University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
A box containing 18 packets of stamps depicting various subjects and some with Christmas greetings; (a) contains one stamp, portrait of Trudeau (1848-1915) and a red Cross of Lorraine in the upper right-hand corner; (b) has one TB stamp pasted onto paper, a portrait of Einar Holboell (a Danish post…
A box containing 18 packets of stamps depicting various subjects and some with Christmas greetings; (a) contains one stamp, portrait of Trudeau (1848-1915) and a red Cross of Lorraine in the upper right-hand corner; (b) has one TB stamp pasted onto paper, a portrait of Einar Holboell (a Danish postmaster); (c) packet contains two Red Cross stamps, with a Christmas greeting; (d) has one stamp pasted onto paper, portraying an angel with a torch, shield with the Cross of Lorraine; (e) contains one stamp with a lakeside scene, sailboat, etc., and the Red Cross symbol; (f) is a packet containing two stamps, portraying a team of horses and a buggy, Christmas greeting, Red Cross symbol; (g) contains one stamp on a white background, showing two children singing, Christmas greeting; (h) packet contains five stamps (one on background), portraying three black silhouettes, two pulling a log and one playing a flute, Christmas greeting; (i) has one stamp on background portraying a red church in a winter setting, season's greetings, cancelled; (j) packet contains 5 stamps, one on background, portrays a girl mailing a letter; (k) packet contains two stamps, one on background, shows Santa Claus, four candles, season's greetings; (l) contains four stamps portraying a town crier and greetings; (m) has two stamps with three wise men following the Star of Bethlehem, greetings; (n) packet contains 5 stamps (one on background), portraying a mother with two children lighting a candle in the window, greetings; (o) contains six stamps portraying deer jumping, Christmas greetings; (p) has one stamp showing Santa with his reindeer in the sky, greetings; (q) contains three stamps, portrays the bust of an angel and a large Cross of Lorraine in the upper left-hand corner; (r) packet contains nine stamps, three children singing, Christmas greetings.
Number Of Parts
a-r - packets - Size: Length 2.5 cm x Width 2.0 cm
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; from the Dr. Jabez H. Elliot private collection.
Dr. Jabez H. Elliot; "Seals and Tubercles," by C.M. Godfrey, Academy Bulletin, Vol. 40 No. 3, Dec. 1966; CD #4.
In 1904 a Danish postal clerk originated the idea of selling decorative penny seals to raise money to build a hospital for tuberculous children. The double-barred cross of Lorraine, decided on as the emblem for the T. B. associations throughout the world in 1903, was used by many countries on their anti-tuberculous seals. This cross has a short upper bar and a longer lower bar.
The first American seal issued in 1907 was a combined effort of the local associations and the American Red Cross. For this reason the red cross appeared on the American seals until 1919 when both the red cross and the double-barred cross were used together. In 1920 the Red Cross withdrew from the partnership in Christmas seal sales and the seals after this bore a double-barred cross emblem alone with both bars being of equal length.
The first Canadian seal seems to have been issued in 1908 and also showed the red cross. In 1918 the double-barred cross was used on Canadian seals. The Canadians and Americans utilized similar crosses but all other countries continued to utilize the true cross of Lorraine. From 1922 to 1926 the cross was dropped from Canadian seals because of pressure from certain sources for seals without any identification in order that they might more readily be sold. From 1926 on the cross appears. In 1927 the Canadian Tuberculosis Association adopted the principle of a single yearly Christmas seal to be used by all associations.
The Academy collection of Christmas seals while far from complete gives excellent examples of those seals used by the Muskoka Hospital, The Toronto Free Hospital and the Queen Mary Hospital. Seals from other countries form part of this collection.
Used in Exhibition at Academy of Medicine, Dec. 1966.
"NOBELPRIS 1901 // RÖNTGEN // PRUDHOMME // VON BEHRING // VANT HOEF // SVERIGE 20 // STIG ÅSBERG del ARNEWALLHORN SC"
Storage Room 2005
2005-2-2 Box #8
Length: 3.1 cm. x Width: 2.4 cm.
Some age/sun discolouration; partial postmark in right half; back: remains of stamp "holder"
1989 Webster's Dictionary
Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen (1845-1923), a German, discovered X-rays and was awarded the 1901 Nobel Prize for Physics; Rene Francois Armand Prudhomme, was a French poet who won the Nobel Prize in 1901 for literature (1839-1865); first poems "Stances et poemes"; Emil von Behring (1854-1917), a German bacteriologist, discovered and was the first to use antitoxins against diphtheria and tetanus; won the 1901 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; Jacobus Henrichus van't Hoff (1852-1911), a Dutch chemist, won the 1901 Nobel Prize for the discovery of the laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure
Harvey Cushing (1869-1939), American doctor and one of the founders of neurosurgery; contributed importantly to the understanding of the pituitary gland and a disease of it -- "Cushing's Disease"; also held many laboratory studies of the nervous system; studied at Yale, Harvard and Johns Hopkins under men like W.S. Halsted and Theodor Kocher
"30 // HELVETIA // ALBRECHT V. HALLER // PRO JUVENTUTE 1934 // 1708-1777 // BICKEL"
Storage Room 2005
2005-2-2 Box #8
Length: 3.0 cm. x Width: 2.4 cm.
Some age/sun discolouration; postmark on left side and remains of a stamp holder on the back
1988 Encyclopedia America
See 996.001.808; Albrecht von Haller (1708-1777) was a Swiss physician, physiologist and poet who studied under anatomist Albinus and physiologist Hermann Boerhaave; wrote "De partibus corporis humani sensibilitus et irritabilibus", defining sensitivity and irritability; sensibility -- those parts whose stimulation or injury causes discomfort; irritability -- those parts which contract under mechanical or chemical stimulation; also wrote "Elemental physiologiae" which became the first standard textbook.