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6 - 12 insect repellent

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15221
Dates
1985
1991
circa 1985-1991
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Home Health
Accession Number
015011009
Description
Clear glass bottle with paper label on one side and full of clear liquid contents; has white plastic screw cap and no neck to the bottle except what the cap covers; the paper label is yellow on the outside with illustrations of insects (a mosquito and a fly) in each of the upper corners, a blue cir…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011009
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Insect Repellents
Insects
Home Health
Description
Clear glass bottle with paper label on one side and full of clear liquid contents; has white plastic screw cap and no neck to the bottle except what the cap covers; the paper label is yellow on the outside with illustrations of insects (a mosquito and a fly) in each of the upper corners, a blue cirlce inside of which the product name is printed in white ink, below which is a white cloud illustration in which the product's purpose is printed in red and the insects it protects against are listed in blue; the amount is also printed on this side of the label; the backside of the label, which can be read through the clear glass and clear contents of the bottle, contains directions printed in English and French as well as the manufacturing information; the bottle cap has a sticker on top which reads "Eaton's" in dark blue ink; the bottom of the bottle contains raised numbers.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Union Carbide Canada Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1985
1991
circa 1985-1991
Date Remarks
Based on Canada's Pest Control Products Act and the end of Union Carbide in Canada.
Material
glass: clear
liquid: clear
paper: tan
plastic: white
ink: yellow, blue, white, brown, red
Inscriptions
Printed on sticker on cap: "EATON'S"; printed on front of label: "6 · 12 // TRADE MARKS // SIX · TWELVE // INSECT // REPELLENT // Personal // Protection // Against: MOSQUITOES · BLACK FLIES // GNATS · CHIGGERS · SAND FLIES · STABLE FLIES // SEE OTHER SIDE // 2 FL. OZ. // Printed in Canada"; printed on back of label: "DIRECTIONS // Shake liberally into hands – rub hands // together – rub over ALL exposed skin and // stockings. Keep out of eyes to avoid smarting. // Reapply as needed. // Will NOT dissolve nylons, rayon, clothing, nail // polish, watch straps or crystals. May damage // some painted or varnished surfaces. // MODE D'EMPLOI // Pour usage externe seulement. En secouant, // faites tomber dans les mains, que vous frottez // ensemble. Appliquez, en frottant, sur TOUT // l'épiderme exposé et sur les bas. Tenez loin // des yeux pour éviter une douleur cuisante. // Répétez au besoin. // Ne dissoudre pas le nylon, la rayonne, les // vêtements, le poli à ongles, les bracelets de // montre ou le cristal. Peut toutefois endom- // mager certaines surfaces peinturées ou // vernies. // DO NOT TAKE INTERNALLY // Guarantee: Effective for the purposes claimed // Ethylhexanediol 97% // Registration No. 1755 // P.C.P. Act // UNION CARBIDE CANADA LIMITED // TORONTO // Distributed by LAURENTIAN AGENCIES LTD. // MONTREAL, CANADA"; raised on bottom of bottle: "6-12 // 4"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 5 Row B
Length
5.7 cm
Width
2.5 cm
Height
10.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Label beginning to peel off; leaking slightly.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
"UNION CARBIDE SUPPORTS EPA ACTION ON REPELLENT LINKED TO BIRTH DEFECTS" by Journal of Commerce Staff
Aug 28, 1991 8:00PM EDT: https://www.joc.com/union-carbide-supports-epa-action-repellent-linked-birth-defects_19910828.html
"INSECT REPELLENT LINKED TO BIRTH DEFECTS IN TESTS" by The Washington Post:
"Federal Corporation Information - 264849-1", Government of Canada: https://www.ic.gc.ca/app/scr/cc/CorporationsCanada/fdrlCrpDtls.html?corpId=2648491
"Pest Control Products Act R.S.C., 1985, c. P-9", Justice Laws Website, Government of Canada: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/P-9/page-1.html
Research Facts
Ethylhexanediol was shown by Union Carbide to potentially produce birth defects in animals, including their lungs failing to inflate when they are born. Because of this discovery, products like 6-12 Insect Repellent were taken off the shelves in the 1990s and pregnant and child-bearing age women were urged not to use it.
