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3 records – page 1 of 1.

Dates
1820
1882
1820-1882
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1976.60.3
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried castors (glands from beaver).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.60.3
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Mental Health
Mental Health -- illness -- anxiety
Mental Health -- treatment
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- homeopathy
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- anti anxiety
Drugs
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Animals, Wild
MM= Biopharmaceutics -- animal products, derivatives
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried castors (glands from beaver).
Number Of Parts
1
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1820
1882
1820-1882
Material
plastic: clear
animal matter: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-3 Row E
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Document
Reference Comments
Information sheet accompanying accession sheet; "The American Medical Illustrated Dictionary," 20th ed., W.A. N. Dorland, 1944, p. 286.
Research Facts
Was used in an exhibit for the International Congress of the History of Medicine in Montreal; used by the North American Indians; note: crude drugs were used in Canada quite extensively until around the 1920s; beaver castors are the preputial follicles of the beaver; they secrete a strong-smelling, brownish substance (castoreum) that is a stimulant and antispasmodic; uses: Mohegan tribe placed bandaged piece of castor over wounds and cuts overnight; Penobscots tribe used it for "female troubles"; used as an additive to other medicines; used for relief of congestion in measles (a half-dried castor placed in nostril on end of needle); official preparation: castoreum, U.S.P. 1820-1882 .
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Castoreum (Beaver Castors)

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8366
Dates
1950
1980
circa 1950-1980
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1984.6.15
Description
Clear cylindrical glass jar with black metal screw-on lid with cream paper label affixed to jar with black text describing contents; contents are two dry, dark brown pieces; sealed closure.
  3 images  
Accession Number
1984.6.15
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Mental Health
Mental Health -- illness -- anxiety
Mental Health -- treatment
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- homeopathy
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- anti anxiety
Drugs
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Animals, Wild
MM= Biopharmaceutics -- animal products, derivatives
Description
Clear cylindrical glass jar with black metal screw-on lid with cream paper label affixed to jar with black text describing contents; contents are two dry, dark brown pieces; sealed closure.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - jar: Height 7.2 cm x Diam.4.3 cm
b - cap: Height 1.1 cm x Diam.4.3 cm
Maker
University of Toronto Pharmaceutical Laboratory
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1980
circa 1950-1980
Material
glass: clear
metal: black
paper: cream
ink: black
contents: brown
Inscriptions
On label: "UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO // PHARMACEUTICAL LABORATORY // Castoreum // (Beaver Castors)
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-3 Box 1
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
Internet
Research Facts
Collected from beaver gland (near their genitals), used to treat anxiety, painful menstruation/starts menstruation, as a calming agent (contains salicylic acid, which is part of aspirin). Now used as scent in perfumes and flavouring agent in food (such as vanilla ice cream).
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tincture of valarian

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14488
Dates
1880
1910
circa 1880-1910
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1969.24.4
Description
Empty rectangular clear glass bottle with faceted sides, narrow rectangular cream paper label on one side, embossed on two sides and broken cork stuck in opening; label with hand written brown ink; mould lines visible; embossed on two sides.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1969.24.4
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging-- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
Mental Health
Mental Health -- illness -- anxiety
Mental Health -- illness -- mood disorders
Mental Health -- illness -- psychotic disorders
Mental Health -- illness -- sleep disorders
Mental Health -- treatment
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- anti anxiety
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- homeopathy
Mental Health -- treatment -- patent medicine -- cure all -- quackery
Description
Empty rectangular clear glass bottle with faceted sides, narrow rectangular cream paper label on one side, embossed on two sides and broken cork stuck in opening; label with hand written brown ink; mould lines visible; embossed on two sides.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Maker
J. Howarth
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1880
1910
circa 1880-1910
Material
glass: translucent
paper: cream
ink: brown
cork: brown
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "Tinct. Valerian // From J. HOWARTH, Chemist and Druggist, // 243 Yonge Street, Toronto."; embossed on sides: "J. F. LYON // SOLE // PROPRIETOR"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A7-11
Length
3.5 cm
Width
3.5 cm
Height
10.3 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Interior bottom stained brown, paper with minor stains from product and age
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet Document
Reference Comments
“Canadian Notes” The Chemist and Druggist: A Weekly Trade Journal vol. XXXVI, 1890. https://books.google.ca/
“Samuel Howarth Dead,” The Globe January 18, 1909.
Valerian - WedMD
Research Facts
This bottle contained an extract of valerian, a root used to treat insomnia. It has also been used to treat anxiety, headaches, hysterical states, and muscle or joint pain. It was prepared by John Howarth, a druggist in Toronto until 1890. His son, Samuel Howarth, continued the business until his death in 1909. Presumably, this bottle predates the death of John Howarth in 1890. It also contains some dried residue that has stained the bottle.
Images
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