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A. B. S. & C. (Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara) Rx 1 Tablets

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15171
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023005
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylind…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023005
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Strychnine
Cascara
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; yellow and burgundy paper label with product information wrapped around entire bottle; cap has curved top, rolled bottom edge and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: brown
paper: yellow
ink: burgundy
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front of label: “[Illeg.] Jamieson // Clinic // [Illeg.] 00 100 // [Illeg.] . B. S. & C. Rx 1 // TABLETS // Dose: 1 to 2 tablets // [Illeg.] . E. JAMIESON & CO. LIMITED, // MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS // WINDSOR, ONTARIO”; printed on back of label: “Each Tablet Contains: // Ext. Belladonna // Lv. 1/8 gr. // Strychnine 1/120 gr. // Contains per maximum // Dose: // ¼ Gr. Belladonna Lvs. // 1/60 Grain Strychnine. // No. 16578 The Pro- // prietary or Patent // Medicine Act. // To comply with the // Pharmacy Act of On- // tario, this bottle is // Labelled Poison.”; embossed on bottom: “D 4103 A”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Length
6.8 cm
Width
3.0 cm
Depth
2.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion to cap, especially along top and bottom edges; large area of loss to top and bottom corner of front of label; small areas of loss on side of label; minor soiling to label, especially on proper left-side and back
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Pilulae Aloini, Strychninae, et Belladonna (N. F.)—Pills of Aloin, Strychnine, and Belladonna.” King's American Dispensatory, 1898. Henriette’s Herbal Homepage, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
“Federal Corporation Information - 047072-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
A. B. S. & C. stands for Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara; despite poisonous ingredients and the designation of poison on the label, these pills were often used to treat habitual constipation.
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited was the name of the company from 1944 until it became Jamieson Laboratories Ltd. in 1998.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wa…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; bottle is almost full of solid mass creating a heavy bottle; bottle has gold white, and black rectangular label with product information and dosages on front; box has product information on front, testimonials on right and left sides, and information for other products on back; promotional leaflet is one sheet folded into six sections with information for other products on both sides in black ink.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.6 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.3 cm
b – box – Length 20.3 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 15.1 cm Width 10.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Date Remarks
Box and leaflet have appearance though graphics and text styles to be circa 1890s, use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s and the lable text style and lack of graphics appear from 1950s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, light green
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA // “Bynin” Amara // COMPOSITION: // Quinine Phosphate 1 ½ gr. // Iron Phosphate 2 gr. // Nux Vomica Alkaloids equal to // Strychnine Phosphate 1 – 16 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of Easton’s Syrup (one fourth the strength) in // which the sugar in the ordinary preparation is replaced by the // flesh – forming nutritive and digestive constituents of BYNIN. // “BYNIN” Amara is a palatable and reliable tonic. It promotes // digestion, increases the appetite, braces up the nervous system, // strengthens the heart beat and circulation, combats anemia and // cachexia. (It is very serviceable in neuralgia and similar nerve // troubles.) // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three times a day, with or immediately before food. // This preparation contains a small quantity of Nux Vomica and // must therefore, in conformity with the Pharmacy Act, be labeled // (Poison.) // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on top of bottle label in blue ink: “Net Contents 10 FL Ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // A Powerful Tonic // and Digestive // “Bynin” // TRADE MARK // Amara // MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA. // ‘Bynin’ Amara is a combina- // tion of the Phosphates of Iron, Quinine and Strychnine, with the Active Malt Extract, ‘Bynin // It is an excellent // General Tonic // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ liquid malt. // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Chrismol // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Byno Cascada’ // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, CANADA // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box; “THE MEDICAL MAGAZINE writes : - “ ‘Bynin’ Amara is an excellent tonic and its power is // much increased by the nutritive and digestive qualities of that reliable form of Malt which this firm issue // under the name ‘Bynin.’ If ‘Bynin’ Amara proves as useful and as popular as ‘BYNO’ HYPOPHOS- // PHITES, Messrs. Allen and Hanburys must be congratulated on having added two most valuable // preparations to our Therapeutics.” “; printed on right side of box: “The LANCET writes: - “This excellent preparation is a distinct advance on Easton’s Syrup. // Not only does it contain the phosphates and iron, quinine and strychnine unimpaired, but the vehicle for // their palatable administration is, as our experiments have shown, a powerful digestive of farinaceous food. // This vehicle is ‘Bynin’, or Liquid Malt, which exhibits a powerful liquefying and converting action upon // starch. This formula is such as is admirably adapted for the administration of one of the best tonic // combinations known.”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet pages include: “ “Trade ‘BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt”; “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”; “CHRISMOL // An Intestinal Lubricant”; “ ‘Allenbury’ // RUSKS (Malted)”; “The “Allenburys” // Diet // A Light Food // for General Use”; “Byno Chrismol // The “Allenbury’s Malt and Chrismol”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
0010-A (a-b)
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration along mouth of bottle; front label separating from bottle; minor discolouration and scratches to top of cork; top of box missing; large tear top corner on front of box; minor staining on proper left side of box; small white encrustations on front and proper right side of box; minor abrasion, tears, and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in edges of booklet; large tide marks and white encrustations on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions.
“Bynin” Amara was marketed as an effective tonic capable of treating many different ailments; the label claims that it strengthens heart rate and circulation, relieves anemia and cachexia, imporves appetite, and treats nervous troubles; the formula contains strychnine and the required designation of “Poison” is printed on the label.
Images
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Byno Glycerophosphates

