On front of cardboard packaging: "AMBRINE // THE FIRST AND ONLY WAX DRESSING // ORIGINATED, DEVELOPED AND SUCCESSFULLY // USED BY // DOCTEUR BARTHE OF SANDFORT // A PROTECTIVE DRESSING // ASEPTIC // NON-ADHESIVE // NON-IRRITATING // PLIABLE AND PLASTIC // FOR // BURNS OF ANY CAUSE"; elsewhere on the packaging: "A COMBINATION OF PARAFFINS AND RESINOUS GUMS"; "AMBRINE IS USED BY THE FIGHTING FORCES OF THE ALLIES"
Storage Room 0010
On-site exhibit: "Trench Menders: Health Care in the First World War," 25 Feb, 2015.
Length 19.0 cm x Width 12.7 cm x Depth 2.7 cm
#1: Cardboard packaging ripped and stained by oil from the wax; #3: the package is torn.
Bundy, Elizabeth Roxana. Surgical Nursing in War. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1917.; Churchill, Mary Smith. You Who Can Help. Boston: Small, Maynard and Company, 1918.; Hull, A. J. "The Treatment Of Burns By Paraffin." British Medical Journal 1.2924 (1917): 37-38.; Keen, William W. The Treatment of War Wounds. Philadelphia and London: W.B. Saunders Company, 1917.; Stuart-Nairne, Margaret. “Inventions I Have Seen During the War.” The British Journal of Nursing. 62 (1919): 329; CD #UHN
Ambrine is a paraffin wax mixture developed by Doctor Barthe de Sandfort of France to treat burns. Though developed more than a decade earlier, its use was popularized during World War I due to the increase in burn patients as compared to previous wars. It was also used to treat other instances of deep tissue damage such as frostbite or trench foot.
Application involved several steps. First, the burn is sterilized by being washed with one or a combination of sterile water, hydrogen peroxide, ether, or boric acid. Then the burn needs to be dried completely before the mixture can be applied, which can be accomplished by fanning or by laying a piece of gauze over the wound. A thin coating of melted ambrine is then applied to the site either using a soft-bristled brush or an atomizer. This is covered with a thin layer of cotton wool cut to the size of the burn. Another layer of ambrine is applied on top of this, and once it hardens a bandage is applied to hold the dressing in place. Burns would be dressed daily, or every second day later in treatment.
Ambrine was popular due to the rapidity with which burns healed, the reduced need for skin grafting, the lack of infection due to the air-tight dressing and reduced scarring.
Made in the winter of 1917, during the First World War.
Storage Room 0010
Length 15.5 cm x Width 10.0 cm
Dr. S.J. Streight's commentary; CD #UHN
This retractor was designed by Major S.J. Streight and made by Private Whitehead of No. 2 Canadian Casualty Clearing Station during the winter of 1917. At that time this clearing station was handling many casualties; stationed in the Ypres area. "We found that this retractor protected the soft tissues from further damage and enabled us to retract them so as to saw through the bone at a higher level. This was found particularly useful in amputations through the thigh and leg."
Bottom of box is inscribed in ink: "R.W. Forrest Acting Asst. Surgeon U.S.A. 1864"
Storage Room 0010
Velvet faded; #3: minor scratches on the surfacr of the case and metal inlay; crack in the wood on the proper right side, 6.0 cm long; metal inlay worn but no active corrosion; significant cracks in the outer bottom surface of the case; one along the near edge 42.0 cm along length of case, and another along the front edge, 23.0 cm long; no cracks in any instrument handles except (b) the amputation saw, 2.0 cm long; the extra saw blade has a patch of active corrosion at the tip, 1.7 cm x 0.5 cm, and 2.2 cm x 0.4 cm; (c) dilator has four patches of active corrosion on one side and six patches on the other; possible active corrosion at the midpoint of the Hey's saw; felt lining is moderately faded in the tray and slightly faded in the top and bottom; one handle of inner tray (proper left) is broken; felt and wood worn on bottom level where large pliers are stored.
