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air force officer's cap

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6560
Dates
1940
circa 1940
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Accession Number
1973.13.1
Description
Cap has a cloth top with a cloth band and patent leather visor with a gold leaf design of beads and thread; air force crest on front.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1973.13.1
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Clothing
Textiles
Military Medicine
Description
Cap has a cloth top with a cloth band and patent leather visor with a gold leaf design of beads and thread; air force crest on front.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. A.D. Kelly of Toronto.
Maker
Bates Hatter
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1940
circa 1940
Material
fabric: blue-grey; black; yellow; green; red
leather: black
metal: yellow
Inscriptions
On circular label inside: "BATES Hatter, 21 Jermun [?] Street, St. JAMES LONDON"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007 Closet K
Dimension Notes
Depth 11.0 cm x Diam. 25.5 cm
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Research Facts
This cap was worn by Dr. Kelly when he served as chief medical liaison officer with the RAF during World War II.
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Ambrine wax dressing

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6190
Dates
1917
circa 1917
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1969.55.11
Description
A 16-oz. rectangular block of Ambrine with rounded corners; in original cardboard packaging which is open at both ends so that the contents are visible.
  3 images  
Accession Number
1969.55.11
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Burns
Occlusive Dressings
Military Medicine
Description
A 16-oz. rectangular block of Ambrine with rounded corners; in original cardboard packaging which is open at both ends so that the contents are visible.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. Harold DeWitt Ball.
Maker
Ambrine Laboratories
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1917
circa 1917
Material
wax: brown
paper: brown; black; white
Inscriptions
On front of cardboard packaging: "AMBRINE // THE FIRST AND ONLY WAX DRESSING // ORIGINATED, DEVELOPED AND SUCCESSFULLY // USED BY // DOCTEUR BARTHE OF SANDFORT // A PROTECTIVE DRESSING // ASEPTIC // NON-ADHESIVE // NON-IRRITATING // PLIABLE AND PLASTIC // FOR // BURNS OF ANY CAUSE"; elsewhere on the packaging: "A COMBINATION OF PARAFFINS AND RESINOUS GUMS"; "AMBRINE IS USED BY THE FIGHTING FORCES OF THE ALLIES"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D4-4
Temporary Location
On-site exhibit: "Trench Menders: Health Care in the First World War," 25 Feb, 2015.
Dimension Notes
Length 19.0 cm x Width 12.7 cm x Depth 2.7 cm
Condition Remarks
#1: Cardboard packaging ripped and stained by oil from the wax; #3: the package is torn.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
JPG
Reference Comments
Bundy, Elizabeth Roxana. Surgical Nursing in War. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1917.; Churchill, Mary Smith. You Who Can Help. Boston: Small, Maynard and Company, 1918.; Hull, A. J. "The Treatment Of Burns By Paraffin." British Medical Journal 1.2924 (1917): 37-38.; Keen, William W. The Treatment of War Wounds. Philadelphia and London: W.B. Saunders Company, 1917.; Stuart-Nairne, Margaret. “Inventions I Have Seen During the War.” The British Journal of Nursing. 62 (1919): 329; CD #UHN
Research Facts
Ambrine is a paraffin wax mixture developed by Doctor Barthe de Sandfort of France to treat burns. Though developed more than a decade earlier, its use was popularized during World War I due to the increase in burn patients as compared to previous wars. It was also used to treat other instances of deep tissue damage such as frostbite or trench foot.
Application involved several steps. First, the burn is sterilized by being washed with one or a combination of sterile water, hydrogen peroxide, ether, or boric acid. Then the burn needs to be dried completely before the mixture can be applied, which can be accomplished by fanning or by laying a piece of gauze over the wound. A thin coating of melted ambrine is then applied to the site either using a soft-bristled brush or an atomizer. This is covered with a thin layer of cotton wool cut to the size of the burn. Another layer of ambrine is applied on top of this, and once it hardens a bandage is applied to hold the dressing in place. Burns would be dressed daily, or every second day later in treatment.
Ambrine was popular due to the rapidity with which burns healed, the reduced need for skin grafting, the lack of infection due to the air-tight dressing and reduced scarring.
