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Colgate Elephant Laundry Bar

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15155
Dates
1953
2000
circa 1953-2000
Category
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Patient Care
Nursing
Accession Number
010042001
Description
Thick rectangular bar of tan laundry soap; beveled design around perimeter with embossed text in center of front and back.
  5 images  
Accession Number
010042001
Category
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Patient Care
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Soaps
Laundering
Nursing
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Thick rectangular bar of tan laundry soap; beveled design around perimeter with embossed text in center of front and back.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used by donor’s great aunt, Connie Cox (20 Aug 1939- 5 June 2010), while working at the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital for over 35 years. Ontario Hospital KingstonSchool of Nursing School, Grad 1962.
Maker
Colgate-Palmolive Limited
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1953
2000
circa 1953-2000
Date Remarks
Based on the year the Colgate-Palmolive company got its name and the time Constance Cox was a nurse, as well as the general dwindling use of laundry bar soap.
Material
soap: tan
Inscriptions
Embossed on bar: "COLGATE // ELEPHANT // LAUNDRY BAR // COLGATE-PALMOLIVE // LIMITED"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row E
Length
10.0 cm
Width
6.4 cm
Height
2.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Soap drying out and chipping along edges, especially the edge directly below the words "LAUNDRY BAR".
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
https://web.archive.org/web/20060513062621/http://www.colgate.com/app/Colgate/US/Corp/History/1931.cvsp
Research Facts
Colgate began when a man named William Colgate started a starch, soap, and candle business in New York in 1806. In 1953, Colgate-Palmolive became the company's official name.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1962
2000
circa 1962-2000
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Accession Number
010042005
Description
Small cylindrical white empty metal enamel container (a) with separate lid (b); both pieces with black painted rim; base indents sligtly near the top to form a ridge on which the lid (b) sits; lid is round and raised, with a small round, black knob handle protruding from the top.
  5 images  
Accession Number
010042005
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Equipment and Supplies
Equipment and Supplies, Hospital
Physician and Hospital Supply
Description
Small cylindrical white empty metal enamel container (a) with separate lid (b); both pieces with black painted rim; base indents sligtly near the top to form a ridge on which the lid (b) sits; lid is round and raised, with a small round, black knob handle protruding from the top.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a) container - Height 6.0 cm x Diameter 8.0 cm
b) lid - Height 4.0 cm x Diameter 8.5 cm
Provenance
Used by donor’s great aunt, Connie Cox (20 Aug 1939- 5 June 2010), while working at the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital for over 35 years. Ontario Hospital Kingston Nursing School, Grad 1962.
Dates
1962
2000
circa 1962-2000
Date Remarks
Based on the approximate time Constance Cox, who this item belonged to, worked at the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital.
Material
enamel: white
paint: black
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D3-8
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
minor surface stains on white enamel, black ring around rim of (a) is coming off a little.
Copy Type
original
Images
Less detail

graduated measure bottle

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15156
Dates
1950
1968
circa 1950-1968
Category
Nursing
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Nursing
Patient Care
Accession Number
010042004
Description
Clear glass bottle with bulbous rounded bottom and graduated measurements raised along along the sides in hatch marks, with one side listing numbers by the hundreds from 100 to 500 from the top to the bottom so the bulbous end is uppermost, and the other side from the bottom to the top wiht the bul…
  5 images  
Accession Number
010042004
Category
Nursing
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Nursing
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Weights and Measures
Nursing
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Clear glass bottle with bulbous rounded bottom and graduated measurements raised along along the sides in hatch marks, with one side listing numbers by the hundreds from 100 to 500 from the top to the bottom so the bulbous end is uppermost, and the other side from the bottom to the top wiht the bulbous end at the bottom; raised text on the bottom of the bottle detailing manufacturing information, on top of the bottle is a round green rubber cap with raised text as well detailing some manufacturing information; on the side of the lid is a small round thick protrusion to make it easier to lift and remove the lid; short piece of adhesive tape with sterilized brown hash marks and handwritten detials about contents on bottle; cap not remobable as the rubber has stiffened.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used by donor’s great aunt, Connie Cox (20 Aug 1939- 5 June 2010), while working at the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital for over 35 years. Ontario Hospital Kingston School of Nursing, Grad 1962.