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7747
Dates
1800
1899
1800-1899
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
1980.18.140 a-b
Description
Bottle packaged in a box.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1980.18.140 a-b
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Bottle packaged in a box.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
box - Size: 21.0 cm x Width 7.7 cm
bottle
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Mr. Dean Charters.
Maker
Allen & Hanburys Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1800
1899
1800-1899
Date Remarks
Original record had "19c."
Material
cardboard: brown; yellow
glass:
paper:
Inscriptions
Printed on box: "Aliment Digestif // Stimulant Nervin // Glycerophosphates // Allen & Hanburys Ltd."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Condition Remarks
Box is worn in some areas.
Copy Type
Original
Images
Less detail
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; ba…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Food, Formulated
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; yellow, black and white rectangular label with product information and dosage on front; box has product information on front and left side, testimonial on right side, and information for other products on back; small white paper tag with number and price affixed to top of left side; corrugated interior; paper promotional leaflet has 4 pages with illustrations and information for different products.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.5 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.4 cm
b – box – Length 20.4 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 19.2 cm Width 11.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Date Remarks
Mold marks from machine go from bottom to top; use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, green, red, blue
cork: tan, dark brown
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD // TRADE “Byno” MARK // Phosphates // TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // COMPOSITION : // Ferri Phosph 1 gr. // Calcii Phosph 1 ½ gr. // Potassii Phosph 1/8 gr. // Sodii Phosph 1/8 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of the well-known Parrish’s // Chemical Food the sugar of the ordinary prepar- // ation, being replaced by the digestive constituents of // “Bynin” Liquid Malt. // It is especially serviceable as a tonic for growing // children and is a valuable restorative in cases of de- // bility, promoting also the digestion of other foods. // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three time a day, with or immediately after food. // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on bottle label: “4390 // Net Contents 10 FL ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // One of the best forms of // administering Iron to // pale and delicate Children // TRADE // MARK // “Byno = // Phosphates” // A MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD. // A modification of the well known - // Parrish’s Chemical Food in which // the Active Malt Extract, Bynin, // replaces the Inert sugar of the // ordinary preparations. It contains // in solution the phosphates of Iron, Lime, Potash and Soda. // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ Liquid Malt // ‘Bynin’ Emulsion // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Glycerophosphates // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, Can. NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box: “ “BYNO” PHOSPHATES is especially serviceable as a general tonic for weekly a[Illeg.] // growing children, and as a restorative in cases of debility, promoting also the digesti[Illeg.] // of all foods.”; hand written of tag on left side; “64056 // $15.00”; printed on right side of box: “The BRITTISH COLONIAL DRUGGIST writes: - “ ‘Byno’ Phosphates is the well- // known Chemical Food with the sugar replaced by the nutrient and digestive constituents // of Liquid Malt. This cannot but be considered a great advance on the ordinary form, as // it presents the additional advantage of digestive aid.” ”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet page include: “ “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”, “ “Byno”- Hypophosphites”, “Trade ‘ BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt” “The ‘Allenburys’ DIET // A complete food rich in brain, nerve // and body building element.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
0010-A (a-b)
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major area of loss on top of cork; minor fading all over bottle label; dark discolouration on top of bottle label; top of box missing; minor tears all over edges of box; major dark staining to top half of box; minor abrasion and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in top and bottom edge of leaflet; minor dark stain of top edge of leaflet; large stain in centre of leaflet on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
“Byno” Phosphates were marketed as a chemical food with added digestive benefits; the proposed benefits were numerous and the product was also specifically marketed as a remedy for children.
Images
Less detail