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amputation and surgery kit

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14633
Dates
1860
1895
circa 1860 - 1895
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
Accession Number
000028001 a-ee
Description
Hinged wooden rectangular surgical case with brass banding along edges and across top of lid (a) with lift out drawer (b) both lined with purple velvet and two removable covers (c,d); contains two Liston (e,g) and one Catling (f) amputating knives of varying sizes; set of minor operating knives (h…
  3 images  
Accession Number
000028001 a-ee
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
Amputation -- instrumentation
Trephining -- instrumentation
Military Medicine
Description
Hinged wooden rectangular surgical case with brass banding along edges and across top of lid (a) with lift out drawer (b) both lined with purple velvet and two removable covers (c,d); contains two Liston (e,g) and one Catling (f) amputating knives of varying sizes; set of minor operating knives (h-k) along with two other scalpels (l,m); clear plastic spool of braided silk and another spool with no thread (n,o); curved surgical needles of varying sizes (p-r) and two hooked needles of different sizes (s,t); a needle holder (u); hand saw (v) with narrow (w) and wide (x) saw blades; hey saw (y); steel trephine handle (z); steel trephine (aa); black brush (bb); narrow retractor all metal one piece (cc); angled surgical scalpel (dd); curved director / dilator (ee); there are pieces missing; knives and scalpels with incised cross-hatched ebony handles.
Number Of Parts
31
Part Names
a - wood case
b - lift out drawer
c - large removable cover
d - removable cover
e - surgical knife Liston 8 3/4”
f - surgical bistory Catling 7”
g - surgical knife Liston 6”
h - short surgical scalpel
i - short surgical scalpel J. J. TEUFEL
j - short surgical scalpel
k - short surgical scalpel
l - short surgical scalpel with worn handle
m - scalpel metal one piece
n - spool of braided silk
o - spool
p - curved surgical needle
q - curved surgical needle
r - curved surgical needle
s - hooked surgical needle
t - hooked surgical needle
u - needle holder
v - hand saw
w - narrow saw blade
x - wide saw blade
y - hey saw
z - trephine handle
aa - trephine
bb - brush
cc - narrow retractor all metal one piece
dd - angled surgical scalpel
ee - curved director/ dilator
Provenance
Originally owned by Dr. Peter William Reid (Reed) of Madoc, Ontario. Donated by great grandson.
Maker
Kuhlman
Site Made (City)
Detroit
Site Made (State)
Michigan
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1860
1895
circa 1860 - 1895
Material
wood: brown
fabric: purple
metal: silver; brass
leather: black
Inscriptions
Stamped on neck of (e- f): "KUHLMANN"; (g-h): "A. KUHLMANN"; (i): "J. J. TEUFEL"; (j-l): "A. KUHLMANN"; (m); "GERMANY"; (u): "TIEMANN & CO"; (z): "H. McC. & D. // CHICAGO"; (dd): "CTRUAX & CO"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E1-7
Temporary Location
For u, z-aa only: On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Length
a - 41.0 b - 38.5 c - 38.6 d - 5.2 e - 36.1 f - 35.4 g - 28.5 h - 16.3 i - 16.5 j - 16.5 k - 15.6 l - 16.2 m - 16.8 n - 2.4 o - 2.5 p - 7.5 q - 5.0 r - 4.2 s - 5.4 t - 4.1 u - 11.5 v - 36.5 w - 26.2 x - 26.2 y - 17.3 z - 9.7cm aa - 10.5 bb - 9.6 cc - 13.3 dd - 20.2 ee - 24.6
Width
a - 16.5 b - 13.8 c - 13.9 d - 3.9 e - 1.9 f - 1.9 g - 1.9 h - 1.7 i - 1.7 j - 1.2 k - 1.6 l - 1.2 m - 0.9 p - 0.1 q - 0.1 r - 0.1 s -0.2 t - 0.1 u - 2.0 v - 9.9 w - 1.1 x - 2.0 y - 4.8 z - 1.9 aa - 1.9 bb - 1.8 cc - 1.0 dd - 0.9 ee - 0.5
Depth
a - 8.7 b - 2.2 c - 0.5 d - 0.4 e - 1.4 f - 1.9 g - 1.8 h - 0.6 i - 0.6 j - 0.6 k - 0.6 l - 0.6 m - 0.4 p - 0.1 q - 0.1 r - 0.1 s - 0.1 t - 0.1 u - 1.0 v - 2.2 w - 0.1 x - 0.1 y - 1.0 z - 2.0 aa - 1.9 bb - 0.9 cc - 0.5 dd - 0.6 ee - 0.5
Diameter
n - 1.4 o - 1.3
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor lifting of double decorative brass wire; discolourization of velvet to a light brown; lid warped does not fully close
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Dr. William Standish Reed.
