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At Dr. Locke's Clinic [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2527
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001490
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard, black-and-white, unused, of Dr. Locke's Clinic; a small circular open space is where Dr. Locke, with his wheeled chair, goes from one patient to the next, they divided so they radiate outward from the centre, divided by metal pipe railings; message handwritten.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001490
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard, black-and-white, unused, of Dr. Locke's Clinic; a small circular open space is where Dr. Locke, with his wheeled chair, goes from one patient to the next, they divided so they radiate outward from the centre, divided by metal pipe railings; message handwritten.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white
Inscriptions
Front: "AT Dr. LOCKE'S CLINIC."; back: "POST CARD // MADE IN CANADA // CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS // PLACE // STAMP // HERE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.8 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Lines and indented scratches all across picture; right top corner slightly bent, as are the bottom left and right; glossy finish has deteriorated around the edges and top right corner; back has minor discolouration around the edges
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Research Facts
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Publications
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

At the "Circle" platform in foreground where Dr. Locke works [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2532
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001495
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard (unused), showing the "circle" where Dr. Locke worked, and a crowd of people coming to fill it up; houses / buildings in the background; message handwritten in white on photograph.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001495
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard (unused), showing the "circle" where Dr. Locke worked, and a crowd of people coming to fill it up; houses / buildings in the background; message handwritten in white on photograph.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Belgium
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white; grey
Inscriptions
Front: "AT THE "CIRCLE" - PLATFORM IN FOREGROUND WHERE // Dr. LOCKE WORKS. COPYRIGHT"; back: "Post Card // PRINTED IN BELGIUM // CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.8 cm. x Width: 8.8 cm.
Condition Remarks
Some deterioration of the glossy finish, and small dot indentations are all over the picture; back is age / sun discoloured and edges are stained
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Beneath the canopy at Dr. Locke Clinic Williamsburg [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2534
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001497
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard (used), showing the "circle" where Dr. Locke worked, shaded by a canopy, with a large number of patients waiting to be treated; message handwritten in white on the photograph; 2 cent stamp
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001497
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard (used), showing the "circle" where Dr. Locke worked, shaded by a canopy, with a large number of patients waiting to be treated; message handwritten in white on the photograph; 2 cent stamp
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Belgium
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white; brown
Inscriptions
Front: "BENEATH THE // CANOPY AT Dr. LOCKE // CLINIC WILLIAMSBURG // COPYRIGHT ONT // 1933"; back: "Mrs. Newton Hunt [?] // 378 W Fourth St. // Elmira N.Y. // U.S.A. // Wed morning // A small view [?] // of clinic am // waiting for Geo' [?] // to take treatment // Love // Mrs. Baltz"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.9 cm. x Width: 8.8 cm.
Condition Remarks
Glossy finish is slightly deteriorated around the edges; back: stained along top, and age / sun discoloured
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke at Work, Williamsburg, Canada [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2531
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001494
Description
Used cardboard postcard reproducing (non-glossy) a photograph of Dr. Locke working (out-of-doors) surrounded by his patients; message typed in the white "frame"; back: a letter from one of his patients to her friend; 2 cent stamp; postmark appears to be July 20, 1939.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001494
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Used cardboard postcard reproducing (non-glossy) a photograph of Dr. Locke working (out-of-doors) surrounded by his patients; message typed in the white "frame"; back: a letter from one of his patients to her friend; 2 cent stamp; postmark appears to be July 20, 1939.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Maker
PhotoGelatine Engraving Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Ottawa
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. Locke at Work, Williamsburg, Canada"; back: "Hazel Schliecher // 12826 - E. Canfield // Detroit // Mich. // U.S.A. // Dear Hazel. // Just had my // 6th foot twister // hundreds of folks // here, met many I // know from other // States. Lots of Love. // Mrs. Geltins [?] // Gen Delivery // Williamsburg - Ont // PHOTOGELATINE ENGRAVING Co Ltd OTTAWA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.7 cm. x Width: 9.1 cm.