Maker
Pyrex; AMSCO
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1950
1968
circa 1950-1968
Date Remarks
Based on the type of rubber removable cap and expiry date handwritten on the masking tape
Material
glass: clear
rubber: green
paper: tan
ink: pink
Inscriptions
Embossed on side of bottle: "Fenwal // APPROX - VOL. ml // 100 // 200 // 300 // 400 // 500"; embossed on bottom of bottle: "PYREX // T.M. // REG. U.S. PAT. OFF. // MADE IN U.S.A. // 4"; embossed on cap: "DISCARD AFTER USE // AMSCO // PATENT NO. 3.379.327 // DISPOSABLE"; handwritten on tape: "NORMAL SALINE // EXP. dATE July 18/68"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A8-7
Width
10.2 cm
Height
18.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Green rubber lid fragile, do not remove; some vertical scratches near the Fenwal logo and below numbers; minor residue near the upper '500' mark from tape or a label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
https://www.cmog.org/article/pyrex
Research Facts
Pyrex was developed by Corning Glass Works in 1915 after working to create temperature resistant glass for railroad lanterns. By 1919, over four million pieces of Pyrex had been sold.
Images
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hot water bottle

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14521
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Collection
Lamarche Collection
Category
Nursing
Patient Care Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Patient Care
Nursing
Accession Number
015014001
Description
Cylindrical stoneware hot water bottle (a) with one flat end and decorative knob at the other to act as a handle, opening at the top to pour water sealed with a threaded plug (b); leather washer attached to the plug; rounded triangular shape; cylinder is meant to rest on its side; decorative design…
  4 images  
Accession Number
015014001
Collection
Lamarche Collection
Category
Nursing
Patient Care Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Patient Care
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Home Health Nursing
Patient Care -- instrumentation
MM= Household Articles -- foot warmer
MM= Home Nursing -- hot water bottle
Description
Cylindrical stoneware hot water bottle (a) with one flat end and decorative knob at the other to act as a handle, opening at the top to pour water sealed with a threaded plug (b); leather washer attached to the plug; rounded triangular shape; cylinder is meant to rest on its side; decorative design around opening; one quart size; flat end is unglazed; size is stamped near handle; black transfer print of manufacturers logo on sides; design is reproduction of previous design.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - water bottle
b - stopper
Provenance
Donor purchased at a second hand store in Sudbury, Ont.
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Material
stoneware: tan
ink: black
Inscriptions
Print: "Ye // Olde Fulham // Pottery // Est. 1671 // Boots"; stamped: "1Q"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D2-1
Length
a - 25.5 cm
Width
a - 11.2 cm
Height
a - 10.6 cm
b - 3.8 cm
Diameter
b - 4.7 cm
Condition Remarks
Glaze is cracking in some areas, unglazed side darkened and shows wear
Research Facts
Hot water bottle is used as a bed warmer and foot warmer; also known as a 'pig', because it ‘hogs’ the space at the bottom of a bed as a bed warmer. Flat end is used to store the container upright on its end to reduce space in storage.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1880
1913
circa 1880-1913
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, prescriptions
Home Health Care
Accession Number
010015003 a-b
Description
Amber glass bottle (a) with flat base and rounded square shaped body, tapering up into a cylindrical neck with a handle connecting the neck to the body; opposite the handle is a short spout which protrudes from just below the neck and stretches upwards, tapering into a small opening which curves st…
  5 images  
Accession Number
010015003 a-b
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, prescriptions
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Food
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Description
Amber glass bottle (a) with flat base and rounded square shaped body, tapering up into a cylindrical neck with a handle connecting the neck to the body; opposite the handle is a short spout which protrudes from just below the neck and stretches upwards, tapering into a small opening which curves straight out towards the side; a wooden stopper (b) sits in the neck of the glass.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle: Length 7.2 cm X Width 5.0 cm X Height 12.3 cm
b - stopper: Length 4.9 cm X Diameter 2.1 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor
Dates
1880
1913
circa 1880-1913
Date Remarks
Based on "A Dating Key For Post-Eighteenth Century Bottles" by T. Stell Newman.
Material
glass: amber
wood: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some bubbles inside the glass and potentially some minor chipping.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.etymonline.com/word/cruet#etymonline_v_406
https://www.kovels.com/price-guide/glass-price-guide/amber-glass.html
https://www.airseacontainers.com/blog/the-science-behind-amber-glass-how-these-bottles-protect-liquids/
https://www.containerandpackaging.com/resources/colored-glass/
Research Facts
Olive oil was used in various pharmacy recipes for home use and at the pharmacists.