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A. B. S. & C. (Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara) Rx 1 Tablets

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15171
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023005
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylind…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023005
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Strychnine
Cascara
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; yellow and burgundy paper label with product information wrapped around entire bottle; cap has curved top, rolled bottom edge and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: brown
paper: yellow
ink: burgundy
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front of label: “[Illeg.] Jamieson // Clinic // [Illeg.] 00 100 // [Illeg.] . B. S. & C. Rx 1 // TABLETS // Dose: 1 to 2 tablets // [Illeg.] . E. JAMIESON & CO. LIMITED, // MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS // WINDSOR, ONTARIO”; printed on back of label: “Each Tablet Contains: // Ext. Belladonna // Lv. 1/8 gr. // Strychnine 1/120 gr. // Contains per maximum // Dose: // ¼ Gr. Belladonna Lvs. // 1/60 Grain Strychnine. // No. 16578 The Pro- // prietary or Patent // Medicine Act. // To comply with the // Pharmacy Act of On- // tario, this bottle is // Labelled Poison.”; embossed on bottom: “D 4103 A”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row A
Length
6.8 cm
Width
3.0 cm
Depth
2.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion to cap, especially along top and bottom edges; large area of loss to top and bottom corner of front of label; small areas of loss on side of label; minor soiling to label, especially on proper left-side and back
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Pilulae Aloini, Strychninae, et Belladonna (N. F.)—Pills of Aloin, Strychnine, and Belladonna.” King's American Dispensatory, 1898. Henriette’s Herbal Homepage, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
“Federal Corporation Information - 047072-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
A. B. S. & C. stands for Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara; despite poisonous ingredients and the designation of poison on the label, these pills were often used to treat habitual constipation.
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited was the name of the company from 1944 until it became Jamieson Laboratories Ltd. in 1998.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
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Ammonia Inhalants

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15259
Dates
1950
1967
circa 1950 – 1967
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
018011008 a-f
Description
Unsealed rectangular brown cardboard Ammonia Inhalants box (a) containing 4 silken mesh wrapped cylindrical capsules (b-e) separated and supported by folded rectangular corrugated cream paper insert (f); box has 6 rectangular sides of varying size; box opens along long top flap and half circle cut …
  5 images  
Accession Number
018011008 a-f
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
First Aid
First Aid -- instrumentation
Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Medicine
Health and Safety
Pharmacy
Fainting -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Inhalation
Drug Packaging
MM= Drug Packaging
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
Description
Unsealed rectangular brown cardboard Ammonia Inhalants box (a) containing 4 silken mesh wrapped cylindrical capsules (b-e) separated and supported by folded rectangular corrugated cream paper insert (f); box has 6 rectangular sides of varying size; box opens along long top flap and half circle cut out at top of front side facilitates opening; product and company information appears on exterior of top, bottom, back, and proper right side; directions with illustrations appear on front; capsules consist of hard cylinder wrapped in soft cream fabric and silken mesh with both ends tied closed around the cylinder; part of contents in Rexall First Aid Kit (018.011.001).
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a – box – Length 10.4 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 1.7 cm
b-e – capsules – Length 4.1 cm Diameter 1.0 cm
f – insert – Length 9.9 cm Width 5.0 cm Depth 1.7 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Mine Safety Appliances Co.
Site Made (City)
Pittsburgh
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
U. S. A.
Dates
1950
1967
circa 1950 – 1967
Date Remarks
Similar items in other museum collections; new MSA letter logo introduced in 1967
Material
paper: brown, cream
fabric: cream, white
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on top and bottom of box: “MINE SAFETY // APPLIANCES CO. // EFFICIENCY // SERVICE SAFETY // PITTSBURGH PA // AMMONIA INHALANTS // (Aromatized Ammonia – Alcohol 38 %) // 10 Per Package // Cat. No. FA - 2156”; printed on front of box: “Crush inhalant // between thumb and // finger // Hold about 4 inches from nose. // As ammonia gets weaker, hold closer. // Try the strength of inhalant by placing // it under your own nose at about // one minute intervals. When too // weak, use another inhalant”; printed on back of box: “AMMONIA INHALANTS // Aromatized Ammonia : : Alcohol 38 % // Active Ingredients: Ammonia Carbonate, Stronger // Ammonia Water, Oil Lemon, Oil Lavender and Oil // Nutmeg. // 10 Per Package Containing 1/3 cc. Each. // MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO., // Braddock, Thomas and Meade Sts. // Pittsburgh, Pa. Made in U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO., // Braddock, Thomas and Meade Sts. // Pittsburgh, Pa. Made in U. S. A.”; stamped on proper right side of box: “9 D 11”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D4-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling and foxing all over box; minor distortion to back of box; minor soiling and foxing all over insert; minor discolouration on ends of capsules
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Website
Reference Comments
“First Aid.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 22 June 2019.