York County Atlas, 1879; A.L. Hernstein & Co. catalogue, 1870, p. 10 No. 9 "Army Field Case." CD #UHN
"When Medicine Met Science" exhibit, Ann Baillie Building, April 29, 2003
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Wooden surgical case (a) lined with velvet and containing (b,c,d) Liston's amputation knives, three different sizes, each with a black wooden handle; (e) broad elevator with a wooden handle for trepanning and necrosis; (f) octagonal wooden handle that fits onto (g) a brass and steel trephine; (h) L…
Wooden surgical case (a) lined with velvet and containing (b,c,d) Liston's amputation knives, three different sizes, each with a black wooden handle; (e) broad elevator with a wooden handle for trepanning and necrosis; (f) octagonal wooden handle that fits onto (g) a brass and steel trephine; (h) Liston's artery forceps with clasp and curved interlocking tips; (i) bullet forceps with scooped tips; (j) straight hemorrhoid forceps with fixing slide; (k,l) scalpels each with a wooden handle; (m) tenaculum in wooden handle; (n) scalpel with wooden handle; (o) glass spool with white silk for suturing; (p) metal key for lock; (q,r) Petit's spiral screw tourniquet made of metal, cloth, and leather; (s) amputating saw with a carved wooden handle; miscellaneous items not numbered: one half-circle, round-eye Hagedorn suture needle, two quarter-circle, plain eye suture needles; one straight, plain eye suture needle; one roll of sutures, possibly catgut; (t) handwritten note on tan paper in black ink with red underlines under the date and heading, note is about Dr. Grasett and his father
Number Of Parts
a -case - Size: Length 35.7 cm x Width 20.8 cm
b - amputation knife - Size: Length 33.0 cm
c - amputation knife - Size: Length 27.0 cm
d - amputation knife - Size: Length 17.9 cm
e - elevator - Size: Length 17.5 cm
f - handle - Size: Length 9.2 cm
g - trephine - Size: Length 11.1 cm
h - artery forceps - Size: Length 12.7 cm
i - bullet forceps - Size: Length 18.1 cm
j - hemorrhoid forceps - Size: Length 13.3 cm
k - scalpel - Size: Length 15.2 cm
l - scalpel - Size: Length 16.0 cm
m - tenaculum - Size: Length 12.0 cm
n - scalpel - Size: Length 16.5 cm
o - glass spool - Size: Length 2.5 cm
p - key - Size: Length 3.5 cm
q - screw tourniquet - Size: Length 8.0 cm
r - screw tourniquet - Size: Length 8.0 cm
s - amputating saw - Size: Length 33.0 cm
t - paper - Size: Length 18.6 cm X Width 27.9 cm
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. Frederick LeMaitre Grasett; owned and used by his uncle Dr. G. R. Grasett, and before him by his father. Field set belonging to Dr. Henry Grasett, surgeon-in-chief to forces during the War of 1812.
2013: conserved & repaired; Lid broken off box; several large cracks; bullet forceps' scooped tips do not come together completely when closed; #2: three additional cracks; velvet on the inside of the lid was worn; one clasp missing; bottom of the case has a crack running down the centre of its length; the arm of the proper left clasp was broken; there is a minor crack in the handle of (b); all other pieces show signs of moderate wear; (i) and (j) heavily worn; no signs of active corrosion on the metal pieces; fishing line had been used to secure both tourniquet straps; the bottom of the case was scratched and the corner joins were stressed; a splinter had come apart from the front proper right corner of the case, 5 cm long.
Case lid is broken off near the hinge. The corner joints at the hinged edge are slightly separated. Case lid and bottom have cracks across the length of the case. PL front latch arm is broken and hook is lost. The exterior of the case is scratched and the bottom has small losses and a white-ish material rubbed into the wood. Metal components are slightly tarnished. Velvet lining is abraded, matted, and dirty. Fabric has peeled away from wood in some areas and some dividers inside the case are loose.
Information paper written March 1921 donated with the objects in this lot.
Dr. G.R. Grasett was born in Portugal Coimbra in 1811, son of Henry Grasett, who was Surgeon 48th Northampton Regt., serving under Sir Arthur Wellesley (Duke of Wellington).