cascara sagrada

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6982
Dates
1889
circa 1889
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
1976.60.11
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried bark, Rhamnus purshiana (cascara sagrada).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.60.11
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Medicine, Herbal
Cascara
Cathartics
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried bark, Rhamnus purshiana (cascara sagrada).
Number Of Parts
1
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1889
circa 1889
Date Remarks
Original record had "1890-?"; date is uncertain
Material
plastic: clear
plant matter: reddish brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-3 Row F
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Document
Reference Comments
Information sheet accompanying accession sheet
Research Facts
Was used in an exhibit for the International Congress of the History of Medicine in Montreal; used by the North American Indians; note: crude drugs were used in Canada quite extensively until around the 1920s; habitat for Rhamnus purshiana: Northwest Pacific Coast; parts used: bark; uses: popular laxative; official preparation; U.S.P. 1890-present, marketed as Danthron, Sennapod, Senekot, Peri-Colase.
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cascara sagrada

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6990
Accession Number
1976.60.19
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried bark, Cascara sagrada (sacred bark, coffee berry, bitter berry, bitter bark, dogwood, Rhamnus purshiaria).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.60.19
MeSH Heading
Medicine, Herbal
Cascara
Cathartics
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried bark, Cascara sagrada (sacred bark, coffee berry, bitter berry, bitter bark, dogwood, Rhamnus purshiaria).
Number Of Parts
1
Material
plastic: clear
plant matter: reddish brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-3 Row G
Images
Less detail
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023004
Description
Transparent glass shield-shape based Castor Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; bottle half full of thick semi-transparent yellow oil; flat rectangular front and back walls, beveled back corners, and rounded side walls; round, ringed shoulders, short cylindrical neck, r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023004
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Castor Oil
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Inflammation
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
Description
Transparent glass shield-shape based Castor Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; bottle half full of thick semi-transparent yellow oil; flat rectangular front and back walls, beveled back corners, and rounded side walls; round, ringed shoulders, short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck; yellow and blue paper label with product information attached to front; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; cap has rolled bottom edge, flat top, and threaded sides with exterior vertical ridges.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
Rolls & Darlington Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: clear
paper: yellow
ink: blue
metal: black
graphite: dark grey
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “R & D // CASTOR // OIL // Dose – for adults 1 to 4 // tablespoonfuls. Dose for // infants ½ to 2 teaspoon- // fuls as may be required // Contents 2 fluid ounces // Rolls & Darlington // Limited // Toronto, Ontario”; hand written on label in graphite: “23”; embossed on bottom: “4 // B D 2 // 2 oz.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Length
12.0 cm
Width
4.4 cm
Depth
2.9 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling and fading all over label; small area of loss to bottom of label; minor rusting of top and bottom edge of cap
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Document (online)
Website
Document
Reference Comments
Kandola, Aaron. “Benefits of Castor Oil for the Face and Skin.” Medical News Today, 2018. Accessed 28 May 2019.
“ROLLS & DARLINGTON LIMITED.” Canada Business Directory, 2019. Accessed 28 May 2019.
Miller, George L. and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Castor oil is mainly used as a laxative to treat constipation, but has also been used as a treatment for inflammation and to treat skin conditions.
Rolls & Darlington was incorporated in 1930 and operated out of Toronto, Ontario.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at their factory in Hamilton, Ontario.
Images
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Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15184
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liq…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Jaundice