“Aromatic Ammonia – Inhalation.” MedicineNet, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
“Our History.” MSA, 2019. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“1960 – 1969 A decade of MSA in review.” MSA, 2019. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“Collections Online.” Bulkley Valley Museum, Bulkley Valley Museum Society, 2019. Accessed 19 July 2019.
Research Facts
This artifact is part of a first aid kit; First Aid is a broad term that refers to aid or treatment of the sick or injured before full medical treatment can be received; First Aid kits are designed to provide easy access to a variety of medical materials for fast treatment of minor wounds or to stabilize more serious conditions before additional treatment.
Aromatic ammonia is used to prevent and treat fainting and aid in overcoming the effects of anesthesia by encouraging the body to breath; ammonia can be taken orally in solution with water or placed on a fabric rag and inhaled; large doses or prolonged exposure to ammonia is harmful.
The Mine Safety Appliance Company was founded by John T. Ryan Sr. and George H. Deike following a tragic mining accident in 1912; with the help of Thomas Edison, they developed an electric mining lamp that helped reduce mine explosions; from there, the company expanded and developed a wide variety of safety products for a variety of applications; this Ammonia Inhalant set was likely produced before 1967 because of the absence of the “MSA” logo first introduced in 1967.
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Baby's Own Tablets sample package

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15067
Dates
1955
1960
circa 1955-1960
Collection
Dr. William Hay Collection
Category
Pediatrics
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Items
Home Health
Paediatrics
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
009043009 a-e
Description
Physician's sample package of Baby's Own brand infant pharmaceuticals consisting of rectangular pale green and cream paper envelope (a) containing rectangular cream paper product leaflet (b), small unsealed rectangular light blue cardboard box with 6 cylindrical white Baby’s Own Tablets (c), recta…
  5 images  
Accession Number
009043009 a-e
Collection
Dr. William Hay Collection
Category
Pediatrics
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Items
Home Health
Paediatrics
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Archival
Pediatrics
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box and package
Description
Physician's sample package of Baby's Own brand infant pharmaceuticals consisting of rectangular pale green and cream paper envelope (a) containing rectangular cream paper product leaflet (b), small unsealed rectangular light blue cardboard box with 6 cylindrical white Baby’s Own Tablets (c), rectangular cream paper Baby’s Own Tablets directions sheet (d) and small sealed rectangular cream and navy paper packet containing Baby’s Own Espirets (e); envelope open at back and has illustrations of storks transporting Baby’s Own products on front; product leaflet is single sheet of paper folded in half with product information, images, research results, and letter to new mothers printed on sides in black ink; Baby’s own tablets box has product information printed in English and French on exterior sides; directions sheet was folded to fit in box and has product information and directions printed in English on front and in French on back in black ink; Baby’s Own Espirets packet contains powdered A. S. A. and has product information printed on front and English and French dosages printed on back in navy ink.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a – envelope - Length 8.6 cm x Width 21.2 cm x Depth 0.2 cm
b – leaflet - Length 19.4 cm x Width 30.3 cm (fully opened) x Depth 0.01 cm (fully opened)
c – tablets box - Length 2.7 cm x Width 5.0 cm x Depth 0.7 cm
d – directions sheet - Length 18.5 cm Width 4.8 cm
e – packet - Length 3.9 cm x Width 5.5 cm x Depth 0.1 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor’s father, Dr. William D. Hay
Maker
G. T. Fulford Co., Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Brockville and Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1955
