kidneys and bowels. // PRICE $1.25 // DISTRIBUTED BY // Dreco Co. of Canada // LIMITED // MONTREAL, CANADA // also at // BALTIMORE U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “DRECO – For chronic constipation, biliousness, jaundice, sick headache lassitude and other disorders arising from chronic // inactivity of the stomach, liver and bowels. // In therapeutic activity it covers a wider range than that of simple cathartics since its tendency is to restore the organs con- // cerned in elimination of waste products to a state of normal healthy activity. // It is not intended as a purgative and for some persons it is not sufficiently laxative at the beginning. In such cases where // additional laxative action is necessary, we strongly recommend HI – SPEED LAXATIVE TABLETS to be taken in connection // with DRECO. The formula for these tablets was selected with great care in order that the best results possible would be // obtained from Dreco by their supplemental action.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-2 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor corrosion all over cap; minor tears in edges and areas of discolouration on bottom of back bottle label; minor discolouration all over front bottle label; front bottle label separated and creased at bottom; top of box missing; minor discolouration on front of box; major tears in top of box resulting in 6 separate pieces
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions; Dreco was marketed as a treatment for several ailments, including constipation, biliousness, jaundice, and headaches.
The D-in-diamond logo indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the logo was introduced in 1928 and markings for dates were introduce in 1940; the lack of date marks suggests the bottle was manufactured between 1928 and 1940.
Images
Less detail

Kwikstop for Tooth Ache

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8863
Dates
1910
1950
circa 1910-1950
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Home Health Care
Accession Number
1999.3.52 a-e
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (b) contains short square clear glass bottle (a) with cream metal screw cap closure and paper lable, two flat wood toothpicks (d-e) and a cream absorbent cotton ball; box with green panels and cream text.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1999.3.52 a-e
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anesthetics -- therapeutic use
Dental Care
Home Health
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription; Analgesics
Toothache
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- toothache remedies
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (b) contains short square clear glass bottle (a) with cream metal screw cap closure and paper lable, two flat wood toothpicks (d-e) and a cream absorbent cotton ball; box with green panels and cream text.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - bottle
b - box
c - cotton ball
d - toothpick
e - toothpick
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Maker
Northrop & Lyman Co.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1910
1950
circa 1910-1950
Material
paper: cream
glass: transparent
ink: green
wood: tan
fabric: cream
Inscriptions
On box: "Kwikstop // for // TOOTH ACHE // 13633 THE PROPRIETARY OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT // NORTHROP & LYMAN CO. // TORONTO LIMITED CANADA // DIRECTIONS // caution - Do not swallow. Where there is a cavity in the // tooth apply Kwikstop on a piece of absorbent cotton. If there // is no cavity moisten a piece of cotton with kwikstop and // swab the gum on both sides of the tooth. // Kwikstop // Has a local // Anaesthetic // Action'; repeated in French
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-4 Row A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
a - bottle - Height 6.0 cm x Width 2.1 cm x depth 2.1 cm
b - box - Length 7.8 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 2.5 cm
c - cotton ball
d - toothpick - Length 5.9 cm
e - toothpick - Length 5.9 cm
Condition Remarks
Never used
Copy Type
Original
Images
Less detail

Rexall Spirit Ammonia Aromatic B. P.