Dr. G.R. Grasett (born 1811) came with his father in 1813 to Quebec (War of 1812-14).He graduated by license of Lower Canada, passed the Medical Board of Upper Canada July 1838 (Christopher Widmer, Peter Diehl, Robert Hornby). He practiced in Amherstburg, county of Essex. A suspicion of aneurism brought him to Toronto, and in 1847 he took charge of the Immigrants hospital and died of typhus fever in the Rectory of St. James, Adelaide in 1847. It is believed the case belonged to his father, Surgeon and Dt. Inspector-General of Hospitals before it came to him. His father was born in County Longford, Ireland, educated at Mercer's Hospital in Dublin. He entered the army as hospital mate by commission on the 27th of December, 1794. 48th Regiment March 1797. He served in Martinique, St. Vincent, and as prisoner of war at Guadeloupe in charge of British sick and wounded. Joined the 48th in St. Lucia. At the capture of Trinidad 1797. 1800 he was at Minorca and at the capture of Malta, and stationed there three years. 1805 ordered to Gibraltar. In May 1809, joined the army under Sir A. Wellesley (the Iron Duke of Wellington Arthur Wellesley) at Lisbon, at Salamanca, Cludad Rodrigo, and Badajoz. In 1813 in North America appointed Surgeon in Chief and so went after the general peace. Died in Quebec 1843.
Queen's University Art Conservation Program, 4 Sept. 2012-15 Feb. 2013: L-2012-5. On loan to Historic Fort York, City of Toronto, Culture Division, Museums and Heritage Services, 24/10/2003-24/10/2005: L-2003.2; On exhibit in "Friendly Fire 1812," Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 27 Feb. 2012 - 7 Sept. 2012: L-20120-2..
"Johnson & Johnson // 25 YARDS // BRUNSWICK GAUZE // PLAIN // Johnson & Johnson // LIMITED MONREAL // MADE IN CANADA"; two symbols flank the lower "Johnson & Johnson" logo: they are circular, made of stylized chain links forming a compass or quadrafoil design within a circle.
Storage Room 0010
Length 22.2 cm x Diam. 10.5 cm
Packaging is discoloured in patches; one tear at end 5 cm long; gauze inside is in excellent condition.
A 2cc glass syringe in syringe barrel (a) which has a luer-lok head and a syringe barrel (b); there is also three corked glass tubes (c-e), and two needles (f-g), and a metal tube holding wires for cleaning the needles (h); everything is stored in a metal case (i) which is in turn stored in a cardb…
A 2cc glass syringe in syringe barrel (a) which has a luer-lok head and a syringe barrel (b); there is also three corked glass tubes (c-e), and two needles (f-g), and a metal tube holding wires for cleaning the needles (h); everything is stored in a metal case (i) which is in turn stored in a cardboard box with a base (j) and a lid (k)
Number Of Parts
a - barrel - Size: Length 7.4 cm x Width 1.8 cm x Depth 1.7 cm
b - plunger - Size: Length 6.4 cm x Diam. 1.3 cm
c - glass tube - Size: Length 7.5 cm x Diam. 0.5 cm
d - glass tube - Size: Length 7.5 cm x Diam. 0.5 cm
e - glass tube - Size: Length 7.5 cm x Diam. 0.5 cm
f - needle - Size: Length 3.4 cm x Width 0.7 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
g - needle - Size: Length 3.4 cm x Width 0.7 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
h - wire tube - Size: Length 2.5 cm x Diam. 0.3 cm
i - metal case - Size: Length 8.3 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 2.0 cm
j - box base - Size: Length 9.7 cm x Width 5.9 cm x Depth 2.6 cm
k - box lid - Size: Length 10.0 cm x Width 6.2 cm x Depth 2.6 cm
Belonged to the donor's father who worked as a ship's medical officer during the Second World War.
"YALE B-D LOK-SYRINGE // Becton Dickinson & Co" on the syringe; "B-D YALE LUER-LOK // SYRINGE OUTFIT// No. 152YL 2cc.// BECTON, DICKINSON & CO. // RUTHERFORD, N.J." on a label on the box lid
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Some slight wear on the box.
"Internet: Biddington's: United States Patent Dates and Number--1936-1990"; CD #3
Dr. Prouse served as a ship's medical officer during the second world war rising the rank of Surgeon-Captain; after the war he became an anesthesiologist feeling that he did not have sufficient control over his hands after suffering from rheumatic fever.
