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Petit's spiral tourniquet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13028
Dates
1850
1900
circa 1850-1900
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
997002445 a-c
Description
Tourniquet consisting of two brass plates connected by a large screw; red and white chevron patterned woven cotton band with brown, square piece of leather sewn onto end and with a two-pronged square metal end attached; white chamois pad attached to band by a thin brown leather strap.
  1 image  
Accession Number
997002445 a-c
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Tourniquets
Amputation -- instrumentation
First Aid
Description
Tourniquet consisting of two brass plates connected by a large screw; red and white chevron patterned woven cotton band with brown, square piece of leather sewn onto end and with a two-pronged square metal end attached; white chamois pad attached to band by a thin brown leather strap.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - screw - Size: Length 6.5 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 3.3 cm
b - belt - Size: Length 78.5 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 0.1 cm
c - pad - Size: Length 3.6 cm x Width 2.2 cm x Depth 1.6 cm
Provenance
Donated by Dean Barry Smith, Faculty of Medicine, Queen's University.
Maker
Evans and Wormull
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1850
1900
circa 1850-1900
Material
metal: yellow, silver
fabric: red, white
leather: white, brown
Inscriptions
(a) Stamped on top of screw: "EVANS & CO // 31 STAMFORD ST // LONDON"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-8
Temporary Location
On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Condition Remarks
Fabric of belt faded; metal slightly tarnished; leather hardened
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
"Antique Medical Instruments", Elisabeth Benion, 1979, p. 315; "Illustrated Catalogue of Surgical Instruments, Appliances, Apparatus, and Utensils, Veterinary Instruments, Cutlery etc.", Evans and Wormull, 1876, pl. 8 (similar to model #13 and #14); "The Tourniquet Manual: Principles and Practice", Leslie Klenerman, 2003, p. 4; "Illustrations of Surgical Instruments of Superior Quality, 21st ed", Kny-Scheerer Co, ca. 1915, p. 2014 (similar to model #B-/445)
Research Facts
Evans and Wormull, formerly Evans and Stevens, first appeared in 1874; they were recognized as suppliers of medical instruments to the British army and navy. Evans & Co. was a surgical instrument maker working in London between 1676-1874.
This style of screw tourniquet was invented by Parisian surgeon Jean Louis Petit in 1718, and his design was used until the early 20th century; he was the first person to use the term 'tourniquet'.
Exhibit History
On exhibit in the Friend-Vandewater Gallery in Botterell Hall, Queen's University; removed January 27, 2010
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Petit's spiral tourniquet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5425
Dates
1800
1899
circa 1800-1899
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1934.6.6
Description
Operative brass and leather parts of a screw tourniquet consisting of an integral handle and a large screw attached to two thick plates; hand-stitched leather pad attached.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1934.6.6
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Tourniquets
Amputation
First Aid
Description
Operative brass and leather parts of a screw tourniquet consisting of an integral handle and a large screw attached to two thick plates; hand-stitched leather pad attached.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated in 1988 by Dr. J.R. Langstaff; owned and used by Dr. R.L. Langstaff, the donor's father, who loaned the artefact to the AM in 1934.
Dates
1800
1899
circa 1800-1899
Date Remarks
Original record had "19c."
Material
metal: yellow
leather
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-8
Dimension Notes
Length 8.25 cm
Condition Remarks
#2: the leather is hard.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
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Skey's tourniquet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5499
Dates
1850
1900
circa 1850-1900
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1950.4.2
Description
Steel tourniquet with hinged sidepieces with ratchet for altering their lengths; pads covered with red plush; lower pad hand sewn to metal plate.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1950.4.2
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Tourniquets
Amputation -- instrumentation
First Aid
Description
Steel tourniquet with hinged sidepieces with ratchet for altering their lengths; pads covered with red plush; lower pad hand sewn to metal plate.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. R. Howey of Owen Sound, Ont.
Dates
1850
1900
circa 1850-1900
Material
metal: silver, purple
fabric: red
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-8
Dimension Notes
Length 26.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Pile worn off pads; some corrosion on metal parts, silver parts tarnished purple.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
http://broughttolife.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/objects/display?id=5504
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2297068/?page=2
Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 52, Skey, Frederic Carpenter by D'Arcy Power; https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Skey,_Frederic_Carpenter_(DNB00).
Royal College of Surgeons of England, https://livesonline.rcseng.ac.uk/client/en_GB/lives/search/detailnonmodal/ent:$002f$002fSD_ASSET$002f0$002f372376/one?qu=%22rcs%3A+E000189%22&rt=false%7C%7C%7CIDENTIFIER%7C%7C%7CResource+Identifier.
Research Facts
Skey's tourniquet was used to control bleeding during operations; it could compress a whole limb or just a specific artery because of the placement of the pads. The tourniquet was shown at the Great Exhibition of 1851 at the Crystal Palace.
Skey's tourniquet was invented most likely around 1850 by Frederick Carpenter Skey, an English surgeon. Skey lived from 1798 until his death in 1872 of ulceration of the intestines. In 1822 he became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, and in 1826 became the demonstrator of anatomy at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. He taught surgery at the Aldersgate Street for ten years, while still holding various positions elsewhere. Skey became full surgeon to St. Bartholomew's Hospital in 1854, but had to retire in 1864, as he was over the age of 65, and there was a new rule calling on staff to retire after reaching 65. Skey was also chairman of the first parliamentary committee to find the best way to treat venereal disease in the army and navy. Skey published at least two books in his lifetime, one on operative surgery, and a series of lectures on hysteria. During his time teaching, Skey became close friends with many of his pupils. He loved animals and preferred to teach the broad principles of a subject over the details.
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