This type of bottle is called a cruet, and is most often used to hold vinegar, oil, or sacramental wine. The word "cruet" was first attested circa 1300, and most likely comes from the Old French "crue", meaning an earthen pot. Related to the word "crock".
Amber, the colour of this glass, was a popular colour for glass just after the American Civil War and during the 1930s-1950s, and is one of the many colours which are often cited when referring to "Depression Glass". Amber glass comes from iron, sulphur, and carbon being added to molten glass. Amber glass is good for protecting liquids, as it blocks UV light and other light wavelengths under 450 nm, which is why it is often used to store medicines, alcohols, and oils.
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oral / rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15248
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider e…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider end, and with a tan sticker on one of its four sides showing normal body temperature in both Celsius and Fahrenheit; the case is closed with a clear plastic lid (c) which is round at the bottom and octagonal for most of the body; all of these parts are stored in cardboard packaging (a) with a clear plastic cover shaped like the thermometer case and lid; the cardboard packaging has a red background, and the product information, directions for use, certificate of examination, and manufacturing information are printed in white ink in French on the left and English on the right; there is a small clear sticker in the bottom left corner which contains words in white ink, and in the top right corner, there is a tan sticker containing words in red ink and numbers in black ink; there is a perforated circle in the cardoard near the top centre which has not been punched out.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - package: Length 17.8 cm X Width 11.8 cm X Height 1.5 cm
b - case: Length 8.5 cm X Width 1.2 cm X Height 1.2 cm
c - lid: Length 3.9 cm X Diameter 1.0 cm
d - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.4 cm X Height 0.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton, Dickinson & Co.
Site Made (City)
Mississauga
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada / USA
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Date Remarks
Date marked on package, certificate of examination
Material
paper: tan
plastic: grey, clear
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: red, white, black
Inscriptions
Printed on packaging (a): SECURITY® // CELSIUS // with C° to F° // CONVERSIO[N TABLE] // FOR THE B[ABY] // SECURITY® // oral / rectal // fever // thermometer // medically // accurate // easy // to read // Certificate of // Examination // This thermometer // conforms to the // Canadian Government // Specifications Board // CGSB 14-GP-1c // June 1971. // DIRECTIONS FOR // USE: // Shake down to below 35° C. // Use as specified. Keep in // place at least 4 minutes to // allow proper registering of // temperature. After using // cleanse in cold soapy // water. // CAUTION: Do not wash in // warm or hot water. Im- // merse in any approved an- // tiseptic solution before and // after use. // B-D // BECTON, DICKINSON & CO., // CANADA, LTD. // 2464 SOUTH SHERIDAN WAY, // MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO L5J 2M8"; printed on sticker in upper right corner: "21 // C // Medico-Dental // Pharmacy // 2 58;"; printed on sticker in bottom left corner: "MADE IN // FABRIQUE AU U.S.A."; printed on case: "F° // 105.8 // 104 // 102.2 // 100.4 // 98.6 // 96.8 // 95 // 93.2 // C° // 41 // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // 35 // 34 // NORMAL"; printed on thermometer: "33 // 34 // 35 // 36 // // 38 // 39 // 40 // 41 // I -PBW IIII // B-D U.S.A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Sticker on case slightly discoloured, some fraying and tearing of cardboard packaging, especially around edges; top of plastic packaging dented, and the red on the cardboard beneath torn up to reveal brown cardboard.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
Images
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oral thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15205
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains …
  4 images  
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis, Oral -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains words and numbers in black ink; the thermometer is enclosed in a grey metal case (b,c) which has a hexagonal metal piece on it just below where the lid meets the case.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - thermometer: Length 10.2 cm X Diameter 0.5 cm
b - case: Length 9.2 cm X Diameter 0.7 cm
c - lid: Length 2.8 cm x Diameter 0.7 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor.
Maker
Wm. Johnston
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Date Remarks
.Based on donor's remarks.