1960
circa 1955-1960
Date Remarks
Studies to demonstrate the effectiveness of the tablets commenced in 1954 and ended in 1955
Material
paper: white, cream
ink: pale green, black, light blue, navy
Inscriptions
Printed on the front on envelope: "To Your New Family From The Baby's Own Family // Baby's Own Tablets, Espirets, and Cough Syrup..."; printed on the inside of leaflet: "to // safeguard // your baby // remarkable results in cases of // constipation and gastro-intestinal // distress accompanying teething // proof that Baby's Own Tablets // are safe for babies as young as 2 // months even when taken continuously over an extended period"; on the back of leaflet: "Dear Mother: // Please let us extend our welcome to the new arrival. // Most sincerely yours, // Mirriam Kerr // Director of Baby Clinic // G. T. FULLFORD CO., LTD."; printed on the front of box: "Free Sample // BABY'S OWN // TABLETS // FOR ALL MINOR BABY ILLS"; printed at top of directions sheet: "DIRECTIONS FOR USE // OF // BABY'S OWN // TABLETS // AN ABSOLUTELY // RELIABLE CORRECTIVE // FOR MINOR BABY ILLS"; printed on front of packet: "PROFESSIONAL SAMPLE // BABY'S OWN // ESPIRETS // 1/14 GRAINS A*S*A TABLETS // ORANGE FLAVOURED AND SWEETENED // G. T. FULFORD CO. LTD * TORONTO CANADA"; printed on back of packet: "ESPIRETS are obtainable at your // druggist. // EACH TABLET - 1 1/4 GRAINS // ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID // DOSE : // Under 2 years - as directed by your // physician // 2 - 4 YEARS - 2 TABLETS"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Binder E-13 (a,b,d)
Stroage Room 0010
0010-A2-4 Row E (c,e)
Condition Remarks
The edges around the envelope are a little worn and the sides of the tablets case are beginning to bend outwards; directions sheet distorted from being folded and kept in box; minor yellow to edges of directions sheet; Espirets packet leaking A. S. A. powder
Copy Type
original
Research Facts
Dr. William D. Hay, graduated from Queen’s University: Arts 1914, MA 1918; Faculty of Meds Class of 1921; worked at Queen’s University / Kingston General Hospital as a Pathologist; co-founder of the Kingston Blood Bank, 1942; retired 1957.
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BDC Gin Pills for the Kidneys

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6690
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
1974.4.1 a-c
Description
A yellow pill tin with black markings and printing (a) with a lid (b) and a circular containing a complete discussion and directions for use in several languages.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1974.4.1 a-c
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Kidney Diseases -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Backache -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Pharmacy -- pamphlet
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures – container
Description
A yellow pill tin with black markings and printing (a) with a lid (b) and a circular containing a complete discussion and directions for use in several languages.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. Charles De. Gossage of Toronto.
Maker
National Drug and Chemical Co. of Canada Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Material
metal: yellow; black
paper: light green
Inscriptions
On tin lid: "BDC // GIN // PILLS // FOR THE // KIDNEYS // TRADE MARK REGISTERED"; around lower edge of tin: "40 PILLS // PROPRIETARY ARTICLES DEPARTMENT - NATIONAL DRUG AND CHEMICAL COMPANY OF CANADA LIMITED, MONTREAL, CANADA"; on bottom: "GIN PILLS FOR THE KIDNEYS // No. 5611 The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act. Take one or two pills four times a day, before or after meals, and at bedtime [followed by same information in French]"; circular contains a complete description and directions, in several languages.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Temporary Location
On display, Queen's University Department of Medicine third floor, August 20, 2013.
Dimension Notes
Depth 3.2 cm x Diam. 5.0 cm
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Modern container, but similar in design to earlier containers.