Civil War issue U. S. Army Hospital Department set by Geo. Tiemann. American Civil War Surgical Antiques.
Research Facts
Dr. Peter William Reid (1827 - 1898) was born in Stirling Ontario and was an Empire Loyalist. Dr. Reid moved to the United States and due to a clerical error the spelling of his last name was changed to Reed.
The layout and instruments would indicate use as a field set as opposed to hospital use. Field sets are not as extensive as hospital sets and would have been used for initial treatment of war wounds as well as for treatment of day-to-day surgical problems.
The case has indentations for approximately 37 tools, but there is only 19 remaining instruments that fit into their designated areas. Three instruments do not appear to have designated spots within the case.
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army regulation case

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5504
Dates
1885
circa 1885
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
Accession Number
1952.3.1 a-ao
Description
Walnut case lined with purple velvet, containing 40 surgical instruments: (a,p) amputation saws; (b) amputating knife; (c,d) amputating knives; (e,af) tenaculum; (f,h) scalpels; (g,l,n) finger knives; (i,j,k,m,ao) bistourys; (o,an) needles; (q) trocar; (r) trepanning elevator; (s,t,y,ac,ad) forceps…
  1 image  
Accession Number
1952.3.1 a-ao
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
Amputation -- instrumentation
Trephining -- instrumentation
Military Medicine
Description
Walnut case lined with purple velvet, containing 40 surgical instruments: (a,p) amputation saws; (b) amputating knife; (c,d) amputating knives; (e,af) tenaculum; (f,h) scalpels; (g,l,n) finger knives; (i,j,k,m,ao) bistourys; (o,an) needles; (q) trocar; (r) trepanning elevator; (s,t,y,ac,ad) forceps; (u,v) retractors; (w) trephine; (x) handle for (w) (?); (z,aa) parts of a double tracheotomy tube; (b) canula for trocar; (ae) lithotomy staff; (ag) catheter (?); (ah) director (?); (ai,aj) keys; (ak) lid to small compartment; (al) tray; (am) case.
Number Of Parts
41
Part Names
a - amputation saw - Size: Length 35.7 cm x Width 7.2 cm
b - amputating knife - Size: Length 39.8 cm
c - amputating knife - Size: Length 32.0 cm
d - amputating knife - Size: Length 26.0 cm
e- tenaculum - Size: Length 14.5 cm
f - scalpel - Size: Length 15.2 cm
g - narrow finger knife - Size: Length 18.3 cm
h - scalpel - Size: Length 14.8 cm
i - button pointed curved bistoury - Size: Length 18.1 cm
j - sharp pointed curved bistoury - Size: Length 18.1 cm
k - button pointed straight bistoury - Size: Length 18.0 cm
l - finger knife (?) - Size: Length 18.6 cm
m - hernia bistoury - Size: Length 18.3 cm
n - finger knife (?) - Size: Length 18.1 cm
o - needle - Size: Length 18.9 cm
p - amputating saw - Size: Length 21.4 cm x Width 2.1 cm
q - curved trocar - Size: Length 20.3 cm
r - trepanning elevator - Size: Length 16.0 cm
s - lion forceps - Size: Length 20.3 cm
t - straight bone forceps - Size: Length 21.1 cm
u - retractor - Size: Length 14.1 cm x Width 1.9 cm
v - retractor - Size: Length 14.1 cm x Width 1.9 cm
w - trephine - Size: Length 12.6 cm
x - handle for (w) (?) - Size: Length 9.2 cm
y - forceps - Size: Length 21.2 cm
z - part of a double tracheotomy tube - Size: Length 5.3 cm
aa - part of a double tracheotomy tube - Size: Length 4.8 cm
ab - canula (for trocar) - Size: Length 11.6 cm
ac - dissection forceps - Size: Length 15.4 cm
ad - fenestrated artery forceps - Size: Length 12.1 cm
ae - lithotomy staff - Size: Length 29.6 cm
af - tenaculum, sharp - Size: Length 17.7 cm
ag - catheter (?) - Size: Length 17.2 cm
ah - director (?) - Size: Length 4.5 cm
ai - key - Size: Length 3.0 cm
aj - key - Size: Length 3.1 cm
ak - lid to small compartment - Size: Length 6.2 cm x Width 3.0 cm
al - tray - Size: Length 41.9 cm x Width 15.2 cm x Depth 2.9 cm
am - case - Size: Length 44.6 cm x Width 18.0 cm x Depth 7.5 cm
an - needle - Size: Length 18.7 cm
ao - curved bistoury - Size: Length 17.8 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by H.S. Mason, D.D.S.; owned and used by Dr. MacInnes of Vittoria, Ont., grandfather of the donor.