Condition Remarks
A fair amount of age / sun discolouration, both front and back, and a few markings on the top edge (front) and staining on the back left
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke, giving one of his stretches, Williamsburg, Canada [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2528
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001491
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused, of Dr. Locke, outside in his "circle", with a patient; false-coloured reproduction (non-glossy); message in type; back shows the Dominion Crest, plus room for correspondence and address.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001491
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused, of Dr. Locke, outside in his "circle", with a patient; false-coloured reproduction (non-glossy); message in type; back shows the Dominion Crest, plus room for correspondence and address.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Maker
PhotoGelatine Engraving Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Ottawa
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: blue; yellow; green; brown; grey
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. Locke, giving one of his stretches, Williamsburg, Canada -- 15"; back: "POST CARD // Carte Postale // MADE IN CANADA // PHOTOGELATINE ENGRAVING Co Ltd OTTAWA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.7 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Right top corner creased and bent, bottom middle edge has a width-wise crease about 1 cm long; some age / sun discolouration and a few ink stains from photo along the edge
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke in the "Circle" and his famous "treatment" [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2529
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001492
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. Locke in his "circle" waiting area, treating a patient, with many more waiting in the fore- and background; black and white photograph; message written on photo.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001492
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. Locke in his "circle" waiting area, treating a patient, with many more waiting in the fore- and background; black and white photograph; message written on photo.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. LOCKE IN THE "CIRCLE" // AND HIS FAMOUS "TREATMENT" // COPYRIGHT 1933"; back: "POST CARD // MADE IN CANADA // CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS // PLACE // STAMP // HERE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.9 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Some deterioration of the glossy finish, especially around the edges; some press/indentation and scratch marks; back has a few stains in the right half of the card; very little age / sun discolouration
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke surrounded by patients [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2525
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001488
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. M.W. Locke listening to a patient, of the many surrounding him, outdoors; black and white photograph with a much more defined black and a clear picture, although still has the white dots and lines found in older photographs; message on picture is ha…
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001488
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. M.W. Locke listening to a patient, of the many surrounding him, outdoors; black and white photograph with a much more defined black and a clear picture, although still has the white dots and lines found in older photographs; message on picture is handwritten.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. LOCKE SURROUNDED // BY PATIENTS"; back: "POST CARD // MADE IN CANADA // CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS // PLACE // STAMP // HERE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.9 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Corners slightly soft and bent; photograph has white "dotting" throughout; back is very clean, slight discolouration near the top left (in the word "POST")
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke Treating a Stretcher Patient, Williamsburg, Ontario [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2526
Dates
0
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001489
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused, of Dr. Locke treating a patient; black & white photograph copy (not glossy); message printed; shot out of doors.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001489
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused, of Dr. Locke treating a patient; black & white photograph copy (not glossy); message printed; shot out of doors.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Maker
PhotoGelatine Engraving Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Ottawa
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
0
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. Locke Treating a Stretcher Patient, Williamsburg, Ontario"; back: "POST CARD // Carte Postale // Photogelatine Engraving Co. Limited, Ottawa. // MADE IN CANADA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.7 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Front is a little scratched up; top left has a small brown dot stain, and bottom left has some ink smudge; back has some ink stained through, but the discolouration is light and consistent; corners a little soft
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke treating patients, Williamsburg, Ont. [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2519
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001482
Description
Cardboard postcard, used; photograph of Dr. M. W. Locke treating patients; very grainy black-and-white photograph of Dr. Locke with a "patient's" foot in his lap and a number of people watching behind; back contains a letter and a 2 cent stamp (Canadian); writing on picture printed.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001482
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard postcard, used; photograph of Dr. M. W. Locke treating patients; very grainy black-and-white photograph of Dr. Locke with a "patient's" foot in his lap and a number of people watching behind; back contains a letter and a 2 cent stamp (Canadian); writing on picture printed.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995
Maker
International Fine Art Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white; purple
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. Locke treating patients, Williamsburg, Ont."; back: "Mrs. J. Clifford // 616 Smith St. // Rochester N.Y. // Had a nice // trip, cloudy // all the way but // know rain // Lulu & Ella. // PRODUITS // BEAUX - ARTS // PRODUCTS // Published by International Fine Art Co. Ltd., Montreal, 2"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 14.1 cm. x Width: 9.1 cm.
Condition Remarks
Edges are messy (notched/missing top coat); bend in the upper left quadrant (near edge); back: some staining, and some of the cardboard has come off the address along the word "Clifford"
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M. W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke treating patients Williamsburg, Ont. [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2524
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001487
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. M. W. Locke treating a patient with many others waiting in the background; old black & white photograph (looks brown & white); "treatment" is taking place outdoors; message in picture is handwritten.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001487
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. M. W. Locke treating a patient with many others waiting in the background; old black & white photograph (looks brown & white); "treatment" is taking place outdoors; message in picture is handwritten.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: brown; white
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. LOCKE TREATING PATIENTS // # WILLIAMSBURG ONT. #"; back: "POST CARD // MADE IN CANADA // CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS // PLACE // STAMP // HERE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.9 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Photograph is old, but otherwise in excellent condition with only one indented line near his shoulder; at the very bottom, in the white "frame" is a small pinprick; back is very clean with a minimum of discolouration around the edges
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

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