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Booth's Kidney Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7091
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
1977.12.109
  1 image  
Dates
1956
1966
circa 1956 – 1966
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Accession Number
006033019
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Burn Dressing jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with p…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033019
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Drugs -- topical -- container
First Aid
Emergency Medicine
Burns
Burns -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- jar
MM= Drugs -- topical
MM= Drugs -- topical -- container
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Burn Dressing jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with printed product information and directions attached to front; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has flat top with ring indent near edges, vertical indents on sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1956
1966
circa 1956 – 1966
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, line month code, and “6” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least to 1968)
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: navy, black
ink: navy, black metal: white
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // BURN DRESSING // (INDUSTRIAL STANDARD FORMULA FOR // FIRST AID TREATMENT) // Formula: Sodium Bicarbonate 3% // Petrolatum Alba. q. s. // DIRECTIONS: Apply Freely To Burns. // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER // CANADA”; stamped on label in black ink: “4 FL. OZ. // (L) 821364”; embossed on bottom: “D 6 // 5 // 3136”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 5 Row B
Length
7.3 cm
Diameter
5.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor fading near top of label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Wound Dressings.” ScienceDirect, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
“Petrolatum.” Medical Dictionary; The Free Dictionary, Farlex, 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Dressings are used to promote healing of wounds and prevent infection; consists of a sterile padding or compress in direct contact with the wound accompanied by an antiseptic substance, such as petrolatum, a semisolid substance made from petroleum often used as a topical treatment for burns and abrasion. Ingram & Bell’s Burn Dressing was marketed as “Industrial Standard Formula for First Aid Treatment” and contained sodium bicarbonate in a white petrolatum base.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the jar itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at the factory in Point St. Charles, Quebec; the progressive line system month code and “6” year code, along with the Ingram & Bell logo, signify it was produced in either 1956 or 1966.
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Dates
1957
1967
circa 1957 – 1967
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Pharmacy, Dermatology
Treatment
Accession Number
006033021
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Calocaine Cream (I & B) jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper la…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033021
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Pharmacy, Dermatology
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Drugs -- topical -- container
Dermatology
Insects
Sunburn -- drug therapy
Anesthesia, Local
Poison Ivy Dermatitis -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- jar
MM= Drugs -- topical
MM= Drugs -- topical -- container
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Calocaine Cream (I & B) jar with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; full with light coloured paste; circular base has slight push up, stippled surface, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with printed product information and directions attached to front; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has flat top with ring indent near edges, vertical indents on sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1957
1967
circa 1957 – 1967
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, line month code, and “7” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least to 1968)
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: navy, black
ink: navy, black metal: white
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // CALOCAINE CREAM // (I & B) // Calamine Prepared 16%, Benzocaine 3%, Camphor // ½%, Menthol ½% in a water-miscible base. // Apply directly to the skin to relieve various forms // of skin rashes, pruritus, insect bites and sunburn. // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER // CANADA”; stamped on label in black ink: “4 OZ. // (L.) 823111”; embossed on bottom: “D 7 // 3 // 3136”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Length
7.3 cm
Diameter
5.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor tears and distortion to top edge of label; minor fading to bottom of label; minor area of loss to bottom proper left corner
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Benzocaine.” ScienceDirect, Elsevier B.V., 2019. Accessed 10 August 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Calocaine Cream is a calamine topical cream with benzocaine local anesthetic; it was marketed by Ingram & Bell as a treatment for a variety of skin irritations, including rashes from poison ivy and poison oak, insect bites, sunburn, heat rash, and pruritus ani.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the jar itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at the factory in Point St. Charles, Quebec; the progressive line system month code and “7” year code, along with the Ingram & Bell logo, signify it was produced in either 1957 or 1967.
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Dates
1905
1927
circa 1905 – 1927
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Accession Number
006033022 a-b
Description
Empty rounded square based semi-transparent blue glass Calomel bottle (a) with removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap (b); base has circular push up; flat rectangular side walls with top arches and tan paper label with printed product information attached to front; round shoulders, short cylind…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033022 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Cathartics
MM= Drugs -- cathartics -- container
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Empty rounded square based semi-transparent blue glass Calomel bottle (a) with removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap (b); base has circular push up; flat rectangular side walls with top arches and tan paper label with printed product information attached to front; round shoulders, short cylindrical neck, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top; cap has flat top and internal continuous thread with threads embossed in sides.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 13.8 cm Width 5.0 cm Depth 5.0 cm
b – cap – Length 1.8 cm Diameter 3.5 cm
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1905
1927
circa 1905 – 1927
Date Remarks
Ingram & Bell Limited began in 1905; absence of Winnipeg branch on label, first established in 1927.