Maker
C Wright & Co.
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1885
circa 1885
Material
metal
rubber (?)
wood: brown
fabric: purple
Inscriptions
Brass plate on outside top of case lid has "C.L.P. Branson" inscribed in script.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E1-2
Temporary Location
On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Condition Remarks
There appears to be a few pieces missing.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
Evans & Wormall Catalogue (1876); CD #UHN
Exhibit History
"When Medicine Met Science," Museum of Health Care, April 29, 2003 - 25 Jan 2017.
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army regulation surgical set

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5442
Dates
1888
circa 1888
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
Accession Number
1938.1.3 a-ac
Description
Wooden case (ac) containing a set of surgical instruments such as amputating saw and knives; forceps; lithotomy sounds; bistoury; throat probang.
  4 images  
Accession Number
1938.1.3 a-ac
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
Amputation -- instrumentation
Military Medicine
MM= Surgical Set -- amputation/general surgery
Description
Wooden case (ac) containing a set of surgical instruments such as amputating saw and knives; forceps; lithotomy sounds; bistoury; throat probang.
Number Of Parts
29
Part Names
b - butcher's amputating saw - Size: Length 33.3 cm x Width 11.9 cm
c - bistoury (?) - Size: Length 18.3 cm
d - amputating knife, small - Size: Length 18.7 cm
e - needle with handle - Size: Length 20.2 cm
h - finger knife (?) - Size: Length 18.7 cm
l - amputating knife, medium - Size: Length 32.0 cm
m - amputating knife, long - Size: Length 37.7 cm
n - top tray - Size: Length 41.0 cm x Width 20.7 cm x Depth 2.8 cm
o - perineum needle (?) - Size: Length 15.5 cm
p - tray (2nd level) - Size: Length 42.5 cm x Width 22.0 cm x Depth 5.2 cm
q - artery forceps - Size: Length 5.0 cm
r - artery forceps - Size: Length 5.0 cm
s - pile clamp (?) - Size: Length 21.2 cm
t - lithotomy sound (?) - Size: Length 30.6 cm
u - lithotomy sound (?) - Size: Length 30.5 cm
v - lithotomy sound (?) - Size: Length 31.3 cm
w - throat probang - Size: Length 47.0 cm
x - throat probang - Size: Length 47.0 cm
y - eye instrument (?) - Size: Length 17.1 cm
z - lid for compartment on inside bottom of case- Size: Length 7.6 cm x Width 5.7 cm
aa - blade - Size: Length 19.7 cm x Width 0.7 cm
ab - blade - Size: Length 19.7 cm x Width 1.0 cm
ac - case - Size: Length 45.7 cm x Width 25.2 cm x Depth 12.9 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; owned and used by Dr. Alexander Primrose, who purchased it from Messrs. Mayer & Meltzer in 1888.
Maker
Mayer & Meltzer
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1888
circa 1888
Material
metal
wood
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E1-2
Condition Remarks
Many pieces missing; top of case is cracked; #2: cracks in case and knives; #3: box re-checked
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
JPG
Reference Comments
(b,aa,ab) See Evans and Wormall catalogue, 1876, Plate 11, fig. 52; (e) same catalogue, Plate 10, fig. 29; (h) same catalogue, Plate 10, fig. 41; (l, m) same catalogue, Plate 10, fig. 27; (o) see Down Bros. catalogue, 1901, p. 555. fig. 2773; (p,r) See Evans and Wormall catalogue, 1876, Plate 13, fig. 68; (s) see H.J. Milburn & Co. catalogue, ca 1893, p. 144, fig. 1983; (t,u,v) see Downs Bros. catalogue, 1901, p. 526, fig. 2633; (w,x) see Evans and Wormall catalogue, 1876, Plate 46, fig. 449; CD #UHN
Research Facts
When purchased, the case was full and was supposed to contain all the instruments a surgeon would need in his practice at that time. Note that the letter "a" was not used in identifying the parts, and (f), (g), (i), (j), and (k) are missing.