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15257
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 – 1952
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
018011006
Description
Elliptical based semi-transparent brown glass Rexall Spirit Ammonia Aromatic bottle with non-removable painted white metal screw cap; one third full with transparent liquid; base is textured with elliptical push up and embossed manufacturers information; slightly rounded front and back walls and ro…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018011006
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Fainting -- drug therapy
Pharmacy
MM= Drug Packagaing -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
First Aid
First Aid -- instrumentation
Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Medicine
Health and Safety
Description
Elliptical based semi-transparent brown glass Rexall Spirit Ammonia Aromatic bottle with non-removable painted white metal screw cap; one third full with transparent liquid; base is textured with elliptical push up and embossed manufacturers information; slightly rounded front and back walls and round side walls; round ribbed shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck and base; rectangular cream and blue paper label with printed product information and dosage attached to front; cap has flat top with ring indentation near edge, vertical indentations on exterior sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread; part of contents in Rexall First Aid Kit (018.011.001).
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Rexall Drug Company Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 – 1952
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company letter date code on bottom of bottle, only used from 1941 to 1953, and embossed “2” year code
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: blue, navy
metal: grey
paint: white
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “1 FLUID OUNCE // Rexall // SPIRIT // AMMONIA // AROMATIC // B. P. // Dose: From one [Illeg.] // to one teaspoonful [Illeg.] // little water // REXALL DRUG [Illeg.] // LIMITED // TORONTO, CA[Illeg.] // Los Angeles, St. [Illeg.] // Boston, U. S. A.”; embossed on base: “B D 2”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D4-7
Length
8.3 cm
Width
4.0 cm
Depth
2.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major bleeding of pigment on bottle label, obscuring some text; label stiff and separating from bottle at bottom; major chipping of paint on cap, especially near top edge
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“First Aid.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 22 June 2019.
“Company.” Rexall, Rexall Pharmacy Group Ltd., 2019. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“The World’s Largest Drugstore.” J. H. Graham, 2017. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“Aromatic Ammonia – Inhalation.” MedicineNet, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
This artifact is part of a first aid kit; First Aid is a broad term that refers to aid or treatment of the sick or injured before full medical treatment can be received; First Aid kits are designed to provide easy access to a variety of medical materials for fast treatment of minor wounds or to stabilize more serious conditions before additional treatment.
Rexall began in 1903 in Boston, U. S. A., as the United Drug Company; the Rexall name, meaning “King of All,” first gained popularity in Canada in 1904; Rexall became an industry leader in retail pharmaceuticals and produced and sold a wide variety of products
Aromatic ammonia is used to prevent and treat fainting and aid in overcoming the effects of anesthesia by encouraging the body to breath; ammonia can be taken orally in solution with water or placed on a fabric rag and inhaled; large doses or prolonged exposure to ammonia is harmful.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Wallaceburg, Ontario; the “B” and “2” date codes signify it was likely produced in either 1942 or 1952.
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S. O. S. Tooth Ache Remedy

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15194
Dates
1940
1969
circa 1940 - 1969
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Accession Number
019003001 a-c
Description
Small empty rectangular transparent S. O. S. Tooth Ache Remedy bottle (a) with removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap (b) and rectangular tan, green, and black cardboard box (c); bottle has flat rectangular side walls with beveled corners and top arches; round shoulders, round neck ring and …
  5 images  
Accession Number
019003001 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
MeSH Heading
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anesthetics -- therapeutic use
Dental Care
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription; Analgesics
Toothache
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- toothache remedies
Description
Small empty rectangular transparent S. O. S. Tooth Ache Remedy bottle (a) with removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap (b) and rectangular tan, green, and black cardboard box (c); bottle has flat rectangular side walls with beveled corners and top arches; round shoulders, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; rectangular cream and green paper label with product information in English and French on front, right, and left sides; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; circular mold mark and embossed manufacturer information on bottom; cap has curved indents on sides, slightly rounded top, internal continuous thread, and circular grey metallic covered paper insert in interior top; box has product information and directions on front and proper left side and in French on back and proper right side.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 5.7 cm Width 2.0 cm Depth 2.0 cm
b – cap – Length 0.9 cm Diameter 1.7 cm
c – box – Length 7.7 cm Width 2.5 cm Depth 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Toronto Pharmacal Co., Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1940
1969
circa 1940 - 1969
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company factory mark, first introduced in 1940; presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, discontinued in 1970
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan, cream
ink: light green, dark green, black
plastic: black
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “- S O S - // S. O. S. relieves toothache. // Not to be swallowed. // S. O. S. soulange la mal de dents. // Ne doit pas être avalé. // Proprietary or Patent Medicine // Act No. 11476 // The Toronto Pharmacal Co., Limited // Toronto, Canada”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D” // 6”; printed on front of box: “S // O // S // Relieves // Tooth- // Ache // Quickly !”; printed on proper left side of box: “Effective whether // there is a dental // cavity or not. // Has local // anesthetic action // but no // narcotics. // DIRECTIONS: // Saturate a small // piece of cotton with // S. O. S. and fill // cavity; if no cavity, // rub on gums. // Repeat frequently // if necessary. // Proprietary or Patent // Medicine Act 11476. // THE // TORONTO // PHARMACAL // COMPANY // Established 1896 // TORONTO, ONT.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row A
Condition Remarks
Fading all over bottle label, especially along top; minor soiling on proper right side of bottle label; top missing from box; proper right top flap detached; major tear to proper left top flap; minor soiling all over exterior of box, especially on top front and top proper right side
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Anaesthetic.” English Oxford Living Dictionaries, Oxford University Press, 2019. Accessed 8 June 2019.
Miller, George L. and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Park Canada, 1984.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
S. O. S. was marketed as remedy for toothaches; the label claims that the formula contained no narcotics.
S. O. S. had anaesthetic action, which means it caused insensitivity to pain; this means it was a form of pain relief, not an actual treatment for a dental condition.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the Dominion Glass Company factory mark, first introduced in 1940, indicates this bottle was manufactured in Hamilton, Ontario; the Dominion Glass Company diamond logo was discontinued in 1970.
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