Material
glass: blue
paper: tan
ink: black, blue
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “Compressed Tablets // CALOMEL // 1/4 Grain // MANUFACTURED IN THE LABORATORY OF // INGRAM & BELL // TORONTO & CALGARY”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row E
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major area of loss to top half of label; large tears and separation to proper left side of label; previous attempts at repair with adhesive tape have caused distortion and creases to proper left side of label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Calomel.” Encycolpaedia Britannica, Encycolpaedia Britannica Inc., 2019. Accessed 10 August 10, 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Research Facts
Calomel, also called mercury chloride, was once a common drug taken as a cathartic or purgative to purge the bowls; also used as a fungicide; its use declined due to its potential to cause mercury poising and the development of safer cathartic drugs.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
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Carter's Little Liver Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15192
Dates
1908
1959
circa 1908-1959
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
016002004
Description
Small circular glass vial of Carter's Little Liver Pills with red paper label that surrounds the vial; the label contains the price, manufacturing information, title, amount, uses, and directions printed in black ink; inside the vial are two small, round cream-coloured pills; the vial is stoppered …
  5 images  
Accession Number
016002004
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- vial
Description
Small circular glass vial of Carter's Little Liver Pills with red paper label that surrounds the vial; the label contains the price, manufacturing information, title, amount, uses, and directions printed in black ink; inside the vial are two small, round cream-coloured pills; the vial is stoppered with a small cork at the neck end of the vial.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Carter Products, Inc.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1908
1959
circa 1908-1959
Date Remarks
Date based on the year of the Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act (1908) and Carter's Little Liver Pills were renamed Carter's Little PIlls in 1959
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan
ink: red, black
cork: tan
pills: cream
Inscriptions
Printed on paper label: "No. 4490 PROPRIETARY // OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT // CARTER'S // LITTLE // LIVER // PILLS //. REGISTERED // TRADE MARK // FOR // HEADACHE // DIZZINESS // BAD BREATH // DUE TO // CONSTIPATION // Directions for Adults:- 1 to 2 Pills after each // meal and at bedtime. For Occassional Consti- // pation 2 to 4 Pills at bedtime. // Dose pour Adultes:- 1 a 2 Pilules apres chaque // repas et le soir au coucher. Pour Constipation // Passagere 2 a 4 Pilules le soir au coucher. // Price // 25 Cents // CARTER PRODUCTS, INC. // TORONTO, CANADA // 40 // PILLS // MADE IN CANADA".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row A
Length
6.1 cm
Diameter
1.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor scratching of label.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Journal Articles
Reference Comments
https://www.southernliving.com/culture/carters-little-liver-pills
https://web.archive.org/web/20080821131531/http://www.cannabisculture.com/backissues/apr95/cside4.html
https://www-jstor-org.proxy.queensu.ca/stable/20252214?pq-origsite=summon&seq=3#metadata_info_tab_contents
https://www.rexall.ca/articles/view/2903/Carters-Little-Pills
Research Facts
Carter's Little Liver Pills were developed in 1868 by Samuel J. Carter from Erie, Pennsylvania.
In 1959, the United States Federal Trade Commission forced Carter's Little Liver Pills to undergo a name change after it was found around 1943 that the pills had nothing to do with the liver. After this, they became simply "Carter's Little Pills", and spawned a saying popular in the American South "He has more ___ than Carter has little pills" (the saying previously went "more than Carter has little liver pills").
Carter's Little Liver Pills were often advertised as a cure-all; a remedy for distress from dyspepsia, indigestion, and too hearty eating, and a remedy for dizziness, nausea, drowsiness, bad taste in the mouth, coated tongue, pain in the side; they regulate the bowels and prevent constipation and piles.
In 1911, the ingredients of Carter's Little Liver Pills were listed in the British Medical Journal as sugar, grain, aloes (Barbados), podophyllin, powdered licorice root, wheat starch.
Today, Carter's Little Pills still exist, and the ingredients are bisacodyl USP 5 mg, calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate, carnauba wax, cellulose, gelatin, kaolin, magnesium stearate, methacrylic acid copolymer, polyethylene glycol pregelatinized starch, silicon dioxide, sucrose, talc, titanium dioxide, and white wax.
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