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Army Surgeon's Regulation Case

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5289
Dates
1812
1847
circa 1812-1847
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
Accession Number
1921.2.2 a-t
Description
Wooden surgical case (a) lined with velvet and containing (b,c,d) Liston's amputation knives, three different sizes, each with a black wooden handle; (e) broad elevator with a wooden handle for trepanning and necrosis; (f) octagonal wooden handle that fits onto (g) a brass and steel trephine; (h) L…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1921.2.2 a-t
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
Amputation -- instrumentation
Trephining -- instrumentation
Military Medicine
Description
Wooden surgical case (a) lined with velvet and containing (b,c,d) Liston's amputation knives, three different sizes, each with a black wooden handle; (e) broad elevator with a wooden handle for trepanning and necrosis; (f) octagonal wooden handle that fits onto (g) a brass and steel trephine; (h) Liston's artery forceps with clasp and curved interlocking tips; (i) bullet forceps with scooped tips; (j) straight hemorrhoid forceps with fixing slide; (k,l) scalpels each with a wooden handle; (m) tenaculum in wooden handle; (n) scalpel with wooden handle; (o) glass spool with white silk for suturing; (p) metal key for lock; (q,r) Petit's spiral screw tourniquet made of metal, cloth, and leather; (s) amputating saw with a carved wooden handle; miscellaneous items not numbered: one half-circle, round-eye Hagedorn suture needle, two quarter-circle, plain eye suture needles; one straight, plain eye suture needle; one roll of sutures, possibly catgut; (t) handwritten note on tan paper in black ink with red underlines under the date and heading, note is about Dr. Grasett and his father
Number Of Parts
19
Part Names
a -case - Size: Length 35.7 cm x Width 20.8 cm
b - amputation knife - Size: Length 33.0 cm
c - amputation knife - Size: Length 27.0 cm
d - amputation knife - Size: Length 17.9 cm
e - elevator - Size: Length 17.5 cm
f - handle - Size: Length 9.2 cm
g - trephine - Size: Length 11.1 cm
h - artery forceps - Size: Length 12.7 cm
i - bullet forceps - Size: Length 18.1 cm
j - hemorrhoid forceps - Size: Length 13.3 cm
k - scalpel - Size: Length 15.2 cm
l - scalpel - Size: Length 16.0 cm
m - tenaculum - Size: Length 12.0 cm
n - scalpel - Size: Length 16.5 cm
o - glass spool - Size: Length 2.5 cm
p - key - Size: Length 3.5 cm
q - screw tourniquet - Size: Length 8.0 cm
r - screw tourniquet - Size: Length 8.0 cm
s - amputating saw - Size: Length 33.0 cm
t - paper - Size: Length 18.6 cm X Width 27.9 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. Frederick LeMaitre Grasett; owned and used by his uncle Dr. G. R. Grasett, and before him by his father. Field set belonging to Dr. Henry Grasett, surgeon-in-chief to forces during the War of 1812.
Maker
Gardner; Stodart
Site Made (City)
Edinburgh
Site Made (Country)
Scotland
Dates
1812
1847
circa 1812-1847
Date Remarks
Based on death date of owner.
Material
wood: brown; black
metal
fabric: white
leather
glass
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E1-7 (a-s)
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Assorted Binder C - 14b (t)
Condition Remarks
2013: conserved & repaired; Lid broken off box; several large cracks; bullet forceps' scooped tips do not come together completely when closed; #2: three additional cracks; velvet on the inside of the lid was worn; one clasp missing; bottom of the case has a crack running down the centre of its length; the arm of the proper left clasp was broken; there is a minor crack in the handle of (b); all other pieces show signs of moderate wear; (i) and (j) heavily worn; no signs of active corrosion on the metal pieces; fishing line had been used to secure both tourniquet straps; the bottom of the case was scratched and the corner joins were stressed; a splinter had come apart from the front proper right corner of the case, 5 cm long.
Case lid is broken off near the hinge. The corner joints at the hinged edge are slightly separated. Case lid and bottom have cracks across the length of the case. PL front latch arm is broken and hook is lost. The exterior of the case is scratched and the bottom has small losses and a white-ish material rubbed into the wood. Metal components are slightly tarnished. Velvet lining is abraded, matted, and dirty. Fabric has peeled away from wood in some areas and some dividers inside the case are loose.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Donor remarks
Reference Comments
Information paper written March 1921 donated with the objects in this lot.