Material
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: black, white
Inscriptions
Printed on thermometer: "95 // 100 // 5 // 110 // Wm. Johnston 531 one minute 16478".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration spots on metal case; some of the numbers are beginning to rub off the thermometer.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
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physician's treatment book

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact9376
Dates
1885
circa 1885
Collection
Mr. Jack Kerr Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
002008001 a-c
Description
Physician's treatment book (a), consisting of a rectangular fabric-bound blue-lined notebook, containing handwritten physician's notes detailing the treatment and prescriptions, and some accounts for various patients, as well as personal comments; the book also contains prescription slips (b,c); (b…
  5 images  
Accession Number
002008001 a-c
Collection
Mr. Jack Kerr Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Prescriptions, Drug
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Physician's treatment book (a), consisting of a rectangular fabric-bound blue-lined notebook, containing handwritten physician's notes detailing the treatment and prescriptions, and some accounts for various patients, as well as personal comments; the book also contains prescription slips (b,c); (b) has machine-printed characters at the top and handwriting in the body; (c) is handwritten with an oval-shaped red and white sticker.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - treatment book - Size: Length 16.4 cm x Width 10.0 cm x Depth 2.0 cm
b - prescription - Size: Length 11.7 cm x Width 8.2 cm
c - prescription - Size: Length 11.0 cm x Width 10.2 cm
Provenance
Purchased by donor in a Toronto bookstore
Dates
1885
circa 1885
Date Remarks
Based on handwriting on inner cover
Material
paper: cream
ink: red; black; blue
leather: black
Inscriptions
"C. MOORE // SCHOOL SUPPLIES // STATION RY. // AND FANCY GOODS // NO. 232 WELLESLEY [illeg.] // 3 Doors East of Ontario [illeg.]" appears stamped in red ink on the front inner cover; on the next page, "25 00 // 5 11 // TOX // Doz [script]" is handwritten in pencil; "J. Gray // 259 Wellesley St. // Sept. 15th 1885" is handwritten in script in black ink underneath; above: "[illeg.] 480 (13 // 3C / 160"; the printing on prescription (b) reads, "DR. JENNIE GRAY, 263 Wellesley Street, Cor. Rose Avenue. // CONSULTATION HOURS, 1 TO 4 P.M. // TELEPHONE 3887 // For Mrs Laidlaw [handwritten] // Date . . . ."; the handwriting is difficult to read (see photograph); the red and white sticker on prescription (c) reads, "N.E. PHARMACY // ESTAB. 1879, 221 WELLESLEY ST // TORONTO" around a white crest flanked by a lion and a unicorn; "2 7177" is handwritten in the top right corner, followed by a handwritten prescription (see photo); on the back of prescription (c) "6.50 // 1.50 // 12 ___ // 2000" is handwritten in black ink.
Permanent Location
(a) Storage Room 2005
2005-5-3
(b,c) Storage Room 2005
2005-2-2 Box #8
Condition Remarks
The paper components were all moderately yellowed, the fabric covering the spine was deteriorating; both prescriptions were creased and somewhat brittle
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book, websites
Reference Comments
From the Collection, Museum of Health Care at Kingston, http://artefact.museumofhealthcare.ca/?p=76
"Using community outreach to promote healthcare services", August 7, 2018, by Heather Gardiner, Women's College Hospital: https://www.womenscollegehospital.ca/news-and-events/Connect-2018/Using-community-outreach-to-promote-healthcare-services
Archeion, Archives Association of Ontario, "Women's College Hospital. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology": https://www.archeion.ca/womens-college-hospital-department-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology
"FEMALE PHYSICIANS: A directory of short character sketches about female physicians who graduated from the Ontario Medical College for Women at Toronto", by Dr. Donald Brearley, Published by the Quinte Branch, Ontario Genealogical Society, 2017: Brearley_Female_Physicians_Toronto.pdf.
"Canadian woman's annual, and social service directory." -- by Weaver, Emily P. (Emily Poynton), 1865-1943; Weaver, A. E; Weaver, E. C., 1915, published by McClelland, Goodchild & Stewart in Toronto: https://archive.org/details/canadwomandirec00weavuoft/page/308
Research Facts
In the 1800s medical students and physicians often kept lecture notes and practical information in small bound notebooks. This particular volume contains handwritten recipes for medications, financial accounts, and personal comments. This book is also important for its association with its first owner. Dr. Jennie Gray Wildman (c 1863-1953) is a member of the first generation of women doctors in Canada. Born in Dundas, Ontario she was an early graduate of the Ontario Medical College for Women in Toronto in 1892. In 1898, the college opened the first clinic for women with Dr. Wildman as co-director which she did in addition to her teaching duties at the college. By 1911, this clinic had evolved into Women’s College Hospital, the only hospital in Canada staffed entirely by women; it served an exclusively female clientele until the 1920s. The hospital also provided positions for women doctors in an era when few existed in other institutions.