Headache -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls with product name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external lug type thread; rectangular push-up, circular mold mark, and manufacturer information embossed on bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; rectangular white and navy paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label with information and directions in French on back; cap has vertical indents on sides and flat top; box has product information and directions in English on front and proper left side and in French on back and proper right sides bordered in decorative geometric patterns; corrugated liner folded into rectangular box shape with open top and bottom ends.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 21.1 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 3.7 cm
b – box – Length 25.1 cm Width 8.0 cm Depth 4.5 cm
c – box liner – Length 16.5 cm Width 7.7 cm Depth 4.3 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Dreco Co. of Canada Limited
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Date Remarks
Dominion Glass Company trademarked D-in-diamond logo on the bottom of the bottle in 1928; no date marks present, were first introduced by Dominion in 1940
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, white
ink: navy
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “DRECO // AN EFFECTIVE TONIC // AND ALTERNATIVE // A splendid Remedy for disorders arising from slug- // gish action or functional in- // activity of the liver, kidneys // and bowels. // DIRECTIONS // Take one tablespoonful three time a // day, best taken before meals. If it // acts too freely on the bowels, lessen // the dose: if it does not act free enough, // increase the dose. For children about // 12 years old, a tablespoonful three times // a day. // No. 9280. PROPRIETARY AND PATENT MEDICINE ACT // Distributed by // The DRECO CO. of CANADA // LIMITED. // BALTIMORE, U. S. A. and // MONTREAL, Canada.”; embossed on right and left sides of bottle: “DRECO”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D”; printed on front of box: “DRECO // No. 9280 The Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act. // A // STOMACH TONIC // and ALTERNATIVE // A splendid remedy // for disorders arising // from sluggish action // or functional inac- // tivity of the liver, // kidneys and bowels. // PRICE $1.25 // DISTRIBUTED BY // Dreco Co. of Canada // LIMITED // MONTREAL, CANADA // also at // BALTIMORE U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “DRECO – For chronic constipation, biliousness, jaundice, sick headache lassitude and other disorders arising from chronic // inactivity of the stomach, liver and bowels. // In therapeutic activity it covers a wider range than that of simple cathartics since its tendency is to restore the organs con- // cerned in elimination of waste products to a state of normal healthy activity. // It is not intended as a purgative and for some persons it is not sufficiently laxative at the beginning. In such cases where // additional laxative action is necessary, we strongly recommend HI – SPEED LAXATIVE TABLETS to be taken in connection // with DRECO. The formula for these tablets was selected with great care in order that the best results possible would be // obtained from Dreco by their supplemental action.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor corrosion all over cap; minor tears in edges and areas of discolouration on bottom of back bottle label; minor discolouration all over front bottle label; front bottle label separated and creased at bottom; top of box missing; minor discolouration on front of box; major tears in top of box resulting in 6 separate pieces
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions; Dreco was marketed as a treatment for several ailments, including constipation, biliousness, jaundice, and headaches.
The D-in-diamond logo indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the logo was introduced in 1928 and markings for dates were introduce in 1940; the lack of date marks suggests the bottle was manufactured between 1928 and 1940.
Images
Less detail

fluid extract yellow dock

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7880
Dates
1800
1899
1800-1899
Accession Number
1980.18.261
Description
A cylindrical glass bottle with sharply rounded shoulders, a narrow neck, and a lip; closed with a cork; paper label; half full of contents.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1980.18.261
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
A cylindrical glass bottle with sharply rounded shoulders, a narrow neck, and a lip; closed with a cork; paper label; half full of contents.
Number Of Parts
1
Maker
Lyman, Knox & Co.
Dates
1800
1899
1800-1899
Material
glass: amber
cork: brown
paper: brown; black; red
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-2 Row E
Images
Less detail
Accession Number
1976.60.9
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried roots, Euphorbia ipecacuanhae (ipecac).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.60.9
MeSH Heading
Medicine, Herbal
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- emetics
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried roots, Euphorbia ipecacuanhae (ipecac).
Number Of Parts
1
Material
plastic: clear
plant matter: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-3 Row G
Images
Less detail

18 records – page 1 of 2.