Research Facts
Dr. G.R. Grasett was born in Portugal Coimbra in 1811, son of Henry Grasett, who was Surgeon 48th Northampton Regt., serving under Sir Arthur Wellesley (Duke of Wellington).
Dr. G.R. Grasett (born 1811) came with his father in 1813 to Quebec (War of 1812-14).He graduated by license of Lower Canada, passed the Medical Board of Upper Canada July 1838 (Christopher Widmer, Peter Diehl, Robert Hornby). He practiced in Amherstburg, county of Essex. A suspicion of aneurism brought him to Toronto, and in 1847 he took charge of the Immigrants hospital and died of typhus fever in the Rectory of St. James, Adelaide in 1847. It is believed the case belonged to his father, Surgeon and Dt. Inspector-General of Hospitals before it came to him. His father was born in County Longford, Ireland, educated at Mercer's Hospital in Dublin. He entered the army as hospital mate by commission on the 27th of December, 1794. 48th Regiment March 1797. He served in Martinique, St. Vincent, and as prisoner of war at Guadeloupe in charge of British sick and wounded. Joined the 48th in St. Lucia. At the capture of Trinidad 1797. 1800 he was at Minorca and at the capture of Malta, and stationed there three years. 1805 ordered to Gibraltar. In May 1809, joined the army under Sir A. Wellesley (the Iron Duke of Wellington Arthur Wellesley) at Lisbon, at Salamanca, Cludad Rodrigo, and Badajoz. In 1813 in North America appointed Surgeon in Chief and so went after the general peace. Died in Quebec 1843.
Exhibit History
Queen's University Art Conservation Program, 4 Sept. 2012-15 Feb. 2013: L-2012-5. On loan to Historic Fort York, City of Toronto, Culture Division, Museums and Heritage Services, 24/10/2003-24/10/2005: L-2003.2; On exhibit in "Friendly Fire 1812," Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 27 Feb. 2012 - 7 Sept. 2012: L-20120-2..
Images
Less detail
Dates
1914
1918
circa 1914-1918
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
Accession Number
1974.5.1
Description
Metal badge with a clip for attachment on the back: shows a laurel wreath surrounding a caduceus with a crown above; insignia below.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1974.5.1
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
MeSH Heading
Military Medicine
Description
Metal badge with a clip for attachment on the back: shows a laurel wreath surrounding a caduceus with a crown above; insignia below.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Mrs. Nina Drake of Toronto; belonged to Dr. Theodore George Harwood Drake (1891-1959) and worn by him during the First World War.
Site Made (Country)
Britain
Dates
1914
1918
circa 1914-1918
Material
metal: brown
Inscriptions
On banner below caduceus: "ROYAL MEDICAL CORPS"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C4-9
Dimension Notes
Length 4.0 cm x Width 3.2 cm x Depth 0.8 cm
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Images
Less detail
Dates
1930
1970
circa 1930-1970
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
Accession Number
1970.8.54
Description
A metal badge pin with maple leaf cluster, CMA symbol in centre with a crown above it and a banner underneath; pin on back attached to black tape.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1970.8.54
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
MeSH Heading
Military Medicine
Description
A metal badge pin with maple leaf cluster, CMA symbol in centre with a crown above it and a banner underneath; pin on back attached to black tape.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: estate of Harold DeWitt Ball via Dr. Olive Ibberson.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1930
1970
circa 1930-1970
Date Remarks
Original record had "mid 20c."