In 1915, Dr. Jennie Gray Wildman was president of the Toronto Women's Medical Association, Vice-President of the Canadian Purity-Education Association, and President of the Canadian Auxiliary of the Women's Christian Medical College in Lhudiana, India, a union training college for Indian girls. From 1920-1926, Dr. Jennie Gray Wildman was Chief of Gyneacology at Women's College Hospital. From October 31st, 1923, she was part of the newly founded Community Clinical Association (CCA), which Dr. Edna Guest was also part of.
"Jane ‘Jennie’ Gray was born at Dundas, Ontario on December 15, 1862 daughter of John Gray and Jane Head. She matriculated the O.M.C.W. along with her sister in 1892 and was a member of the consultant staff there. Dr. Gray was united in marriage to James Wildman on May 14, 1908. In 1898, Dr. Gray, with 2 others, founded a dispensary for poor women at the Toronto City Mission on Sackville Street which quickly moved to the Medical College for Women and in 1911 evolved into the Women’s College Hospital; this was the only hospital in Canada staffed entirely by women. Dr. Wildman attended the Woman’s Medical Society of N.Y. in Manhattan and read a paper about prenatal care; later she served as the chief of the gynaecology department at the Women’s College Hospital. Dr. Wildman removed to Barrie, Ontario in 1928 and there served as president of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. Dr. Jennie Gray Wildman died on December 11, 1953 aged 90 years 11 months 26 days." (Dr. Donald Brearley, pg 30 of "FEMALE PHYSICIANS: A directory of short character sketches about female physicians who graduated from the Ontario Medical College for Women at Toronto.")
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rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15237
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measu…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measuring hatch marks, and one with numbers; the end of the thermometer is metal with glass on the very end, and the other end is a flat rounded triangle painted red; also in the case are a folded paper instruction sheet in blue print (c), printed in English and French on opposite sides; tucked inside the folds of the instructions sheet are a small card with an illustration of a thermometer on it showing normal body temperature in black, blue, and red ink and in Fahrenheit and Celsius; also tucked into the instructions sheet are four thermometer sheaths (e-h) packaged in paper with red print with the title, instructions, and manufacturing information on it.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - case: Length 11.7 cm X Width 4.7 cm X Height 1.0 cm
b - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.6 cm X Height 0.6 cm
c - instructions: Length 34.8 cm X Width 21.6 cm
d - illustration: Length 10.8 cm x Width 2.6 cm
e-h - sheaths: Length 11.1 cm X Width 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton-Dickinson
Site Made (City)
Rutherford, Mississauga
Site Made (State)
New Jersey, Ontario
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A., Canada, Brazil
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Date Remarks
Based on patent of thermometer sheaths, and the changes in use of different types of thermometers in the 1990s.
Material
plastic: blue, clear
glass: clear
paper: cream
ink: yellow, burgundy, red, blue, black
Inscriptions
Raised in clear plastic case cover (a): "B-D"; printed on thermometer (b): "E CJK B-D BRAZIL // 35 36 38 39 40 41 42 // B-D"; printed on instruction sheet (c) - headings only: "rectal // FEVER THERMOMETER // Everything You Need // For Taking Temperatures Rectally // B-D* // To open case: // Slide top to left // TAKING YOUR TEMPERATURE // THE RECTAL METHOD // READING YOUR THERMOMETER // TO CLEAN AND CARE FOR YOUR B-D RECTAL THERMOMETER // IF YOUR THERMOMETER BREAKS // FEVER FACTS // DOES FEVER HELP FIGHT ILLNESS? // WHY BOTHER TO TAKE TEMPERATURES? // ARE YOU AVERAGE? // FINER THAN A HUMAN HAIR? // IS YOUR THERMOMETER COMPLETELY CLEAN? // A HAND TO THE FOREHEAD? // FEVER MEASUREMENT CHANGES WITH AGE. // NOTICE TO THE PURCHASER:"; printed on instruction sheet (c) near the bottom on the back: "SAVE 50 // B-D* Alcohol Swabs Regular // or Premium Butterfly // To the Dealer: Upon receipt of this coupon // toward the purchase of the specified product, // we will reimburse you 50 plus regular // handling. Application for redemption on any // other basis may constitute fraud and will, at // our option, void coupon presented. // Applications for reimbursement accepted // from principals only—mail to: Becton // Dickinson Canada Inc. Box 3000, // Saint John, N.B. E2L 4L3. // Offer limited to one coupon per purchase. // *B-D is a registered trademark of Becton-Dickinson and Company // reg. user Becton-Dickinson Canada Inc. // 2177211 [...]"; printed on front of illustration (d): "FAHRENHEIT // 108° // 106 // 104 // 102 // 100 // 98 // 96 // CELSIUS // 42° // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // NORMAL BODY TEMPERATURE // BECTON // DICKINSON"; printed on back of illustration: "PLUS®"; printed