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Esmarch bandage; Esmarch tourniquet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15381
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
Accession Number
000018030
Description
Cream cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with x18 illustrations of young men, six men with moustaches showing full figures wearing suits and ties with multiple injuries wrapped in the bandage; two men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and woun…
  5 images  
Accession Number
000018030
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
First Aid -- instrumentation
Tourniquets
Bandages, First Aid
Military Medicine
Emergencies
Description
Cream cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with x18 illustrations of young men, six men with moustaches showing full figures wearing suits and ties with multiple injuries wrapped in the bandage; two men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and wounds bound with the bandage and wooden splints for support; nine separate small illustrations of special knotted wraps; the aim is first aid in emergencies rather than full clinical treatment during military field dressing and or in civilian first aid; cut from preprinted length of fabric with remnants of the dotted cutting line showing that the fabric was cut on the bias; each side is noted to related to instructions on how to fold, wrap and tie; at centre point is circle with St. John Ambulance Association emblem.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
St. John Ambulance Association
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Material
fabric: cream
ink: black
Inscriptions
Stamped on fabric: starting at point: "THE St. JOHN AMBULANCE ASSOCIATION // POINT // SIDE // END // BASE // END // SIDE // REGISTERED DESIGN 7764
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-Closet
Length
145.0 cm
Depth
66.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Sides = 97.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Minor staining overall, rusty stains on corners possibly from safety pins
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esmarch_bandage
Research Facts
The original version was designed by Friedrich von Esmarch, professor of surgery at the University of Kiel, Germany, and is generally used in battlefield medicine. Esmarch himself had been Surgeon General to the German army during the Franco-German War. It consisted of a three-sided piece of linen or cotton, the base measuring 4 feet and the sides 2 feet 10 inches. It could be used folded or open, and applied in thirty-two different ways. An improved form was devised by Bernhard von Langenbeck later on.
First Aid booklet 000.018.007 related to this item
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Esmarch bandage; Esmarch tourniquet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15382
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1989.10.37
Description
Cream finely woven cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with six illustrations of young men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and wounds bound with the bandage and wooden splints for support; this design is one of the original layouts with six f…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1989.10.37
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
First Aid -- instrumentation
Tourniquets
Bandages, First Aid
Military Medicine
Emergencies
Description
Cream finely woven cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with six illustrations of young men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and wounds bound with the bandage and wooden splints for support; this design is one of the original layouts with six figures; the aim is first aid in emergencies rather than full clinical treatment during military field dressing and or in civilian first aid; fabric was cut on the bias; each side is noted to related to instructions on how to fold, wrap and tie; at centre point; text in German.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: owned and used by Dr. James (Jim) Robert Ronald McCrindle (1862-1952); he probably acquired it in the United Kingdom and brought it to Jamaica in 1904; donated by his granddaughter, Mrs. C. C. James of Kingston, Ontario.
Maker
St. John Ambulance Association
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Material
fabric: cream
ink: brown
Inscriptions
Stamped on cloth: "Der erlte Verband // nach // Profelsor Esmarch"; "gez. Wittmaack"; "Druck der Gesellschaft fur Baumwoll-Industrie // vorm Ludwig & Gustav Cramer // Hilden // ALLE RECHTE VORBEHALTON"; translated: "The last association // after Profelsor Esmarch // signed Wittmaack // Pressure from the Society for the Cotton Industry // in front of Ludwig & Gustav Cramer // Hilden // ALL RIGHTS RESERVED"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-Closet
Length
127.0 cm
Depth
21.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Sides = 84.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Textile conservator washed fabric in standard conservation soap and water, however the solution drastically faded the printed illustrations to almost nothing; this was an attempt to remove the heavy brown medicine stains along fold lines; foxing of material remains
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esmarch_bandage
Research Facts
The original version was designed by Friedrich von Esmarch, professor of surgery at the University of Kiel, Germany, and is generally used in battlefield medicine. Esmarch himself had been Surgeon General to the German army during the Franco-German War. It consisted of a three-sided piece of linen or cotton, the base measuring 4 feet and the sides 2 feet 10 inches. It could be used folded or open, and applied in thirty-two different ways. An improved form was devised by Bernhard von Langenbeck later on.
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Petit's spiral tourniquet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13028
Dates
1850
1900
circa 1850-1900
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
997002445 a-c
Description
Tourniquet consisting of two brass plates connected by a large screw; red and white chevron patterned woven cotton band with brown, square piece of leather sewn onto end and with a two-pronged square metal end attached; white chamois pad attached to band by a thin brown leather strap.
  1 image  
Accession Number
997002445 a-c
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Tourniquets
Amputation -- instrumentation
First Aid
Description
Tourniquet consisting of two brass plates connected by a large screw; red and white chevron patterned woven cotton band with brown, square piece of leather sewn onto end and with a two-pronged square metal end attached; white chamois pad attached to band by a thin brown leather strap.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - screw - Size: Length 6.5 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 3.3 cm
b - belt - Size: Length 78.5 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 0.1 cm
c - pad - Size: Length 3.6 cm x Width 2.2 cm x Depth 1.6 cm
Provenance
Donated by Dean Barry Smith, Faculty of Medicine, Queen's University.
Maker
Evans and Wormull
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1850
1900
circa 1850-1900
Material
metal: yellow, silver
fabric: red, white
leather: white, brown
Inscriptions
(a) Stamped on top of screw: "EVANS & CO // 31 STAMFORD ST // LONDON"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-8
Temporary Location
On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Condition Remarks
Fabric of belt faded; metal slightly tarnished; leather hardened
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
"Antique Medical Instruments", Elisabeth Benion, 1979, p. 315; "Illustrated Catalogue of Surgical Instruments, Appliances, Apparatus, and Utensils, Veterinary Instruments, Cutlery etc.", Evans and Wormull, 1876, pl. 8 (similar to model #13 and #14); "The Tourniquet Manual: Principles and Practice", Leslie Klenerman, 2003, p. 4; "Illustrations of Surgical Instruments of Superior Quality, 21st ed", Kny-Scheerer Co, ca. 1915, p. 2014 (similar to model #B-/445)
Research Facts
Evans and Wormull, formerly Evans and Stevens, first appeared in 1874; they were recognized as suppliers of medical instruments to the British army and navy. Evans & Co. was a surgical instrument maker working in London between 1676-1874.
This style of screw tourniquet was invented by Parisian surgeon Jean Louis Petit in 1718, and his design was used until the early 20th century; he was the first person to use the term 'tourniquet'.
Exhibit History
On exhibit in the Friend-Vandewater Gallery in Botterell Hall, Queen's University; removed January 27, 2010
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