Material
metal: dark brown
tape: black
Inscriptions
"CANADIAN MEDICAL CORPS" in banner.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C4-9
Dimension Notes
Length 4.4 cm x Width 3.2 cm
Condition Remarks
Very dirty and tarnished.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Images
Less detail
Dates
1915
circa 1915
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1969.176.1 a-j
  1 image  
Accession Number
1969.176.1 a-j
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bandages
First Aid
Germany
Military Medicine
Number Of Parts
10
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Dates
1915
circa 1915
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D4-2
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Images
Less detail

blood transfusion apparatus

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14918
Dates
1910
1920
circa 1910-1920
Collection
Fransman Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Military Medicine
Nursing
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Phlebotomy
Accession Number
000050002
Description
Portable blood transfusion apparatus housed in upright brown varnished wood box (a) with hinged front lid and two metal latches on left opening side and brass key lock, key missing; interior with portion of top of box hinged to open for access to removable upper shelf (c) and pull out wood drawer (…
  4 images  
Accession Number
000050002
Collection
Fransman Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Military Medicine
Nursing
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Phlebotomy
MeSH Heading
Phlebotomy
Military Medicine
Description
Portable blood transfusion apparatus housed in upright brown varnished wood box (a) with hinged front lid and two metal latches on left opening side and brass key lock, key missing; interior with portion of top of box hinged to open for access to removable upper shelf (c) and pull out wood drawer (b) on bottom; two clear hand blown glass bottles (e-f), one with graduated measurements from 20 to 1100 cc in 20 cc gradations and the other without markings are held in place by a removable shaped wood piece (d) with a metal snap latch to join this piece to the built in wood shelf; bottles with wedge shaped red rubber plugs with a pair of glass rods descending into the bottle interior, with multiple and long red rubber tubes attached to glass rods on top of plugs; apparatus (g) of rubber tubes with a series of three metal clamps, two glass cylinders one filled with white cotton batting and one ‘T’ shaped glass connector rod all leading to a pair of long glass rods in ‘U’ shape attached to hinged door with wood toggles have bulbous tops and one bulb is open, placed in front of a pale yellow printed measurement guide with gradation from the center number “0” at the middle and measurements decreasing below and above by 20 ending in ‘30’ at both ends; several wood parts have hand written numbers while the bottle holder has a stamped number; bottles with minor bubbles in glass with etched interior of neck; silver stainless steel needle (h) with removable screw off top and similar style of trocar (i) with removable sections to change size of trocar stored inside.
Number Of Parts
9
Part Names
a – case: 46.4 cm Height x 28.3 cm Width x 21.3 cm Depth b – drawer: 26.3 cm Length x 28.3 cm Width x 21.3 cm Depth c – shelf: 26.3 cm Length x 15.9 cm Height x 0.6 cm Depth d – bottle holder: 26.3 cm Length x 5.6 cm Width x 1.0 cm Depth e – f -bottle: 26.3 cm Height x 5.6 cm Diam g – rubber apparatus h - needle: 12.4 cm Length x 3.3 cm Width x 0.8 cm Depth I - trocar: 11.8 cm Length x 3.5 cm Width x 1.0 cm Depth
Provenance
Collected by Dr. Fransman, donor's father.
Dates
1910
1920
circa 1910-1920
Material
wood: brown
rubber: tan
glass: transparent
metal: silver
leather: brown
Inscriptions
Stamped on trocar: "HOLBONDS // LONDON"; on latch of bottle holder: "BRITISH // PAT NO // 165333 // MADE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-Q2-1
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Wikipedia
Research Facts
Beginning with William Harvey's experiments on the circulation of blood, research into blood transfusion began in the 17th century, with successful experiments in transfusion between animals. However, successive attempts by physicians to transfuse animal blood into humans gave variable, often fatal, results.
James Blundell in london, UK, successfully transfused human blood in 1818. The largest series of early successful transfusions took place at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary between 1885 and 1892. Edinburgh later became the home of the first blood donation and blood transfusion services. It was not until 1901, when the Austrian Karl Landsteiner discovered three human blood groups (O, A, and B), that blood transfusion was put onto a scientific basis and became safer.
The First World War acted as a catalyst for the rapid development of blood banks and transfusion techniques. Canadian doctor and Lieutenant Lawrence Bruce Robertson was instrumental in persuading the Royal Army Medical Corps to adopt the use of blood transfusion at the Casualty Clearing Stations for the wounded. In October 1915, Robertson performed his first wartime transfusion with a syringe to a patient suffering from multiple shrapnel wounds. He followed this up with four subsequent transfusions in the following months.
Dr. Fransman graduated from medical school in 1940 and lived in Amsterdam. Worked in Holland, England during WWII. Came to Kingston General Hosptial, Ontario in 1951 as a chest specialist and managed the TB clinincs. Radiologist specialist in 1960 and managed the x-ray department at Kingston General Hosptial, retiring in 1983. Post-retirement he worked at the Collins Bay prison, Kingston Psychiatric Hopsital, Ongwanada and St. Mary's of the Lake, retiring again in 1996.
Exhibit History
On exhibit 100TH Anniversary of Public Health Canada, Ottawa L-2019-7 27 Nov – 2 Dec 2019
On loan L-2018-6 Canadian War Musuem for exhibit 'Last 100 Days of the First World War' 17 May 2018 - 20 April 2019
Images
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