on front of sheaths (e-h): "B-D // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // Temp-Away // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // INSERT // TWIST // PULL APART // W10232 (S)"; printed on back of sheaths: "The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is designed for single-patient thermometer use with a TEMP-AWAY Kit.... or, in conjunction with a // thermometer assigned to a single patient. When thermometers are used to take temperatures from patient to patient, the thermo- // meter must be disinfected prior to each patient use. // The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is not designed for use as an electronic thermometer probe cover. // BECTON-DICKINSON, Division of Becton, Dickinson and Company. // Rutherford, New Jersey 07070 // U.S. Pat. 3,809,228 and others Pat.Pend. on reversible feature. // MADE in U.S.A. // 36W10898 (S)".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some sticker residue on end of case; mid-sized chip and crack at end in the clear plastic cover.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
https://patents.google.com/patent/US2047801
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
Images
Less detail

rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15204
Dates
1936
1950
circa 1936-1950
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
010015002 a-f
Description
Rectangular paper box (a,b), black on the outside and tan on the inside with removable lid, contains a glass rectal thermometer (c) with a metal end and red hatch marks, numbers, and text with a white stripe running the length of one side, a black plastic case (d,e), and an instruction sheet (f) wh…
  5 images  
Accession Number
010015002 a-f
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Rectangular paper box (a,b), black on the outside and tan on the inside with removable lid, contains a glass rectal thermometer (c) with a metal end and red hatch marks, numbers, and text with a white stripe running the length of one side, a black plastic case (d,e), and an instruction sheet (f) which contains information about the product and its use, about the manufacturer, and about an extra piece not present in the box: "Faichney's Thermometer Shaker"; paper has two holes just off centre, presumably for the thermometer to be put through.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - box top: Length 13.2 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 1.4 cm
b - box bottom: Length 12.2 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 1.4 cm
c - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Diameter 0.5 cm
d - case: Length 9.1 cm X Diameter 1.2 cm
e - case lid: Length 3.5 cm X Diameter 1.1 cm
f - instructions: Length 11.4 cm X Width 5.2 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor.
Maker
Faichney Instrument Corporation
Site Made (City)
Watertown
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1936
1950
circa 1936-1950
Date Remarks
.Based on patent year printed on instructions and donor's remarks.
Material
paper: tan
ink: black, red, white
plastic: black
glass: clear
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on thermometer: "94 // 6 // 8 // 100 // 2 // 4 // 6 // 8 // YL176 FAICHNEY WATERTOWN NY MASS G RECTAL"; printed on front of instructions sheet: "CERTIFICATE OF ACCURACY // We, the undersigned manufacturer, certify that this thermometer has been carefully inspected and // tested. Every thermometer bearing our name, FAICHNEY--Watertown, N. Y., is fully guaranteed. If // any defect should develop or if for any reason the instrument does not give full and complete satisfaction // it will be replaced without charge. This guarantee covers everything but breakage. // The Apex of Precision // Faichney Instrument Corporation // Watertown, New York"; printed on back of instruction sheet: "To shake back the mercury column // in a Clinical Thermometer with a Pilot // Grip or similar top: Insert mercury end // into loop of shaker. Slide the shaker // on thermometer until it hits triangle // top. Take twisted ends of shaker in // thumb and first finger of both hands // as shown in illustration. Roll between // thumbs and fingers to cause ther- // mometer to revolve, twirl or spin. // Three or four spins will shake down // mercury column without any effort. // Faichney's // Thermometer // Shaker // Patented // July 1936 // No. 2047801 // DIRECTIONS FOR USE // To see the mercury column, lay // thermometer on flat surface with the // name downward. Lean over the ther- // mometer, looking directly between // scale and figures. If mercury column // stands higher than 97° mark, shake // down before using. // Sterilize by immersing in alcohol // or any dependable antiseptic solution. // DO NOT STERILIZE IN HOT // WATER AS EXCESSIVE HEAT // WILL CAUSE THERMOMETER // TO BREAK."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Box corners repaired with hinging tape
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
https://patents.google.com/patent/US2047801
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Images
Less detail

13 records – page 1 of 2.