Portable blood transfusion apparatus housed in upright brown varnished wood box (a) with hinged front lid and two metal latches on left opening side and brass key lock, key missing; interior with portion of top of box hinged to open for access to removable upper shelf (c) and pull out wood drawer (…
Portable blood transfusion apparatus housed in upright brown varnished wood box (a) with hinged front lid and two metal latches on left opening side and brass key lock, key missing; interior with portion of top of box hinged to open for access to removable upper shelf (c) and pull out wood drawer (b) on bottom; two clear hand blown glass bottles (e-f), one with graduated measurements from 20 to 1100 cc in 20 cc gradations and the other without markings are held in place by a removable shaped wood piece (d) with a metal snap latch to join this piece to the built in wood shelf; bottles with wedge shaped red rubber plugs with a pair of glass rods descending into the bottle interior, with multiple and long red rubber tubes attached to glass rods on top of plugs; apparatus (g) of rubber tubes with a series of three metal clamps, two glass cylinders one filled with white cotton batting and one ‘T’ shaped glass connector rod all leading to a pair of long glass rods in ‘U’ shape attached to hinged door with wood toggles have bulbous tops and one bulb is open, placed in front of a pale yellow printed measurement guide with gradation from the center number “0” at the middle and measurements decreasing below and above by 20 ending in ‘30’ at both ends; several wood parts have hand written numbers while the bottle holder has a stamped number; bottles with minor bubbles in glass with etched interior of neck; silver stainless steel needle (h) with removable screw off top and similar style of trocar (i) with removable sections to change size of trocar stored inside.
Number Of Parts
a – case: 46.4 cm Height x 28.3 cm Width x 21.3 cm Depth
b – drawer: 26.3 cm Length x 28.3 cm Width x 21.3 cm Depth
c – shelf: 26.3 cm Length x 15.9 cm Height x 0.6 cm Depth
d – bottle holder: 26.3 cm Length x 5.6 cm Width x 1.0 cm Depth
e – f -bottle: 26.3 cm Height x 5.6 cm Diam
g – rubber apparatus
h - needle: 12.4 cm Length x 3.3 cm Width x 0.8 cm Depth
I - trocar: 11.8 cm Length x 3.5 cm Width x 1.0 cm Depth
Collected by Dr. Fransman, donor's father.
Stamped on trocar: "HOLBONDS // LONDON"; on latch of bottle holder: "BRITISH // PAT NO // 165333 // MADE"
Storage Room 0007
Unit Of Measure
Condition report created by Canadian War Museum, 25 June 2018; in donor file
Beginning with William Harvey's experiments on the circulation of blood, research into blood transfusion began in the 17th century, with successful experiments in transfusion between animals. However, successive attempts by physicians to transfuse animal blood into humans gave variable, often fatal, results.
James Blundell in london, UK, successfully transfused human blood in 1818. The largest series of early successful transfusions took place at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary between 1885 and 1892. Edinburgh later became the home of the first blood donation and blood transfusion services. It was not until 1901, when the Austrian Karl Landsteiner discovered three human blood groups (O, A, and B), that blood transfusion was put onto a scientific basis and became safer.
The First World War acted as a catalyst for the rapid development of blood banks and transfusion techniques. Canadian doctor and Lieutenant Lawrence Bruce Robertson was instrumental in persuading the Royal Army Medical Corps to adopt the use of blood transfusion at the Casualty Clearing Stations for the wounded. In October 1915, Robertson performed his first wartime transfusion with a syringe to a patient suffering from multiple shrapnel wounds. He followed this up with four subsequent transfusions in the following months.
Dr. Fransman graduated from medical school in 1940 and lived in Amsterdam. Worked in Holland, England during WWII. Came to Kingston General Hosptial, Ontario in 1951 as a chest specialist and managed the TB clinincs. Radiologist specialist in 1960 and managed the x-ray department at Kingston General Hosptial, retiring in 1983. Post-retirement he worked at the Collins Bay prison, Kingston Psychiatric Hopsital, Ongwanada and St. Mary's of the Lake, retiring again in 1996.
On exhibit 100TH Anniversary of Public Health Canada, Ottawa L-2019-7 27 Nov – 2 Dec 2019
On loan L-2018-6 Canadian War Musuem for exhibit 'Last 100 Days of the First World War' 17 May 2018 - 20 April 2019
This is Dr. E. H. Botterell's modification of the McKenzie model; in 1938, Dr. Botterell modified McKenzie's tongs; Joseph Sachetti was the first patient they were used on; (1) the locking device controlling penetration of the points was unchanged; (2) the points were greatly shortened and the shoulders were enlarged; in sum, it then became easier for the patient to lie on his side; penetration of the dura was more difficult; the points continued to be inserted into the skull at right angles to the line of traction; these tongs were taken overseas and used during the war in the Basingstoke Neurological and Plastic Surgery Hospital, RCAMC; has a shoulder on the pointed post to limit the penetration into the skull; incision in skin required; shoulder was not always effective; not in use in 1976.